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B8 Palm Beach Post, Thurs., November 14, 1968 Soviet, Western Communists Advance Toward Fight many party members everywhere who are, more open to this seemingly abstruse argument than to "capitalist propaganda." The East Germans did not dare to publish the "Rinascita" article, which they described as a concoction of "wellworn lies." But the contradictions between the base and superstructure In socialist society." This is the formula which Is Increasingly being used by Communist reformers everywhere, from Hungary to Italy, to describe the need for political change (in the superstruc Italian party press has been carrying full reports of the East German attacks. The main issues which are coming Increasingly to the fore In the debate between the two wings of the Communist movement are of cardinal im "No party," said the Italian paper, "can be the schoolmaster." The East Germans were particularly incensed by an article In which, they said, the Italian Politburo member Enrico Berlinguer had "put forward the thesis of objective ture) to catch up with the changes occurring In the economic base. Berlinguer's argument, In the Italian Communist magazine "Rinascita," was that the rapid technical and economic development of the Communist countries In recent years had left the politi cal superstructure far behind "a contradiction which tends to take on a more acute character in the new phase" of technological growth. The leaders of the Communist countries fear this kind of language like the plague, because they know that there are portance to each of them. They cannot be glossed over, or swept under the carpet. If the western communist parties pay heed to the conservative argument pressed on them by the east, they will come within spitting distance of political power. I $2 IFF CUKTDIFOCATE is yours when you buy 4 Riverside Wide Track Ovals or LMT's. 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A C, power steer MOST CARS ing and torison bars extra. 12V., 24S Exchange LJ mm0T Brake adjustment Immediate starting power for your car. Guaranteed for big 36 months by Wards. Don't let your summer trips be ruined by a weak battery! LONDON (NANA) As if driven by some unseen force, the Communist parties of the Soviet bloc and of Western Europe are inexorably advancing on each other, polemical daggers drawn, to face what might well prove to be their last fight. The growing bitterness of the arguments between the French and Italian parties on the one hand, and the Soviet bloc parties on the other, is rapidly approaching the point of no return. The disagreements on the invasion o) Czechoslovakia, which loomed so large only a few months igo, remain as deep as ever, but fundamental Issues of principle are being increasingly injected into the debate, as happened in the early stages of the Sino Soviet conflict, thus making the prospect of reconciliation morr and more unlikely. Ostensibly, the French Communist party's delegation went to Moscow to explain its disagreement with the Kremlin on Czechoslovakia, and its refusal to sanction the world Comminist conference for which the Kremlin is pressing. The delegation was forearmed with a Central Committee resolution condemning the invasion. In presenting the resolution to the Central Committee, the main speaker, Gaston Plissonier, took up an old Issue of principle. Some French party members thought that it was inadmissible to diverge from the Soviet Union, he said, because this undermined the solidarity of their parties. But, he replied, no party was infallible or guaranteed against error. This is the principle that has been fought over again and again in the communist movement. It might appear strange that it should remain a live issue so late in the day, when Communist parties outside the Soviet bloc have carved out for themselves an undeniable measure of Independence. But the Kremlin and its spokesmen persist In their ancient definition of this "independence." The East German Communist party, speaking as the authentic voice of Moscow, declares that the attitude tc the Soviet Union "Is the most important criterion for any party which claims to be Marxist-Leninist." This is, in fact, the old Stalinist definition that demands the acceptance of Soviet infallibility which the western parties now reject. Nor is it just a dispute about words and definitions. The French and Italian parties, which have been rapidly adjusting themselves to the "parliamentary road to socialism" as the only avenue to power, are now being told that this Is wrong. The French party's defeat at the last elections, which reduced the number of its parliamentary seats from 73 to 34, has greatly accelerated its search for political respectability. M. Waldecik-Rochet, the party's general secretary, ascribed the losses to the identification of the party in the public mind with the extreme left which manned the Paris barricades in the "May revolution." The party's aim, he explained, was to keep the political struggle in the framework of Republican legality and to replace Gaullism by a government of democratic alliance "not by subversion, but by the popular will, clearly and democratically expressed." The Fast German Politburo, at its session last month, went to the unusual length of delegating several of Its members to attack this view. When Khrusnchev firsl proclaimed the "parliamentary road to socialism" as appropriate for the western parties, he condemned the orthodox opposition to it as "dogmatic." Now the Fast German leaders complain that it is those western parties which regard the parliamentary method as "the only possible road for their countries" that are dogmatic. The parliamentary road, and the quest for electoral coalitions with other parties of the kind pursued by the French and Italian communists was denounced by the Fast German leaders as "revisionism." For the time being the Kremlin is slaying out of the public controversy, but there need be little doubl that the Fast German leaders are expressing the view of the conservatives in the Soviet leadership, if not of the Kremlin as a whole. The East Germans are acting quite deliberately as provocateurs, in order to bring the controversy out into the open and to compel the leaders of the other parties to take a firm stand. These were the tactics which Ulbrlcht used so cleverly In sharpening the Czechoslovak crisis, and he is trying to repeat his success. The Italian party has replied through its chief paper, "Uni-ta," that the Fast German attack was a strange way of going about the restoration of the world Communist unity. 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