The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on December 13, 1944 · Page 1
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December 13, 1944

The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

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Wednesday, December 13, 1944
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THE DAILY CLINTONIAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Countiea THE WEATHER Snow flurries today. Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday. Continued cold today and tonight. Lowest temperatures about 18. Somewhat warmer Thursday. Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No 19687 Volume 32 Number 243. CLINTON, INDIANA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1944. Price Three Cents. fo) ran 0 '0 Huge Force Of Superforts In Nazis Launch sr delaying Actions Before jtvelentless U.S. Advance; 7th Nears Karlsruhe Indiana Farm Deferments to Be Cut To Bone Under Tighter Draft Rules INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. A program to trim farms of all but the most essential workers in the 18-25 year group was launched today in Indiana with announcement by Col. Robinson Hitchcock. State Director of Selective Service that all agricultural deferments of young men are to be reconsidered ti local boards. "It has been determined through a study of agricultural manpower requirements, following conference with farm leaders In Indiana, that Last of 5 New FDR Appointees Is Questioned Senate Group Questions William Clayton, Proposed State Department Figure; May Recall Tw o Others Exchange Speaker Germans Hasten Vienna Defenses as Rains, Battle Slow Fall of Budapest MOSCOW Torrential rains and strongly-prepared defenses in tl.e outskirts of the city slowed the Soviet drive into Budapest today. The Germans, taking advantage of a delupre which stamped the bat Yanks Pounding Forward in New Drive on Rhine Patch's Army Strikes For Industrial City in South On 45-Mile Front; Steady, Costly Gains are Scored PARIS, France. Hard-pressed ' t i J tlefields in the outskirts of the Hungarian capital, stepped up the intensity of their delaying action in Budapest to itlve the Wrhrmacht ti'iv to regroup its defenses of Vienna. Fnll Is Imminent The Germans obviously have become conv:n.ed that the fall of Bu!-,;iffjt is rov- a natter of day-. The ; Killed In Action ifcS" i tmLmmmm.A ft fjLmm I ITT' 3 I mr.ny young farm registrants may bo released for military service with out seriously affecting the 1945 food production program," Col. Hitchcock said. He view All 11 -C Cases The State Selective Service head instructed all local boards to recon sider immediately all existing 11-C deferments. Selective Service records reveal that, at the present time, eight deferments are in effect in agriculture for each one deferment in effect in war production among regis trants under 26 years of age in In diana, he pointed out. List Wanted Immediately Col. Hitchcock told each board to analyze farm deferment conditions existing in its area. The plan of review recommended was that lists of all acriciilturally-deferred men un- der 26 yearfc of age should be com-J piled immediately. Each board's list is to be submit-' ted to the County Agricultural War Hoard with a request that the names on the list be rearranged in the or der of their importance to food production, with the names of the farmers most important to agriculture be ing placed highest on the list. Analyze Farm Situation As soon as the lists are rearrang ed, each local Selective Service Hoard and County War Board will meet jointly to analyze the 'agricultural situation. When minimum manpower needs in agriculture are determined, names will be made available for military service from the bottom of the list. WASHINGTON. D. C. A drastically tightened draft policy was portended today as Selective Service officials disclosed that local boards will be able to supply only 60,0" men per month during the first six months of 1945 against anticipated demands ranging from 80.000 to 10.000 monthly. Streamline Draft Deferment Col. Francis V. Keesling. Jr., Selective Service Liaison Officer, said that a definite streamlines program would he required, if present demands continue, in order to meet 1945 needs. It would presumably be (Continued on pace 61 ! U. S. Designers Work On Plane to Reach Speed Beyond 700 mph WASHINGTON, D. C. Early i Moscow radio today reported that ' ' 'he Nazis fear even Vienna sewn would fall before the t'de of thr ! mentor .ua uni i,e!n- 'rich Hlmmler had ordered vnlnahl:- j machinery brought from Hungary to! Vienna, to he moved to pom's 01 greater safety within the Reich, Move on Itratfslava MeanwhMe north of rNdaix-st. Rvssian spearhead now nre o:;lv miles from the Bratislava rap and the Austrian frontier. In the right-j ling before B"dar-sr the rcrnd t'k-j rainian