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James Reston MODERN - DAY BUCKET BRIGADE Peace Talks Frustrating Trap For All Concerned The Palm Beach Post A JOHN H. PERRY NEWSPAPER John H. Parry Jr. P(H W. W. Atltrfcurj Jr., Tim Cacti B KtlWjr. PubUahor, Crural Mtnii R H. Kirkpotnck. Editor C E Notibauot. Eire Editor R. Mirlt Ellit. Cimilouoo Dirtctor Publiohod Each Dor Eicopt Saturday aid Sundry it 2751 Soutk Duo), Wnt Pita Brock, fir M402 By Party PuolicobolM. lot. Socond claaa poatafo paid ot Wnt Palm Brock. Honda Mrmbor ol tho Aoionotod Proto Tkt AoMciotrd Prroa a) oirluatvoly ootitlod to too nor tor rtpubbcatioa ol oil or"! Member Audit burrow ol Circvlatioa M n mrrto kTtsj in . A. wishes of the Saigon regime, for Nixon has scarcely had time to study all the complicated facts or to appoint a cabinet to help deal with them. Potl rod I into ONd toado? 1 yrar 4 40 6 montha . . $24 70 3 month ...HI 34 I orrk I 95 S.n I oo Pool or I imrt 19 Sunday Poal-Tunoo . .16 Tnaoa ai oedo, I yror 131 20 t montho ...$15.80 3 montho ....I7.M 1 erk I M Sooda, O.I, I yoor 110 40 6 montha 35 20 3 montha 12.60 1 oak I .20 Pool 41 Soodar I yoar . ... Ill 20 6 month! ... 115.60 3 montha 17 W 1 oak IM Ooilr Oar, Poal or Tiaa I yror 120 M Imootha ...11040 montka .... K 20 1 rok I 40 b "-' '4 nan Payablt is Tioin A Haoda, $45 00 $23 00 (12.00 slM.I KliirV PMI A Huoda, I yrat $45 00 fi montha 3 montha . $23 00 $12 0(1 Post ot Timra . drnrral Ollic tm odvanco Daily Only Poot or Timra 1 30 00 116.00 $900 By Mail lb Monday Dolt $1500 $8.00 $500 Sunday Poot-Timoo ... t 35 Want Ada 833 4033 National Advortiainf, Rrprrnrntativoo John H Prrrv Awociatoa Su.tr 502, 19 Wnt 44th Street. Kim York. N Y. 100.16 1$ Even this, however, could be awkward for both the Johnson and the Nixon administrations. For it is fairly clear that one or the other is going to have to let the war start up again or make concessions that would almost certainly be interpreted in Saigon and elsewhere as a humiliating defeat fcrtheU.S No 'political administration likes to do this. Johnson can stand his present ground and let Nixon face the hard choice after the inauguration, and Nixon has no power to make the Johnson administration negotiate without Saigon between now and Jan. 20. So Harriman and Vance are caught in the middle. This is a familiar spot for Harriman he has been there on and off ever since the end of World War II. Vance thought he was going to give his ailing back a good long rest when he left the Pentagon earlier this year, but has been working hard on the Cyprus. Korean and Vietnam crises ever since. To say that they are tired and longing for home would put it mildly. Paris is not exactly a hardship post, but even the elegant comforts of this lovely city are no match for ! the frustrations of straddling a couple of administrations and a flock of squabbling negotiators from Vietnam. For Harriman this may be the last of a long series of diplomatic missions for his country. Like Llewellyn Thompson in Moscow. David Bruce in London and the rest of that remarkable generation of American diplomats who came to the fore in the late 1920s and early 30s he will be retiring in January. It is a misfprtune that he did not havia-more successful tON.V.TImnNnraSrrvIrr PARIS - In- the long and melancholy history of United States negotiations over the Vietnam War. no American diplomats have had a more difficult task than Ambassadors Averell Harriman and Cyrus Vance at the Paris peace talks. They are literally trapped between the Johnson administration that is losing power and the Nixon administration that has not yet assumed power, and between the two separate opposition negotiating teams and the South Vietnamese. Henry Cabot Lodge. Gen. Maxwell Taylor and Ellsworth Bunker have all had their negotiating troubles in Saigon, but none of them was caught, as Harriman and Vance now are. with a difficult constitutional problem between the election and the inauguration of a new American President. For both President Johnson and President-elect Nixon, the dilemma is obvious. They have cooperated much better in this crisis than President Hoover and President-elect Roosevelt did during the economic crisis after the 1932 election, but even so neither has the freedom to act forcefully to break the present stalemate. If President Johnson decides to go ahead with the talks without the South Vietnamese delegation at Paris, he may create a chaotic political situation in Saigon that Nixon and the new administration will have to deal with after Jan. 20. On the other hand. President Johnson cannot very well ask the President-elect to take responsibility for going against the Victor Riesel Drew Pearson Streamlined All-Transport Plan U rged By Rail Head MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 18, 1968 Progress In Vietnam Americans have read so much about the ravages of the war in South Vietnam, and have heard so many promises about wrapping up the job and bringing the boys home in 1965, 166, 1967, 19 , that they are apt to greet