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THE DAILY- CLINTOMAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties TUB WEATHER Kail- today, tonight and Friday. Cold today and tonight. Lowest u-bout near zero. Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No 19687 Price Three Cents. CLINTON, INDIANA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1945. Volume 33 Number 3. rn QU .A ljJ iruuu UUJ UMUU r?wn7 w a La UU U Ln LIGHTNING PATTON BLOW STOPS FOE IT C U.S. Eighty-fourth Session of Indiana I ,SM1U1I Mliti N lJl'v.j&CHiN jfTpuiliNi I Opens in Capitol Budapest Siege Ring Cracked By Nazi Thrust Nazis Hurl Tanks, Land Troops at Reds Closing In On Hungary Capital; Fight Off Vienna Drive MOSCOW, Russia. Counter-at Manila Target Of New Drive, Reports Hint Tokyo Tells of Heavy US Convoy Passing Through Sulu Sea Toward Luzon; Bombers Hit at Formosa Japanese reports thai a now American landing is underway In the Philippines followed today on the heels of widespread raids by land , GERMANY : t till . P- SUT... UfcJ.( mAATf" Vf.v LUX. LuxembourejS. - , DEEPLY HACKED by lightning' blows from the U. S. Tliiid Army under iA. Gen. George S. Patton, the German winter offensive appears to have had its back broken. Battering on a 35-mile front along the enemy's southern flank, ration's armored forces reached to within 10 miles of the American First Army driving from Uie northwest. With the Yanks hard on their heels, the Germans were reported to be retreating in a "disorganized" manner, trying to swim the icy Sure river to escape their pursuers. (International) American Casualties Reach 556,352; Report Lacking on Western Front and carrier-based planes against For-mosa, the home islands of Japan ' and enemy occupied .bases in the, Philippines as Tokyo reported en-, try or a presumably large task force into the Sulu Sea which may pre-j sage announcement of American : landing on Luzon upon which the capital city of Manila lies. The Japanese "made no claim either to have attacked or dispersed the task rorce. Military security may dictate, that many hours must elapse before Gen. Douglas MarArthur makes any loriiiul announcement of his plans or achievements but the Japanese broadcasts were unequivocal. (Continued on Pago 3 1 New MacArthur Landings Bracket Mindoro' Island Unopposed Landings On Two Sides of Philippine Isle; Shipping Bombed fltCX. MACAItTiirK'S HKAD- yi'AltTKKS. PliiliuuiueH. United States forces wi n' many niili'H clowr to.MauiU tudrt!illowiiis "i;w unuii-uosi-tl laudiuKa ou , Aim east and west roasts or Mindoro Island, directly soillh of the bomb battered Philippine eapital inland of- Luzon. The InildiiiKK. sliorq to shore operations carried out by American in-fanlrynien who becan pouring onto southern Mindoro Dec. 15. were announced today by (Jeu. DouKlan Mac-Arthur in a communique disclosing also that thirty additional Japanese ships had been sunk or set ablaze In Philippine waters. I ..nation Withheld Location of the Mindoro beachheads on either side of the Island was wllhlield for the obvious reason thai Ihe Japanese were cauahl by surprise and have not as yet or-f Continued on Page 5) Frederick M. Weaver Dies At St. Bernire Residence Fredrick M. Weaver. S3, died sud-, denly at his home in St. Hernice at 2 p. in. yesterday following a heart attack. Mr. Weaver was a conductor for the Milwaukee Kailroad and a member of the Asbury F. and A. M. Lodge. He is survived by his wife. C.oldle; one daughter. Mrs. Winifred Hays-lell, Clinlou: two sons, S.Sgt. llar-niond Weaver. I". S. Army somewhere in the South Pucifir. and Wilton Weaver, Indianapolis; one brother. Philip. Custer City. Okla.: and two sisters, Mrs. Klla Kairgrieve. Marshall. III., and Miss I.ulu Weaver. Chicago, and four grandchildren. The body was taken to the Frist Funeral Home and will be relurned lo the residence Friday morning. Funeral services will be held at the home Saturday at 2 p. in. with Hev. Hay Crawl officiating. Ilu rial will be in Hosclawn Memorial Park. Thermometer on Skids As New Cold Wave Hits Middle, Central States A new eoljl wato sweeping -in from the northwest gripped the middle and north central stales today, with temperatures plutumetiiiK below