The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 17, 1968 · Page 13
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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 13

West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 17, 1968
Page 13
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Marijuana Likened To Forest Fire PALM BEACH POST-TIMES LOCAL NEWS. FEATURES Sunday, Nov. 17, 1968 page one SECTION B N ; S. "Sw I 1 n II . W ! 4- Jills', -r-L' DfaH? ,wi 3 I iiiffiftin Lib JPG LiL2-1 ( StiK Photo by Johnny Ntcklai) 1 Solid Cove By PATKICIA PRKSTON Staff Writer The curves of the Flagler Drive Cove area, recently blotted by their first fatal automobile accident, were defended by West Palm Beach city officials this past week as safe. News focused on one particular curve just south of First Street at Flagler, which was the scene of two accidents in the past month. In the first accident, a group of teenagers in an automobile knocked over a street-light pole and landed in the water. No serious injuries resulted. F k- Arrow Shows Where Death Car Left Curve; Hollow Arrow Points To Site Of Another Accident Death Area Termed Safe In the second, which occurred last Sunday, a man and a woman drowned after taking the curve at what police termed excessive speed, snapping a pole at its base and plunging into the lake. The Cove project, converting the old Flagler Drive into a four-lane divided highway with landscaping and brilliant lighting, is pointed to by the City Commission and administrators as a major source of pride. They do not blame the road for the mishaps. "It (the road) is very safe within the design. The design meets all standards and the curves are designed to be taken at ;i0 miles per hour. The main problem is with drivers who do not give their full attention and where excessive speed is involved," City Engineering Director William lioodloo said. Traffic Engineer Ronald Schutta said the curves could be negotiated at 10 m.p.h. plus "without the tires even squealing," although he said police estimated speed in the- first accident at about 35 m.p.h. Could the curves have been eliminated from the project? Goodloe said they could By BARKY BOZEMA.N Staff Writer "It's like a forest fire one tree burns and falls and spreads the flame to two more." Thus marijuana has been depicted by members of the West Palm Beach Police Uept.'s vice squad in addresses to area high school audiences relating the hazards of the drug. "Arrests for possession of marijuana in West Palm Beach have more than doubled in the last year," said one vice squad member, "and the widespread use of marijuana has now become a significant local problem." West Palm Beach is not an exception. Local increases in arrests for marijuana violations reflect a national trend. Police quoted statistics indicating a doubling every two years of the national arrest rate. In 14 there were more than 7,(MJ0 arrests for narcotics violations nationally; in there were more than 15.IKJ0. Commissioner James I., Goddard of the U.S. 'Hv'," :im' i,:u" A'J-'nini.slialioii estimated that as m.'ny as 21) million Americans may have smoked marijuana at one time or another; one to three million arc regular users. There have been many explanations for thc increasing use of marijuana. A local police vice squad member believes the phenomenon is a manitcstatinn of a general trend toward greater permissiveness. "The taboos against marijuana are breaking down. Society in general is more permissive with everything pornography, riots and demonstrations." There is too great an emphasis, he said, on civil liberties and not enough on individual responsibilities. But until social engineering is brought to bear against an environment which often condones the abuse of drugs, other actions are being taken. One such action is law enforcement. And, as one vice squad member said, a very good reason for not smoking marijuana is that it can lead to a jail sentence of from three to five years. enforcement also entails cutting off the source of supply. It is particularly difficult to dam the flow of marijuana. "One problem with getting to the marijuana distributors," a vice squad member explained, "is that it is not controlled by organized crime to the extent that other narcotics arc. "For one thing, you can grow it in your back yard. There Is no real set-up for pushers; kids throw parties and turn their friends on for free." Paralleling the varied explanations for the increasing magnitude of the marijuana problem are numerous "solutions." At one extreme, legalization ot marijuana has been proposed. On the other hand, some have advocated more stringent laws to punish violators. One vice squad member said he believes a better solution may lie elsewhere. "Education is the only real answer. We must make people understand the nature and dangers of marijuana. Man has used marijuana, or more primitive forms of this Cannabis sativa (hemp plant ), from which marijuana and the more potent hashish are extracted, for more than 5.000 years. Yet medical science has only recently begun to delve into the nature of the cannabis derivatives. A technical obstacle to the study of cannabis derivatives is the lack of standardization of the natural and commercial product. The results of a study published in the United Nations' Bulletin on Narcotics listed many of the known physical elici ts ot marijuana on the smoker: External