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DAILY CLINTOMAN THE THE WBATHEB i Fair and colli tod'uyi4ftrtly cloudy and warmer tonight and Friday. Lowest tempernture Friday morning about 12. Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No 19687 The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Conntie CLINTON, INDIANA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1945. Volume 83 Number 9. illi Uiffl Four Towns, Airfield Fall to Vast New Smokeless Powder Unit Coming NAZIS RETREAT InVermil1 ninton Set for Smokeless Powd At WROW; Officials Estimate Labor j Needs Will Double In Next 6 Months ; A little more quietly than in 1942, Clinton and Vermillion County were preparing today for another "plant boom"j as official announcement was made that a vast expansion program at the Wabash River Ordnance Works will begin immediately. - ' Rumors, which have flown thick and fast for the past two weeks, vere officially confirmed this morning in a. statement Issued hy Capt. Edward (1. r;. .,k fcsiK.c'iJN AVotooNt "" I At MM1 MONiCHAUVT), V. .75 vTrtv y germany KOCHtrOIT iTC- '::. Jf? t . vetASIOGNI . fTjj ' H MvuhjLA ' ' Av-ianWn:-:: : .& .'. :, '&tJi Lpmrai. v : Vjl J .' MANNHEIM 1 S lOOWIGSHArENfMf V C jAAlAUtHN L t SAAKUCKENl If : T,DUN FRANCE . : ' UNION JKhT gjfrftTg mihiev S L17 7ro vuwi Mitn " am'i L J wwuai" ' Yanks Yanks Capture Laroche, Core Of Nazi Salient U. S. 1st Army Slices 10 Miles Deep into German Bulge; Strike at Heels Of Collapsing Nazi Lines PABIS, France. TrbOps of the United Slates First Army Mday caI-tured the town of Lniocho,. once the core of Nazi Field Marshal Karl Herd von Itundstedt's salient into Belgium after a new four-mile advance that carried the Allies ten miles deep Inside the collapsing German bulge. Moving swifily- on the heels of retreating Nazi forces, the Allies took Laroche alter reaching the main road connecting that town with St. Hubert, which the Germans previously abandoned. Escape Road 1'nder I'lre The last remaining escape road for the Germans is now under merciless Allied crossfire. This now spurt placed thn. Allies it'onllnil1'' on page 1 Battle for Budapest In Final Phase As Reds Close on City Three-fourths of Capital Controlled by Soviets; a 11 . 1 Hold Off Uerman AtiaCKS M'Artliur Men Sweep Toward Manila Plains Rolling Drive Continues As Little Resistance Met; Planes Stall Jap Move To Aid Troops; Battle Nears (JEN. MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS ON LUZON llnllcd States sixth Army Infantrymen, after capturing four Luzon towns and a Vital airfield, plunged down the road to Manila today from a solid 15-mlle long beachhead on Lingayen Gulf and deployed for an expected major clash with Japanese troops being feverishly rushed up from prepared positions to the south. , Mock ,lHi Noliiforremciitli Efforts of the enemy to reinforce his northern forces, however, were believed to have been struck a death blow wltli destruction of three vital bridges near the town of Calumpit, about thirty miles north of Manila. Destruction of the bridges yesterday by Fifth Air Force attack bombers will tie up for an indefinite period the main road network from Manila north. Aerial observation Indicated Tuesday that the enemy had vast mechanized troop reserves below Manila ready to shove forward before his key transportation artery was wiped out and It is generally believed that the enemy'B main defensive capabilities are isolated south of Calumpit. Itepnir Lliigiijen Airdrome Meanwhile, work has already begun on the Lingayen airdrome while hundreds of shiploads of const ruction equipment are pouring ashore daily. .- t The latest Yank advances In Gen. Douglas MacArthur's showdown push to recapture the Philippines ranged from four to possibly more than ten miles, with advanced spear heads of one division standing within 1116 miles of strife-ridden Manila. Still unopposed in any strength (Continued on page 6) UNDER BLOWS by four Allied armies, the Cernwns an retiring from their Belgian positions tl) us the U. S. Seventh Army drove the German spearhead In the Vosges back two miles, stopping the Nazi assaults menacing Strasbourg 12). (International) rui Inl Jap-Held Naval Base At Singapore Under Superfortress Attack WASHINGTON, D. C. The Jap-occupied British naval base or Singapore was blasted In daylight today by a task force of American Superfortress bombers, and Tokyo reported that the Japanese capital also underwent renewed assaults during tlie night by Il-29's. H.Timil Singapore Raid Singapore, at the southern end of thn Malay peninsula, was attacked hy a force of India-based superbomb-ers. The raid