tin-zero mark over a wide area. .The sub-zero area Included the eastern Llakolas, Minnesota, Wiscon sin, upper Michigan. Iowa and north-j em Illinois. j The lowest temperature recorded : by the V. S. Weather llurcall in Chi- cago was at Lone Kock, Wis,, where the temperature skidded lo 25 degrees below zero, 'Omttnuetl ou naee 3 : - r . WLB.Ord-rl Waiic Increases Paid To Wards by Army CHICAGO, ill. Wage increases ordered by the War Labor Board i my i Hacks Down On m Salient iunches New Drive gh Belgian Bulge to Join "I'atton's 3rd Troops; ; Ieel Two Nazi Thrusts ! PA KIH, Krance. The attacking i American Klrst Army drove three I and a half miles down through the I northern linn of Ihe German salient ; in lleigiuin today. I Battle Tiirouidi Siioiv I liattliuK through a blinVliiiK snow j alorm. Yank troops under 1,1. Gen. j I'outluey H. Hodges bent back it rung (leruian defeuses and moved I .lioti yards closer to I ho American ' Third Army pushing up from the ' SOUlli. Flisl Army unitu reached iho j town of Hoisedeiave, five miles north of Tjarocho. ! As of 10 a. in., supremo Allied Iie;:iliuarters announced, the altark-i ers on the left side of the sector mo-.ed ahead three and a half miles reaching a line running through Ad- ergne. Visibility KM) Vanls The blizzardy weather which greeted Ihe initial thrust grew worse during the day as Yank troops had to grope forward wllh Icbs than inn yards of visibility. In the linisdrtava region, America n forces fought off two enemy counter-attacks, which gained tile Hermans nothing, last night and this morning. In Ihe Pure area, advancing elements neared marshy ground northeast of i.aroche. !. Ami Tajik l ire Tli" main American attack was oteeiing mostly enemy anti-tank fire ind little infantry, making progress i'ov our armor difficult. i;rappliiis wilh Ihe Hermann ., In j .- m - it blizzard, 'lie Virst Army troops beat off numerous local counterattacks and spearing out from Grandiuenil south of Stavelot and Malmedy reached .the lowus of Gergegan and Malenpre. Von Itundstedl used his best pan-irnnttmipn nn P&K6 1) Con veil lei lo Falls Before Canadian Drive Un Coast HO.MK. Italy. Canadian troops of the Kighth Army in Italy, backed by armor, drove northeast of Alfon-.iine to rapture the town of Conven-lello after inl'licting heavy casualties ou the Nazis. Mediterranean headquarters announced today. The Canadians pushed ahead .1.-uno yards along the east aide of the Fosso Vecchio Canal in the face of -trong opposition from German Tiger and Panther tanks. A bilter slugging match between lank forces was reported in progress two mil's from San Alberto. The N-;zl bulge east of the Senlo Iviier meanwhile v.a reduced by other Eighth Army forces which knifed ahead .Km varda to over-. Ahelm the stiifest kind of enemy 'MPosition. New Nazi attacks, preceded by heavy mortar barracks, were repulsed by Hie Fifth Army in the vicinity of Mount llelvrfro. , . American artillery broke up four i;ermau raids on the central battle sector south of llologna. The Germans al Hie same time concentrated heavy artillery fire against I.iver-gnauo. Klsevvhcre there was continued patrol neti.ily. The Mediterranean Allied Air l-'orce harassed em-my rail and road communications and strafed troop enncf iili-atioiis in north i'aly. Medium and light bombers attacked railroads and railard: In YugoslaHH. - hi all. the Allied Air Force flew i.Ktfi r.orli.-s ai-ainst the enemy. Overseas Soldier's Daughter Dies in Slicohardsville lleiitaii Jean .Seliia. tl'i-iuonth-otd daughter of Mr and lira. Clifford Selvia. Shephardsville. died at h"r home at X p. m. yesterday following a short illness. She is survived by the father, Clirrord Selvja. r. s. Army In France; the- moth'T. .Mrs. Mirgarel S.-liia. Sliephrdsv ile; two sl ler. . Shirley and Phytis. at home; on" brother, Clirf'-rd Jr.. a' home: an-l 111" trandpar-nts. Mr. and Mr-. Newton Howell. Slo-phards-. il!e, ;md Mrs. i'earl Nas.