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THE PALM BEACH POST FRIDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1997 13A V Zapping cancerous prostate gland CIRCUIT CBTY Lots of Choices, Lots of Answers for the Way You Talk with protons a surgery alternative TO) (ru tefe Aiiiiiyi?iiwig cellular service by BELLSOUTH Mobility9 SONY Count On It. Focusing the radiation means more of it hits the tumor and leaves healthy tissue unscathed. The Associated Press CHICAGO It sounds like the stuff of science fiction shooting tumors with proton beams. For people with prostate cancer, some doctors say the therapy causes fewer side effects and shows promise in increasing survival rates. In a study of 645 men, proton beam therapy was as effective as surgical removal of the prostate in controlling the cancer four years after treatment, said Dr. Carl Rossi, chief of genitourinary radiation medicine at California's Loma Linda University. The idea is to attack the tumor by aiming proton beams at it. Traditional radiation therapy hits a wide area of normal tissue as well as cancer cells. By focusing the radiation, doctors can ensure more of it hits the tumor while limiting how much good tissue gets bombarded. "It's like using a target rifle vs. a shotgun," said Rossi, who presented his research at the Radiological Society of North America's annual meeting on Wednesday. i j The technology also dramatically reduced the number of patients who experience incontinence following prostate surgery, Rossi said. The results of proton beam treatment also were encouraging to researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital who studied 57 men with advanced prostate cancer. The Boston doctors found that the proton beam treatment controlled cancer for eight years in 84 percent of the men, compared with 19 percent of those treated with conventional radiation treatment, said Dr. Herman Suit, chief of radiation oncology at the hospital and chairman of Harvard Medical School's radiation oncology department "It's going to be a major boon," Suit said of the technology that first was used to attack tumors in the prostate and lungs two of the most common cancers in the 1990s. Loma Linda University has the only hospital proton beam treatment center. Another is expected to open at Harvard University next fall, with several others planned throughout the country and the world, Rossi said. Each center will cost about $50 million to $100 million to build. At least one prostate cancer expert said the treatment may be overrated. "It's something that's being marketed by the places that have it," said Dr. William Catalona, professor and chief of urology at Washington University in St. Louis. "The data I have seen on this looks like they still have a higher rate of complications. If I personally had to have radiation therapy for prostate cancer, I would have the conventional therapy." Proton beam therapy also is being used to treat cancers in the base of the skull, the eyes, the lungs and several other areas. It also appears to be effective in treating macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. . The true value of the technology will not be known until it comes into wider use, said Dr. Seymour Levitt, chairman of the department of radiation oncology at the University of Minnesota. Waived Activation Portable Cellular Phone 20-number phonebook memory Dot matrix alphanumeric display Built-in AC charger 80-minute talk time CMH777 Fee l i- ci H ) -.1 n uo BEFORE MAIL-IN REBATE ACTIVATION REQUIRED A $50 Value Plus Cellular Service for Only $25 NOKIA CDC says alcoholics who try to also have trouble trying to stop stop drinking smoking t own Connecting People Cellular Phone 40-number phonebook memory 2-line dot matrix alphanumeric display Permanent battery and signal strength meter 100-minute talk time 918SU The Associated Press ATLANTA Alcoholics who underwent treatment to stop drinking had little success in try i " , 1 .. .' v . ! .' j' Per Month Includes 20 1 ing to quit another habit smoking, according to a government survey. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday that only 8 percent of 448 smokers in alcohol treatment centers in Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska were able to quit smoking. . The survey, which was taken 1 BEFORE MAIL-IN REBATE ACTIVATION REQUIRED ,Ht ;.ir common. In 1991, the most recent year for which statistics are available, most of the 13.8 million U.S. adults diagnosed with alcohol abuse were also likely to smoke. A recent study by Brown University researcher Damaris Rohsenow found that one-third of 116 alcoholics said they sometimes smoked to cope with their urge to drink. Rohsenow suggested that there may be a time to approach alcoholic smokers about kicking the habit, but perhaps not right at the start of alcohol treatment. "People may be more willing to contemplate quitt'ng smoking after they have a litxie sobriety under their belt," she said. back to the bottle. The government is encouraging alcohol treatment centers to start anti-smoking programs too. The study found that almost half of the recovering alcoholic smokers tried to quit smoking for at least a day, and a quarter tried for at least a week, the CDC said. "What the CDC would like to see are alcohol drug programs that treat nicotine as a drug of abuse just as they treat alcohol dependence," said Janet Bobo, a CDC epidemiologist. Treatment programs can routinely screen alcoholic patients to see if they are smokers too, Bobo said. Smoking among alcoholics is Minutes of Airtime y in 1995-96, was conducted within Prices may vary depending on carrier rate plan selected. Certain cellular telephone company fees and restrictions may apply in connection with service activation. Certain Circuit City fees may apply in connection with equipment purchase. New service activation through Circuit City for minimum period required or a $300 cancellation fee will result. Price will be higher without activation through Circuit City authorized cellular telephone company. With mail-in coupon. Offer excludes TalkAmerica, digital and digital PCS phones, and may exclude select rate plans. Limited time only. See store for details. 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