Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York on October 21, 2015 · Page Z1
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Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York · Page Z1

Rochester, New York
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 21, 2015
Page Z1
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Pentagon, Russia agree to flight protocols over Syria ELECTION 2016 Twenty-one of 30 political experts surveyed gave first-place marks to Trump this week, and his candidacy appears to be transitioning to a real presidential campaign. IN NEWS TRUMP TIGHTENS HIS GRIP CARSON, TRUMP AND RUBIO BY GETTY; BUSH AND CRUZ BY BLOOMBERG USA TODAY— DEMOCRATANDCHRONICLE E3 SECTION B 10.21.15 USA SNAPSHOTS © SOS: Save our sea lions 1 marine mammals rescued along 600 miles of California coastline, or 63%, were sea lions. 12 , 857 1 – From 1975 through Oct. 13 Source The Marine Mammal Center TERRY BYRNE AND PAUL TRAP, USA TODAY DANIEL ACKER,BLOOMBERG IRS plan targets refund thieves IN MONEY Bruce, Rumer Willis share Broadway debut thoughts DUSTIN COHENFOR USA TODAY IN LIFE This is an edition of USA TODAY provided for DemocratandChronicle. An expanded version of USA TODAY is available at newsstands or by subscription, and at Find USA TODAY Sports in today’s local sports section. WASHINGTON The Pentagon and Russian military have reached an agreement to avoid conflict among pilots and drones flying over the battlefields of Syria, Pentagon press secretary Peter Cook announced Tuesday. There have been “a handful of incidents” involving Russian warplanes flying too close to Ameri- can attack aircraft and drones, Cook said. In addition, Russian jets have strayed over the Syrian border into Turkey, a member of the NATO alliance. Turkey and NATO have objected to the incursions, which Russia claims were inadvertent. Russia began flying bombing runs this month from a base in Syria, most of them targeting opponents of the regime of Bashar Assad, according to the Pentagon. U.S. warplanes have been flying missions against fighters from the Islamic State, also known as ISIL. Russia supports Assad and operates military bases in Syria; the White House and Pentagon maintain that Assad must go in order to resolve the civil war there that has killed more than 200,000 people. “These protocols include maintaining professional airmanship at all times, the use of specific communication frequencies and the establishment of a communication line on the ground,” Cook said in a statement. The agreement does not include intelligence sharing between the U.S. and Russian militaries, nor does it “constitute U.S. cooperation or support for Russia’s policy or actions in Syria.” Russia has asked that the “protocols” for safe flight not be disclosed publicly, Cook said. The goal is that the Russian pilots “maintain safe distance.” “Our folks have been abiding by the rules from the start,” he said. In a related development, the Pentagon announced that it has sent powerful, ground-attack warplanes to neighboring Turkey. An unspecified number of A-10 Warthog jets will be stationed at Incirlik Air Base where the U.S.- led coalition was granted permission in July to fly bombing runs against ISIL. Mutual goal: to avoid conflict among pilots Tom Vanden Brook USA TODAY RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTRY VIA EPA ARussian bomber lands in Syria. “Our folks have been abiding by the rules from the start.” Pentagon press secretary Peter Cook Women should begin annual breast cancer screenings at age 45, according to mammogram guidelines released Tuesday from the American Cancer Society. That’s five years later than the society previously recommended. The new recommendations have generated far less controversy than the 2009 guidelines from afederal task force that suggested women didn’t need routine mam- mograms until age 50. At the time, the American Cancer Society and other critics reacted angrily, charging that following the task force’s advice would lead to more women dying of breast cancer. The new mammogram guidelines move the American Cancer Society closer to the recommendations it criticized six years ago. Though the society says women should get annual screenings from ages 45 to 54, it said women at 55 can transition to getting mammograms every other year because cancers then grow more slowly. These are big changes for the American Cancer Society. As recently as 1992, the group recommended women get a “baseline” mammogram at ages 35 to 39. The new guidelines reflect the growing recognition that mam- mograms can do harm, as well as good, said Richard Wender, chief cancer control o cer at the American Cancer Society. Beyond “false positive” results — which can lead women to undergo additional tests and painful biopsies —mammograms can lead to “overdiagnosis,” causing women to be treated unnecessarily for slow-growing cancers that would have never become life-threatening. “We’re moving to an era where people are recognizing the limitationsof screening tests,” said physician Nancy Keating, who co-wrote an accompanying editorialin JAMA. Although mammograms can save lives, their benefits are much more modest than many women assume. They also carry risks. MAMMOGRAM RISKS AND BENEFITS FRANK POMPA, USA TODAY Results if 10,000 women get annual mammograms from ages 40 to 49: 190 30 Breast cancers diagnosed Breast cancer deaths Lives saved due to mammograms Women treated unnecessarily 5 Source Nancy Keating, Harvard Medical School 36 6,130 700 “False positive” results Unnecessary biopsies In shift, Cancer Society now advises fewer mammograms Liz Szabo USA TODAY He wants endorsement from all GOP factions before running to replace John Boehner. IN NEWS JACK GRUBER,USAT Ryan will run for speaker if ... and it’s a big if Trey Gowdy was once described as the “most valuable Republican of the 2016 election cycle so far.’’ That was according to a tweet in August by conservative columnist Bill Kristol, who made the assessment about the leader of a special Benghazi committee that appeared poised to discredit Hillary Clinton’s record as secretary of State, and by extension her 2016 presidential bid. Two months later, Gowdy is the one under siege. House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy’s comments linking the committee to Clinton’s declining poll numbers ignited a firestorm over whether the committee was, from its inception, intended to damage Clinton’s 2016 presidential aspirations. Democrats hope to galvanize support from Clinton’s nationally televised appearance Thursday before the committee through a variety of methods, including a rapid response operation, broadcast and online ads and a strategy by committee Democrats to use the event to highlight erroneous information about Clinton’s role in Benghazi, Libya. During the hearing, Democrats plan to go on the o ense to debunk misinformation around the terror attacks in 2012 on a U.S. BENGHAZI MAY BE GOWDY’S BURDEN Committee leader faces scrutiny about motivation Heidi M Przybyla USA TODAY v STORY CONTINUES ON 2B

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