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C.L. Sulzberger Balkan Area Nationalism Still A Threat To Peace The Palm Beach Post A JOHN H. PERRY NEWSPAPER John H. Parry Jl. Prt. W. W. Attsrbury Jr., Trtas. Cacil B Ktllsy. Publiahar, Gmtril Manafar R H. Kirkpatrick, Editor C. E. Niubautr, Eiec. Editor R. Merle Ellia. Circulation Director Published Each Day F.icept Saturday and Sunday at 2751 South Dun, West Palm Beach, FU. 33402 By Perry Publicationa. Inc. Second claaa postaie paid at Weal Palm Beach, Florida Member of the Asaociated Press The Associated Press is sirlusitsly entitled to the use lor republication of all news Member Audit Buresu of Circulation SI HM RIPTION RATKS-I HHIKR an area now overshadowed by a massive agglomeration from (he East instead of from the West and South. Several points may be not- Potl snd I imrs ana Husda, I yssr 149 40 (months ...124 70 3 months ...112.35 1 week I 95 Single I ni Post or l imes 10 Sunday Post-Times . .26 Times A Sunday 1 year $3120 6 months .. .$15 60 3 months ... $7 80 1 week $ 60 Sunday Only 1 year SUMO 6 months $5 20 3 months 12 60 I week $ 20 Pom A Sunday 1 year Ill 20 6 months ...S15 60 3 months $7.80 I week I 60 Daily (Inly Past er Times 1 yesr 120 80 6 months ...$10 40 3 months .... $5 20 1 week $ .40 MAIL HATKS Psyable in advance a y y f tfz? .nib " ., fuM A Sunday 1 yesr 145.00 6 months . . . $tt.00 3 months .. 112 00 A Sunday $45.00 123 00 112.00 MM.I.EMiPt Post or Times $ 20 National Advertising Kepresentativea John H. Perry Awiociates Suite 502. 19 West 44th Street. New York, N.Y. 10036 Dsily Only Post ur Timss 130 00 116 00 19 00 Sunday Only $1500 $8.00 15 00 By Mail Sundsy Post-Times ... $ 3' November 13, 1968 Factor global conflicts. But the new-Balkan entente lapsed without ever being formally denounced and what might have been a new little entente died as an embryo when Czechoslovakia was squashed. Nor has the idea of federalism ever matured. Although they once seemed near it, the Yugoslavs and Bulgarians never managed to get together and the Albanians backed away from Tito in horror. Da-nubian federation a favorite of economists and politicians couldn't get even to the embryo stage. Despite the fact that the entire area has been haunted by poverty, tortured by war and convulsed by revolution, there is astonishingly insignificant interest in the kind ot restoration movement that once, for example, plagued Republican France. The past is past and nobody even faintly whispns a wish to see old dynasties return. A new social structure has developed its own favored bureaucratic class while revolutionary ardor has subsided into a kind of frozen custard. Nevertheless, the new leaders have laken over the old nationalist banners. It you dig a little bit you slill find lingering animosities between Hungarian ,ind Rumanian. Serb and Rul-gar, Pole anil Czech; and if he Russians think their neighbors adore them they should isil a psychoanalyst. Not oniy has this fascinating .ilea's ideology changed but outside intluenccs air wholly different. France and Britain, except as esteemed models of culture and propriety, an no longer important. Russia's role is precisely the opposite of its earlier isolation. And the United States once only a poet's vision or an emigrant's haven is a surprisingly important political lactor. Friday Morning, The People ((' l S Y. Timrs Sm iir BUDAPEST It is 50 years since a series of surrenders ended the first truly world war. struck a death blow to the old imperial systems, stimulated dynamic communism, and, among other things, wholly altered the political and geographical map of Eastern Europe. On Nov. 1, 1918, the Haps-burg Monarchy that ruled both Vienna and Budapest disappeared and republics were set up in Austria and Hungary the latter short lived because of a premature experiment with communism. On Nov. 11 formal armistice was signed between the allied and central powers. And on Nov. H Thomas Masaryk a name again heard loud in this area, was elected first president of the new Czechoslovakian state. The enormous vitality of the East European peoples was demonstrated in this political wreckage. Most of them had for centuries been either incorporated into or dominated by huge empires llapsburg. Ottoman, Romanov. Yet they managed to maintain a vivid sense of nationalism. Their combined restlessness and vigor produced this century's first three European wars, dragged down the Turkish, Austro-Hungarian and ultimately Russian empires, and in a sense infected Hitler's neo-imperial effort with the fatal disease that destroyed it. It is extraordinary, looking back upon the turbulence that has since run down the Danube valley, to see how durable the spirit of nationalism has proven in all East Europe, even among peoples who, for the first time since the Middle