The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 15, 1968 · Page 40
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November 15, 1968

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 40

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West Palm Beach, Florida
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Friday, November 15, 1968
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Page 40
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Palm Beac h Post, Friday, Nov. 13, 18 37 'Any Boy Can Become President' Less Than Fact By HARRY K. ROSKNTHAL WASHINGTON (API - In Anii'i ican folklore any boy can grow up to be president. The legend is less than factual. But its promise of power and glory has goaded men to seek what Theodore Roosevelt called "a position as great as that of the mightiest monarch." It offers to make a man, in ileibert Hoover's words, "a link in the long chain of his country's destinv." Hut of the men who have dwelt in the White House. many have spoken their disillusionment. "My (iod! What is there in this place that a man should ever want to get in it'.'" cried James ( iarfiold. "The responsibilities of the office ought to sober a man even before he approaches it," said Woodrow Wilson. "I have had enough of it, heaven knows," said William McKinley. "I have had all the honor there is in the place and have responsibilities enough to kill any man." The presidency in George Washington's eyes, required "unremitting attention." It was "dignified slavery" to Andrew Jackson; "anxiety, tribulation and abuse" to Abraham Lincoln. (Jrover Cleveland, the only-president to gain a second term after being defeated for re-election, said paradoxically: "I do not want the office. It involves responsibility beyond human strength." Harry S. Truman likened being president to riding a tiger: "A man has to keep riding or be swallowed." The ride confronting the man who becomes the ,'iTth president next January is certain to be as rough as that of his predecessors. The presidency has become a colossus unimaginod before World War II. In that White House oval office rests authority and intlu-ence far beyond that envisioned by the framers of the Constitution who summed up presidential powers and duties in .TO words. Today the presi dent's presence is felt in every facet of modem life, and he is held accountable for its failings. Richard E. Neustadt, in his widely acclaimed book, "Presidential Power," commented: "Like our governmental structure as a whole, the executive establishment consists of separated institutions sharing power. The president heads one of these; Cabinet officers, agency administrators and military commanders head others. Below the departmental level, virtually independent bureau chiefs head many more. Kederal operations spill across dividing lines on organization charts; almost every policy entangles many agencies; almost every program calls for interagency collaboration. "Everything somehow involves the president." To run the White House of-, fice alone takes 250 people 'with a payroll of more than S3 million a year. Lyndon B. Johnson's roster lists no fewer than eight special assistants and seven special consultants 01 cui.sels. Despite the growth of presidential authority, no White House occupant can get results merely by giving orders. "1 sit here all day trying to persuade people to do the things they -ught to have sense enough to do without rav persuading them," HarrvTrii man said. "That's all the power of the president amounts to." Franklin D. Roosevelt, seldom if ever reluctant to exercise the full power of the White LT""""I rrrT3 sr &Sm SET JSHi7 JvjcS tram' nl tm ft-! FABULOUS DEPARTMENT STORES House, complained once thai while he had trouble getting action out of the Treasury and State Departments, these problems were nothing compared to stirring the Navy. "To change anything in the Navy is like punching a feather bed," he said. "You punch it with your right and you punch it with ynur left until you are finally exhausted, and then you find the damn bed just as it was before you started punching." Neustadt agrees with Truman: a president's power is the power to persuade. "Effective influence for the man in the Yhite House stems from three related sources," he says. "First are the bargaining advantages inherent in his job with which to persuade other men that whal he wants of them is what their own responsibilities require them to do. "Second are the expectations of those other men regarding his ability and will to use the various advantages they think he ithe president' has. Third are those men's es-'imates of how his public iews him and how their pub-ics may view them if they do vhat he wants. In short, his tower is the product of his antage points in government, together with his reputation in the Washington community and his prestige outside." As the White House has i.!'own more powerful, uresi f TO TrTl lJLlJ IS LOO!! FOR THE CREEI CLOVES FOR "EXTRA SAVIUGS 9:i cm r .. 