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Drew Pearson Saigon Generals Played Politics With Election Palm Beach Post-Times A JOHN H. PERKY NEWSPAPER John H Perry it Pm WW. Atttrbury Jr. Trtaa. CmiI B Krlly. P-jbliahtr. Orntral Manager H H Kirapalrick. Editor ('. K. Nfuhauer. Kitr. Rditnr R. Mtrl Elha. Circulation Director Publiahed Each Saturday and Sunday at TSI Souih Dnia. Wm Palm Brack. Fla. SH02 By Prrry Pubiicaliont. Inc. Mrrnbrr of the Ataociltrd Prru. Second claa pottage paid at Waal Palm Beach. Florida The Awociaied Preta ia etclunvely entitled to the utt lor rrpublication ol all newa Member Audit Bureau ol Circulation M RH KIPTIII HVTlv-i KKIrR represent all of South Vietnam, Mr.. Ambassador, and you would do well to remember that." The infuriated Lam fired off a scathing cable to Saigon, ac- ri .mi Tir 4 a"aT I year H9 40 fi month . . 0 3 month! . . 112 IS I tea $ 95 Tive ft Svaday I year .)l 20 6 montha ...Sl&bO 3 montha 7 SO 1 eek I 60 Nila l. I year 110 40 6 montha . . . . SS 20 3 montht .... t.b0 1 Keek I .20 Pmi ft aadet I year Ill 10 6 month! ...IIS 60 3 month! . ... 17 HO I k I 60 Daily Hair Pmi or fine I year 120 SO 6 monthe .110 40 3 montha lt 20 I eek I 40 V.MI. KTIS Pable la taSaar. Smile top y Poet or Timet . I 10 Sunday Poit Timet .25 T wr. ft Sindat 145 00 n oo 11200 MM. 1 1 I IIPY Pmi ft "Hiatal I year 5 'JO 6 month! . $23 (H) J month! . )12 00 Poll or Timei 20 t'.rnrral (Klire n 40) ! It Mail Uaili Daly Peal or I mri 110 00 116 00 00 11500 8 00 15 00 Sunday Pott Timet . . t J5 TELEPHONES Want Adt 8:13 401 J NOVEMBER 17, 1968 National Advertiainf. kepreientative! John H. Perry Auciatet Suite 502. II Weil 44th Street, New York. NY 10036 SL'NDAV MOKMNG, Into the next room so he could consult with his advisers. After the consultation, an angry Thieu handed Bunker the cable and demanded an explanation. Bunker suggested that Lam must have misunderstood Harriman, and promised to return with am clarification. It was 1 A.M., Saigon time, when Bunker and Berger hurried back to the American Embassy. They put through an urgent phone call to President Johnson, who dictated a letter over the trans Pacific phone to Thieu. In the letter, the President stated that he had no idea what Lam was talking about and that the U.S. would be bound by Bunker's word. Bunker hand delivered the letter to President Thieu at 2:30 A.M., and the bombing halt was postponed 24 hours while the South Vietnamese stewed over it. The next meeting was heated. Thieu said he had never understood the NLF would be accepted in Paris as an independent delegation. He demanded "firm and unequivocal assurances" from Hanoi that the Paris negotiations would be between Saigon and Hanoi, not Saigon and the NLF. Ambassador Berger replied that President Johnson had made a commitment to end the bombing and Indicated that he would go ahead with out Saigon's approval. Thieu asked Berger acidly whether he were a "representative from Hanoi" and said South Vietnam couldn't stop President Johnson from doing whatever he wanted. Ironically, both Bunker and Berger have glowingly praised Thieu in their secret dispatches to Washington and have quietly supported him In his political struggles with his flamboyant Vice President Ky. As evidence that Thieu and Ky now stood together against Washington, however, Ky stood dramatically behind Thieu's chair. "You have been asking me for a year to stand behind this man," Ky told Berger. "Well, I am standing behind him now." Meanwhile, the delicate agreement with Hanoi was threatening to fall apart if President Johnson didn't halt the bombing as he had promised. Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford best summarized the President's dilemma In these words: "He worked through five and a half months to reach an agreement that he thought could be a major step toward peace, and then In the last our of the 9th Inning, why suddenly they said, 'No, we can't go along.' I think the President felt he had to proceed with his plan. He was committed." WASHINGTON The explosive details have now leaked out about the backstage blow-up between the U.S. and South Vietnam, which threaten to wreck the Paris peace negotiations before they start. All along, the South Vietnamese had agreed, in principle, to a bombing halt, provided they were given a place at the truce table. As the delicate negotiations were about to bear fruit, however, they sud denly began throwing up procedural objections. In both Paris and Saigon, the Americans and South Vietnamese would up shouting angry insults at each other. The South Vietnamese leaders became convinced that President Johnson was trying to rush through a bombing-halt agreement just before the election to win votes for Hubert Humphrey. They felt strongly