Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York on October 18, 2015 · Page A32
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Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York · Page A32

Rochester, New York
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 18, 2015
Page A32
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Page32A Sunday,October18,2015 DemocratandChronicle. com THE SMALL MONEY STORE 3450 WINTON PLACE • (585) 427-7300 MONDAY - FRIDAY 10-8 • SATURDAY 10-5 Western New York’s Largest GE Dealer Sweet Reward Rebates up to $3,698 of free Products *See Sales Associate for Details 5.,,8*"&*&23+.63$.*+ 24$3%0*"$*"$' 7.2+")$*)3&$./.)3$4( 1/.*2&3#3,12-&*,+20/'2*.$ ,*.+,3#/ "-/"*( !*&)(032/% .+$04 $%!#"!% 9*/04%$4& #&43 :.,,14&4!43,4-( NEEDQUICKCASH? WEBUYGOLD&DIAMONDS 20%moreforyourtrade-inwhen youchoosein-storecredit! Buy 5 or More B&B Trees, Planting is FREE! * Like Us on Facebook! 3830 Rush-Mendon Road Mendon, New York 14506 Nursery: 585-624-1950 * Local Delivery Included In-Stock Trees Only DC-0000364093 Shade, Evergreen and Ornamental Trees Available Now Until October 15th! STEELENTRYDOORS WINDOWS SIDING•DOORS 654-7000 NEW YORK In Brook- l yn’s impoverished B rownsville neighborhood, the average person can expect to live to 74. Six miles away in lower Manhattan’s financial district, life expectancy is more than 11years longer. The nation’s biggest city is taking close-up snapshots of the state of h ealth in its neighbor- h oods, highlighting dis- p arities that officials say s how being healthy isn’t just about individual biology. “We will be making injustice visible,” Health Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett said Wednesday while starting to release a series of community health profiles. They update and expand 9-year-old, neighborhood-level data used by policymakers, communi- t y activists and researchers. After reports covering Brooklyn were aired W ednesday, Borough P resident Eric Adams c alled for a “treatment plan” for each neighborhood. Full profiles of other areas are due to be released in the next few weeks, though officials have already announced a smattering of findings from other neighbor- h oods. F or the first time, the r eports look beyond such t raditional health measures as infant mortality and stroke hospitalization rates to broader measures of community well- being. They include housing quality, incarceration rates, school absenteeism and even the square footage devoted to supermarkets. In part, that’s because a moldy, crumbling apartment could factor in res- p iratory problems or injuries, and the prevalence of supermarkets can reflect the availability of fresh produce. But in a city where the administration has made addressing income inequal- i ty its top cause, Bassett also argues that the health data reflect “longstanding and rising income inequality and the history of racial residential segregation.” “The variation is not only in individual deci- s ion-making and choosing to live healthfully, but also i n the opportunities to live healthily,” she said, noting that even air-pollution lev- els differ from one neighborhood to another. Overall, New York City b oasts life expectancy above the national average, and Bassett said the city is “getting healthier and healthier.” B ut the health profiles o f Brownsville and prosperous Park Slope/Carroll Gardens, for instance, illustrate stark differences, along with import ant similarities. I n Brownsville, where 37 percent of people live i n poverty, eight of every 1,000 newborns don’t live to celebrate their first b irthday. About one-third of adults are obese. In Park Slope, where the poverty rate is 11per- cent, about 2 of every 1 ,000 infants die. Just over 1 out of 10 adults is obese, and life expectancy tops 80 years. Brownsville has about twice the teen birth rate, t hree times the poverty r ate, nearly four times the rate of adult psychiatric h ospitalizations and over five times the rates of new HIV infections and ass ault-related hospitalizations that Park Slope has. But Brownsville also has more supermarket space, on a per-capita basis. A nd in both communi- t ies, the top killers are the same: heart disease and cancer, by far. In both, people feel pretty well. More than 80 p ercent rate their health a s “good,” ‘’very good,” or even “excellent.” Health varies by neighborhood New NYC data focus on d isparities among areas JENNIFER PELTZ ASSOCIATED PRESS MARY ALTAFFER/AP Awoman checks her smartphone as she walks past a restaurant in the Park Slope neighborhood of Brooklyn. MARY ALTAFFER/AP Men stand outside a liquor store in the Brownsville neighborhood of Brooklyn.

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