The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on January 5, 1945 · Page 1
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The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

Clinton, Indiana
Issue Date:
Friday, January 5, 1945
Page 1
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THE DAILY CLINTOMAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Countie ' THE WEATHER r Mostly cloudy today, tonight and Saturday. Wanner Saturday. Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No 19687 Price Three Cents. CLINTON, INDIANA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 5, 1945. Volume 33 Number 4. V WIT American ww m v-ai 1st, 9th Armies Put a 1 V"- Vast New U.S. Offensive in Pacific Area Brewing, Jap Reports Show Under Britisher r vajr. "T ion in Heavy German Counterattacks Hit at Soviets Nazis Step Up Tempo Of Budapest Counterdrive; Reds Clamp Circle Around Forces Inside Capital imsnnw. nussii. Germany's ' .. r an v rr -sr jjjggjj rzSjf .j iuin JIMA- ioar0 eproocHow V--,-r"L: zr a.v.oyW 'ja '"' HONorrrxA- V i KONG , V- - jgpyiNE5gl 137 jManila-w ri sourH Vyi7ir73TN.'' ZZTsairan, g- rf WUtr3SS. D GUAM" Stern Labor Ruling Near In House Bill May Awaits FDR Message To Congress to Outline Legislation; President's Talk Overshadows Events WASHINGTON, D. C. Rep. Andrew J. May (D) Ky., chairman of the house military committee, announced today that, depending upon President Roosevelt' recommendations to congress tomorrow, ho will move for enactment of either n national service act or a "work or fight" law for. 4-F's. May, whose committee In the new congress Is yet to be organized, told newsmen following an informal conference of military members that he considered the passage of legislation to draft 4-F's for essential war work ."likely" this year. Await FDR Message But he made It plain that he wants to await the President's state or the union message omorrow before presenting anything to his committee. "I'm waiting to hear the President's message." May said. "If he recommends national service legislation, as Boon as my committee is organized I'll call It together to consider that, "If he doesn't, I'll probably Introduce a revised Bailey-Brewster bill on my own and we'll probably act on that promptly." Hum of legislation May added that he was "pretty sure" that some 4-F legislation would come out of his committee. ' "Why should we have a bloc of three and one-half million men not available to the service of their country in this war?" he asked. May said such legislation was needed when his committee recommended tightening of the manpower 4-F pool last March and that It Is "worse needed now than then." 'Continued on pave XI Aini'iirail aerial blows against the Japanese in th( Philippines off Formosa, on the lloniii Islands and along the main homeland route are Increasing in fury as the .lnmnee are radioing report a of vast American moves toward the main Philippine Island of Luzon, site of the capital illy of Muiiiln. The map shows the three major areas of action announced by the War Department in Washington when- Siilpan-based KuiierfortreHses continue tlielr henry mills (A) on Hie Japanese mainland anil on Iwo .Hum in the Itoniiis, while Phllippine-based aircraft are periodically attacking enemy planes and shipping in Kormosair waters (It) and conducting successful raids over northern and southern Luzon island anil on the island of Negros (C). Vast new American offensive operations In the Pacific were reported by the Japanese radio today in the wake of yesterday's report that a huge American convoy had steamed into the Sulu Sea "possibly to effect new landings In the Philippines". Yesterday's Japanese, broadcasts clearly forecast a new landing by Con. Douglas MacArthur's forces on Luzon Island, where Manila Is located, while an official Tokyo communique today claimed that heavy damage had Command Blizzards Slow Yank Advance Across Salient First Army Inches Way Forward in Snow, Sleet; , Patton Holdsi Against ' German Pushes in South PARIS. France. Headquarters I of Gen. Dwight D. Elsenhower today announced ofriclally that British Field Marshal Sir Bernard Law Montgomery Is now commanding American First and Ninth Army forces on the northern flank of the Oerman bulge In Belgium, where the Allied assault front has been extended to a width of 20 miles. Savage I'lirliting Continues As front-line reports told of continued Bavage fighting in bitter weather throughout the German-Invaded area, a spokesman confirmed that command of these troops has been taken from Lieut. Gen. Omar Nelson Bradley and handed over to Montgomery. The forces comprise the vast hulk of the First and Ninth Armies. Still In Bradley's 12th Army group Is the hard-hitting United States Third Army commanded by Lieut. Gen. George S. Ration. Headquarters