The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 18, 1968 · Page 4
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November 18, 1968

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 4

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West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Monday, November 18, 1968
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Page 4
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t-P ihr, f. v , !-,!, .Vonduy, Nov. 18. 19G8 PROGRESS IS "FESS Jwf 'ans .sn Pannurijom Truce Finally Resulted In Korea . . .. I ME! -ELEQT! FOREST "Fess" WALLACE BOYNTON BEACH CITY COUNCIL forces either for offensive war or as part of an international pact. Another factor in Mr. Nixon's thinking about Vietnam, on the basis of what he saw during the Korean War and its aftermath, is the American Recession of 1954. were held at Kaesong in North Korea where an attempt was made to humiliate the Ameri- can-led negotiating team. Legs of chairs occupied bv the Americans had been short- ened. The allied team showed up with a while truce flag which the communists propa- with Japan taking over a large part of the American military burden, Th's has caused some dis- may in Tokyo because of elec- tns later this month and a provision of the Japanese con- stitution that bars military JfiAllXt - ". EVENING NEWS CHUCK NICHOLS LYNN MERRILL JIM GALLAGHER AND PAUL HARVEY COMMENTS FOLLOWED BY gandized as a symbol of their "victory." The action of South Vietnam's President Thieu of November 2 in boycotting the Paris talks was redolent of Dr. Rhee's assertion of South Korean rights a few months before the truce. In the end Rhee buckled when he was persuaded the United States would have to slash its military support of his forces. A major factor in the ending of the Korean conflict was the role of India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. His government provided neutral forces to interview and screen allied-held prisoners of war. It was also his government that notified Moscow, for a relay to Peking and Pyongyang, that President Eisenhower would commit two more divisions and beef up military action if a truce were not established. The Nixon recollections of what happened can be refresh- ed by the writings of the late Admiral C. Turner Joy. chief American negotiator, and of generals Mark Clark and Mat thew B. Ridgway. For the past two years, in his drive for the presidency, Nixon's chief preoccupation with Vietnam policy has been the postwar period in Southeast Asia. Writing in Foreign Affairs Quarterly in October, 1967, he proposed a regional system for the defense of a hundred million people on the Southeast Asian mainland. AHC EVENING NEWS WITH FRANK REYNOLDS (APWirrjihoto) AR(H.UIO';ffA!, SITE Archaeologist Larry Meier of Atb.rta saddles the ditch in the Great Soul ? vest Athrta hJustrial Park where relics ,-ir't artU;r.s ihtinj; Jwk as far as 2,000 years ae have b?n uncovered. Construction in a large section of the park has been halted to permit arch;?"' logica! digK'iiR to determine the importance of (he t'ipilings. Z I 1 J J 11 I wevnv WASHINGTON ( NANA I -American peacemaking efforts at Paris to end the fighting in Vietnam are a far cry from those at Panmunjom. Korea. 16 years ago. The then-and-now situation, wi'h few similarities and many contrasts, has vivid meaning to Richard M. Nixon. As Vice President-elect in 1952 he shared in the new administration's policy-making action in both Korea and Vietnam. President Truman has been quoted as saying that he would have been impeached had he settled on terms finally accepted by the Eisenhower administration. The Truman position was that the United States went into a "police action'' with the support of the United Nations Security Council (the Soviet Union not participating!. The purpose of the commitment was to demonstrate to both Moscow and Peking that the free world would not tolerate aggression. The Truman terms called for a settlement of all out standing issues, military and political, between the warring parties. Nixon's involvement began when the head of the GOP ticket carried out his "I will go to Korea" campaign pledge in December, 1952. Today there is still no true peace in Korea, although a cease-fire agreement was reached in July, 1953. That was six months after the Eisenhower-Nixon inaugural and two years after the often exasperating negotiations had begun. The result was a truce and a demarcation line between the two Koreas that was supposed to be "temporary," like the dividing line between the two Germanys and the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) separating the two Vietnams. In addition there was an understanding at Panmunjom that a settlement of political problems to reinforce the integrity of South Korea against new red-fomented "wars of national liberation" would be negotiated in a new round of conferences. These conferences have never taken place. The Nixon administration has a campaign commitment, made during a telethon on election eve this month, to negotiate for the release of the crew of the electronic intelligence ship Pueblo. The first anniversary of the seizure of the ship by the North Koreans will be on January 24. four days after the Nixon-Agnew inaugural. There is a parallel in the reaction of the chiefs of state of South Korea and South Vietnam in balking at U.S. approaches and terms for ending the two wars. President Syngman Rhee resisted what he regarded as unacceptable Eisenhower terms for a cease-fire. In May. 1953, he released 30.000 enemy prisoners rather than see them forcibly repatriated. The repatriation of war prisoners was the biggest and stickiest issue throughout the tortuous Korean peace negotiations. The first few talks t ' ft : s -V, ft fx, 4 , w 1 . 3 -.- u n a r J v . t Jj M m'fSmt 1 It, JtH 't4 V- - "J I; 4 if1. i Zales has nl,'t for him. U It root iron C)u:i.ran!i''f'rr rcu'atr' to a ni.nnte 3 with H.Tui-10 karat qo'rt Hied 'l'--iiim 1 1 1 1 : i " Miiip. Sr-e Zs complete (!': lion of W !'.'.?'!. Cor'V3'ei )'( I l Ml !! i( Mill WALES' . i: V ); I K H s 'nt -': U'l'n-C i.-ot In I i 't. ' :PJ 3 mm ' ' . - . ' ' 'f"i; ' W 1 )M ...v m ff-T'f,l'w'ir,1 S- ' ' ... -.V' ."'X' V'"1 '.A.v.'.ti t '. Hi,', jf i-sitt'i' ' -WIV 3' 1 .i'.VVA-'M -T. : ". . ' 1 f PALM BEACH MALL

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