The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 13, 1968 · Page 34
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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 34

West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 13, 1968
Page 34
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34 Palm Beach Post, Wed., November 13, 1968 Spock Says Book Misunderstood Congressional Tax Cut Only Partially Successful his East Side apartment. The seemingly revolutionary Idea of so-called demand feeding was extended by some parents to all manner of things, he said. "Parents began to be afraid to impose on the child in any way," he explained. "In 1957, revising the second edition, I put a lpt of emphasis on the need that the child has for firm leadership from parents, because this not only makes a better behaved child but a happier child." And firm leadership, according to the 65-year-old doctor's own lights, was what he offered his sons. Michael, 35, is director of the Children's Museum at Boston, and John, 24, is an architectural student at Harvard. "Children don't get civilized by being beaten into line," Dr. Spock said. It became clear in the course of the conversation that one raised eyebrow in a strong-minded person is worth two raised hands. "Jane and I were obviously old-fashioned parents," Dr. Spock said, nodding toward his wife wno sat next to him on the sofa, listening carefully. "We believed that young children should be in bed at 7, not just so they can get a good rest, but also to that the parents can have a whole evening of rest and dignity and peace." Dr. and Mrs. Spock pointed out that the upbringing of their two children differed slightly. The Spocks explained that with John they were a little less uptight about everything to do with child-rearing. The reasons for this, they said, was the obvious one that they'd already had one child and most parents are less tense about the second. msm Merv Griffin 1 J I lion In NBA and $3.9 billion In spending. Because of different accounting Interpretations, the Budget Bureau says that Government spending has been reduced by $3.5 billion, compared to Congressional estimates of $3.9 billion. Thus, according to the Budget Bureau, an estimated $2.5 billion in spending remains to be cut by the Administration to meet the tax bill's $6-billion target. Charles J. Zwick, director of the Bureau of the Budget, said in late October that the additional spending cuts would come from the following areas: $1 billion in non-Vietnam defense spending, and $1 billion In government loan programs by shifting the lending to private markets. Two hundred million in federal highway funds by postponing projects. One hundred million in non-Apollo projects of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Forty-nine million in Army Corps of Engineers projects. Forty-five million In the Post Office Department. Twenty-nine million in the Atomic Energy Commission. Thirty million in Department of Transportation non-highway funds. Approximately $50 million in other agencies. The tax bill's employment ceiling required that permanent, civilian, full-time employment in the Executive Branch be reduced by attrition to the June 1966 level. Unlike the spending restrictions, the employment ceiling is a permanent provision of the law. When the tax bill was passed in late June, the Administration was faced with the task of cutting 245,000 employees to get down to the June 1966 level of 2,366,315 employees. - The $l-billion cushion could prove to be more apparent than real, however, because of the possibility of unforeseen changes in authorized spending. And, the Administration has earmarked further spending cuts to meet the original $6-billion reduction goal. Congress, In addition, exempted a number of agencies from the employment limitations. By the end of October, approximately one-third of the full-time, permanent, civilian Executive Branch employees were exempt from the restrictions, and the rest of the employees exceeded the target level by about 100,000. Though it did not formally ask for any of the exemptions, the Administration which had opposed all of the restrictions favored all exemptions except possibly two. These were the education protection and the exemption from the spending ceiling of $91 million for school aid to areas "impacted" by federal employment. A special CQ vote study showed that 53 senators who voted for the spending and employment limitations (which were part of an amendment adding the surcharge to an excise tax bill) also voted for one or more exemptions to the restrictions. The largest reduction in both new budget authority and estimated spending came in the defense appropriations bill. Congress cut NBA in the defense bill by $5.2 billion and estimated spending by $1.9 billion. The reductions included $1 billion for operation and maintenance and $213 million for a project to equip Polaris missile-carrying submarines with Poseidon missiles. The District of Columbia appropriations bill, running against the trend, increased estimated spending by $3.9 million. This occurred because Congress hiked the federal payment to the District. NBA, however, was reduced by $28 million. The total of NBA reductions made in the 14 fiscal 1969 appropriations