was the second by Yank sky fortresses against the strategic naval base. Marianas - based Superfortresses, flying lone missions, made three separate sorties over Tokyo to drop Incendiaries, according to a radio broadcast recorded by the FCC. Three Over Tokyo The three B-29's appeared over Nippon's capital between 9 p. m. and 2:40 a.m. today, the Japs said, asserting that "there was no dam-ape on our side," The attack on Singapore was reported by the Jap Dome! agency In a dispatch which said that 20 n-29's participated in the raid. Jap army headquarters claimed two of the Superfortresses were shot down and 14 damaged. Hard Fighting In Store for Americans On Luzon: Stimson Jap Resistance Expected To Grow Bitter as Yanks Move Inland, Onto Manila WASHINGTON, D. C. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson srtid today that Gen. MacArthur's invasion of Luzon means an "extended campaign" and that much hard fighting against a well-armed enemy lies ahead for American troops. Ahead of Schedule Rut, he told his news conference, MacArthur's leap-frog advances a-cross the Pacific have moved the war against the Japs ahead of planned schedule, and he termed the latest invasion "a milestone on the path of victory over Japan." Stimson credited llacArtlmr s latest tactics with forcing the wlth-I Con tinned on page 3) Clinton Sailor Aboard U. S. 5. Hull, Sunk in West Pacific Typhoon Homer Coleman, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fay Coleman of South Seventh Street, was aboard the U. S. S. Hull, which was lost In a Bcvere typhoon in the West Pacific, presumable during the Philippines Invasion operations. 1 Coleman, a torpedoman's mate on the Hull, has been in the Navy for two years and aboard the Hull since October. Official announcement today revealed that G4 of the Hull's crew were rescued. Mr. and Mrs. Hull have as yet received no news of their son. Heat Reduction, Dim-out Ordered As Coal Shortage Cuts U.S. Stockpiles frs8aZ;,cedUt.ay-to the T.-l Siin.on predicted that an add, skirts of the C,c communications , t.onal 700 000 war workers will be center of Komarno while BuBslan needed before July 1, im. as u t units to the southeast plung-1 These, he said will be needed or ed rough 1 000 more blocks of the production or essent al and crlti-ed t liroug " '''" ' ra, wnr mttterlalB such as heavy Price Three Cents. mill nty, C-2 ,4Vn ton. "".unorized J Miller, commanding officer at the plant. It follows: "The immediate construction has been authorized of smokeless powder manufacturing facilities at the Wabash River Ordnance Works, Newport. Ind. t , 1 Double Personnel Requirements , "ThlB new construction at the WROW will cover the building of smokeless powder facilities together with the necessary services and U.UV lUies. Information as to the amount r money involved Ib not available at this time, but it, is expecieo mm the proposed addition will eventually double the persent personnel re-n ilrements at the plant. " , i "Due to changes in the military requirements, construction of 'th s nokeless powder section of tB plant was abandoned In November. 1142 In order to avoid the expendl-t to of government funds for faet-l'tieo not then required. Present re-iiilreinents for smokelesB powder h ive now made It necesBary to conv-plete part of the BinokelesB powdet-f icilltleB originally designed for. tills WROW. M 'Continued on nnge ' - Strip Mine Bill Sent to Indiana House by Malone INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. A compromise bill to reorganize the Public Welfare Department was one of seven new measures Introduced in 'the house of representatives today. Meanwhile, the senate received 10 new bills, of a minor nature, and -.lie concurrent resolution. The welfare bill, sponsored by Representative Elmer C. Weller, Re-uiblican of Dale, would abolish the iresent five-member welfare board ind substitute a board whose meffl-"rs would receive $100 a month istead of being paid for each meet-ig, as at present. The new board -vould be forced to hold at least two -leetiiigs per month. Another wel-nre "ripper" bill of administration Wders would create a full-timo lioard. ' The senate concurrent resolution Memorialised congress to Increase he salaries or letter carriers. Renresentative Wesley Malone. Republican of Clinton. Introduced hill to compel strip mining comps.