Ages, were just regaining a long-suppressed national entity. And this spirit of nationalism remains today perhaps the most significant lactor in Russell Baker Drew Pearson Ethics Committee Probes 'Ghost Voting 5 In House So much fear and fiction about race is current in America that the facts we are slowly and painfully learning about ourselves cannot be reported too much. and will be fired. Cooke, the Democrat, has testified that Kennedy, the Republican, asked him to record Wilson as present and voting on the The Old Men Oj The Hill Called 'The Leadership ' ,1 ed. South of the Baltic, every stale created by World War 1 still exists and some earlier little lands like Montenegro and Serbia have been amalgamated by their own choice into larger systems. Furthermore, considering the maelstrom of World War II, today's Iron tiers surprisingly resemble those created half a century ago. Nevertheless, most of the major resentments that then exploded into demands for border revision still simmer today: Transylvania, Sudeten-land. Thrace and Macedonia. And there are some new peppers in the pot : Ruthoni.i, Bessarabia ami West and East Poland. Some issues that glowed among the WIS ashes Fiu-me. Isiria, the Dodecanese, Saseno have since been resolved. But tlie touchy spirit of irredentism although in no sense a dominant force, still lurks below the surface. During recent years (here have been efforts among the successor lands of the old empires to recreate regional groupings such as those attempted with little real success in the period between two the 18 Democrats in "The Leadership" are from slates carried by George Wallace. Five are from states carried by Richard Nixon. Only four are from states carried by Hu bert Humphrey . Since "The Leadership" usually votes the interests of ils constituents, it is obvious that the Senate will be controlled by the anti Democrats, if we think of a Democrat as someone who supports the Humphrey view of politics. In Congress, of course, such fine distinctions are unknown. There, any one can lie a Democrat simply by calling himself a Democrat. 4. ETHNIC ANALYSIS -Almost any one can become a member ot "The Leadership" except for women, Negroes, city dwellers, members who face opposition when they stand for reelection, and persons under 70. Occasional ex Hilly Graham The latest Gallup poll on the subject of law and order found that of all-white adults interviewed in a nationwide survey, 35 per cent say they are fearful of using the streets at night. But for Negroes, the figure is 40 per cent. A ,'514-page evaluation of all published desegregation research to date, prepared for the Phi Delta Kappa Commission on Education, Human Rights and Responsibilities, concluded that integration increases the learning of Negro children and does not change the learning rate of white children. It also found that Negro aspirations are positively affected by desegregation while virtually none of the negative predictions of desegregation opponents, such as disorder in the schools, are borne out by studies. On a higher level of education, however, junior college officials in Florida have discovered that equal opportunity for Negro high school graduates is not spurring their entry into predominantly white colleges. According to Southern Education Report, Negro enrollment decreased in l!i Florida junior colleges this year, stayed the same in two and increased in only eight. Major reasons cited are the Negro student's fear that he isn't sufficiently prepared to compete in the white campus culture, and colleges' failure to supply programs geared to Negro needs and to recruit Negro students aggressively enough. In the integrated, middle-class Lee-Seville neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, Negro residents, conscious ot property and community values, have risen in opposition to a proposed low-cost housing development in their area for Negroes from the inner city. One lady, interviewed on television, said she was against handing out to poor people the things that she and her neighbors had worked hard to gain. Maybe what we have in America is not so much .i race problem as a people problem that under their different skins and behind their various labels, people are pretty much just people. problems of Capitol Hill. He will not attempt to tear down the "Great Society," but rather to "impiove" it. Improvement, they inter, will of course mean some cutbacks. Although the Democrats will be in control, Republicans definitely intend to lake the initiative. Nixon has encouraged GOP Congressional leaders to recommend 'he legislation they think should be introduced, has promised to work closely with them. In the past, Presidents usually have taken up their programs with the Congressional leadership only after programs have already