that LB J was selling them out, that he was more concerned about winning the election than winning the war. The President, meanwhile, learned that Saigon's Ambassador Bui Diem had been in touch secretly with Richard Nixon's people. There were unconfirmed reports that South Vietnamese leaders had even slipped campaign cash through the transom to Nixon representatives. These reports made LB.J suspicious that the South Vietnamese were trying to sabotage the peace negotiations In the hope that Nixon would win the election and take a harder line. The final blow-up really was sparked in Paris where Ambassador Averell Harriman had carefully kept Saigon's chief observer, Pham Dang Lam, informed on the progress of the bombing-halt negotiations. Harriman even took Lam to the conference room and showed him exactly where everyone would sit. Lam didn't like the idea of addressing the Communist negotiators by the title "Mr. Ambassador." So Harriman assured him it would be all right to address them merely as gentlemen." Lam understood, of course, that the National Liberation Front would accompany the North Vietnamese delegation to the conference. But he began bickering over whether thoy would sit apart from the Hanoi delegation and whether they would be allowed to display the Viet Cong flag. When he demanded that the NLF be regarded as part of the Hanoi delegation and that the negotiations be billed as a three-power conference, Harriman exploded. "All your pretensions are out of this world!" he Is reported to have scolded. After an angry exchange, Harriman told Lam bluntly: "Your government does not CTiV.J ,VA JOURNEY Of 4,500 MILES BEGINS WITH Ilex IN evv man Teachers ' Merit System? How About Legislators? Government In Secret The president of the American Bankers Association recently chicled the federal government for demanding full disclosure of private business activities while conducting its own business in secret. Willis W. Alexander, speaking in Chicago, said: "If realism and truth are the order of the day, shouldn't they be pervasive in government?" Remarking on the public policy objective of truth-in-packaging Alexander said he wished the government would "package" its budget so that the ordinary citizen could understand what the government proposed to do and what amounts it proposed to receive and spend. His remarks were well taken since the 90th Congress, despite its enthusiasm for disclosure by everyone else, conducted more meetings behind closed doors than has any Congress in the past 15 years. The House Appropriations Committee, for example, held 322 closed-door meetings and dealt with .$144 billion of public money all in secret. Alexander also cited figures from a Gallup Poll revealing that while 12 per cent of the American people look upon big business as villains, 26 per cent hold the same view of big labor and 46 per cent see big government as the major threat. All of which sounds strangely like our own problems with local governing bodies. Despite "government in the sunshine" designed to prevent secrecy in the handling of government business we have a succession of "executive sessions" by various governing bodies. Entirely too often it is obvious that matters voted on in an open meeting have already been decided behind closed doors and the open vote is a farce. It's remarkable how often public servants, federal, state and local, become fired with the idea that how they spend the public's money is none of the public's business. It's even more remarkable how the public can be so apathetic as to let them get awav with it. when House members are allowed full-time attaches as are their counterparts in the upper chambers. A study soon to be released will make a case for higher salaries for legislators. v: J r -J j TALLAHASSEE (AFX) -The Florida Legislature long has maintained teaehers should be given the benefit of a merit pay system. It would be designed so outstanding teachers could be rewarded. Also It would be an effort to get away from paying the good and bad teachers alike. It was a bone of contention during the l'KiT-tiH teacher crisis in the state and only a compromise between the warring factions prevented such a system being enacted. The argument is that obviously all teachers are not of the same quality and obviously all subject matter taught in the state schools is not of the same quality. Now the new legislature, that is the one which came into being after reapportionment, which more equitably represents the urban areas of the state, decided its membership was being shortchanged when it came to pay and expenses. Consequently, a $300 a month "expense account" was granted to one and all in the legislature in 17. Only secretaries were provided for representatives until 1!6 when