-nles to restore top soil so that land they strip can be returned to agriculture. A bill was also Introduced by Ms- lone this week to permit the use of rishlng-nets In the Wabash River. . Other house measures would provide, as follows: t Permit old age pensioners to ern ip to $15 a month without being deprived of their pensions. Permit County commissioners to "ill vacancies In their own ranks. Reduce the gross Income tax on Teneral contractors from one per cut to one-fourth of one per cent. Require monthly payments of eachers' annuities Instead of qutr-erlv as at present. . 71 The house ways and means committee today handed down favorable reports on a number of Important measures. Meanwhile, the Republican legtt-latlve policy committee prepared to meet with Governor Ralph F. Osteite discuss possible reorganization or the state highway commission. Friday Morninp Rites Set For Constance Gedrick, 7 Last rites for Constance C.edrtc'" -eer-year-old student of the Sacred Heart School, will he held at the re--dence at 945 North Seventh Street it S:30 a. ni. Friday with continued services at 9 a. m. at the Saered Henrt Church. The child, s daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph C.edrlck died at the St. Anthony Hospital (n Terre Haute Monday at' 5:50 p. m. following an i;in' :a of about two oiontha. Emm . Americans, Japs FROM BELGIUM Eiiht Indiana Areas Short of Coal; Three Orders Hit Fields iMniAVAPflLTS. Ind. The "Im pending coal shortage" cited by War Mobilizer James F. Byrnes in hlB request for a 68-maxlmum temperature In every home and building, already exists in certain areas of Indiana. J. S. Weber, executive secretary of the Indiana Coal Merchants' Association, asserted that the state coal shortage is not a "general condition" but exists in eight areas. He listed as "critical areas," Elkhart, Marion, Logansport, Rensselaer, Goodlnnd, Auburn, Kendalvlllo, and Evansvllle. HvanjiVllle. Shortage Acute The Evansvllle area shortage is most serious since it Is a war production center, Weber Bald. However he opined that few war plants arc handicapped and termed the shortage "purely domestic." Meanwhile the Indiana coal industry and consumers were adjusting themselves to three directives issued by Harold E. Ickes, solid ruels administrator, which particularly af fect this state. These were: i shinners of coal mined in In diana are to suspend deliveries to Industrial consumers who have more than a 20-day stock on hand. Embargo on Shipments .,. , ' ' An embargo on shipment or coal from southern Appalachian fioiiia in niiv nnlnt in Indiana north of Indianapolis was put into effect until Jan. 15. 3. The amount of Indiana-mined (Continued on Page II Cayuga Doctor's Wife Succumbs At Hospital Tbursday Mrs. tlrace Darroch, B5, well known Cayuga resident and wife of Dr. S. C. Darroch, died at the Vermillion County Hospital today after an illness of about two weeks. Mrs. Darroch. daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Moller of Cayuga, was horn In Danville, 111., but had spent the greater part of her i . ,., nP 1 lire 'in the Caniga area Active In service and social circles she was chairman of the Eugene Township Red Cross Chapter, a meniher of the Presbyterian Church of Cayuga, of the Ladies' (iuild. the Cayuga chapter of the O.fc.s. ana several Cayuga organizations. She is survived by the nusnana. Dr. Darroch; one daughter. Virginia with i he Indiana State Hoard of Health in Indianapolis; one son. Henry, In the medical corps ai i nom-asville. Ga.; and one sister, Miss Bertha Molter. Cayuga. The body was taken to the Watson Funeral Home and will be removed to the Presbyterian Church Sunday at 1 p. m. to lie In state until services to be held at 2 p. ni. Rev. Exstrum will conduct the services and burial will be In the Thomas cemetery. - - t In Hand-lo-Hand Battles: Tokyo NEW YORK, N. Y. The ' fiercest and bloodiest" battle now is raging along the coast of Lingayen Gulf with Sam Fabian as the focal point and with Japanese and American soldiers locked in hand-to-hand combat, the Tokyo radio and Japanese Dome! Agency claimed today. FCC monitors heard the dispatches, one of which claimed an Amer Draft Increase To Take Men in War Industries, Farms 900,000 Draft Quota To Strip Men from Deferred Ranks, Stimson Declares Selective WASHtNC.TON.'n. c Service advised congress today that to meet armed forces manpower requirements of SOO.000 in the next six months, It will be necessary to draft 330.000 men now deferred on farms and In Industry. Earlier, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson told his news conference that Increased draft needs or the army probably will result in the induction of all able-bodied youths even those In war Industries, ag- ric,tlirei and government jobs 'Koiwi rnfiMUi Wnrkei-H ,. nnd ammunition, truck tires - m,i-tion or UI1I1 tuiiuil um-"i I"""" which has been lagging as well as for