army was reported by M;s-1 Cow to have seized the strnne-heM Cf oodollo, 11 14 miles northeast of Budapest. Tne fall of rjndnllo leveled last Nazi strnnrpnint b"t ffn O'--Russians northeast of th ri'y ;'u the main section of Rudrept rftt-; a terrific battle in which nrre th.it-i 400 Germans and Hungarians wore killed and almost a score of Nazi tanks were crippled or burned. Moscow revealed that in the fighting before Budapest the Red army had taken 1,850 prisoners on Dec. 10 and 11, raising the total seized) in that area tn the six days begin ning Dec. 5 to 7,640. (The American broadcasting sta-i tion in Europe said that panic exist- ed in the Hungarian capital as the (Continued on Page 5) Cigarette Famine Tn Chicago Area Probed hyF.T.C CHICAGO, 111. An investigation Into the cieare shortF in tbe Chicago area was begun today bv the Federal Trade Commission. William F. Dinnen. who is in charge of the commission's Chicago office, indicated prosecution wiM result if the evidence iineTrtifrl h investigators warrants. A squad of Investigators was assigned to check records of cigaret wholesalers and distributors and, it was said, the inquiry may develop into an examination of witnesses. The results of the Inquiry will be forwarded to Washington for comparison with Investigations conducted there, in New York, and elsewhere. WASHINGTON. D. C Paul M. Hahn, vice president of the Ameri-, can Tobacco Co., told congress today i the "basic" cause of the current cig- aret shortage was the Inability of ; the industry to expand production j so as to meet constantly increasing j consumed demands. Testifying before the senate war j Investigating committee's probe of ; the cigaret shortage, Hahn said an- I other factor which promises to ex-! tend the scarcity into 1945 is al growing shortage of leaf tobacco, due to the aericulture department's restrictions on farm produuetion. i I ! NagoyaKaid "Tinder City" Under Fire By Nearly 100 US B-29s; Widespread Attacks Rake Japs in Mounting Air War WASHINGTON. D. C. B-29 Superfortresses winging in sizeable strength from Salpan smashed at a new major Japanese industrial target today, the "tinder" city of Nagoya. half an hour's bombing run from Tokyo on the enemy island of Honshu. 100 Bombers In Attack Tokyo radio, which also reported that bombs had hit Korea as well as ii.e """ B'"""" "'j Jap capital, claimed that some 40 1 " . . , . u I AllltI icail i7U)i:iluiia Biiuim lite i-a- goya-Hamamatsu area, but the offic- ial U. S. announcements indicated that over 100 bombers carried the Wow First confirmation that the prime target was Nagoya, third largest city in Japan and site of many war in- dustries, came from the American base on Saipan. The INS dispatch from that point disclosed that the 21st Bomber Command extended "maximum effort" in the raid. Part of Mounting Drive In Washington, Gen. H. H. Ar-1 nold. Chief of the Army Air Forces and the 20th Air Force, pointedly , referred to the attack as part of the; "mounting aerial drive on enemy strategic targets". Nagoya. 165 miles southwest of 1 Continued on Paee 21 M'Arthur Airmen Sink Eighth Jap Convoy to Leyte Few Ships Escape Heavy Aerial Blows to Reach Port; Advance on Ground GEN. 'MAC ARTHUR'S HEAD QUARTERS. Philippines. Sinking of seven Japanese ships in a Leyte- bound convoy and the probable sink ing of three more enemy vessels was disclosed today in General Douglas MacArthur's communique. MacArthur revealed that desperate Jap efforts to relieve their be-leagueared Leyte garrison led to the sinking of four transports and three destroyers in two days of a running battle. In addition to ships sunk, one destroyer and two transports were left dead and burning in fContinueo on Page S) St. Bernice Air Officer Killed In Florida Crash Mr. and Mrs. George Hadley of St. Bernice have been notified by the War Department that their son. U. George Hadley. 27, was killed in an airplane crash in Miami, Fla. last week. His plane, a B-27 Flying Fortress, crashed In the bay off Miami. He was co-pilot on the plane with a crew of six aboard. All were killed. A. Hadley entered the Army Feb. 1941 and had been in the chemical warfare division for almost two years before he was transferred to the Air Forces. He received his wings Sept. 8. 