any optimistic claim regarding the progress of the country with a generous addition of salt. However, in the field of education, at least, dramatic gains have been made despite the war, according to statistics reported at a recent meeting of Vietnamese and American educators at Ohio University. The university has been providing educational assistance in South Vietnam since 1962. Dr. D. P. Jones, acting chief of the Educational Division for Vietnam of the U.S. Agency for International Development, summarized the situation: Whereas only 450,000 elementary youngsters were in school in 1956, there are two million today. (South Vietnam has a population of 16.5 million.) Since 1963, when substantial government support of education got under way, over 10,000 classrooms have been built. In the same five years, 12,000 new teachers have been given sufficient training to enable them to teach in elementary schools. Most of them have gone into hamlets that previously had no public educational facilities. Along with the crash teacher training program, five normal colleges have been developed since 1963 to give two years of teacher training beyond high school. These colleges graduated 1,200 teachers this year, will graduate 1,500 in 1969 and 2,000 in 1970. A Vietnamese publishing effort has produced 14 million paperback textbooks, written for Vietnamese children in Vietnamese. Before this, no textbooks were available. At the present rate of providing schools and teachers. 85 per cent of South Vietnam's children will be in elementary school by 1970. In 1963, only 17 per cent attended school. Countries that have 80 per cent of their children in school are 'viable and prosperous," says Jones, who interprets the rising educational level of the South Vietnamese as constituting a tremendous development potential. Considering the kind of war that has been and is being fought in South Vietnam, such progress in strengthening the country's b".sic educational structure is little short of phenomenal. Tuck it in the "good news" section of the Vietnam file, where it will not be exactly crowded. K -5 Meanwhile. Ambassadors Harriman and Vance have to sit in Paris and listen to the anti-American propaganda from the North Vietnamese and the National Liberation Front, and are even helpless to reply to the public complaints of their South Viet-' namese allies. Nixon has gone about as far as he can go in public to persuade Saigon that it will get no better deal from him than it has now been offered by President Johnson. His only recourse now is to communicate privately with the Saigon leaders, urging them, with Johnson's approval, to start negotiating, and there is reason for believing that he has made it clear to Saigon that this is his private as well as his public position. Beyond that, there is feeling in the American delegation that it would be useful both to Ambassadors Harrimnn and Vance and to Nixon if the president-elect would at least send an observer to the Paris talks to master the intricate issues and meet the negotja: tors on all sides. F-rank Fitzsimmons (of the Teamsters), and Tony Boyle (of the Miners). Were it not for this concentrated power, Humphrey, gallant fighter though he is, would not have taken Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, the capital, Massachusetts or Connecticut. Had that genial ship-building union leader and former Hoboken mayor. Johnny Grogan, who had all the great Irish political reflexes, not died some weeks ago, labor would have taken New Jersey for the vice president. As it was, they came fairly close. And New Jersey was typical of states such as Illinois and Missouri, which were lost by what once could be considered narrow margins. When the Democratic National Committee hit a snag in New Jersey, Larry O'Brien's office would call, say, the amiat'j Larry Molloy, the International Longshoremen's Assn.'s (AFL-CIO) cool public relations man. Molloy would contact Jersey. There, after consulting with former congressman and Kennedy Aides Organize; Get Brush-Off By Labor WASHINGTON - A railroad man who has revolution- ized one of the nation's major railroads, the New York Central, now proposes a revolutionary concept for the regulation of transportation. Alfred E. Perlman, president of the new Penn Central Transportation Company, points out that different forms of transportation river barges, railroads and trucks cannot be rigidly departmentalized, but must be combined together for the best interests of the public. The United States is the only nation on earth which prevents railroads from operating bus lines, aviation companies, trucks, and water barge companies. If these services are integrated, the public benefits; and Perlman urges a national transportation policy to carry this out. The president of the combined New York Central and Pennsylvania Railroads is making his proposal today at Syracuse University, where he is receiving an award for outstanding achievement in the .field of transportation. While Perlman doesn't mention it. the Justice