been dratted. Nixon intends to include his Congressional lieutenants in the preparation as well as the passing of new legislation. Both Nixon and GOP leaders have agreed it would be a mis-lake to go on a partisian rampage in tearing down the Great Society. This would only alienate the Democrats who control the legislative machinery. Instead, Republicans say they will not repeal Johnson programs bul will attempt to "improve" anti poverty. Medicare, aid-to-education, model cities, urban renewal and other LIU measures. In fact, the Republicans are considering a welfare program of their own, stressing government incentives to stimulate private investments in low cost housing, urban renewal, black capitalism, and job training. Nixoniles seem to ignore the fact that this is already underway under .Johnson. The President-elect is eager to give the GOP a "construe live" image. Now that he has leached the While House, he doesn't intend to give up custody to the Democrats by de-tault in another four years. He will nol attempt to turn back the clock and return to the "good old days" that so many Republicans long tor. Instead he will seek to present the GOP not as the party of the pas! but as the party of the future. Euithermore he hasn't forgotten how the negative attitude of the Republicans in the With Congress gave Hai.iy Truman his winning issue in the 1948 presidential Triple Dividends WASHINGTON "Ghost voting" by Congressmen who are nol in Washington but pro-tiwl to be is being probed by the House Ethics Committee. The probe is almost certain to result in a whitewash. A Congressman's vole is the most precious thing he has. His title is "Representative," meaning representative of the people. When he votes, he's supposed to represent the people of his district. When someone else appears surreptitiously on the floor of the House of Representatives and casts a vote for him in his absence, the Congressman engages in the most flagrant sort of cheating. The Congressman chiefly under investigation is Rep. liob Wilson. San Diego, ( alif., Republican, who is chairman ot the House Campaign Com mitlee entrusted with raising money for the reelection of fellow Congressmen. He was recorded as voting on various House roll calls on Sept. 9, II), and Hi when actually he was in Caliloi nia. When Democratic Congressmen from California called this fact to the attention of House leaders, Rep. Les Ar-ends, (Rill, i, got on the telephone to Wilson in San Diego, and Wilson hastily corrected his so-called "error." Subsequently Rep. Richard S. Schweiker, the Pennsylvania Republican who recently defeated Sen. .loe Clark. Democrat, was caught by this column voting on Sept. Hi on a bill for a Negro museum when actually Schweiker was near Buck Hill Kails, Pennsylvania, making a speech for the Pennsylvania Association of Broadcasters. The Negro vote was most important in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Schweiker has now charged that the House Clerk confused his name with that of Rep. Herman T. Schneebeli. another Pennsylvania Republican. It now looks as if Democratic Tally Clerk Tom Cooke and Republican Pair Clerk Walter Kennedy will be made the scapegoats for vole cheating, How Power Corrupts Editor: Here are some of the reasons whv our taxes remain high. A subcommittee of Congress reported that the Army had given General Motors a contract "without considering that their price was $20 million more than other producers found- fumpm'DT'"&ytlTc' Army's own evaluation." General Motors' price for 240,(XX) rifles was $rt.5 million, while another bid was for $41.5 million. Another producer was prepared to bid $.'!ti.T million. Why the favoritism? The Navy refused to void a contract of $14 million for rocket launchers despite the fact that the parent company of the contractor was under indictment for charging kickbacks on past contracts. Why the favoritism? On Sept. 24, the U.S. Senate wasted time to pass a bill "to correct errors" it amended a bill so as to relieve an Air Force officer of paying part of the expense of moving his furniture and household goods from an airbase in England to California. The bill would order a refund to him of $426.39 "in full settlement of his claim." His shipment weighed 15,176 pounds; cost of shipping to the U.S. was $824.98. How many officers do this, and who gets the business? Someone once said that "power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely." It looks like it's absolute In that maze of nonsense, the Pentagon. Why don't we hear more of it? Power prevents that. Do you like it, folks? A. MATTHEWS West Palm Beach 1 1 tS ' ''A 4 House roll calls on Sept. 9, 1(1, and Hi. Hut as to who requested Kennedy to make the request ot Cooke remains a mystery. Presumably Kennedy did not dream up this idea on his own. However, Cooke