Coldness in the extremities, hypersensitivity, yellow staining of the smoker's lingers. GaMi uinteslinal tract Increase in thirst and appetite, and, with large doses, nausea, emesis, diarrhea or constipation. Nervous system Delirium, alternate laughing and crying; chronic exposure produces brain lesions, Circulation Small doses produce hypoglycemia i decrease in blood sugar1; large doses may bring about slight anemia. Respiration Kate of breathing decreased, coughing after smoking. Muscular system Incoordination with small , closes; larger doses may produce spasm of contracting muscles. Eyes Mydriasis (marked dilation i, blood shot conjuctivae, tears. "Marijuana is especially dependence inducing," according i'o a study recorded in the Michigan Quarterly, "for certain psychologically and socially maladjusted persons who have difficulty conforming to usual social terms." Dr. V.. M. I.ebensohn, chief of psychiatry at Sibley Memorial Hospital, Washington, D.C., says it is "unfortunate that the notion of marijuana as a non-addictive has gained such wide acceptance. Although people who use it do not experience physicial withdrawal symptoms when it is removed, they are drawn to it and many users return to marijuana to recapture the physical sensation. This dependency is just as serious as physical addiction." The World Health Organization listed among the results of cannibis intoxication loss of coordination, impairment of judgment and memory, confusion and delusions, increased aggressiveness, and distortion of sensations. Although the full Impact of cannibis derivatives on the human psyche and soma has not been fully determined, evidence to date Indicates that the intoxicating chemicals of the hemp plant have harmful effects with continued usage. One of the most disastrous effects of marijuana is Its stimulus to the pre-psychotic personality, according to Dr. Duke Fischer of the UCLA Neuropsychiatry Institute. "Marijuana often serves as a catalyst to emotional disturbances," he reports. Research conducted by the University of Chicago under the supervision of Dr. Jerome Jaffee indicated that "prolonged use of marijuana may lead to permanent brain damage." One explanation for such self inflicted punishment (use of marijuana) is that the evidence has not been sufficiently communicated to the American public. Another explanation was recently offered by Science magazine. "The chemical substance most Instrumental in the spread of marijuana and the psychedelic movement Is printers' ink. The glossy popular magazines deplore the excess that they're at pains to picture and warn of the dangers, while at the same time suggesting the appeal of what they dramatize." At a recent symposium held at the College of Physicians at Philadelphia, Dana L. Farnsworth of Harvard University estimated that 30 to 35 per cent of the students attending universities in the United States ha' e smoked marijuana at one time or another. The most common rationale of the users is that It's no more harmful than alcohol. Corrrml3loncr Henry Glordono of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics has said, "Surely it not valid to justify the adoption of a new vice by trying to show that it Is no worse than a presently existing one." r 1 if. ! ;- si kiiim- . 4 ' - - .m,wl 1. ni J klm.'mBm ft.- --"' ed moving the Woman's Club, he added. Schutta recalled that, when meetings of the Iz.iak Walton League, a conservation group, were in full swing about four years ago when the project was in the design stage "they wanted to retain the cove effect and not disturb the lake bottom." Schutta said the Island or median strip at the point where the accidents occurred is now being studied for possible narrowing. Another move, one which should cut speeding, is the installation of two traffic lights, one at First Street and Jeach itself had freezing weather, and citrus crops were ruined throughout the area. But Miami escaped the extremely low temperatures, and Mrs. Tuttie was quick to capitalize on It. She brought Flagler gifts of fruit and flowers to show her area hadn't been hit. That convinced Flagler. He extended the railroad south and claimed his 300 acres from Mrs. Tuttie, although his advisors ruled against it. Too late he found that the clever Mrs. Tuttie had not set aside half her acreage for him; she merely had assigned to him lots alternating with her own. Thus when Flagler developed h's property, he also developed hers! "But he wasn't angry about It," Bedford said. "He merely was amused." one at Evernia, whiih ' operating Friday. No special warni's, such as flashers or reflectors, will be installed, Schutta said, "u less I'm absolutely order' d !i do so." Flashers, he said, look like the beginning of a construction job, which is hardh the appearance the city wants to lend to the cove. Also, he did not believe that extra warnings would prevent highspeed, careless accidents from occurring. The city docks face the area where the two cars plunged into the lake. Marina Dock-master Charles Case admitted boatowners worry about 'he danger of fire from an auto accident spreading to the boats, but pointed out the danger of such an event Ironi a car in the water is "pietn remote." Goodloe and Sc hutta saw the newness of the road as a heady influence of driver attitude. Said Schutta, "The curves were much worse betore, but when you gel a new load. .1 divided highway, people tend