1944 at Pecos, Tex. but had not yet been assigned to overseas duty. Before reporting to his new assignment, be spent a 15-day furlough with his parents in September. Lt. Hadley was a graduate of St. Bernice Hirh School, Indiana State Teachers College Terre Haute. Ind. and was attending the school of entomology at Indiana t'niversity in Bloomington prior to his enlistment. Mr. and Mrs. Hadley received a telegram yesterday from the War Department stating that the officer's body had been recovered and will be sent home. Funeral arrangements have not yet been completed. He is survived by his parents and three brothers. Jack. San Digo, Calif., James, in the V. S. Navy, and Bryce, at home. Private Funeral Services Planned for Mrs. Mary Watt Private funeral services will be held Thursday at the Frist Funeral Home at 3:30 p. m. for Mrs. Mary Watt. 77. Mrs. Watt died at her home. 126 North Tenth Street. Tuesday, following a five year illness. The body was taken to thefuneral home where private services will be held, with Rev. Roy C. Linberg officiating. Burial will be in Riverside I I ' , ; WASHINGTON, D. C. The question of what part William L. Clayton may have had in pre-Pearl Harbor sales to Axis nations and employment of alleged Nazis by subsidiaries of his Texas cotton firm was strongly raised today in the Senate hearing on his qualifications to be an Assistant Secretary of State. 'Rugged Individualist' Clayton, portrayed In his testimony as a "rugged individualist" was questioned by Sen. Robert La-Follette (Prog.) Wis., on dealings of the firm of Anderson, Clayton and Co.. with Germany, Italy and Japan before the war. A major stockholder In the Houston concern, he admitted has "heard" about a State Department report that employment of Axis people in the company's South American subsidiaries "embarrassed the United States". But he told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee he did not think this was brought to his attention. Bi ll Mi Over Sales Sales by the firm's South Amer ican subsidiaries to Italy before the war broke out were supervised by the British, said Clayton. LaFollette said his questions were based upon documents "that came up from the department with some secrecy". The proposed Assistant Secretary pointed out that he came to Washington in 1940. If sales to Japan by the Texas cotton firm occurred after the moral embargo was declared, Clayton said, "It is not anything for which I am responsible". Non-Partial Handling He told the committee that if matters relating to Anderson. Clay-(Continued on Tage 2) Reconversion To Peace Industry Is Far in Fill u re WASHINGTON, D. C. The partial reconversion of American industry to peacetime manufacturing, suspended because of critical shortages In the war production program, appears today to be shelved indefinitely until the victory in Europe has been won. This pessimistic view of the reconversion program was taken by high officials of the War Production Board, who, at the same time, predicted that post V-E day civilian production will be on a much smaller scale than the nation has been led to believe. Under questioning. WPB spokesmen admitted that the suspension of "spot authorizations" was for an indefinite time, and not for the 90-! day period as announced recently. Actually, authorizations for Individ ual plants In critical labor areas to . convert to peacetime production will not be resumed in the foreseeable future, they declared." The greatest single factor In sidetracking the reconversion program, it was said, is the current vastly increased demand for manpower in the critical war production programs which have fallen 40 percent behind schedules. WPB officials feel that "progress" has been made in meeting war materiel requirements. But. they admit, military demands for increased production will continue in the coming months to an extent that will not permit the utilization of manpower for non-essential purposes. War Department officials, they point out. have recently revised downward their estimates of the portion of American industrial capacity which can be freed for civilian ' production after V-E day. Originally the army informed WPB that 40 percent of the nation's production capacity couid be returned to civilian output, but this estimate has now been cut to 20 percent. Even should the present war production shortages be made up in less than three months, these officials highly doubt that the WPB would resume Its program of partial "spot" reconversion of industry- Brother of Clinton Woman In Hospital in France Mrs. Albert Nardi Htggins. has received word from the war department that her brother. Cpl. Raymond W. Craig, of 421 North Sixth Street, is in a hospital somewhere In France. Before Cpl. Train's illness. h van cperating one of the famous Crat ped Ball express trucks in Belgium. development of fighter aircraft ap- when his car skidded off the high-proaching 700 miles an hour in way on state road 41 Sunday. The V. i. "Speed" Shideler, executive seei-etary of the Terre Haute Chamber of Commerce and secretory of the Terre Haute Chapter of K!ks, will lie the guest speaker at the regular luncheon meeting of the Clinton Exchange Club tomorrow at the Clinton Hotel. FDR, Soviets Back British Stand In Greece: Laborite Approval of Intervention In Greece Given, Bevins Claims; Battle Continues LONDON, England. Disclosure that Soviet Russia approved in advance Great Britain's present militaristic policy in Greece and that