reported little change on Montgomery's northern flank, where American forces reached a point 1,000 yards north of Ller-rciiK, three and one-half miles from Mainl'roy, representing a slight advance. Advance 2,000 Yards British troops In the Marche area advanced southward 2,000 yards to a point Just short of Rendaux, securing Bols de Hampton. Over a period of a few hours, the (Continued on page 6) Conn tv More Than Doubles Quota In Sixth War Loan Final reports on Vermillion County's Sixth War Loan drive showed Uiat sales In the county more than doubled the $500,300 quota, Mrs. Delia Swinehart, county war finance chairman, said today, as she revealed that the total sales readied 11,071.83". Individual sales alone topped the quota, her report showed, as the amount recorded was S820.714.5O. Of this amount, $269,381.50 were in "E" bonds, she said. A' second report on purchases of bonds by Army and Navy personnel showed sales of $8,709, boosting the service bond (iurehases to $15,709. i BWnd pfffcliases .were In the following, divisions, .jytre.t Bwjnebarl's report showed: . Banks 671.912.00 Post Offices 100,316.00 Payroll Deductions: WKOW Ordnance Dept. $ 2,100.00 WROW E. I. du Pont 45,168.75 WROW E. I. du Pont (Extra Bonds) 4,650.00 Ohio Oil Company 206.25 Allocations 230.800.00 Direct to Fed. Res. 1 6.684 oo Total $1,071,837.0(1 Shift To"' - Seventeen Counterblows Fail to Halt Patton 's Drive Up Nazi Salient WITH THE U. S. THIRD ARMY. Seventeen fierce German counterattacks were repulsed In the last 24 hours nlong Hie southern perimeter of the Nazi salient. The majority, of the blows fell a-gatnst the 101st Air-Borne Division nnd the Sixth Armored Division, launched In Strength The German attacks were launched In Btrengtli of up to a regiment or infantry and 18 tanks. Gains by the It. S. Third Army were limited but a mile was picked up in the area of Ileropont, six miles west of Bastogne. The Germans meanwhile continued to build up their strength above Bastogne, with the foul weather covering their movements- and slowing ail of the American tank efforts. Knock Out 4,'W Tanks Since the German drive opened on Dec. 16. the Third Army reports that it knocked out 4 35 of the Nazis' estimated S50 to 1)00 tanks. American nirborne troops with 15 tanks and a regiment or Infantry (Continued on Page 3 ) Luhlin Polish Rule Wins Red Backing; U. S. Opposes Move State Department Renews Statement Favoring Polc.i In London as Government LONDON, England. The Moscow radio announced tonight that Soviet Russia has recognized the Polish provisional government cstali-islied at Lublin. WASHINGTON, D. C The State Department gave an official and unfavorable reaction today to Itussia's recognition of the Lublin committee as the provisional government oi iterated Poland. When word of that action reached Washington, a spokesman for 1 he State Department declared that there was nothing to add to the secretary's statement of January 1. Reasserts I'S Stand iConitnuee nn nise SI Drafting of Nurses For Armed Service Possibility NEW YORK. N. Y. Focusing attention on the grave shortage or nurses in the armed forces, MaJ. (ten. Norman T. Kirk, surgeon gen eral of the army, predicted today j that women may be drafted for this, particular assignment unless some-1 thing Is done shortly. He declared that the army's last emergency appeal. In which 2,7.000 nurses were contacted personally, resulted in a "pitifully inadequate" response, wilh only 227 enlistments despite the fact that the war manpower commission said all were a-vailable for duty. "The situation lias grown so cri tical that suggestions have been made that the army draft nurses through congressional action." Gen. Kirk said. "It looks as if this will be necessary to meet the immediate demand for nurses." about "soft" Americans when- cooks, 'clerks, bottlewaahers, limited service ' personnel and also quartermaster 1 men and medics turned into combat I soldiers fought hard and well and kayoed countless Germans Willi everything from home-made "Molotov cocktails" to hand grenades lobbed into tank turrets from second story windows. Scaled In S Days Within three days after the gray-green and black uniformed hordes of Hitler's SS forces and panzers rolled over the border into Belgium and flooded into the Ardennes Forest area. American power sealed the salient. Rushed from rest areas, from quiet sectors north of Duren. from assembly areas and rear echelon zones, nine divisions went Into the righting and halted the German threat iContiouea on page S) British Leader 1 To Head North Drive on Nazis Capital Reveals Change Made Second Night Of German Attack; To Work , With 3rd Army in South WASHINGTON, D. C. Ceiv. George C. Marshall, army chief of staff, today revealed that Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery was placed in charge of Allied troops on the northern part or the western front the second night of the German offensive. President Roosevelt had previously confirmed the shift in command and described it as a regular field operation. "Manual Action" Marshall, who conferred with President RooBevelt at the White House, said that the action was "a perlectly normal thing to do." "Our problem was to organize a counter .offensive," Marshall said 'General Patton was placed In i 'targe to organize the counter-of-'-nsive against the German salient f om the south while Montgomery 'ad the Job of organizing the coun- r-orfenBlve on the north, which Is j st now getting under way." Marshall said this was a normal fling to do in view of the fact that ''ie German break through had dls--ipted communications between the two wings of the Allied armies. The chief executive told his news (Con I In net on paga II Canadians Fight i To Within Mile Of Bologna Barrier ROME, Italy. Canadian Infantry and armored forces fighting north west of Ravenna have progressed to within one mile south of the River I'eno despite heavy German opposition, Allied Mediterranean headquarters announced today, The Reno Is the Nazi's last major water barrier guarding the right 'lank of Bologna. Eighth Army Forces advanced :prth of Faenza. I'nder the consistent jabs of the Canadians, the Nazis are being for-ed to give up key defensive positions along the canal network which r.inus a major barrier in the Adriatic coastal sector. The Dominion froops have established a brldge-i cad across the Bonlfica Canal and driven northward In the dry bed of i he old Lamone River. Along the entire Fifth Army front sharp forays were waged. The Americans shattered a German at-lack in the Livergnano area. In the Volpara sector Brazilian troops won a decision over the Nazis. Federal Ban May Fall On National Conventions NEW YORK. N. Y. National conventions and other big meetings Involving railroad travel raced the prnhabiiity or a federal ban today amid indications that War Mobilisation Director James F. Byrnes uiay take such action shortly lo relieve Die nation's strained transportation facilities In 1945. Army and navy officials as well cs other high government ofHclals. It was understood, have been urging Byrnes to Issue a government directive to the Otflce of Defense Transportation, in line with his recent orders abolishing horse and dog racing as a wartime tightening up measure. The probability of the move was raised by the American Transit Association as its president. Col. Roane Waring, made public a telegram to the WMD olfice pledging its support and cooperation. The immenence of the ban reportedly Is predicated on time needed by Byrnes to appraise the situation and take action. Man Fined, Sentenced On Intoxication Count John Scratcher. Clinton, was fined $1 and costs and sentenced to tft days In the county jail for public intoxication Wednesday. Scratcher was arretted by Clinton City police and tried by the city coitrt. been done to the convoy ana to oiner American shipping off Sumatra and elsewhere in the Pacific. Claim ii Ships Sunk The communique alleged that Japanese bombing planes, attacking the convoy west of Panay Island in the Sulu Sea, had succeeded In sinking three warships, including an aircraft carrier. At dawn yesterday, the Japanese said, "enemy" convoys hove Into the Bay of San Jose on Mindoro Island, which already is largely In American hands and then steamed out into the Sulu Sea to the west of Panay. What the Japanese identified as the "Issei unit of the Japanese Special Attack Corps," apparently using only three planes, "carried out a smashing attack against the enemy task force and Instantaneously sank one aircraft carrier and two battleships or cruisers". In Sumatra AVaters The communique also reported appearance of another "enemy" task force In the waters northwest' of Sumatra. .Some 80 planes from aircraft carriers in the task force attacked Japanese installations on the large (Continued on Page 3) fii-Bt winter offensive on the east ern front readied a new peak or f inAnv front reDorts said, when strong Nazi air force Bquadrons were sent Into action .along witn tana fnrcp In an- effort to blast Soviet lines northwest of Budapest. All-Out Itattlea Rage Tonifin tank, infantry and artil lery battles raged as the Red army smashed back nt the all-out attempt by Oerman relief columns lo break through the Russian lines ana rescue the hard-pressed Nazi garrison in the Hungarlnn capitnl. The Germans were said in repoiis from the front to have gainea ground in some areas during the past 24 hours In a battle which ap peared to ha nearlng a climax. In initial blows to crush me tirst Nazi winter counter-drive on the eastern front, the Russians knocked nut 131 Nazi tanks, the Soviet high