-lcait. route two of YV"si Tern- Haul-. Th- bod wn las- to Hi- Vri.'l Fun-ral Home and was returned to General Assembly INDIANAPOLIS, I n d. The eighty-fourth biennial session of Die Indiana General Assembly opened lo-day with Republicans in control of both houses and with a G. O. P. governor to take office on Monday. Tile Republicans have 69 of the 100 house seals and 37 of the DO senate posts. Secretary of Slate Rue .1. Alexander called Hi" house of rcprcsenta-llves to order anil, presided unlil llobart Crelghion. or Warsaw, officially was reelected speaker. Lower House Oi l h ers Other officers chosen for the lower house wer" George W. Henley, of lilooininglon. majority floor leader: Howard Hiesland, of Kentland i- .ioi'iiy caucus chairman, iind Robert Heller, or Decatur, minority floor leader. Charles .M. Dawson, retiring lieutenant governor, took the gavel ill the senate and will retain it unlil Richard T. James, or Portland, becomes lieutenant governor on Monday. Senator John W. Van Ness. Republican, of Valparaiso, was reelected seuale president pro tern, and House Coalition Probe Committee Scores New Strike New Probe Group Win Control of Dies Records, Kankin Chairman of Unit WASHINGTON, ft: C. The now permanent nine-memlier House Committee to investigate. un-American activities today won complete control of all Hie voluminous records secured in six years of iiiuuiry by its predecessor I he "Dies" Committee. .Tin; House . adopted a resolution turning all the records and reports secured by (he ronimiltee during the chairmanship of former Rep. Martin Dies over to the new group. Follows Victory This action followed the smashing victory of yesterday when conservative and anti-New Deal members defeated administration forces and made Hie un-American activities group permanent and granted it more power than any other ronimiltee in the House, Today's aclion was taken on a resolution by Rep. Rankin (Dl Miss., who fathered the surprise move converting the old special committee into a standing committee. It provided that the files shall be held in (lie old roliiuilltee offices and Iheu be turned over to the lline- The stunning 207-lSti upset for administration members opposed lo coin inuing the sii-year-old investigating group served this notice at the very opening of the 7!th Congress: That the fallened house Democratic majority won with President Roosevelt's fourth-term reelection ilid not end house "coalition control" by Republicans and conservative Democrals when they choose lo exercise it. In acting lo make Hie special ronimiltee headed since ltlSK by Rep. Martin Dies ( !) T-x., a "standing" committee of the house, the 70 Democrats and 1 :: V Republicans who voted for it railed lo provide only one tiling. No provision was made lor acquiring Hie voluminous files of lip-old committee. Rep. Kankin (III Miss., who spnii-(Contlnueo on rage 6) Sixth War Ixan Expected To Near 21-ISillion Mark WASHINGTON. I. C. - Tr. -amiry j Kerntiiry Henry MorifiUliaii. Jr.. j today una in ostMMied aniioiine- ; njnt of fhinl rcituliM in the Siih War l-oan drive pmlliif final tabulation of :ile figure. ; Originally sehi'dubd for release j Jan. 2. t lit Treasury at that time de- laved iult)icatioii of the amount nf cash raised In the laletit War Itond j campaign, explaining: the totals! would he available today. Still untabulated. Treasury of fir- ; ials declared, are salen to individuals. They indicated the over-all results will "probably he made publje lal-r this week". On December 2:!. Mori;enth;iU gave newsmen a preliminary overall total on bond naleu of 2'l billion million dollars and indicated the Sixth War Loan would set a new all-tiiiie record At that time it was Indicated figures would he released Jan. 2. Originally planned to bring fourteen billion dollars into the nation's .-offers for prosecution of World War II .it was expected the ram-I'Htgn - carried on by six million wiluntet-r Hale;; nu I) Will er elos- i to the twenty one billion dollar mark. i I I j I i ' ' i Senator Albert Ferris, of Millon, a-galn was chosen majority caucus chairman. S or Waller Vermil-llion. (if Anderson, was elected lnln-I orlly floor leader. Krhiickci- Kail-well S--'h After organization of both houses, both senators and representatives proceeded to the house chamber where thoy listened to the parting recommendations of Democratic Gov-I emor Henry F. Schricker, whose lerni expires on Monday and who will be succeeded by Ralph F. Gates, of Columbia Cily, Republican. Majority leaders planned to speed legislation by introducing at least a dozen hills following the address or the governor. Kigh't pertain to rights of veterans of World War Two. (ie Notary KUchts Tliey would provide, us follows: . Permit commissioned nfricers to act as nolarics and legalize past acts or that nature. legalize appointment of a "conservator" to handle t tm estates ot missing war fighters. 