Department has been following a policy of Okaying "conglomerate mergers." which means that Schen-ley. a whiskey distiller, can merge with Stanley-Warner Theatres, since they do not complete; or that Westinghouse can merge with Warner Brothers-Seven Arts because they don't compete. The Perlman theory is just the opposite. He advocates mergers between companies engaged in the same field such as railroads, which could carry freight by barge on long water hauls, then transfer to rail or trucks for short inland hauls. Or an airline could merge with a railroad and coordinate long distance trips by air with short trips, as between Washington. Philadel- David Lawrence I Aft ' l - art 1 A" I fS t - " " . I jov the Central from a passenger-oriented trunk line into a fast freight line. The Central had not yet recovered when, in January 1958. Young committed suicide. The stock which Young had urged his friends to buy at 50 with the promise that it would reach 100, was as low as 15 on the day he died. The Central was called a "railroad graveyard." But Perlman made Young's dream come true. In less than 10 years, he was able to report to the stockholders that "1966 was the most profitable year in the history of the New York Central System." In 1967 the stock had reached a high of 86 '2. Perlman's rescue is one of the great sagas of American industry. The British government definitely intends to go through with the appointment of John Freeman as the newambassa--der to Washington, despite his criticism of President-elect Nixon. As editor of the New Statesman from 1961 to 1965, Freeman repeatedly attacked Nixon as "a man of no principle" who "dirtied his hands in Joe McCarthy's cesspool" and whose defeat for the California governorship in 1962 was "a victory for decency in public life." Both Nixon and Freeman have come a long way since those attacks. For the past three years, Freeman has served ably as the British high commissioner to India. The British have also kept up good relations with Nixon and have given him the red-carpet treatment on his visits to England. Prime Minister Harold Wilson now believes, according to British sources, that the "new Nixon" will accept the "new Freeman" as British ambassador to the United States. take a firm altitude toward Germany. Presidentelect Nixon has only two months In which to choose his cabinet, and lots of names are being heard around Washington as possible appointees. The chances are he will not be Impetuous about making his selections, but will reach his decisions after much deliberation. Some of those Individuals who have a substantial backing but who do not get a cabinet post may be deeply disappointed. It Is always possible, however, for the President to bestow honors In some other direction possibly In the picking of ambassadors or the appointment of some of his friends to serve on commissions and task forces which will deal with subjects that come Into the limelight. Then there are always the state dinners at the White House to which campaign contributors and their wives are Invited. The life of a president-elect In dealing with the ambitions and desires of many of his supporters 'to see their friends appointed to government posts is certainly not an enviable one. When a new president takes office, he must depend upon qualified personnel, and this requirement doesn't always fit in with the political (actors involved. So it may be anticipated that the Nixon supporters who will be disappointed will probably outnumber those whose requests will have been granted. It has happened before In similar periods, and probably will happen again. jjjV i ' I W phia and New York, by fast ..streamlined train. "The Interstate Commerce Commission is as out of date as the Nineteenth Century in its approach to regulation," says the man who eliminated the onetime luxury train, the Twentieth Century Limited. "If the regulatory gap continues, the free enterprise system in transportation is doomed." Perlman would strictly enforce the Sherman Antitrust Act. however, to protect the public. Peilman's record is such that his ideas will carry a lot of weight in the transportation world, including the Department of Transportation in Washington. When Robert R. Young won control of the New York Central in 1954 after a dramatic proxy fight, he discovered that the legal staff on the ousted management had prepared a petition in bankruptcy. The Central's finances were that precarious. Young said to his new president. "Al, aren't you scared?" Perlman's answer was an immediate program of improvement. He closed down some yards, enlarged others, threw out obsolete equipment, even changed the tracks to accomodate the fast, modern freight trains he had been using while president of the Denver & Rio Grande Western. He turned campaign. He has to consider carefully also the requests of Republican members of the Senate and House on whom he will be dependent for co-operation In the legislative programs he presents in the next four years. Then there Is the problem of experience. Too many