command announced. Violent fighting raged near Kama mo some 30 miles northwest of the Hungarian capital on the Dan ube, near where the Germans urose lirnni'ii three davs ago to capture several localities and start the first big Nazi counter-ofrenslve on tne eastern front In a year. Bring I'p Jfew Divisions Throwing heavy forces Into an nt-Ann in .inn tha Red army nush toward Austria and to establish a relief corridor to battered German ,.nnna in niuinnpHt. the Nazis brought up elements of sin tank and several Infantry .ulivislofla, the Sov iet communique said. But the Germans waiting for res- i Ruitanest still fell back, giv ing up 277 more blocks of the city before persistent Russian troops who iCnnrlnuen on aaas x Exchangites Take Load in Action To Improve Road 41 Stirred by a talk by William S. Nlsbet. president of the Indiana Township Trustees' Association, In which he declared that there was never a better time for Vermillion county to secure the state recognition to which It Is entitled, members of the Clinton Exchange Club took the lead yesterday, in what the members hope will he a movement that will result In the re-routing and paving of U. S. highway 41 in the near future. Attorney H. H. Wlsehart and George L. Carey were named to head a legislative committee to Investigate the possibilities of Immediate action on the road and to secure the - co-operation of similar groups in putting the project over. Funds are available, it Is understood, and the need Is unquestioned. Much of Mr. Nlsbet's talk was devoted to the problems and duties of township trustees. The job of the Clinton township trustee, he explained, is a big one. For one thing, the relief load here still is the greatest in Indiana, despite the fact that the number of persons on the relief rolls had dropped from a high of 5000 to less than 300. New duties are constantly being added. Juvenile delinquency is a big problem all over the state and one which the trustees constantly face. Welfare, and the old pension laws vitally effect the 101 6 members of the association Mr. Nisbet heads. At the present time the association is asking for a flat $40 old age pension. Gross inequalities now exist, with persons who own a little prop- ertly receiving less than those who do not. Although they hire more teachers than any other group, the trustees have no representative on the state board of education and the trustees felt that they are not receiving suf ficient representation in post-war planning. ' During his term of office Mr. Nis- belt has made many improvements, in the Clinton township schools and j irilinwu H amiir iu tiMiinie nun . all groups. All records in his office f are open to public inspection at any time, he declared. He predicted that the Crompton Hill school construe-, tion. started under W. P. A. would! soon be rompleted with funds received under the Lanhani act. "If this community is to advance. we must nave unity In all things." , he said In conclusion. "Don't talk about what you want; go after It." Key, Burmese Port Is Seized by Allies in Swift, Unopposed Drive FOUL POINT, Arakan. British and Indian troops fighting in Burma under Lieut. Gen. Sir Alexander Chrlstison were today in firm control of Akyab, Uurmas third largest port, after landing unopposed on Akyab Island yesterday. .Booby traps and land mines were the only obstacles the Imperial troops bad to face as they swarmed ashore in large and small landing-craft. New Supply Base Occupation of this strategic island on Burma's west coast at the mouth of the Kaladau River gives the Allies a valuable new supply base besides depriving the Japanese of a key communications center bolstering all their divisions on the Arakan front. As British troops o the Fourteenth Army landed from the sea under t lie guns of British cruisers and destroyers men of the 25th' Indian Dl-( Continued on page 1) OPA Bulletin Sets Ceiling Prices on Beer and Ale All sellers of beer and ale are requested to observe the following trade bulletin governing wholesale and retail prices. Mrs. Lucy Doolin, head of the local ration board, announced today. H.