Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York on October 18, 2015 · Page U3
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Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York · Page U3

Rochester, New York
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 18, 2015
Page U3
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Balancing act The actress’ Moroccan- inspired Lanvindress and its simple silhouette perfectly balance the added tassels and ivory fringe at a photo call Sept. 11 for The Martian at the Toronto International Film Festival. Christian Louboutin shoes complete the look. Basically beautiful in basic black (and white) Nothing is more stylish than a little black dress, except perhaps one with peekaboo white. Chastain’s black and white crepe dress at the Vogue and Ralph Lauren Wimbledon party June 22 hits all the right notes. USA TODAY—DEMOCRATANDCHRONICLE SUNDAY,OCTOBER18,2015 E1 3U FASHION ShurandAdams’ daughter Teshyiajust started kindergarten, but the 5-year-old already is l earning to read independently and “picking things up quickly,” her mom says. Adams, 27, of Calumet City, Ill., gives a lot of credit to three things she’s been doing with her daughter since Teshyia was about 18 months old. “It’s the three T’s,” she says: “Tune in, talk more and take turns.” That’s the mantra of theThirty Million Wordsinitiative, an e ort to build young brains with words. T he program gets its name from a s tudy published in the 1990s that found children in low-income homes heard 30 million fewer w ords by age 3 than children in h igh income homes. They also h eard a smaller variety of words and fewer words of encouragement. And those di erences in language exposure had an apparent e ect: Children from word- poor homes ended up with smaller vocabularies and worse school performance. Subsequent research has s hown that the word gap — and other di erences in how parents t alk with young children — can exist in families of any socioeconomic status, but that, on average, poor children are most at risk. “Not having money in your pocket has never made a brain n ot grow,” says Dana Suskind, a University of Chicago surgeon who founded the Thirty Million W ords project. But little brains do need words to grow, she says: “ In the beginning, the food for the developing brain is language a nd interaction.” In a new book, Thirty Million W ords: Building a Child’s Brain , Suskind says she first encountered the apparent e ects of the w ord gap among deaf children s he treated with cochlear imp lants. In general, she says, those from poorer homes struggled much more to develop language and other skills. Her hope is that teaching parents and other caregivers to talk more, and talk more e ectively, will help all sorts of children reach their potential. Her project and others like it a re now expanding, though research on their impact remains p reliminary. Adams was among parents who participated in a pilot study in which coaches came to homes and shared talking techniques, including the “three Ts.” Children in the study spent some days w earing special recorders. The devices count every word aimed at a child and every back and f orth conversation between child and caregivers. P reliminary results, published this year, found adult and child w ord counts and conversational turn-taking increased during t he eight-week program. Suskind and other researchers hope future studies will show a sus- t ained e ect. S uskind believes there’s power i n just convincing parents they can make a di erence. “Every parent has the words, the language, the nurturance necessary to build their baby’s brain,” she says. Chicago mom Rosalinda Almanza, 24, who is participating in anew, larger study with her 2 2-month-old daughter Dahlia, says she’s convinced: “They say t he more you talk, the more words you use, the smarter they get. It expands their minds.” That message is starting to reach a wider audience. In Chicago, a video about talking with newborns is now seen by the p arents of every baby born at Northwestern University and University of Chicago hospitals. S uskind’s project also is working with the Chicago Children’s M useum and Chicago Public Library to launch exhibits that will r each the broader public. And it is creating video segments for Word P arty, a Net fl ix series from the Jim Henson Company due