'Continued on naire fit Schricker Urges State Balance Conserved in Final Assembly Speech INDIANAI'OI.IS. ind. Governor Henry F. Schrirker, in' his final legislative message, today urged conservation of the total balance In ull runds or I he slate treasury, which he said amounted lo $62,1 r,S.8.r.2.(i7 at the end ot 1(14-1. Addresses JOP Assembly The governor addressed a Joint session of the senate and house of representatives which today began their eighty-foui to biennial session, with Republicans ill control or bolli houses and Ralph F. Gates. Repubr liraii. scheduled to sucieed Schrick- er. Democrat, on Monday. Governor Schricker pointed oul that Ihe general fund balance was $4 S.S7H.H20.SR and lliat the lotal in other funds was $1 (i .2 7 8 .9 :!2. 1 2 at the end of his administration. lie cautioned Hie lawmakers, how ever, that the big surplus is due only to "war prosperity" which has pro--fonllnneo on Datre. 6) Farm Senators Say Stringent Draft Oils Food Supplies WASHINGTON. P. Three western farm-state senators declared today thai War Mobilizer James F. Byrnes ord'T to Selective Service to re-examine and cancel wherever possible draft deferments for 364,-000 young farm workers may endanger the nation's food supply. Sen. Wherry H ) Neb., termed Ihe order. appl.vi" to farm youths under 2H. as "evidence of lack of foresight by the administration." Sen. Itushfield OU S. I)., asserted that "farm manpower already is crippled to the lowest possible levels.' Se. Johnson I) Colo., said rarmeiH last year "averaged 72 hours of work a week, while industrial workers averaged 4i," and declared "if (he shortage Ik us serious as reported industrial workers should go on a fifi-hour week Immediately.- A t t he same I i me. Al bert ( Joss, master of the National fl range, warned local draft hoards to heed provisions of the law and leave n-notigh experienced workers on farms to raise sulficieiit fond. CJohh said that Inability lo get labor on farms reduced acreage and left crops un-h:rested In many areas last ear and that farmers ure "suffering greatly now." Following Hyrnes' latest nianpow er direct he, drall hoards were instructed lo order immediate prejn-duriion medical examinations for all registrants In the age group In class 2-C (deferred for agricultural reasons except those already rejected for physical defects. Meanwhile. Sen. Tydings (Dt Md.. author of the amendment requiring deferment of essential farmers regularly employed and for whom no replacements can he found. Interpreted the Byrnes order as a move to make sure that any non-essential workers on the deferment liss are combed out. "War Mobilizer Byrnes cant change the law, and I am sure he does not want to." Tydings said. "He wants a review in the light of more urgent manpower demands." Sen. Hank head (Di Ala., senate leader in farm legislation, declared that " I do not think Byrnes will do anything to impair the food supply. The purpose of his order is to get those Fuhject to draft if t hey are not in essential farm work." tacking German panzer units, in an apparent attempt to stem the drive on Austria and to relieve I lie Nazi defenders of Uudapp.it. forced I lie, Russians out of several Danube lo- , cnlities west or the city and fought i desperately today to hold on to their i gains. Within the Hungarian capital it-, self, the Russians continued their house-to-house bailie of annihila- tion. j The biggest tank force used on . the eastern front since the battle lor Debrecen was brought up by the Germans and thrown against lied I army troops 35 miles west of Budapest, j (inins Arc Costly The Germans paid dearly for their . gains whleh Included, the Soviet lllgll COIIIIUIUW llllHUum.'i, Inhabited localities on the southern bank of the Danube, east of .Komar-no, less than (1(1 miles from the Austrian