people think that almost anybody who has been a successful lawyer or businessman can be given any cabinet post and do a good Job. Unfamlliarlty with governmental operations, however, can be a serious handicap. Every president-elect unquestionably gives consideration to political obligations. Governor Rockefeller of New York and Governor Romney of Michigan, for example, are being mentioned for cabinet posts because of their warm support of Nixon In the campaign. It Is not unusual for a new president also to consider what his political problems might be four years later when he Is up for re-election. It will be recalled that William Jennings Bryan, who was three times the unsuccessful nominee of the Democratic Party for the presidency, was the key man in helping Wood-row Wilson to get the nomination at the Democratic National Convention In 1912. Bryan became secretary of state In the Wilson cabinet. He was not really qualified for the post, and resigned after two years due to a disagreement with the President on foreign policy. He was a "dove," and Wilson felt there were times In the prewar period when he had to 1 ' . Nixon Has A Big Problem In Selecting Top Aides auto union official Paul Krebs, word was relayed to Newark's black Local 1233, led by Lester Gardner. Then 50 Negro activists were dispatched into the key precincts to get out the black vote. And there were the moments when Hubert Humphrey was getting a rough deal from the heckling hippies. Again, word went out to the unions. Molloy constantly with Humphrey shot the mes-'sage to longshoremen locals on the Atlantic Coast and in Great Lake ports. In the latter, a unique bussing system was developed by Pat Sullivan, secretary-treasurer of the ILA's Great Lakes Council. Some 200 dockwallopers, and the word is not used casually, were organized to move in fast buses. They could handle either end of a picket sign. So when the hippies heckled Humphrey's allies, the dockers hoisted counter-signs. If the hecklers gave any thought to roughing up the Democrat's meetings, they were dissuaded by the sight of the brawny pier men. After a while, the hecklers got the point before it was necessary to use a hook. last and best word to a sinful world. Chapter 1, verse 2. tells us that he has spoken unto us by a Son. It is also explained in chapter II. verse 6, that if we are to come to God, we must come by the way of faith. There is simply no other way. The answer to your question is this then-the sin that the writer is depicting in the verse that troubles you is the sin of a deliberate refusal to believe in Christ after we have received the knowledge of the truth, and you can have a knowledge of the truth without relying upon it. When, therefore, a person understands the truth and does not commit his life to it, we have no other way to take. There is no other offer of salvation given in the Bible other than a simple trust in God's revealed way of salvation by faith i Jesus Christ. Bible Verse "Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning:." Luke 12:35 Billy Graham Faith In Christ Only Salvation - MEW. YOJIIL Jed-Kennedy's 1972 presidential campaign was launched quietly here the other day. The tears of a stout-hearted loser hardly had dried when the Kennedy clan called in its now veteran campaigners, chroniclers, strategists, and savants. There were brother-in-law Steve Smith and lawyer-poet Ted Sorensen. The others are not important, for they carry merely the nuts and bolts of the newest political machine. This was created in the image of Jack and Bob Kennedy except for one detail. The tragic brothers, each in their time, wooed the massive American labor movement. Today's young Kennedy has not. Neither have his counselors though without labor there is no viable Democratic Party. Jack Kennedy knew it. Bob Kennedy knew it. Even Gene McCarthy knew it. So well did Sen. McCarthy know it, and so highly did he evaluate the labor leaders' power, that he personally attempted to swing the AFL-CIO to his campaign in its earliest days. It nevei. has been reported. But the senator-laureate from Minnesota, whose literary legions did so much to mock the movement's chiefs as a slow-moving herd of aged elephants, actually tried to reach labor president George Meany a few hours after Lyndon Johnson opted out. At that moment, the opposition appeared to be only the late-starting Bob Kennedy. McCarthy's quest was futile. Bob Kennedy did just a mite better. He did reach Meany, leader of 14 million workers. He did confer with the impassive, cigar-chewing devotee of Hubert Humphrey. And he was turned down in an atmosphere which, if bottled, would replace the refrigera- tor. Yet Bob Kennedy and the erudite Sorensen never gave up. Bob knew, and Ted Sorensen knows, th;., no Democrat can be nominated, nor can he campaign effectively nor can he seriously call the surviving claptrap mechanism a "party" without the advice and consent of America's labor movement. From now on, American politics will be much like that of Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, and Italy. The labor movement will be the base, the machinery, the treasury of the left-of-center party. Hubert Humphrey is the Harold Wilson and Willy Brandt of the United States. This is one of the basic lessons to come out of this campaign. No matter how split, the union chiefs almost always unite on a presidential candidate. Shoulder to shoulder with George Meany in this campaign stood such stalwarts as Walter Reuther, Honesty Does Exist There's larceny in every heart, the cynics say, and it's proven by the readiness with which we do unto impersonal corporations that which we would never do to fellow human beings. Take the matter of insurance fraud, which siphons off unknown amounts of insurers' incomes every year and helps keep everyone's premiums high and growing higher. Every company suffers from this kind of theft-at-a-distance. But at least one of them Nationwide has a thick file of cases in whic its insurees returned or refused claims payments they might easily, and sometimes legitimately, have pocketed. A conscientious car owner in Massachusetts, for example, was sent a check for $88.38 under her $100 deductible policy after estimated repairs of $188.38 were approved. She didn't consider the case closed, however, until she sent back her personal check for $25. the difference between the estimate and the actual repair cost of $163.88. A couple in Pennsylvania received a payment of $45 for their son's coat, which had been stolen at school. It was later recovered and they returned the money. An Ohio woman reimbursed the company for a claim paid more than 10 years before. She explained that she had been paid $150 for a fire in her car and confessed that she had it deliberately set because of financial difficulties at the time. It had taken her that long to save up enough money and the courage to make restitution and set her nagging conscience at ease. Another policyholder was paid $10.40 for a radio antenna that had been broken by vandals. When the vandals were later apprehended and ordered by the court to pay for the damages, the policyholder endorsed the check and forwarded it to the company. "Suckers," someone says. "What multi-million-dollar company would miss such measly amounts?" Maybe so. Or maybe these people, and others like them, consider their own opinions of themselves more important than what anyone else might think. And maybe, just maybe, it's this kind of basic integrity, multiplied by the millions and reflected in countless different ways, that has kept the world from going entirely to pot all these many years. WASHINGTON Presidentelect Nixon is thinking a lot these days about whom to appoint to his cabinet. But the persons who are trying to do his thinking for him are legion. There would have to be several times the number of cabinet posts to satisfy the demand. It is not unusual for the close friends of a president-elect to be approached with the Idea of Influencing the selection of cabinet officers and the filling of other posts In the government which will become vacant when the Johnson administration ends Its tenure on . Jan. 20. Basically, tne pressure Is coming from Individuals who have played a part In the campaign. These Include men who actively organized support for the presidential nominee In various states throughout the country and those who contributed sums of money to meet the heavy expenses of paid political broadcasts over television and radio as well as in the advertising pages of the press. Persons who are talented and well qualified for high office do not as a rule like to seek appointment themselves. They prefer that friends and close acquaintances make recommendations to Influential groups of advisers In different states who are expected to be Intimately Identified with the Nixon administration. But the president-elect cannot just reward Individuals who have helped him In his If I am correct in my interpretation of Hebrews 10:26 then I must give up even the desire to come back to God. To me, I find this verse to mean there is no hope of salvation for me. Do you agree?-RJY. The verse that is troubling you reads this way: "For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins." Many people reading this book have been disturbed over it. Had you kept in mind that a verse such as this must be understood in the light of the whole message of the Book of Hebrews, you would not have had your present troubK The entire book is dedicated to presenting Christ as God's Key Ingredient Missing There's more than a touch of nostalgia to the announcement that the Stutz Bearcat of beloved memory w ill be with us again. Formation of Stutz Motor Car of America, Inc., to produce "modern classic" versions of the famed auto in a high-priced, limited-edition run in 1969, leaves but one regret in the pocket of many a moth-eaten raccoon coat: Even in a nation that abounds in mini-skirts, they'll never be able to duplicate the basic-model flapper who was an indispensable accessory to go with the Stutz of yesteryear.