Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York on October 20, 2015 · Page C3
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October 20, 2015

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Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York · Page C3

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Rochester, New York
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Tuesday, October 20, 2015
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Page C3
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VIKTOR_GLADKOVGETTY IMAGES/ISTOCKPHOTO frustrated student sitting at the desk with high books stack DemocratandChronicle .com Tuesday,October20,2015 Page3C TheInsiderprogramprovidesmemberswithaccesstovaluableDeals, specialEvents,anduniqueExtras.It’sonemorewaytheDemocrat andChronicleanddemocratandchronicle.comtakeyouinsidewhat’s happeninginRochester. Ifyouhaveasubscription,thenyou’reanInsider!Log-inandstarttaking advantageofyourInsiderperkstoday! democratandchronicle.com/insider Democrat&Chronicle sider COMEON INSIDE! AMEMBERS-ONLY PROGRAMFOROUR SUBSCRIBERS For more Living coverage,including reviews and calendars,go to DemocratandChronicle.com/Living Entertainment I’ve had the opportunity to play the role of full-time working mom, part-time working mom a nd stay-at-home mom. One thing I never let go of, no matter how busy, was making time to volunteer at my child’s school. It’s always been a great way to stay connected to my kids and the professionals I entrust to keep them safe everyday. There’s often a stigma attached to v olunteering at school, which hinders some parents from taking part in what c ould be an extremely rewarding experience. So, let’s clear up some of those misconceptions. #1. The PTA is intimidating. For s ome people, the idea of signing up for the PTA is hive-producingbecause they fear they’ll be asked to help with everything under the sun. As a card- carrying member for the last seven y ears and a former co-chair, I can say w ith confidencethat just isn’t true. There is no doubt school PTAs need volunteers, but they recognize everyone’s time is in short supply. They’re parents, too, after all. No one wants y ou to volunteer for anything you d on’t actually want to be doing. Most school PTAs will make it very easy for you to donate your time. They’ll have sign-up sheets at events, or nowadays they may even send things electronic ally. This allows you to be choosey a bout where you volunteer, and how often. So, go ahead. Sign up to be a book fair cashier for an hour. Help distribute items purchased through a fundraiser. Sit in on a PTA meeting and off er feedback that may help spur change in how things are done at school. Yes, when you commit to doing anything, you are helping your school PTA, but more globally than that y ou’re helping causes that directly support your child and their entire school community. #2. I work full-time and can’t c ome into school. Teachers are ridiculously busy these days and are asked to take on a lot more responsibility t han they once were. There are book orders to assemble or projects to sort and cut. Maybe they’d like to send home a class newsletter, but don’t have the time to write it. Send the teacher a quick email to see how you can help without physically being in the class- r oom. Most times teachers will jump a t the chance to delegate some tasks. Here’s another option to keep in mind. Class field trips and parties are on the c alendar well in advance. If you can fit them into your schedule, they’re a great way to spend some quality time w ith your child and get to know his or her classmates, too. #3 No volunteer opportunities r eally grab my attention. Figure out what interests you and ask the school i f there’s a way to incorporate that into the school setting. Maybe woodwork- 5myth busters for parents who don’t volunteer at school JAMIE BUSS PARENTING SeePARENTS,Page6C U nderlining and highlighting, reading the material over and over again and cramming — t hese common study habits don’t actually help retain information, a Washington University professor has found. ✜ Want to make that time you spend hitting the books worthwhile? Use study sessions to test yourself, says Henry Roediger III, a professor of psychology and co-author of Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning . One researcher calls that kind of effort a “desirable difficulty.” “The idea is that the introduction of certain types of effortful tasks while you read or learn may slow you down in the short-term but help you remember information better in the long term. Quizzing yourself is like that — it makes you slow down, and it is not as pleasant as merely reading along,” Roediger said. “The key is to find difficulties that make you process the material more meaningfully.” S o start fresh this school year in study habits with a f ew pieces of his advice: 1 Find a quiet place without any distractions. No social media, phone or email. Distractions hurt learn- i ng, many studies show. If you need to use the comp uter for research, use it only for that. Turn off the social media and email features. 2 Don’t just read and reread the text or notes. Many s tudents do this to “burn in the learning.” However, this doesn’t work well. Yes, you do need to read, but i nstead, see below. 3 Create questions about what you are reading while you are reading. That will make you think hard a bout the material and relate it to what you already know. 4 Use the questions (as well as questions in your chapters) to quiz yourself. Studies show that retrieval practice — that is, practicing pulling information into mind and using it — greatly helps later retention. Quizzing yourself also helps you find gaps in your knowledge. “If you can retrieve the information, that will help you remember it later. And if you can’t, that also helps — it helps you to study what you do not k now,” Roediger says. 5 Space out your study of the same topic. For exam- p le, if you are having a test on the Revolutionary War in your history class, don’t just study the mat erial the night before the exam. Rather, space out your s tudying over time. It is better to divide up your time rather than to cram all at once. 6 Switch between study of topics. Take short breaks. T his keeps your interest up. And taking short breaks, like going for a walk, can help you come b ack refreshed. While studying, you can also stop and test yourself on what you have read. That breaks things up. 7 Get plenty of sleep. Sleep helps to consolidate memories, to make them stronger. Pulling all- nighters or only getting a few hours of sleep after studying is not a good idea. TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE 7 TIPS TO STUDY SMARTER

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