capital. The Itussian communique said that in German tanks were destroyed and "several thousand" German troops were killed in the fighting. Russian infantry, artillery and anti-tank units ure now repelling enemy attacks, the eoni-niuuiuue said. Fierceness of the German attacks suggested that the Nazis may he trying to force a relief corridor to the slowly retreating German troops within wrecked and burning Budapest. ItiMis. Take l:in Works . . The Germans within the city, depending entirely on cargo parachutes for supplies, gave up nn additional iGontlniieo on tae Si Declaration of US War Aims Expected In F,D.R. Message WASHINGTON, D. C. Congressional supporters or President Roosevelt said today they expect the chief executive's annual message to congress on Saturday to declare American aims in the troubled international political situation and lo warn the people to gird themselves for a hard year of war. The President, it was reporled has been told by his congressional advisers that the nation is anxiou! for reassurance that America will fight for Hie principles or Hie Allan-tic Charter and against a power po-lilics division of the spoils or war. The New 7tll Congress, which assembled yesterday, awaited the presidential message before getting down to actual business. Congress not only eagerly looked forward to a statement by Hie President on the war and international politics, but awaited his anticipated request for legislation to deal with an increasingly serious manpower problem. 1 A large number of members dis-closed they are convinced that drastic legislation must be enacted In assure continued record product Inn of arms, but they want Mr. Roosevelt to lead the way. "I think that events, both militarily and In the international political situation, have made congress and the country more conscious that the war is not over by a long shot and that there are many problems yet to be solved." said Dcmoerallc Senate header Allien llarkley. Speaker Sam Rayburn. also emphasizing the gravity of the war situation, appealed to both Democrats and Republicans In the house to unify the country for victory in the war. A senate Republican steering committee conference revealed a general belief that "tough manpower legislation" must be enacted, but members insisted that the administration lay down the pattern. "f should think that some additional power might be given in th-manpower situation." said Sen. Robert A. Taft, Ohio, steering committee chairman. Taft pointed out that he offered an amendment to the Smith-Connally act a year ago declaring that decisions of the War Labor Hoard should be binding on both employers and workers, but that the administration opposed it. He expressed doubt, despite the statement of War Mobilizer James F. Ryrnes that power must be given to enforce Wl.lt board d -cfsinns. that the administration will call for drastic legislation. will be paid several thousand Molii-'wjre - 7,'Vc , i. WAHHI.VCTON. I). '. Secretary of War Stinisou disclosed today that American army casualties total iii,ti.-3r,2 as of lie". 21. but Hi's liKlire dees not include t'n- casualties i-.uk-talned in Ihe Herman drive on the western fronl. Tli'i 1'jlaA includes U3,:HU killed. 32ti.l27 wounded, GO. 167 missiui; and B9.US7 prisoners of war. Ktim-sou. explained that it was not possible under the cireumstances of the battles taking place in Hclcjum to make an accurate report of casii:l- ties. He said that it. would be some time before such report would m forthcoming He explained that in a "retire ment" the problem of counting casualties is made exlremel.v difficult for the officers ou whom the dat.i depends since the casualties must le-left In the territory of Hie advancing enemy. The secretary reported in Hi'' meantime, that American tank losses in the current Gcrmau orteusive were only H per cent greater than the expected monthly tank attrition rate. Htimsun also said that losses have been heavy in communications an(j equipment because of th difficulty of evi'cuating such mater i;M. ISTC Extension Course To Be Offered at Clinton Gvm Classes in adolescent pycholo; . li'tvvn through th' ext'-iisiuii dhibioi' ot Indiana State T'ahjiK rull'-Kr. will beyjn Monday, Jan. S. at :: li. in. ai tin- Clinton Ilih School t; j innasiuui, it wan amiouiiC'd toda: . The course offers four ijuarier hours of credit toward any d.re-or liceme of Indiana State Teaeh'-r.