bills was $13.3 billion, and resulting cuts in estimated federal spending in these bills, plus cuts in fiscal 1969 spending included in the second supplemental appropriations bill of fiscal 1968, amounted to $4.2 billion. Authorizations to spend included in a dozen other bills increased both NBA and estimated spending, and produced the final estimated cuts of $12.5 bil- WASHINGTON, D.C. Federal spending and employment limitations, Congress' price (or the 1968 tax surcharge bill, appear to have been only partially successful in actually curbing government spending and employment. Congress exceeded the tax bill's target of $10 billion in reductions in new budget authority (NBAt by about $2.5 billion. But it cut only about $3.9 billion of the $6 billion in estimated spending required by the tax bill. The rest of the first remembered mandatory spending cut in U.S. history was left to the Administration. NBA is made up of appropriations requests (new obligational authority) and requests for lending authority. No breakdown Is yet available on what portion of the $12.5 billion cut was in appropriations and what part was lending authority, but at least $2.7 billion is authority to issue participation certificates would be included in lending authority. Total spending is calculated by adding the estimated spending under NBA, the estimated amount which can be spent to liquidate contracts entered into in previous years, and the amount of previously appropriated but unused funds which are to be spent. Congress allowed approximately $5.9 billion in exemptions from the spending ceiling of $1X0.1 billion set in the tax bill. In addition, it granted an outright protection to $.15 billion in education funds. This led to a reduction of an additional $100 million in spending by other civilian programs a cut which the Administration had planned to make in education spending. The exemptions, in effect, raised the spending ceiling to $186 billion for fiscal 1969. Administration spending estimates by early November were in the area of $185 billion. AI'VKI I ISKMKN 1' How To Hold FALSE TEETH More Firmly in Place Do your false teeth annoy and em-barra.SK by slipping, dropping, or wobbling when you eat. laimh or talk? Then sprinkle a little FASTEETH on your plates. FASTEETH holds dentures firmer and more comfortably. Makes eating easier. It's ttlkiillne doesn't sour. No gummy, gooey, pasty taste or feel. Helps check plate odor. Dentures that lit are essential to health. See your dentist regularly. Oct FASTEETH at all drug counter's. THE U.S.A. . . The great ( 51 GETY0UX 5 isrK Of the approximately 1,770,-000 non-exempt employees at that time, about 100,000 were in excess of the June 1966 levels for the non- exempt agencies. The Budget Bureau estimated that the attrition rate would be a minimum of 5,000 a month Thus, it is expected to take about 20 months to get down to the June 1966 level, unless Congress makes further exemptions, repeals the law or makes other changes In it. Temporary and part-time employment In July and August was below the levels of the corresponding months in 1967, as is required In the tax bill. The lax bill also required the Administration in the fiscal 1970 budget to be presented In January, 1969, to recommend legislation to rescind $8 billion in unspent prior-year appropriations. The Administration by early November had not said where it plans to recommend the re-cissions. However, It is estimated that there are about $146 billion in unspend unspent appropriations from which to make the cuts. (OS'.Y. Time, New Service NEW YORK - Dr. Benjamin Spock, his critics cry, turned out a generation of coddled infants who developed Into demanding little tyrants. And now the world Is reaping a whirlwind, they say. The small monsters have grown up to be unkempt, Irresponsible, destructive, anarchical, drug--oriented, hedonistic non-members of society dropouts from the accepted codes of moral, social, political, academic and economic behavior. And besides, they don't want to fight In Vietnam. But if the pediatrician and author of the phenomenally successful book, "Baby and Child Care," had been as permissive in his views as his critics claim, his own offspring didn't know it. For his two clean-shaven, respectable, well-mannered, quiet grown sons saw him as a rather stern father. Dr. Spock denies he's a per-missivist because, he said, "No distinction Is made between admirable permissiveness and over-permissiveness." When his book came out in 1946, it coincided, he said, with a dramatic relaxation of what had been rigid attitudes In the practice of pediatrics. "To most mothers, it felt like a complete revolution," the doctor said, but he pointed out that there had been educators and theorists in pediatrics who had been advancing the Idea of more flexible attitudes long before he had. Dr. Spock's views, however, were expressed, however, in a clear, simple, warm and reassuring manner. The book's sales now total 21 million copies in 26 languages. "But by the time the book had been out for about five years I was alarmed at the misunderstandings on the part of some mothers," Dr. Spock recalled, when interviewed in Auto We a'a' ".. lJj;"H-iu..'; Show v . -V'V. 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