and Kennedy are Congressional employes and in no position to fight back against the powerful House "establishment." The two clerks did wrong, of course, but, if you know anything about Congress, you know that employes of their stature don't make a move without the approval of their bosses. The House Ethics Committee has been inclined to give the whole thing a brusholf instead of digging deep into this fakery. Note: Rep. Wilson did a terrific job of raising money for the Republican Congressional Campaign Committee, though not enough. He succeeded in adding four new Republican Congressmen, tar short of the margin the Republicans needed to take control from the Democrats. GOP Congressmen who have conlerred with Richard Nixon and his staff are delighted with the approach of the President-elect to the LETTERS to the EDITORS Exchange Suggested Editor: I am wondering how many people had the same feelings I have had the past week, looking into the faces of Czech youths carrying their country's flag through the streets of their cities while looking down the muzzles of Soviet rifles and tank cannon. These people were expressing themselves about the fiftieth anniversary of the Republic of Czechoslovakia and the freedoms that had just been taken away from them. The usual parade In America lately shows youths debasing our flag, burning draft cards, singing praise of Ho Chi Minh and otherwise disgracing their country. These dopes have had freedom so long, and so easy, that they don't know what is on the other side of the fence. Maybe we could arrange an exchange program with Mr. Dubcek and all would profit. ROSSER HUFF Palm Beach (options are made even to these rules. The house for years has had a Negro com mitlee chairman who serves with the approval of Mayor Richard J. Daley of Chicago. A few years ago it had another, but he became uppity and had to leave the counlrv. 5. PASSING A BILL - The purpose of Congress is not primarily, as the civics texts .suggest, to pass legislation. Nor is it, as many broken presidents have said, to prevent the passage of legislation. Its central purpose is to make sure that no legislation is passed until its enactment will be irrelevant to national need. For this reason, passing a bill takes a very long time. The average time is 20 years. Thus, if Nixon's new men have any bills they would like to see enacted in 1989. thev should get them before Congress fh st thing next January. In 19)4, Lyndon Johnson's last big year with Congress, it passed a vast quantity of legislation that came to grips with the national problems of the 19IO's and prepared the country to meet its needs and responsibilities for the 1950's. Legislation that goes to Con gross in January will undoubtedly be passed in time to prepare us to meet the problems ofthe'70'sbvl99(l. 6. WHY DO WE NEED CONGRESS? - Without Congress we would have no wav to put off until 1989 what we could do tomorrow. Middle Eastern family ties have always been strong, and when He put allegiance to himself ahead of love for father and mother, many were dissuaded. We should not be led to believe that He discouraged natural ties. He loved His own mother, and spoke tenderly of her in His last dying words. Always He upheld the sanctity and beauty of the home. But if His claims were Divine, they were right and proper. That strange word "hate" simply means that Christ Is first," and that love for "others" is subordinate to love for Him. Bible Verse "if I am wicked, woe to me! If I am righteous, I cannot lift up my head, for I am filled with disgrace and look upon my affliction." -Job 10:15 l ) N.Y. Tiim-s Ni'wsSitvici' WASHINGTON Washington will soon be inundated with happy Republicans. Once the real-estate agents have finished plucking them, they will be less happy. Then they will begin learning about Congress, and soon they will no longer be happy at all. Those who come prepared to deal with the Congress they have read about in the civics texts will not last long. To help ease their ordeal, the following adult's guide to Congress has been prepared for easy insertion under the corner tub of every new Republican's desk blotter. 1. MEMBERSHIP - The Congress of the United Slates consists of approximately 311 old men, most of whom are alive most of the lime. They are reterred to as "The Lead ership," a term that derives from their zealous efforts to lead the country into the golden age I hey remember from their boyhoods, circa 1900 1911). Most of them are chairmen of committees. 