Increased material needed (Continue On Pace si Clinton Farmers Give Demonstration Of 'Good Neighbor Policy' How the good neighbor policy really works when it is put Into effect was demonstrated by 14 Clinton area farmers recently when the men banded together to help out a neighbor who was ill. Mrs. Ward Farrlngtnn of Clinton eoutA three, in telling the story. says that Clinton has good neighbor? and she should know. with corn waiting to be picked and . little or no help In sight her cause he and hie- ramlly were ill Vernon Fnrrington had Just about given up the idea of getting the crop in, but lie reckoned without the Vermillion County spirit of helpfulness. On Jan. 8, neighboring men came to the assistance of Vernon Fafrlng-ton and bis ramlly and finished picking the corn on bis land. There were 14 men with corn pickers, tractor wagons and trucks doing their best to keep the corn Trom going to waste. Neighboring women helped with the noon meal. The corn crop was saved and Mr. Farrington learned the meaning of "friends in need are friends indeed." Raise Voice On for president because thereby there would be no suspicion of promoting and future presidential candidates, said Morris, who favored the nomination of John W. Bricker last year The living G. O. 1 . stanaarn Dear-ers are Herbert Hoover, Air Landon and Thomas E. Dewey. Take Firmer Position "Manv committee members be lieve the United States should take a rirmer position In dealing with her Allies," Morris asserted. "We might even use the threat to withdraw some of our troops, if necessary. Morris, incidentally, is being con sidered for the post of national com mittee secretary to succeed tne laie Harold Mason, of Vermont. Another asDirant for the position is Harry Darby, of Kansas City. Kan., national committeeman for that state, which was the only commonwealth in the nation that gave (Continued ou Page tl aoorneu arT - r :""-- tbree-rourtns or me HU..B....U,. t..H- Itnl The advance toward Komarno, on the north bank of the Danube, was made In the face of stiff German counter-attacks and carried the Russians through the large Inhabited locality of Perbete. The Soviet forces cut the Komnrno-Nove Zamky railway and wiped out the equivalent of a battalion of Nazi troops. Fierce fighting is now raging a little more than a mile from Komarno, some (Continued on Page 3) Pfc. Joseph P. Nelson, Cayuga, Missing in Action Pfc. Joseph Perry Nelson, husband of Mrs. Elizahetli Nelson, Cayuga, and brother of Mrs. Charles David T..;..,nn Mill. Himn' tins heeii re ported missing In action with the Viral Wn In nelellllll since Dec S4. 1944 according to word receiv ed by his wife from the in S. War Department. i : Pfc. Nelson entered service In March, 1941 and has been overseas a year. He received nis naaic train ing 'nt Camp Cook, Calif., Nashville, Tenn.; Indlo Desert, Calif., and Pine Camp, N. Y. pre. Nelson was first sent to Eng land, then to France and In August, i44 he was awarded the purple Heart for wounds received In action there. Before entering the army. Nelson was employed by tne toiieynians Brothers' orchard at Perryavllle, nd. Republican Party to Washington. D. C. The gov ernment's wartime conservation program moved Into high gear today as War Mobilize!- James F. Byrnes acted to save sixteen million tons of . coat annually by ordering a dim-out of all out-door display advertis ing and requesting a 68-degree max imum temperature in every home and building. Warning of an "impending coal shortage," Byrnes also Instructed the Ofrlce of Defense Transportation to sharply curtail rail service by eliminating special and excursion trains and halting any increase In passenger schedules to resort areas. May AvnWl Rationing Attributing the sweeping order to severe manpower shortages and a critical production decline, Byrnes said he hoped coal rationing "can be avoided" by prompt compliance with his directive. "I am certain the public will support wholehenrtedly a coal conservation program which will assure the coal essential for war purposes." be said. "I believe this action will give us the savings that now seem Imperative If our full war effort Is to be maintained." Byrnes explained that he felt it necessary to put "some coal conser vation measures Into eiteci inimeni-, ately" after conferring with the Of-j rice or war MDiiiiuiiuun . board. Ten Percent Heat Reduction Byrnes estimated , Unit a ten per cent reduction In heating, office buildings, hotels,' apartments, stores' and other establishments would save approximately fourteen million tons of coal annually, and curtailed use of dlspluy advertising would conserve two million tons. , The War Production Board was (Contlnuea on pars 31 ah-.. ... I News of the exploits of the Dun - . ker inn nas just een reieuseu u der the liberalized naval policy and was the subject or a copyngntea article carried by The Chicago Daily News. "Bunker Hill Is a fine name and this stout carrier has lived up well to the fighting traditions it symbolizes," says the News. "But the fleet has another name for her the 'Holiday Express.' " "By strange coincidence, like the Ring Crosby-Fred Astalre film. Holiday Inn' the Bunker Hill has done Its biggest business on holidays. Kin Strike AmiLstire IHiy "The name Is not surprising when you peruse the calendar of her engagements. She rirst struck the enemy at Rabaul on Armistice Day, (Continued on Page i) YA.SrllIli 1 UIN, II. L l"f iiiiui- nnecieu lu iwbnp i,,. ............. . her of IT. S. naval vessels lost since dera to prohibit all outdoor adver-Ihe beginning of the war was raised tlsing. ornamental and display llght- nw m i-.l ttl. n.it.u'a ' liiir n.nanl tit UlRfiA fl TP1I R WhCTO 254 (Continued on Page 6) ican unit was "wiped out in the ltubon sector. The Dome! Agency admitted that the Americans had Infiltrated into i the Japanese positions. It added that j. -, "about 4 p. m. yesterday, enemy forces led by a number of tanks under , i, cover of artillery fire began to ad-, vance eastward from San Fabian , ,,nd, about 40 minutes later, part of ' (he enemy forces finally made a thrust Into one corner of our positions. After a sanguinary melee our forces drove the enemy from our positions." However, the Americans opened up "intensive fire" on the Japanese positions, "resumed the attack uud infiltrated into our positions where fierce hand to hand fighting la raging," the dispatch said. Dome! also claimed that "our close-range assault units subsequent to the enemy landiug on Luzon have been launching devastating attackB agalnBt enemy artillery by penetrating Into the enemy llneB," and added: "Our bomber and fighter squadrons also are giving all-out aid to our ground forces. Roaring over our positions, enemy planes are tenaciously attempting to strafe our ammunition dumps and other installations. With the advent of dusk the enemy warcraft in Lingayen Gulf threw up flare bombs, meanwhile shelling our positions." The Tokyo radio repeated a claim made earlier claiming in one account that "hy Wednesday afternoon the Japanese wiped out an enemy unit from the Itabon Bector '. In another broadcast it was claimed that "our coastal batteries opened a fast concentric fire and after half an hour of action successfully routed the International Attairs, lioosier bays Clinton Sailor Rounds Out Year Of Action Aboard Famed 'Holiday Express' The Yanks called her the "Holt- has several other relatives living In day Express", but the NIpB probab- Clinton. ... . , I . 1. ..I ' I t lljuuul INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. The Re publican party soon will "raise its voice" concerning current international developments, Ernest M. Morris, of South Bend, Indiana Republi can national committeeman, predict ed today. Planes to make the national party organization "vocal" will be discussed at the meeting of the (i. O. P. national committee in Indianapolis Jan. 21 and 22. according to Morris. ( Brownel! Official Kpokrtuiuin Herbert L. Brownell, who Is scheduled to remain as national chairman, should be the "orficial spokesman" of the party and should comment from time to time on such events as occurred In Oreece, Italy. Poland and Belgium, Morris declar ed. It would be better for the party to place Brownell In the spotlight than any living Republican nominee ly went into tne duck un-. ui turn slug-song language for other names ror the O S. S. Essex class aircraft carrier Bunker Hill, on which Thom as S. Jones AM 1c and anti-aircraft gunner recently rounded out un action-filled year In the south Pacific. Jones who was recently here on short leave, is the son George N. Jones, who makes his home with his brother Mort Jimea on South .Main street in Clinton. He was born near Clinton and bis Identical twin brother. Henry S. Jones, who rein-listed In the navy after Pearl Harbor, is teaching naval electronics In Washington. D. C. I The Clinton man enlisted In the navy before the draft and has been stationed aboard the Bunker Hill '.'ver since It was commissioned. 1 Frank Harrison Is his uncle and be Fire Damages Out Building Fire of an unknown origin slightly damaged an outbuilding at 147 North Seventh Street shout 9::i a 'tn.' 'today: local firemen reported. "''The1 bffitd'mff ds tit the home ol Airs. Felix bculliun.