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USA TODAY—DEMOCRATANDCHRONICLE THURSDAY,OCTOBER22,2015 E3 3B IN BRIEF alternatives to mandatory minim um sentencing laws that have swept up scores of non-violent offenders and have driven public p rison budgets to the breaking p oint. T he o cials, including Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck, Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthyand Houston Police Chief Charles McClelland, represent a potentially powerful alliance that is seeking a dramatic reversal of a generation of harsh criminal justice policies. T he central message of the newly formed group tracks recent m oves by a bipartisan coalition of lawmakers and the Obama administration to overhaul the U.S. criminal justice system, targeting sentencing policies that have condemned non-violent o enders to decades in overcrowded prisons. — Kevin Johnson 2015 ON TRACK TO BE EARTH’S WARMEST YEAR Fueled by a combination of man-made global warming and t he natural El Niño climate cycle, 2015 remains on pace to be the OBAMA TO PITCH PROGR AM T O CO MBA T DRUG ABUSE President Obama said Wednes- d ay that the government and the p ublic must work together to c onfront an epidemic of drug abuse that is claiming more and more lives. Heroin and prescription drugs are primary culprits in a crisis that has hurt and killed Americans from all walks of life, Obama said during an anti-drug event in Charleston, W.Va. O bama outlined a plan that includes better training for doctors a nd other health care professionals to handle drug abusers and easier access for treatment. The administration is also launching a media advertising campaign designed to make people aware of the dangers of heroin and abuse o f prescription drugs. —David Jackson COALITION CALLS FOR END T O MASS INCARCER ATION Acoalition of police chiefs and p rosecutors Wednesday called for an end to mass incarceration and warmest year since records began i n 1880, federal scientists announced Wednesday, smashing a r ecord set just last year. But going back even farther, b efore instrumental records, 2015 will almost certainly be the Earth’s warmest year since the 6 00s. Current temperatures are un- p recedented for at least 1,400 years, according to the most re- c ent United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate C hange, which met last year. C limate scientists can analyze ice cores, lake sediments and tree rings to determine the air and sea t emperatures of past centuries. — Doyle Rice ALSO ... u Syrian President Bashar Assad made a secret visit to Moscow to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin, their two governments disclosed Wednesday. The trip, which took place Tuesday, w as Assad’s ﬁrst-known visit abroad since the start of the Syria n civil war in 2011. u New York City police o cer Randolph Holder, 33, died Tuesday night after being shot in the head during a gunbattle in East Harlem, Police Commissioner William Bratton said Wednesday. H older is the fourth New York of- ﬁcer shot and killed on the job in the past 11 months. u The pilot of a California- based Marine Corps U.S. F-18 ﬁ ghter jet was killed Wednesday when his plane crashed after tak- i ng o from an air base in eastern England, the Air Force said. POOL PHOTO BY HEATHCLIFF O’MALLEY Prince William and Kate Middleton accompany Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday at a Dr. Who display in London. President Xi is on a state visit to Britain to establish trade and investment deals, including a nuclear power plant in England. TWO ROYALS, A PRESIDENT AND DR. WHO JERUSALEM Just one narrow street divides the Arab village of Jabel Mukaber from the Jewish neighborhood of Armon Hanatziv in East Jerusalem. But the gulf between the two communities seems impossible to bridge these days. Although relations have never been warm, they have worsened dramatically amid the violence that has gripped Israel over the past month, leaving 47 Palestinians — 26 of them labeled by Israel as attackers — and 10 Israelis dead. Each side blames the other for starting the trouble. Arabs say protests b roke out over I srael’s plans to impose sovereignty and restrictions over the T emple Mount/Noble Sanctuary, a site holy to Muslims and Jews. Residents of the Jewish neighborhood say the false allegation is arumor spread by Palestinian leaders to foment riots and a string of terror attacks against Jews across Israel. Not all Arab residents condone the attacks, but they say they understand the frustration behind them. Jerusalem’s Arab youths “don’t have any hope. They feel I srael is trying to take over Al-Aq- sa,” the mosque on the Temple Mount that is considered the third holiest site in Islam, said Jabal Mukaber resident Inad Sourghi, a father of six. Sourghi said anger over Israel’s alleged takeover of the site comes on top of simmering anger over Israel’s spreading settlements on land that Palestinians consider to b e theirs. Sourghi said city services provided to Arabs are “far worse” than those provided to Jewish neighborhoods. “They see police and checkpoints. How can our children not be angry?” Sourghi asked. “Palestinians in East Jerusalem pay the