in 2016. A larger experimental project c alled Providence Talks, in Provid ence, R.I., also is expanding. That program, which included nearly 200 families in a home- visit pilot phase, aims to reach 750 new families in the next year and 2,500 families over the next two years, says executive director Courtney Hawkins. The new phase will include g roup sessions for some parents and home coaching for others, H awkins says. Researchers from Brown University will evaluate results. In the pilot phase, parents who started with the lowest word counts, about 8,000 words a day, quickly reached 12,000 words a d ay — suggesting that informed parents are eager and able to raise their talking games, Hawk ins says.“It’s really about families understanding that they m atter in their children’s education and that they matter from t he first day that their children are born.” SO, JUST HOW DO YOU TALK WITH A BABY OR TODDLER? Try the three T’s (adapted from T hirty Million Words: Building A Child’s Brain ): u Tune In: Notice what the child is focused on and talk about t hat. Respond when a child comm unicates — including when a b aby cries or coos. u Talk More: Narrate day-today routines, such as diaper changes and tooth brushing. Use details: “Let Mommy take o your diaper. Oh, so wet.” u Take Turns: Keep the conversation going. Respond to your child’s sounds, gestures and, e ventually, words — and give him or her time to respond to you. A sk lots of questions that require more than yes or no answers. OTHER TIPS u If you are bilingual, talk to your child mostly in your native language —it will be r icher. But make sure your child also is exposed to the language of her broader community. u Embrace baby talk —not made-up words, but a melodic p itch, positive tone and sing-song rhythm. u Read to your child. Even babies benefit. HEALTH How to talk to a baby or toddler: ‘ Tune in, talk more and take turns’ THIRTY MILLION WORDS Shurand Adams says her daughter, Teshyia, is picking things up quickly because of the three T’s. Program seeks to use language to feed young brains Kim Painter Special for USA TODAY GULNARA SAMOILOVA Dana Suskind, a surgeon at the University of Chicago, founded the Thirty Million Words i nitiative. Jessica Chastain’s out-of-this world style Jessica Chastain is pulling double duty promoting two films in theaters: the interplanetary hit The Martian and the new and otherworldly Crimon Peaks . USA TODAY’s Mary Cadden rounds up the star’s latest looks for a master class in stellar style. She glows The actress shines in the spotlight at EW ’s Must List party Sept. 12 at the Toronto International Film Festival in a Prabal Gu- rungdress and Jimmy Chooshoes. The warm metallic top complements her copper mane. Study in contrast Chastain’s rich midnight blue velvet Givenchy dress at The Martian ’s Toronto film festival premiere against her porcelain skin is perfection. Comfortable couture Chastain beautifully balances fashion and practicality at the opening- n ight production of Otello at the M etropolitan Opera Sept. 21. Her E lie Saab Resort 2016top and pants are a perfect pairing for an e vening at the opera. Glamour girl Chastain brings full- on Hollywood glam to London in a sparkly black-on-black Elie Saab Haute Couture at The Martian premiere Sept. 24. The pop of emerald Piaget earrings complement her dress rather than compete with it on the red carpet. Simply fl awless Chastain looks ready to walk the runway at Ralph Lauren’s Spring 2016 show Sept. 17 in a wide-legged jumpsuit by the designer. She smartly forgoes accessories, letting the vibrant blue color and asymmetric neckline be embellishment enough. A marvel in lace Combining lace and color blocking and pulling it o is no easy feat. Chastain rocks this Preendress paired with Jimmy Choo shoes at San Diego Comic-Con July 11 in superhero style. CLOCKWISE: BLACK AND WHITE CREPE DRESS B Y STUART C. WILSON, GETTY IMAGES; PREEN DRESS BY ALBERT L. ORTEGA; GIVENCHY DRESS BY JASON MERRITT, GETTY IMAGES; ELIE SAAB HAUTE COURTURE BY DAVID M. BENETT, GETTY IMAGES; PRABAL GURUNG DRESS BY JOHN SHEARER; GETTY IMAGES, FOR ENTERTAINMENT WEEKLY; LANVIN DRESS BY GEORGE PIMENTEL, WIREIMAGE; ELIE SAAB RESORT 2016 TOP B Y DAVE KOTINSKY, GETTY IMAGES; R ALPH LAUREN JUMPSUIT BY MIKE COPPOLA, GETTY IMAGES, FOR NYFW: THE SHOWS

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