-er and ale sold over the bar Is priced according to the ceiling price files for the period of April 4 to April 10, 194:;, Mrs. Doolin said. All beer and ale sold by the retailers to take off the premises is sold for only a 35 per cent mark up of the cost price, t lie bulletin stated. Maj ijor Portion Oi Yanks in Europe Slated for Pacific ' WASHINGTON, D. C. The War Department Is faced today with the necessity of drastically altering prepared plans for the discharge of large numbers of soldiers when Germany Is defeated because of recent developments on the war and home fronts. Instead of demobilizing a "substantial" portion of the army after V-E Day a million men according to estimates given privately to con-, gressmen the military nign command is giving indications of Its intent to retain all but a small part of the army for the war against .la-nan . The German counter-offensive, i American production shortages, and ' the much-deteriorated position of the Allies In China have all contributed to a now-general belief that a greatly Intensified war effort will be re- The War Department view is reflected In its new higher estimates of production facilities which will be required to defeat Japan, as well as in the currently-increasing draft calls and official actions to tighten up on draft deferments for farm and sports activities. While the Department gave no official estimate of the number of men to be discharged in the period following Germany's collapse, congressmen quoted army sources as "guessing'' that one million men would be relumed to civilian life. Army sources were also quoted as stating that the number of discharges would be "substantial." It is pointed out now that the War Department's demobilization plan was announced last fall at a time when war officials were looking for the defeat of Germany before the end of 1944. and when they were planning to return 40 percent of war production facilities to the output of peacetime goods. .The estimate of facilities to be released has now been cut to 20 percent of the nation's war plant, and the outlook Is for still further cuts In this percentage. War Department officials declared there lias been no change In the "point system" planned for demobilization, with priorities for the five million army servicemen overseas on the world fighting fronts. Another factor which bears directly upon the rapidity of army releas es deals with the problem of ship-: ping. After the defeat of Germany. War Department officials say. the War against Japan Bill be given rirst priority on ships now being used lo supply the European battlefronta. Unrelenting American Resistance Only Barrier to Swift Nazi Blows Bills Flood Early Assembly Sessions; Malone Appointed to 6 Committees Kote Peet, 78, Succumbs at Local Residence Thursday Kote Peet, 78, died at his home at 249 North Eleventh Street at 3 p. m. yesterday following a two-year illness. Surviving are the wife. Bertha, at home, and one son In Italy. The body was taken to the Frist Funeral Home and will remain there for services to be held at 10 a. m. Saturday. Father Shea will conduct the services and burial will be in Walnut Grove Cemetery. Rep. V Malone, Clinton. Vermillion County member of the House I of Representatives of the Indiana General Assembly, has been named 'chairman of one committee of the state body, ranking: member of two more and a member of three additional groups', the list of committee appointments made in the first days of the legislative session in Indianapolis showed. He has been named chairman of the Elections Committee, and is ranking member of the committee on labor and on mines and mining. In addition he has been appointed to membership on the military affairs, public morals and penal and reformatory institutions committees. Rep. Malone. who was re-elected In the November elections, was recently honorably discharged from the I. S. Army after nearly two years in service. WITH THE V. 8. FIRST ARMY. The Allies escaped disaster on the wtylern front by a narrow margin In the time between the German break-through and the recovery of regrouped American forces, this correspondent is permitted to reveal today. The greatest credit for the turning of the tide, however, still goes to the overwhelmed divisions which stood and rought until the last. Second Held Hot Corner The Second Infantry Division held the hot corner in the Bollingen area when the German offensive rolled through. Threatened by five German divisions which had run through other American units, the Second Infantry plugged the hole and continued to attack until the reshuffling of American forces and an over-all defense had been completed. The Second disproved all theories INDIANAPOLIS. Ind. A flood if bills continued in the Mth ln-liana General Assenihly today. Already in the legislative hopper were 19 House hilts and a resolution and 10 Senate bills and two resolutions introduced on the opening afternoon of the session, an unprecedented early start. The Senate today was to suspend the rules and pass a bill appropriating $2'M.Wi to meet expenses of the session. The House late yesterday passed the measure, ft 2 to . The Senate Committee on Rules was to recommend creating of two lew Senate Committees, one on aviation and the other on public welfare. Democratic minority members were quick to introduce a number "f bills whih will be embarrassing :o the O.O.I, majority. One of them is a ' Little Wagner iCoatlnuaa om 9f 12

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