same national and municipal taxes as Jews in West Jerusalem but receive a fraction of the services,” Daoud Kuttab, a Palestinian media expert, told USA TODAY. “A visit to Jabel Mukaber and the Armon Ha- natziv settlement is enough to show clearly the huge disparity between Arabs and Jews in what is considered the u nited capital o f Israel.” Some of the men implicated in r ecent attacks come from Jabel M ukaber, whose residents, like much of the world, do not recognize Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem, territory Israel captured from Jordan in the 1967 Six-Day War and which Palestinians claim as the capital of any future state. On Oct. 13, two men from the village shot and stabbed passengers on a public bus in Armon Hanatziv, killing one and wound- i ng 10. The same day, another Jabal Mukaber resident drove his car into religious Jews waiting for abus in West Jerusalem before hacking one to death with a meat cleaver. Another resident tried to stab an Israeli border policeman. Jewish residents in Armon Ha- natziv say these attacks, as well as dozens of instances of rock- throwing, windshield shattering and ﬁrebombing carried out by Palestinian teens, have left them f eeling frightened and vulnerable. G il Schecter, a Jewish father of four whose apartment complex is a cross the street from several sing le-family Jabel Mukaber homes, said frustration is no excuse for violence. He recalled how teenagers from Jabel Mukaber threw Molotov cocktails at his home on the night of July 31. Schecter said his children, ages 4to 17, “no longer play outside or ride on buses for fear of being knifed.” This month, a 13-year-old Arab boy knifed a 13-year-old Jewish b oy riding a bicycle. In Jabel Mukaber, Sourghi said he has “good relations” with Jews, Christians and Muslims despite the violence and fundamental split over land rights. “We all have one God,” he said. “There are extremists on the Palestinian side and the Israeli side.” THOMAS COEX, AFP/GETTY IMAGES APalestinian girl walks past a new part of a wall put in place by Israeli o cials to start to separate the Palestinian neighborhood of Jabal Mukaber from the Jewish settlement of Armon Hanatziv in East Jerusalem. 1SINGLE STREET, 2 WORLDS APART Escalating Mideast violence leaves Jewish and Arab neighbors more divided than ever Michele Chabin Special for USA TODAY JIM HOLLANDER,EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY Israeli and border police monitor a gate to the N oble Sanc- t uary, or the Temple M ount to J ews, in Jerusalem’s Old City as Palestinian women leave Friday prayers on Oct. 9. Although r elations have n ever been warm, they have worsened d ramatically. Controversy swirled Wednesday over Benjamin Netanyahu’s contentious remarks about the Holocaust as the Israeli prime minister prepared to meet U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in Germany. The German government dismissed comments by Netanyahu blaming a Muslim elder for the Holocaust. “All Germans know the history of the murderous race mania of the Nazis that led to the break with civilization that was the Holocaust,” Chancellor Angela Merkel’s spokesman Ste en Seibert said. “We know that responsibility for this crime against humanity is German and very much our own.” Netanyahu, at the World Zionist Congress in Israel on Tuesday, said Hitler “didn’t want to exterminate the Jews at the time, he wanted to expel the Jews.” N etanyahu said Haj Amin al- H usseini, a Muslim Palestinian leader at the time told Hitler “If y ou expel them, they’ll all come h ere.” The two met in November 1 941. Netanyahu triedto clarify his comments Wednesday. He s aid Hitler was responsible for t he Holocaust, but al-Husseini encouraged him and also wanted to see the Jews dead. Netanyahu sparks Holocaust c ontroversy Israeli prime minister says Muslim leader wanted to kill Jews John Bacon USA TODAY GETTY IMAGES Israeli Prime M inister B enjamin N etanyahu met German C hancellor A ngela Merkel on Wednesday. WASHINGTON Rep. Paul Ryan has not yet been able to secure an o cial endorsement from House conservatives for his bid for speaker, despite winning a majority of support from the arch-conservative Freedom Caucus. “I think Paul is going to get the support that he is looking for,” House Speaker John Boehner s aid Wednesday after a meeting o f House Republicans. Boehner announced that Republicans will c hoose a new speaker next week. A fter ameeting with the Freedom Caucus on Wednesday, Ryan shrugged o questions about whether he had won the group’s endorsement. “We had a nice meeting, a good chat,” Ryan said. Members of the Freedom Caucus said later Wednesday that it is supporting Ryan, but held o on an o cial endorsement because it couldn’t muster the 80% agree- m ent such an announcement would require, the Associated Press reported. Ryan said Tuesday he will run for the top leadership job if he gets support of all GOP factions. The Wisconsin Republican gave his colleagues until Friday to decide whether they can back him. Freedom Caucus backs Ryan without endorsing Boehner conﬁdent support will be there Erin Kelly USA TODAY GETTY IMAGES Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis.