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THE DAILY CLINTOMAN The Home Newspaper 0 Vermfllion And Parke Countiei THR WEA1TTKB Fair and cold tonight.. Lowest near zero. Wednesday inert-using cloudiness and rising temperature ill' the afternoon. Mailed In Conformity With P. 0. D. Order No 19687 Volume 33 Number 7. CLINTON, INDIANA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1945. Price Three Cents. MB A M P Q 1 w W U 3 9 :U w w m m m m mm , UUJ U IH? IMUUn bUMUJJ Vhl?A IrtWU ijyui ull21 fc A PICKED CLEAN BY STARVING POLES' Philippines Air, Naval Action Is Uies Hammer ;Jes of Nazi ; Mounting; Japs Claim Lanf ,1 1 &'4 . nr-i reported -I'iO Seventy Billion Asked for U. S. In Year at War F.D.R. Cuts Military Funds in Budget Message To Congress; 86 Billion Asked for 46 Fiscal Needs WASHINGTON. J). ('. President Dual Superfort Blows Shatter Main Jap Isles Tokyo, Formosa Bear Full Brunt of Striking B-29 Attacks; Japs Say Carrier Planes Aid Formosa Blow WASHINGTON, ' D. C. Twill blows were struck today iiKalnst Ja-lian by Kianl I niled Slates Supcr-forlress bombers which Ijatlered the Nipponese Msland bastion of I'ormosii. and Ihe liome Island ' of Honshu, where, Tokyo said. I lie main attack "y s:.-- : n ; .1. 'i -m 1 JL 1 1 s'r ty y" jf lll -'A THIS GHASTtY PHOTO, taken from the first Polish movie films imiuK- ::lrl nut of Warsaw by the Polish underground since the city fell to II::' Naz's. frrnphii'ally illustrates the liorrors of starvation imposed on the Pole. These bone frameworks were once horses. As they lay In 1h? rtretl. every bit of cdiDle flesh, and every bit was considered edible, whs stripped from the bones by the Poles. (International) ltoosevelt submitted his fifth war-1 lime budget to congress today, fori the fiscal year 184G. calling lor expenditures of seventy billion dollars j for war I ho first siznable. decrease j )u military spending since, the he-1 . r. iHimini; of the- defend; .program in! j- The. war speeding, figure ' seiiln tlrop 'of niiit(inn, billions lie-::'. low the level malnlnim'd:' in lllll mid 1IM5,. : :i Hi 1 lion in .Vm-Nur Mr. HoohhVcU ' i)i'oxttul Mutt ftpctulinK for jwn-wiir ptirpnst'S total thirteen billion dollars, bringing over-all povcrnmont oullays for the twelve moiitiis beginning July, I it 45, tn nil tipKrogute or eighty-three billion dollars. To provide this money and more the cinet executive asneii congress to appropriate eighty-seven billion dollars during the yettr with seven tv-thrcfl billions ol' this to tfil fiirniiirknd for war nctivities. ! ' Tnder the budget upl'ropriations refjuests, the President pointed out In his message, total money spent or mailable for war purposes will reach the - enormous sum of 4."0 hillion dollars by .June, HMI1. Although the.lfl4G document, uas the smallest of the war series, both from the standpoint of appropriations find proposed spending, Mr. Roosevelt emphasized that, it should j. not be interpreted as roreshartowing an early end to the Kuropean war. "I have not made . In. the. past., and f whall not how make, any pre- J diction concerning the' length of the ! " i An unprecedented surge of Amer lean air and naval activity in Phi lippine Islands and Japanese hotm areas was reported by Tokyo. Wash ington and Pearl Harbor today, with the enemy claiming failure of an attempt by Gen. Douglas MacArthur to land an invasion division of Luzon. Pti per fortresses, medium bomber and carrier-plane raids on widespread objectives were announced officially by United States authorities, but. Gen. MacArthur continued to Ignore Japanese broadcasts confirming the Luzon operations.,. . ., Report Idindiiig Ptfc . , This was the general picture: 1 - Tokyo claimed that pile of three American invasion I leeLs 'heading for Llngayen Gulf on lli'.; north western coast, of Luzon .had turned back lo sea afler "forces attempting to land on the Llngayen coast" were "unable lo gain a foothold there." Japanese broudcafls previously1 had i Reds Hold Firm In Budapest Siee, Track in Capital . Russians Repel New Nazi Attempts to Crack Lines; Advance Through Streets MOSCOW, liussia. Hed army forces, standing off Herman attempts to force a relief column inlo Ituda-pest, destroyed HO- tank's arid '2. "00 enemy officers . and men west and northwest of Ihe clly, Ihe Soviet high command announced loday On the northern bank of Ihe' Danube, west of (he city of Hszlcrgom from which the Russians were driven by a fierce Herman armor and infantry ullack. Red. army troops overran enemy resistance "and advan-' ced through seven localities, including Mnrcelovn, seven and one-half mils east of the Danube city of Ko- l"ar"' 'zechoslonK ""1 ""' r,m11 cenier. t;nus oi in' iiuhshiiuii racist SI. J.aszlo infanlry division were routed in this advance. wni nruiimii nrm Fierce fighting raged west and northwest of Ihe Hungarian capi- lOnnflnuoo on inter ?. I Snow, Icy Winds Blow Cold Wave Into State; Traffic Hazards Mount INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. A cold wave, falling to as much us ten below zero In the extreme. northern part of Indiana was forecast today following a snow storm last night that made driving hazardous in several sections of the state. Although snow fell from one to two inches deep in all parts of the state, only one road. No. 'MM in Lake County actually was closed, the .State Highway Department reported this morning. This road was expected to be open by noon. However, there were many Icy sections of pavement In the Lafayette and Tort Wayne districts, especially north of road '.W and snow was drifting in the northern part of the two districts. Further snow was expected today, with clearing weather le-ginning this afternoon and a temporary relief from the cold by Wednesday after- noon Fort Wayne a I 4 above was t he coldest spot recorded by the Weather Itureau iu Indiana last night. Other lows were: Terre Haute, H; South Rend. 12; LwiusWIIc, It; and Indiuiiapolis, t'i. The midwest's third Hw-re cold wave in I he fist nine da s of t he new year blanketed practically the cutire central part of the nation today. The cold front, which mowd out of Canada Saturday, nrouressed i t war," the President declared. "My INDIANAPOLIS. Ind. State Se-only prediction Is that our enemies ! h-ctlve Service Director Col. Kobin-witl be totally .defeated before we ' son Hitchcock, said that reports from lay down our arms." j war plantH mid draft boards indi- ports heavily engaged in the Tokyo also rel .,i a sec ond American tu ,orce of Ian; transports had arrived In the Lin-' gayen Gulf "combat zone" to rein-1 force the first, force whose shlPng, of Ihe coast was said to be "somewhat slackening." KiiperfortN Hatter IslaniK 2 Twin blows were struck a-gainsl Japan by giant H-2! Superfortresses, which battered the Nip-, poiieso iyljind bastion of Kormosa north of Ihe Philippine:; and t In-borne Island of Honshu where. Tokyo said, the main afljiek whm centered on the Jap:tn"se capital. Tok.vo said tu H-2!'h parliciial.ed in the assaull on Tokyo;- Merlin placed tip my li"ad - figure a I !'(t. KorjnoHa n a iiuarters reported llial about f'O carrier-borne planes al tacked Formosa in concert wilh Hie H-L'll's. tCnntlnii'-ii i.n Pare 21 Trial of Six Yanks Charged With Cigarette Theft Opens in Paris I'AltlS. France. . Four of the 1S2 enlisled nieti and Iwo officers j arrested by Ihe I'ltit'-d Slates Army In connection with Hie theft and re-I sale of cigarettes and oilier properly belonging to the American goiern-; meal, appeari-d before a Foiled States courlinarlii'l this moi-iiiii. ; The opening hearing was held in a building used before Ihe war by j a well known firm oT private bank-j era. J Mil" Military Judge i Nine military! judges look their place at a long deal table, presided by Col. John A. Houp of New York City. On the right sat the trial judge advocate the prosecutor Major Carmen Harris of 'Oklahoma Clly. fin the left sat the prisoners and three defense counsel led by Col. 11. B. IJierboff of Sisce, Tex. j The defendants were KSgt. Al-x-j under W. Fleming. Pvt. Arthur T. Nelson. Pvt. William T. Davidson j and Pvt. William It. Smith., j Plead Not tiiiilty j They are charged under the JHilh article of war with entering Into a general conspiracy among themselves and with other members of the 716 Railway Rattalion and oil.-, er railway operating personnel, to obtain and dispose of government property for their own use. All pleaded not guilty. The hearing Is open lo the public. Lieut. Harry W. Klein, attached to the chief United States qunrier-masler office,. Paris, testified thai on Sept. J there were 'M million cigarettes on hand, and that each inventory during tin next I wo months reealrd a hug" quantity missing. A second lieut'uaul with Ihe Army Criminal Investigal ion Department revealed that lo had worked iVintmneti naif ftl Prowlers Damage Properly, Houses At Onh (Grounds Search was underway today for Ihe prowlers who broke inl the club bouse and cottages on 'the grounds of the Half Century Club Park in tin- northwestern part of Clinton after a meeting of law authorities iu the office of T. L. McDonald, sag" of the club. The club house was entered about wo mouths ugu, McDonald revealed, adding that the prowlers caused ex-leiibive damage to the bouses although nothing of alue was la'M-n from Hi" potperty. It was reported that Hie cottages iu the park had b- n broken inlo and damaged extensively. The huild- been niade in t lie doors and windows of several of the other cottages oni' the park grounds. i Demands for the prosecutifit of j the guilty party were made at tin ! meeting held yeslrday afternoon when Sheriff Loren Griffin, inpuli Sheriff Angelo Tas&o. and superin-j tendent of the Indiana Public Serv-j the club for information leading to the arrest and conviction of persons trespassing on or damaging the park I i i I ' I ! ' ! I f i ( i - all f; iBekian Salients Kntirc German Line In'. Retreat in Ardennes Area;' 1st Army Slashes Within , J Miles tf Nazi Runwav - V I'AltlS. Kranee. Wilh I ho Hermans officially declared on the move, tilling Ihe entire northern flank of. Ihe Ardennes salient. American aid Hrllisb forces drove steadily deeper Into the bulge 'today, reaching ,' point only four inileH from the tyiii-' tuy's last remaining escape; .route. -h-' The Hailed States Klrst Army, a spokesnian ill. Hen. Hwight 1). Kwein-.. bower's lioadiuarlcrn saidi is "slow'-' ly and surely" closing In on J,ttrocwv Hie most important key town in th A rdenneS. r !!.MM' Yawl AdvttiM'e ' ' ? n;HFi ,r ihe aijv ith'T.- Mie iOHi !)ivisioii advanced a.000. yards and i nteifd (Irand Halleuv. tho Third armored division pushed ahead I,-r.iio yards to take Provendroux and', oil re on the eastern side of tlm! I.eurthe Klver, while the second armored division scooped up 3,000 yards, lo reach Ciollo. one miles north of l.aroclie. At the western tip of the shrinking; f.-ilient, Hrilish forces moved ahead against heavy pressure and advane-i d 1,000 yards southwest of Marche. I nke l,;Ma liiwmers First Army troops captured 1,34? enemy prisoners in the last 24 hours,. The southern flank or the salient villained under enemy pressure v bleb compelled our forces' lo wlth-eiaw to their original ositiqiis afteV liifllcling losses on the enemy. Th? rinans lost nine lauks in JIheiJ I'uitiesa two-way attack against Ani i- lean positions In Luxembourg', v bile the Third Army . .captured 16. ilsouers ill the lust'2t hours. .' In the Saarguemlnes area, thp Mm ricans have taken 100 prisoners vnd are mopplng-iip al Itimllng. Ite-fContlnnpd on Pa tt.' " .' Patrols Clash On Seliio River Line; azis Shell Posts ROMK, Italy. Aggressive Brlt- l l.ii'hlh Armv riHtrnlK h a ra tftnrf . ,,(irt!lll(i Jll(mL, Spnin l.'ixer front In northeastern Italy today. -; The Germans countered with a le-avy shelling of the San Alberto ii-ea while small groups of Nazi Iri-tjwilry stubbornly clung to positions east of Ihe Senlo river. Headquarters of Gen. Sir Harold R. L. G. Alexander reported no e'mnues In Ihe forward positions on -it her the Fif.lh or F.ighth Army ouLs which were covered by snow 'rifts. ' Fifth Army Tore s reported Nazi Patrols wearing white snow suits - re operating on (heir front. - ' Accounts from the battle area aald thai the Germans were resorting :;oi" frequently to attaching booby trap:; to dead troops of both Bides in the hope of slaying Allied solders. It was repoWed also that a foitr-hian litter carrier squad bearing u Red Cross flag bad been fired upon iti No Man's Land while on ft rescue mission. Two men were killed ud the other Iwo are reported mis-ring. Red Crow Urged to Step 1'n KeeniH injr of Nurses NKW YORK, N. V. - - All, Red ro;s chapters iu t he nation were nrg'-d tod;iy b chairman Hasii O'Connor li redouble their rlforla to -cruit nurses for the army in Hie wake of President Koo'velt'H rail (or draft legislation in that field.' "We rannot wait for the paasage wound The d cannot national wait." Red Cross chairm man statement followed an urg- W"ek 1)1 nt t'-bgram sent out last chapters, iu which the army nor-. s sit uation was t'-rnii d "ex reme-ly gruve." Clinton Driver Escapes In jury as Car Skids on Koad While driving on the highway ye:-t'-rday about . p. m Mrs. Fri-d;' Wilson, "-."j SfHjHi Sixth iwU skidded eji an by pa; cinent iiar Rainbridge I r;tl. . and collided with another ear. ft was r- ported tod;y. M rs . W i I so n e sea p -d Injury but the ear was extensively dimair"d and was taken to ib Ford Oarage fyr n-j-aiis. Federal Job, Assembly Talk INDIANAPOLIS. Ind., A stale bonus for returning veterans of World War Two was opposed by Governor Ralph K. dates in his first message to the S4lh General Assembly in Indianapolis today. Appearing before a point session of the senate and house representative of the legislature, the governor stressed the duty of the state to aid war fighters in returning to civil life, but added: "I do tiot now favor a state bonus to velerpns. The bonus and the, pension are Hie responsibility of the federal government." The specific service of the state (Continued on Page 2) Foreign Policy Defenders Rally Strength in Debate WASHINGTON, D- C. Presi dent Roosevelt rallied Democratic leaders in congress today to the defense oT his foreign policy as Republicans and anti-New Dealers prewired lo open vigorous attacks on Hie foreign policy issue in the senate tomorrow, The anti-administration forces will attack the foreign policy of the President as outlined in his state of he union message which went to congress last Saturday. The chief executive summoned six of the Democratic leaders in the ficnutc and house to t he White House this morning for a thorough discussion of foreign policy, and to map strategy to meet the expected Republican attack. The confreres included Sen. Tom Coually (I) Tex., chairman of the senate foreign reJat ions committee, j Others in the group were Vice President Henry Wallace, Vice pres-ideut-Kleei Harry S. Truman, Senate Majority Leader Allien Hark ley, Speak"i of the House Sam Rayburn and Rep. John McCormark, house floor leader. The Issue is expected to break loose In debate when the senate reconvenes tomorrow with Sens. Vun-denberg lit) Mich., and Wheeler (In Mont., discussing the presidential menage a ml criticizing different phases of foreitrn policy. Greater Borrowing Veterans' Bonus Is 'Gates Says in First Backing of Five Federal Agencies Given 4-F Draft Departments, Bureaus In Support of Manpower Bill; New Measures are Offered cate that Indiana's 4-I'"s are "stick-! ing to their jobs u little better" fol-j lowing Congressional indications ilhat itianpower controls might be come more stringent. Col. Hitchcock said he expected to receive an official directive from Washington today ordering a review or 4-I',s and orcupationally deferred men to determine their present job status. WASHINGTON: D. C. Kive government agencies directly concerned with the nation's manpower problems were ready today to back up t he demand for a 4-F "work or light" law as the practical alternative to national service legislation. Representatives of the Army. Navy, Selective Service, War .Manpower Commission and War Production iioard were understood to have readied a general agreement on this as a minimum , requirement at a White House conference with War Mobili.er James F. Ilyrnes,., last night. Tomorrow they will liiytheir views beforo the hqiise military com; (Continued on pagR C Highlights ofF.D.R. 1945-46 Tax Message To House, Senate WASHINGTON. I). C. - Following are the highlights of President Roosevelt's i oo-word budget ines-f age to congress: The war: "I have not made in the past, and I shall not now make, any prediction concerning "the length of the wa r." "The rate of actual spending for war must depend upon deelopments on (he battlefronls." "Three times the total strength of our army and navy at the time t j was centel-eil on the Japanese capital: . ' Jai