-College. the amifauricem' lit by T. I.. TaLInrk. extension diierlor. Mated. Kgtilar vUv-H iti-etiiip;s will he Hirer hours one evening n'T week for I'd Weeks. iVople interested in 'lie eo-ir.-r mid do not v, ih to eai n it roller-eredit or iittuiid Ihe meeting:; rcRii-lrly limy enroil in ilu1 e!;iss jis au ditors. j Anyoue wiiiinc lo enroll who an ! not be present ;u Hi iirsl meeting j may notify Mr.i. Arminta losan. Ml j Itlaektnan Si re-t, or Mrs. lioioth j Whilcnmb. South Sixth Slnet. hlore Monday enitit. Kosedale Man Killed In Truck Collision Near Hero Waller Coleman. ' 3 I . of Kosedab-' route two. died at t!i" I'uion lios-' pital in Terre Haul" eterday al 4:::n p. m. as the re.-ult of injuries, received Tuesday w hen a truck in ( which be was riding, driven by Kay- ; ninnd Hawkins of llridgelon. cra-.lied I into the rear of another true!; parked on t'. 8. Highw:.y in. Coleman suffered a compound multiple fracture of the righl le;: and thih and was taken to the clay County Hospital, later b' ing mo'd . to Ihe Iniuli Hospital in Tern-! Haute, Tiiis had been Cob man's sec-1 ond trip lo the ( lay County llespi-. tal in the past few we..ks. Kariy j last fall he caught his hand in ! f ! ; j gumery Ward & Co.. employes wh"li the 1'. S. Army disburses the regular payroll, an Army spokesman announced today. The refusal of Sewell Avery, board rharluian ot Ward s, lo heed this and other WL1I direct lies, led to government seizure of Ward properties last week. The increases will be" im-liuled in regular payrolls " so far as possible." Ihe Army spokesmen said, adding thai the Army has set up procedure for cumulation of retroactive pay as ordered by the Wl.ll. This, Ihe spokesman said, "is a big job and may tnke some time". Payrolls will be met from m-l income derived from War Department opcra'ion of properties In possession of Hie Army. As the Army began its second week of operation of Hie eomldr affairs of Hie 511" million dollar business, prospects crew of further labor troubles in Ward properties not yi t seized. ships, aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyer and auxiliary crart. These will be under thu general command of Admiral cluster W. Ni-mltas but will operate separately. In time, it is believed certain, Ihe Jirit-ish drive will stretch a line barring Japan from the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. If the Jap navy dares a foray it will run the risk of encountering either of the two fleets, each of which is believed to be more than a match for the enemy fleet even if it were in full fighting trim. Xlp Fleet in Hiding Since the gerund battle of the Philippines. everything indicates that the Nipponese lleet does not dare to come out of hiding against any sizeable force, Once the Netherlands Indies and (Continued on page S) British, U.S. Fleets Merge Power In Australia, Ready Huge Sea Drive WASHINGTON. I). ". Arrmil oMtntlia admittedly ronsinlH of hattle- the llrillsh fb-et in Australia promised today to bring the combined force or the world's two greatest navies Into a drive which will regain much of the stolen property to which Japan helped herself In 1942. From bases In the down-under commonwealth, the liritish fleet will be in a position to help drive Japan back from the Netherlands Fast Indies. Timor and the great chain of islands on which she relied heavily for vital war supplies and essential civilian raw materials. Skeleton Force in Allanlir The exact force which London sent on the expedition to the Far East is not known, but the British I admiralty has made clear that lit-j tie has been left in the Atlantic ex- cepting smaller craft needed to op- orate against submarines and for I convoy purposes. Th" force in Aus- corn picker resutling in an anipula- the resid. nee this afternoon. Kuio-tion j ral t-eriic-s will be field at 2 p. m. The body was taken to tiie Barnes: Friday at Ihe Shephardsville Church. Funeral Home at Rock-il!e pending j Purial will be iu the Pl-asati' View fneenil arragements. .Cemetery in T-cnmse:..