they too will be allowed attaches. In addition, Senators are granted full time attaches. In the interim, Speaker Fred Schultz, wealthy Jacksonville investor, decided the $300 a month was not sufficient for his charges in the House. The expense account has been upped to $i00 a month for House members until next year when supposedly it drops buck down to $300 a month DalePullen cusing the Americans of tricking the South Vietnamese. The cable quoted Harriman as stating that Hanoi had agreed to nothing, except that a South Vietnamese delegation could be seated. As it happened, the cable arrived while President Nguyen Van Thieu and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky were conferring in Saigon's Independence Palace with U. S. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker and Deputy Ambassador Samuel Berger. They had already agreed upon a joint statement, which would have announced the bombing halt and the expanded peace conference. At South Vietnamese insistence, they had also agreed to add: "The two presidents wish to make it clear that neither the Republic of Vietnam nor the United States will recognize the National Liberation Front as an entity separate from North Vietnam." The approval of the joint communique seemed to clear the way for a bombing halt. When Bunker informed Thieu that the peace talks would begin on Nov. 2, however, the South Vietnamese president balked. He secretly believed, it later came out, that the date had been set to help Humphrey on the eve of the Nov. 5 election. Thieu objected that the South Vietnamese .delegation couldn't possibly be ready in time for a Nov. 2 meeting. It would ta'ke time, he said, to arrange the accreditation and transportation. Deputy Ambassador Berger said the U.S. would take care of these details. Ky retorted that the South Vietnamese "would look like puppets of the Americans" if they arrived in Paris in a U.S. plane. "You told us you would go," snapped Berger, "and now you are going back on your word." At this point, Lam's explosive cable was delivered to President Thieu. His face clouded as he read it, and he asked the Americans to step shown are essential weapons in the individual's intellectual vocational or aesthetic arsenal. Further, a school teaches things which the individual cannot reasonably be expected to pick up elsewhere. Now if anyone can show me how universal and compulsory instruction In the mechanics of sexual Intercourse can meet anybody's Intellectual, vocational or aesthetic needs, I will reconsider my objections. I hasten to make an excep tion, incidentally, for the rare and dubious few who may indeed make sex their vocation at some future time. Those we should refer to the nearest clinic. It's fashionable to point to the mushrooming Incidence of premarital pregnancies, venereal disease and degenerate sex crimes as an overriding rationale for universal sex education. Flummery. As I've said somewhere before, it would be sensible to claim that we educators should attack the growing problem of safecracking by teaching school children how to Ain't It The Truth An educator urges us to listen to the voice of youth. Who else Is talking? Politicians are like the rest of us, in that they often lie awake thinking of the kind of man the country needs. The difference Is that their own name so often occurs to them. Dr. Max Kafferty Parents Can Still Teach Few Basic Facts Of Life A 5lN6lfc STEP salaries it certainly is equally degrading for legislators, men of varying degrees of wisdom, to draw the same salaries and expenses. There definitely is need of establishment of a merit pay plan for these guardians of the public till. For instance, is it right for Sen. Elmer Friday, (D-Fort Myers), as chairman of the rules committee which cradles life and death authority over legislation to draw the same salary as Sen. Mallory Home, (D-Tallahassee), who is only vice-chairman? The answer seems fairly obvious. And secondly, obviously the expenses of Friday who lives in Fort Myers some 400 miles from Tallahassee are greater than those of Home who lives in the capital city itself. What about the comparative salaries of Rep. Don Reed, (R-Boca Raton), who is leader of the minority party in the House, as compared to Schultz as speaker and leader of both sides of the aisle? There certainly should be some sort of adjustment here. Reed, in turn, obviously needs more compensation than do his followers In the minority party because of the added responsibilities of being minority leader. Perhaps, while the legislature is devising a merit pay plan for teachers, the teachers can in turn do the legislators a service and devise a merit pay plan for them. After all, legislators certainly should not be second class citizens any more than