Army heudduarli'i-s on P'or-iriosa. acr.ordlni; In the Dotnel AKeli-ey. reported Mint "about IB" carrier; borne enemy planes'1 at lacked fnrJ mosa "hi Concert" wilh the ll-'ill a; Tokyo lladly Mil More than an hour aTler liead-lliaricrs of the 2i'ih Air i-'orec an-tiouueiil the dual uKSaillls. radio Tokyo revealed llial Tokyo Itself had borne IJie brum of the il-'-'!i raid on Honshu. Ilotli IiIkIi cvploslve and Incendiary lioinbs were used against the Jap capital, according In the Tokyo broadcast recorded by the VCC. Kadio Tokyo subsenuenlly broad-east an imperial Japanese headquar-lers roniiiiuuhiue In which II was estimated that suine (iu Supi-rfortress- es look part in the. Honshu assault. Yokohama is Targer "Our damages on Ihti Kround are ery negligible," I lie enemy )iit;li coiuiuand'asserted. Th coniniunhiue identified' Ihe regions tinder attack as "Ihe KanlaKlnkl and Tokuldo areas". Kanto Iniiliides tlio cllies of Tokyo and Yokohama. With Kanto, Kin U i and Tokaldo form the three sections covering central Honshu Island from the west to the east Coast. -. The official-1 Washington announcement, whlclr did not immediately disclose Ihe target on Honshu, said Ilia! It-29's based In Hie Mar ianas had carried out the Mission against the principal Nipponese home island. ('liinii.ltHKCfl rbmrx in Action Superfiuiresses of MuJ. -ticn. Cur- lis 10. Lcmav s 20th lioiuber Uom- mand based 'in China made the rn- turn assault on Formosa. The atra - tegic island off the floutheast coast of China is usi'd by Ihe Japs to slage planes from Japan to Nipponese air bases on I.ur.on Island in the I'liilippines which Tokyo reports assert is threatened by American invasion attempts. Jtadio Tokyo's Initial version of the Superfortress raid on Ihe capital (Continued on Pago 2) Conslanee Gedrick, 7, Suceiiinlis At Hospital Monday Conslanee I-'. GedrieK. sevi-n. of !t4f North Kownth Street, died at the St. Anthony's Hospital In Terre Haute yesterday at 2:.rth P. m. following an Illness of about two months. She was a student of the Sacred Heart School. Surviving are the parents. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Gedrick: one sister.: Marlene; the grandmothers, Mrs. , Mary Gedrick of Kairview. and Mrs. j Jennie Theisz. Clinton; nnd several, aunls and uncles. The hodv was taken lo the Kuran- ovlcli Funeral Home and will lie re-1 noned to the residence tomorrow afternoon. Lasl rites will be held at the residence Thursday at X:nn a. in. with continued services at li u. m. at the Sacred Heart Church. flu rial will be in Walnut Grove cemetery. Power for Farm by Roosevelt Roosevelt indicated it was ample to assure continued crop production at the high levels of the past three years. Added to unspent funds winch will he available, he pointed out, the amount will be substantially the same as that used In the current fiscal year. I in1 reitx Rorrowinc Authority Anticipating the needs of returning war veterans the "the desirability of providing adequate assistance to small, low-income farmers," the President recommended that PSA's borrowing authority be increased from sixty-seven to 125 million dollars for rural rehabilitation and from fifteen to fifty million dollars for the tenant purchase program. If eougrep follow the President's maodite. returning war veterans: (Continued on pag 5) I 1 (Continued on mice fil Permanent WLB fs Asked for Postwar Reconversion Era WASHINGTON, D. C. President Roosevelt today proclaimed the need for a new, long-range labor policy implemented by a permanent type of War Labor Board to meet the "strains of the reconversion period" and the postwar era. At the same time, Mr. Roosevelt foreshadowed retention of the present "little steel" pay formula until V-K day and a consequent reduction in war expenditures permits an upward adjustment in wages to com-I pen sate for the loss of overt fine : earnings. In his annual budgest message to .congress, the President stated: "We must also Bee to it that our administrative machinery for the adjustment of labor disputes Is ready for the strains of the reconversion period. . , "We must apply some of our wartime lessons in labor-management cooperation in working out a sound long-range labor policy Implemented by permanent mediation machinery for the adjustment of labor disputes." The President indicated the administration's thinking on n V-K day wage policy when he noted Hint reduced war expenditures will bring "somewhat lower wartime incomes, even if wage ceilings are adjusted upward in avoid reduction In aver-j ae hourly rates when overtime is j curtailed." I The WLH currently Is preparlne' n report for Mr. Roosevelt on a re- conversion wagu policy. j "As long as we are engaced in a war with desperate and resourceful j enemies, war controls are needed." the message said, "but they must be readjusted to changing levels of war production and civilian production." The President dealt at length with the postwar need for sixty million jobs and a national economy about SO per cent above the 1939 level, asserting that "we must attack the employment problem on every front." Congress was asked to establish 'an effective national employment service." strengthen the social security program, provide assistance for travel and retraining of war workers during reconversion, authorize overtime compensation "at t rue time and one-half rates" for federal employes and reexamine federal s:iN i.iy rales "wiiti a view to ma kin:: ndjiiKtnienfs consistent with th' national stabilization policy." ; i Agencies Advocated lapidl.v in a southeasterly directh.ti i ing in which carpenter maf-rials j f an amendment to Selective berv-today and plummeted thermometer w ere stored had been ramsacked and ice t( gelation." O'Conuor declared, reading as far south as the Gulf or nails, screws, hinges, and other arj"Tli; med is &o acute that we inui Mexico. hides were found scattered un the have immediate recruitment :ff Meanwhile, as Dixie and the At- foor. The doors and windows of . a bouband of nurses. At Jeat,. lantic states eyed Keadily-falling cottage bHonging to Claude Harri- i .dalion requires time, and or Pearl Harbor is now fighting or. WASHINGTON, D. C. Presi- deploved overseas." ldent Roosevelt appealed to congress temperatures, western Montana waslson had been broken and light meter j afforded a period of comparatively connections torn. Shotgun holes had "We should make a great mistake 1 today for sharp Increases tn larm if, in our military planning, we un- security administration borrowing derestimate the task of defeating power to assure returning "K-I Joes-Japan." money for purchase of farms and to provide federal aid to small. low-War Production: 1 income fanners. "We have now substantially com-; I" submitting his request ir 512 i.h-ted our war construction." I million dollars to tide the Agricul- balmy weather as a fourth cold front piled up In Canada. Wea ther liu rea u f orecast-rs predicted that the current cold wave would move out rapidly and would be closely followed by an ctfually- severe wintry blast less than IS hours later. A narrow snow belt extended through New York, Pennsylvania. ; ice Company, James Sutton. discus-Ohio, Indiana, eastern Kentucky and n-d the situation. Tennessee and part of Illinois today, j A reward of $2."i will be paid by ;ture Department and War Food Ad-! ministration over the 1946 fiscal year, the President emphasized it was strictly a "wartime budget" and 1 did not reflect long-time objectives. Klimlfiate K tint I Poverty "In the future," the President declared, "we must develop a program to eliminate malnutrition and rural po eriT." Although the 1 ? million dollais is routhiy 20 null sou dollars less than actual aerk nitunil appropt ia-titn rr tic 11.", f -icjil yean. Mr. "We have also substantially eom-I teted the initial equipment of the rmy and navy and their air forces." "More than one-fourth of present war production is in critical items." Reconversion: "As long as we are at war at ar apainst two powerful enemies er against only one of them we ill give uniualitietl priority to ali ur production arid to all m;in;ow- r needs of war." (Cont 'titled on Pa-jre 5) The snow front was expected to move southeastward with the cold , air. but only a light fall Is predicted . due to the absence nf any sizeable ' property at any time, Mr. McDonald body of moist warm air in the path 'said. Names of Hiofc furnlshinc in-nf the cold wav J formation will not b revealed.