2. COMMITTEES - There are many confusing committees in both Senate and House. One ot the most important is the House Wilbur D. Mills Committee I known in the textbooks as the Ways and Means Committee I, which has the constitutional duty of prevent ing the Introduction of either equity or sanity into the in come-lax law. It is named for its chairman. Wilbur D. Mills of Arkansas, who, as the third blanch of Congress, is responsible for originating all tax law. The House Wilbur D. Mills Committee has as Its Senate counterpart the little understood Senate Gravy Committee, i In the textbooks, the Senate Finance Committee, i Its function is to protect oil tycoons from exposure to the normal tax rates, and to create new safeguards against taxation for persons rich enough to show their gratitude with campaign contributions. Among other fascinating committees are the notorious Senate White Supremacy Committee (sometimes called the Judiciary Committee! which is carrying the ball for slavery; and the beloved old House Boneyard Committee (or House Rules Committee). The beloved old House Boneyard committee's function Is to trap and bury any legislation escaped from another committee if it might have tieen offensive to either Mark Hanna or John C. Calhoun. 3. DEMOCRATIC OR REPUBLICAN? The 91st Congress will be neither Democratic nor Republican. In the Senate, for examole. nine of 'Aint't It The Truth' "While the people retain their virtue and vigilance, no administration, by any extreme of wickedness or folly, can very seriously Injure the government In the short space of four years." Abraham Lincoln. Love for Christ Must Come First As our population increases and the pace of modern life quickens, it will be ever more important that recreational values, as well as commercial values, are realized from the land area available to us. Recognizing this need, investor-owned electric companies throughout the United States, where their properties have been adaptable to it, have opened up scenic areas and recreational facilities for public enjoyment. A recent news item described such a project in the Pacific Northwest. It is located on the Lewis River in the state of Washington and has been undertaken by one of the major electric companies serving the area. The company is -cli'U'lupLu iiii-tcaJUdJ) a'-..iikHVg-tleslOH-'s-of-' three of its hydroelectric reservoirs in the Lewis River Valley. Its newest recreation park, on which the first stage of construction has just been completed, includes 62 parking spurs for trailers, pickup campers and tent campers, modern rest room facilities, trailer hook-ups, eight picnic tables, a concrete boat ramp and a number of hiking trails. Upon completion in 1971, the park will have complete day and night facilities for picnicking, swimming, boating, camping and hiking. Recreational facilities developed by investor-owned industrv pay a triple dividend taxes paid on them help support local government, they are developed without cost to the taxpayers, and they are available to further the outdoor enjoyment of all of us and of future generations of Americans. Car Heat Can Kill! Editor: I have never written to this paper before, but after reading an article in "Four Paws", TTtftTTeing what I did at the Mall, I want to say something, in hopes that it will at least start people to thinking about It. The article said, "The heat in a car in the summer sun, even with the windows OPEN, canKIl.I.apet! (achildtoo!) Well, Monday afternoon I saw a child in a car at the Mall, crying. She was about 3 years old. All the windows In the car were rolled up. One was cracked about 2 inches on the driver's side. It has always burned me up to see a dog treated that way, but I never thought anyone would do that to a child! My first Impulse was to get a cop, but I guess there is no LAW against it! But there should bo! The temperature that day was 82. I don't know how long the child had been In the car. Maybe only 5 or 10 minutes. Maybe longer. But even 5 or 10 minutes is too long! I felt like going over and rolling the windows down, but then I'd probably have been arrested if the child got out of the car and got hurt or something. Don't people realize how hot it can get in a car with the windows rolled up! Or ever, when they aren't, when it Is a sunny dav? MRS. R. A. FOREMAN West Palm Beach What is the meaning of the Bible verse that says: "If any man come to me and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and breth- ren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple." P. H. The word hate as herein used is less repelling when we remember that the Aramaic root means, not to despise, but to "love less". When these words were spoken, many Impulsive people were offering Jesus wild vows of allegiance. Self seeking men were Identifying themselves with Him for gain. Jesus, who never capitalized on success, sought to dissuade them with these words. The Real Wolf "Once upon a time, people saved their money, thinking it would be worth more later." End of fairytale. P.S. They did not live happily ever after. A wolf named Inflation ate grandma.