teachers. LeRoy Collins a few days before the Nov. 5 election: "The tide Is coming In." It did. His opponent swamped him by more than 200,000 votes. George Smathers, Florida's U.S. Senator for two more months, could not be sitting more comfortably now that Nixon is to be the next President. The president-elect is renting Smathers' Key Biscayne home. Their friendship goes back to days when both were In the U.S. House of Representatives In the late forties. Smathers is trying to locate office spate in Washington for his lobby operation he hopes will approach the success of Clark Clifford's. Rumors circulate that Nixon is considering Smathers tor a cabinet post perhaps Treasury or Commerce but the 18 year Senator indicates he wants no part of that Just yet. For now, he wants to make money and do specialty jobs for Nixon without publicity such as delicate liaison with powerful senators on Nixon-backed legislation. Anyway you slice it, George Smathers will be working his charm and influence In Washington in January maybe even more influence than he had as a Senator. Fluoridation Helps At the risk of cluttering up a clear-cut emotional issue with a lot of fac's, the Cleveland, Ohio, Public Schools have released the results of a study of the effects of fluoridated water in that city. Covering 800,000 children from every school in the system, it is said to be one of the most complete studies ever made in the 23-year history of fluoridation of public water supplies. In 1955, children beginning school in Cleveland had an average of 3.4 decayed, extracted or filled teeth. Fewer than three children in 10 entered school with perfect teeth. The following year, the city began fluoridating its water. By 1962, kindergarten children were averaging only 1.3 decayed, extracted or filled teeth. Nearly six out of ten had perfect teeth. That was an impressive 112 per cent increase in children with perfect teeth and a 61.7 percent reduction in defective teeth. Similar improvement was found among older children, whose baby teeth had been replaced by the only other set of natural teeth they will have for the rest of their lives. "The findings," sums up the report, "are even more gratifying than the rosy expectations of the more ardent believers in fluoridation." Nevertheless, U.S. population is increasing 3'2 times faster than the number of dentists, who can't keep up with the demand for their services, especially now that half the population is under 20 or over 65, the age groups most needing dental care. It is estimated that 97 million people in the United States today have decayed teeth that require treatment. Over 20 million Americans have lost all their teeth. If the Communists are behind fluoridation, they still have a ways to go before completely sapping the fiber of the nation. Nixon Could Impress U.S. With Well Chosen Moves The $100 a month written into the old constitution wasn't enough, legislators claim, that's why the subterfuge of an expense account was created. Supposedly the salaries will be in the $10,000 a year range, at least that's been the legislative hall gossip. A new constitution which goes into effect January 7 drops all reference to any set salary, leaving It up to the legislators themselves to set their own salaries. Now it occurs to some of those who have watched the legislature for a few years that there are some legislators who are obviously worth more than others. It also occurs to some of these politician watchers that some legislators deserve more expense allowances than others. After all, as it Is degrading for teachers to draw the same meets the daily protein requirement of a child. Two moves which might not have the same national approval but would indicate Nixon Is serious about "change" would be the replacing of those plus 70-year-old baroque Washington fixtures J. Edgar Hoover as FBI director and Gen. Lewis Hershey as Selective Sen ice Director. QUOTES TO REMEMBER: George C. Wallace last March on the report of the President's riot commission that called for a massive outlay of funds to help underprivileged Negroes: "It will probably be the cause for riots this sum-mer"Everyone seems to agree that 1968's summer was rather riot-quiet, predictions of Wallace and others to the sandpaper their finger ends and manipulate tumblers in the dark. What Is needed to combat existing evil Is not an encyclopedic knowledge of its techniques; It is the conviction that evil is Indeed evil. Some of today's kids have never even heard the word. Some things schools cannot do. Making young people want to do what they know Is right Is one of those things. We Cali-fornians for years have taught teen-agers In organized classes how to drive. Unfortunately, this has not noticeably diminished the percentage