President Roosevelt "initialled" the program during the Quebec conference was made today by Ernest Be-vin. minister of labor In the cabinet of Prime Minister Winston Church- ill. ( Continued on page fi) Hazardous Roads Blamed for Three Wrecks Near Here Icy roads and general bad driv ing conditions were blamed tor three wrecks reported to Clinton po lice over the weekend. Although all 'the cars involved were damaged in the wrecks, drivers and passengers in the machines were unhurt. William Law son. 332 Mulberry street, narrowly escaped injury machine careened off the road, strik- ing a telephone pole and a fence, The car was taken to Mike's Auto Body Shop for repairs, a minor crack-up at the corner of Fourth and Kim streets in Clin- ton was reported when cars driven by Everett Pteffy of Rosedale route and Frank Geulich. Clinton, collid- ed. and by an unidentified driver. Ac cording to police reports, the unidentified car pulled onto the highway from a side road in front of the Carver vehicle when the collision oecured. Roads near Clinton continued icy and hazardous todaj with a break In the cold wave promised by the weather bureau tomorrow. Motorists were urged by local and state police to use caution in driving. ed four accidents on icy streets. New York City's streets were clean after yesterday's snow flurries, but in upstate cities, as in Syracuse and Rochester and in Buffalo, from 12 to 14 inches of snow lay on the ground. At the worst of the storm war plants temporarily were closed in Buffalo and in Rochester the tel ephone service was hampered by the inability of many of the operators to get to work. The gales and heavy snow sweeping most of the nation since last Sunday settled down today to normal early winter weather, but left in their wake a death toll approach- Herman forces today fought bitter, almost suicidal delaying actions in . the face of powerful American' onslaughts that stretched from the Roer to the Rhine risers. In a dawn surprise attack, th American First Army under command of Lieut. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges drove nearly a mile eastward from the Monschau Line south of Duren. l'iirlit Through Flood Other First Army units slugged against the vital Roer bastion from (Mrectly east, fighting through fast-filllng flood waters in the town of Mariaweiler. Mariaweiler, two miles west of ruren. was overrun by a surprising nd puzzling rise of the Roer liver 1'iring the night. The sudden flood receded almost as rapidly at it w. and battle front dispatchea - id the swirling water entirely fall-"1 to hamper progress of General 'irlges' infantrymen, tier TW laylng Action Front line reports received fate Ms morning indicated, however, '!at the Nazis in Mariaweiler, aa MTonilnupiT on page SI . Canadians Throw Tmo Bridgeheads Toward Faenza ROME. Italy. Canadian troops fighting with the British Eighth Army jabbed two bridgeheads across trie Lamone river southwest of Fa enza, Allied headquarters revealed today. Overcoming stubborn German reliance, the Canadians joined up heir bridgeheads to outflank the ley highway hub of Faenza where he Nazis are blocking the Allied ad- nee on Bologna from the east. The Germans smashed at the Can- lian positions with numerous de-'"rmined counter-attacks, but all '.'ere beaten hack. The Germans fought their way In-ift the British lines on the eastern Hank of the V. S. Fifth Army and gained temporary control of Castel-nuova on Mount Cerere. Hard counter-thrusts by the British forced the Np.zis back to their original positions with heavy losses. Fighting on the rest of the front was confined to patrol activity and artillery duels. Italian pilots flying with the AI-ls in the Balkan air force joined with RAF Mustangs and waged a day-long battle aeainst. a German 'column of some 700 motor vehicles withdrawing toward the northeast. Mediterranean Allied naval nead-nuarters announced that the British fsfroyr I.iddesdale surprised an nemy Innding attempt on Syml Island, north of Rhodes, on Monday nd smaehed it with gunfire. romlnnt Fale Speaker ct Vti.pi Thursday Night Dr C A. (Runny) Sundberg of ii 'nirfMd. O . educatnr and humor-nuv ft aVrr. v. ill address members f thf Fm"mal Order of Eacles nt n meet In e Thursday night. Dec. 14. K-irls Hall. 120 South Main PT't. arrordirr to an announce-pin today bv Robert N. Taylor nrpsHr-nt of Vermillion Aerie of rrips. Dr. Pundberg is known as a humorist, having 6poken at meetings, civic c'ubs. fraternal and trad oreonir.ations, church groups, edn a men. Bora in Cedar Rapids. Iowa, h-rereivpd his e.rly education in the fitv than r-rsul imtot frnm CarthnF- is noted as an inspirational speaker. and has sunken at several ecm- mencemnt exercises in high school? and colleges. speed, almost the speed of sound, was predicted today by Rear Admfr- al D. C. Ramsey, chief of the Bur- eau of Aeronautics, in a report on naval aviation develpoment from Ju- ly 1. 