3 dents have increasingly at ' tnpted to delegate uu,!",-;:;, ' aides. Some of these as xslants have become better Known and move influential than members of the president's Cabinet, who often must forego their function as advisors to tend to their own bureaucracies, or elected officials. Harry Hopkins, the man Franklin Roosevelt turned to CI 295 SQ. IN. RECTANGULAR SCREEN COLOR TV GONSOLE r v Solid Mute reliability al 17 critical points, ttisy-touse color controls and indicator licjhtHi Fi color lube for brilliant colors Tint, coX'r hue and intensity controls MOTOROLA COLOR TV IT SWIVELS FOR CONVENIENCE! 1 most often, acted as ambassador without pot-folio; Truman had Clark Clifford. Sherman Adams became a filter through which passed all access to Eisenhower. Kennedy had his brother Bob and Ted Sorenson. lust being known as a man who has the president's ear Is enough to bestow on a subordinate power and influence few-elected officials possess. The burdens and the loneliness of the job help explain the rise of the presidential as sistant. Roosevelt once was asKcd by Wendell Willkie why he retained Hopkins. "Someday you may be silting where I am now," Roosevelt told the man who ran against him unsuccessfully in "and you'll discover the need for somebody like Harry Hopkins who asks for nothing except to serve you." Eisenhower advocated a "first secretary of the government," to take on some of the presidency's burdens. A Sen If-' FAMOUS MOTOROLA SOLID STATE STEREO CONSOLE WITH FMAM AND FM RADIO IT SWIVELS For convenient viewing from my pri of the room! ate committee rejected the proposal. "Only one official has the constitutional and political power required to assume that role and maintain it," the committee said. "That official is the president of the United States. He cannot be relieved of his burdens by supplying him with a 'deputy' to do what only he can do." -Truman said it morr smnrh a few years earlier with a sien Beautiful contemporary styling in a piece of H furniture lovely (;nouqh for any room in the I house ,t nos a diamond sa-jphire stylus, and ",'ludes a storage area for records. Also comes with stereo tape jctrks on his desk: "The Buck Slops Here." Each president shapes the office to fit his own personality. Roosevelt was a connois seur of power and he had no pi . Ill ll.rlliii.li.iB.iiii.iiB! ,1111 ii, mmi 1iiiiiraj.piuwti.i.iiiiiiiiiiL1ninuiMHlin mlU''lnmn"illuiliii I i i niiil ywpB ihf,.liMi,.,l.-i.,-..JaJ1,.cit..rt..M. """'" -r-ntitHiiririi-rMi niaiMijHiii fitir- rreTi'rrr -:-1itmIib i iif iy iMMtrr-Tr 'r-nrirv1 f A I peer in knowing what it was, where and how to get it. and how to use it. Eisenhower brought to the White House a soldier's con cepl of doing things through . channels. When command tailed, he was frustrated or disheartened. He didn't enjoy the politics of power; he was an antipolitician in a politician's seat. Truman, who would have been happy to remain in the BRAND NEW VISTA 23 INCH i wm&zi I Check This Fantastic Price! Senale the rest of his life, nevertheless became a decisive president. In fact, this distinguished Truman from Roosevelt, who was prone to defer decisions, and from Eisenhower, who believed In a minimal use of presidential power. Critics often have called Truman impulsive, but his supporters say, in reality, he solicited all shades of opinion before coming to a decision. Hut once it was made, he ex peeled subordinates to accept and support it. .lohn Kennedy was distrust ful of bureaucracy and turned, (5) RCA "THE CARRY-ELITE" HEW VISTA SPORTABOUT COLOR TV i 5VA 1 i i f ' ' f 'Lvur.ii.i1 i,, i 11 I v - - m m Transistorized VHF tuner, new solid state UHF tuner and solid state components in several important circuits. 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Like Eisenhower, Johnson employs a formal chain of command, and uses his staff to watch over affairs of various agencies. Unlike Eisenhower, he seldom delegates authority. There was a day when the presidency could be divided Into well-defined roles: The chief of state, the commander-in - chief, the head of the party, etc. But in modern America the distinctions blur, and the power of one Overlaps the ot her. mmm SHOP ZAYRE FOR FABULOUS SAVINGS ZAYRE WEST PALM BEACH 901 CONGRESS AVE. SOUTH Between Southern and Forest Hill Boulevards PARKING FREE AND EASY PARKING FREE AND EASY ZAYRE-THE DEPARTMENT STORE WHERE BETTER QUALITY COSTS YOU LESS -I '" itirf lnl f pn , Tim.jiU -

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