of adolescent dimwits who despite their knowledge of techniques drag-race on the county highway and end upon a slab with tags on their toes. And teaching everybody In school about the horrendous effects of cigarette smoking hasn't reduced the rocketing rate of lung cancer, either. All this Is not to say there should be no sex education In the nation's schools. There should Indeed, but only for those pupils whose parents confess their Inability to Instruct their own children by asking others to do it for them. Similarly, I suppose, we might set up seminars in "How to Tie Shoelaces and Bow Ties" for youthful unfortunates whose parents didn't quite get around to showing them. I'm by nature a kindly, compassionate fellow. I hate to see kids grow up uninformed. It's just ttiat I ache a little inside whenever I have to take teaching time away from Newton and Keats to spend the kind of instruction any reasonably competent gorilla could give Its offspring in a couple of hours. Bible Verse And the harvest of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace. lames 3: 18 Last week I started to document my contention that fad-dism Is American education's greatest built-in enemy. I mentioned the current craze for courses in "black history," "brown culture" and, presumably after we have contracted the Martians, "green civilization." In a society which needs so badly just to teach all Its children how to read, it seems a little stupid to be worrying about how to teach Swa-hili in Harlem. Alas, 'twas always thus. In the early '50s, we were arguing about using UNESCO materials in the classrooms, and a decade later we were all frothed up over the sinister attempt of the Birch Society to take over the nation's unnumbered PTAs. Tomorrow's hassle seems sure to be over sex education, If only because everybody seems to be getting pretty positive about It, one way or another. There's no question that adolescents need to know the facts of life. These, incidentally, can be learned by every kid above the kow grade moron level in something less than half an hour. There's also no question that children need to be informed about the facts of personal hygiene. Such personal and nun-drum matters as tooth brushing, shampooing, and deodorizing obviously must be part of every child's learning experience unless, of course, he's preparing to grow up as a hippie. But saying that youngsters need to know such necessary things Is a far cry from that non srquitur assumption that America's far-flung public school system should therefore set up special courses which all pupils would be compelled to attend. For that matter, I suppose a case could be made for offering a class in beginning shaving for teen-age boys whose fathers were too busy or loo bashful to teach them how to load a safety razor, apply lather and so on. But it would be a pretty ridiculous case. A school exists to teach things which experience has WASHINGTON - Offering suggestions to Presidents is an easy and perhaps arrogant exercise tt r Americans, particularly newspapermen. Arrogant or not, a few moves Richard Nixon might consider if he wants to quickly impress nearly every American might be to: 1. Appoint a Postmaster General who is not some friend or campaign money ."angel" but rather a tough-minded, first-rate administrator. Political payoff cobwebs have been layered on the national postal service by Republicans and Democrats for so long now that such a presidential move would immediately attract national attention. 2. Begin culling and scratching commissions and committees that have no worthwhile purpose by declining to name members. Again, this will take political statesmanship of the highest order because Nixon, like any politician, would like to repay favors. 3. Stress an upgrading of oceanographic development with an immediate emphasis on producing fish flour for use by hungry Americans and, later, world citizens. Ten grams of fish flour, experts have been saying for years, costs less than one cent and Nighttime Blessing 'o less an authority than the American Automobile Association has come out in favor of miniskirts. They may help to reduce pedestrian deaths and injuries, the AAA says. The reason is the automobile headlights aim downward, so more stocking or lea is exposed, the easier it is for motorists to spot someone in th'Mipath. Much as we welcome this scientifically detached vote of approval for the miniskirt, it must be noted that it applies to night driving only. For daytime drivers, subcategory male, a major hazard of the times remains not one of not seeing miniskirted pedestrians but of seeing them too well a matter not of headlights aiming downward but of the eye wandering upward . . . and downward . . .' upward . . . and downward . . .