1940 to October 1, last. "During the pant four years," the report said, "the top speeds of fighter aircraft in operation with the fleet have been increased by approx- Cpl. Benson O. Jarkson, nephew of Mrs. Flossie Bowser of route two, Clinton, was killed In action in Germany on Xov. 20. A ma chine gunner fn the 2Pt!i Infantry Division, he bad been overscan since July of this year. He entered service Feb. 22, 1944. He is survived by the widow. Mrs. Rose Jackson and one daughter and the mother, Mrs. Tjenesy Jarkson, all of Terre Haute, four brot hers. three sisters and several aunts and uncles. Clinton Man With U.S. Forces in Bitter Vosges Mountain Pass Battles :V"TT ARMY CROUP, Franco - T-.e wot. sf'dfj.-n foothills of th-Vosges Mountains on the SfVPiit I1 Army front only added to the misery of a cold and penntra'ing rain tl:' rint.' d wn thro!:irh thich-folJad 1 1 oss. t!'.iU covered the rugged ter-rv'p To the 3rd Battalion of the l"7th Regiment. 4 5h Division, it meant hard, wary fighting, at times from tree to tree, aeainst Germans waiting for a chance to ambush or to infiltrate into its lins. As veterans of many a tough scrap, the mn of the 3rd battalion were utilizing many lessons well learned by slowly pushing the enemy towards the back door of Germany. Cnttimij km Pare ?) kinship with to Norwegians and j ni,Pn j German position in northern and southern Norway untenable. It is believed that lt also probably would prevent the Germans from transferring to the western front 1 9 J j : , f imately 100 miles per hour, ranges; The third accident was a collision have been nearly doubled and arm-' on state road 71 between cars driv-ament. has more than tripled in ef-'en by Kenneth Carver of Vincennes fectiveness." "Experimental fighter airplanes now being developed range from light high performance interceptors to multi-engiued night fighters armed with both cannon and machine guns. They include unconventional arrangements of advanced design such as the employment of jet propulsion. "It is anticipated that in the near (Continued on Page 2) Swedes May Wage War on Nazis In Move to Save Norway from Torch Cold Wave to Break Tomorrow In State, Weatherman Says; Four Dead INDIANAPOLIS. Ind. Indiana j A light snow fell in the eastern will suffer another cold period to- j part of the state where the wind night, but the temperatures will rise j was in the 2"'s. Philadelphia report- LONDON, England. There Is a good deal of talk fn diplomatic cir- warning them that If the Germans cles in London today about the pos- succeed iri the scorched etn'' niicv sibility of Sweden entering the war to Norway, it will adve-:;ev rf'--on the Allied side to help save Nor- all Scandinavia in the po?t-v.ar per-way from destruction by the Ger-, iod. mans. j The view prevails In BriMsh mili- In their retreat through northern tary circles that Sweden's entry In-Norway. the Germans are known to ' to the war now could make the tomorrow, the Indianapolis Weather Bureau predicted today. With northern Indiana roads extremely slippery and hazardous, a snow blanket covered most of the state, as temperatures fell last night. The coldest reported spot was South Rend at 14. Other marks were Fort j Wayne, 15; Indianapolis and Mar ion. 17. and New Albany, 22. Four persons had died in Indiana as a result of the coldest wave of the season. Twelve more storm deaths were reported from Ohio where additional snow was predicted for the northern iart of the state, along with strong vinds. be devastating the country to an appalling extent. Order Rraroatim Two hundred and fifty thousand Norwegians living in northern Norway have been ordered to evacuate to the south. Reports reaching Lon don via Stockholm state that the Germans are burning all the houss. bams and farmlands, and those Nor wegians who attempt to evade the evacuation order are being ruthless-: ly exterminated. j The British press has been re- j mindine the Swedes of their close' any of the IS divis.ons they are es- : Colee. Carthage. HI., and Vitter-timated to have in Norway. j h( rR Co!)oIre s,)ringfiMd. O. He also The view is being expressed in ha, sn nonorarr d.Fref. from Sus British quarters that Germany now . onhanna University. Selinsgrove is in no position to divert sufficient ; pa forces to conquer Sweden, whose! Besides his humor. Dr. Pundbere Traffic was at a virtual standstill ; ing the 100 mark and a record of hroughout the state and two of the seriously interrupted traffic in the araest munitions plants were closed air and on the ground. !nwn, one of them the Plum Brook ) Thirteen deaths from the snow-'Jrdnance plant near Sandusky. 1 (Continued on Page 2) participation in the war would prove ' of valuable aid in the final defeat j of Nazism. I (Continued on I'ace 2)

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