to let themselves go and lake liberties with it." Schutta and Goodloe looked to a diminishing of the "wide open spaces and full speed ahead" effect when the Cove project Is completed in mid December. The "speed" etlect of white, when padded with sod and spruced with palms, will be reduced. Both men pointed out thai the sharpest curve, technical ly, is not where the accidents occurred but at Phillips Point, the curve immediatch north of Royal Park Bridge. Goodloe said that the pies ence of a building on the em nor of the "Point" acts to slow drivers automatically when they round the curve. At the curve betore First Siren, there is no structure to 1 ,id the driver to modify his speed, he said. Consulting engineers Gee and Jenson, who designed the Cove project, are being called in to investigate possible corrections of the curve south nl First Street. "Gee and Jenson were given the criteria in the beginning. Goodloe said, "and it's sale within that design." J Flagler, who had induced many persons to come to Florida to grow citrus crops, was quite concerned when the freeze hit, Bedford said. "He wanted to keep citrus growing in Florida, and he was worried that many of the growers might have been hurt so badly they'd have to leave," he continued. "Therefore, Mr. Flagler sent men out in wagons to see the citrus growers and to give them money If they need it ! " Bedford, a native of England, came here Immediately after World War 1, when, he admits, the English were not very popular In this country. He still won't reveal the name of the man for whom he was hired to do research. Said he: "But I've enjoyed It so much, and It opened so many doors for me, that he wouldn't even have had to pay me! " have been, but cited the wall of opposition against further eastward expansion into the lake. "If the bulkhead were moved east, the curves could have been eliminated to a great extent, but the project was against the wishes of many citizens and the limits were set a long time ago by property-ownership and other considerations," Goodloe said. Heading other considerations was money. Any extensive relocation with an additional several hundred feet of land needed would have been too expensive, he said. Lesser Impediments includ H in U ml At 30 M.P.H. Speed "Mrs. Tuttie owned 600 acres of land down there, and she realized It never would be worth much unless Mr. Flagler exttnded his railroad down there to aid In developing it," Bedford recalled. "She wrote Mr. Flagler frequently, and he never bothered to answer until she finally decided to try insulting him. that got results! "Mr. Flagler sent two men to see her and her property, and they returned to tell him they weren't impressed at all. The woman's property was so Isolated from other people that she couldn't even see her neighbors." But Mrs. Tutiie persevered. She said she'd give Flagler half of her acreage If he merely would extend the railroad and develop his half of the land, Bedford said. And while Flagler mulled this over, the disastrous freeze of 1894 hit Florida. Palm Well-Lighted Flagler Drive Bears Eating Crop? Call Flagler l Curves Considered Safe named after him, delighted the club members with his anecdotes of early Palm Beach, Including tales of the Gold Card Club and an 85-pound woman who outsmarted Flagler In a land deal. The legend of the card club never has been verified, Bedford said, but the story was common that Col. E. R. Bradley, who had a gambling casino in Palm Beach, had an even more exclusive place in West Palm Beach. "It had great snob appeal because the lowest price club members could pay for a poker chip was $r,0()0," Bedford said. "Very few could afford to play." Headquarters for the club apparently was in a building with high windows near the present Post Office, he said. Who was the little woman who outsmarted Flagler? Julia Tuttie of Miami. pose back in those days," Bedford said. "That's why so many of the sketches and art works of that time had bears In them." When a bear was killed In Palm Beach, it often was tied to a boat and towed across the lake to be skinned and cut Info pieces for the citizens, he said. The lake Itself may have been teeming with fish, but it also was teeming with alligators and cottonmouths so that many residents were afraid to enter the water, Bedford said. "That was when the lake was fresh water," he said. Most of the dangerous aspects of the lake disappeared when inlets began appearing, and the water developed salinity, a quality the 'gators and snakes found undesirable. Bedford, who came here in 1919 to do research for a man who later was to have a county What do you do when you find bears overrunning your plantation and eating your pineapples? A man named Lattham had an obviously good answer to that problem back In the pioneer days of Palm Beach, the Temple Both El Men's Club learned last week from Grant Bedford. Bedford, consultant director of the Flagler Museum, said Lattham merely sent out the word to Palm Beach Tycoon Henry Flagler that there was some good hunting available on his place, an area where Woodlawn Cemetery now is located. "Mr. Flagler and members of his gun club went over and found It was true, and they shot the bears," Bedford said. And the bears then were used as food by the local population because meat was scarce. "Bears served a good pur KM ink 1 1 1,1 ?wMtjfMt4p

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