The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on December 2, 1997 · Page 62
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December 2, 1997

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 62

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West Palm Beach, Florida
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Tuesday, December 2, 1997
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Page 62
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THE PALM BEACH POST TUESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1 997 Some scientists say humans can be cloned to save other humans New "CoasterStone" Coasters. '' 0A CLONING II'!";. J "The first coaster that really works"! Absorbs water like no other coaster. Try it yourself and see the difference. Designed to absorb condensation from beverage glasses. Makes a great hostess gift. i Available in many marble colors or sculptured Greek key, rope and Victorian designs. Set includes four round coasters. and the director of Oregon's only in vitro fertilization center, at the University of Oregon, has two federal grants to study cloning in rhesus monkeys. One will involve cloning from cells of an adult. "We're pretty optimistic," Wolf said. "We have every reason to think it will work." He explained that the National Institutes of Health, which gave him the grants, is interested in genetically identical monkeys for AIDS vaccine research and in clones of rhesus monkeys that, by chance, happened to develop a rare genetic disease, retinitis pigmentosa. By cloning the animals, Wolf hopes to make enough of them for investigators to use them to study the disease and its treatments. But one consequence of the primate work, Wolf said, is that it will establish methods that could be applied for the cloning of humans. "We are laying the groundwork," Wolf said. Society should think about the possible results of all this work "sooner rather than later," Wolf said. The perfect gift giving solution! Regularly $28 SALE $20.99 Complimentary gift wrap with purchase. Esl.1912 For Bed, Bath and Table 210 Clematis St. West Palm Beach, Downtown at the Fountain. 655-8553 1-800-207-5463 FREE attendant parking lot at the front entrance. Obr iJiose wo Aaue a passion for yuafily linens d egg donors. After all, it is an nerican tradition to allow people flje freedom to reproduce in any 4ay they like. "From my perspective, it's S- st a matter of time" before the st human is cloned, said Dr. $teen Willadsen, a cloning pioneer Mo developed the fundamental Methods for cloning animals. ! Willadsen, whose techniques tyere used in the cloning of Dolly, ijow works at an in vitro fertiliza-tfon center at St. Barnabas Hospi-$1 in East Orange, NJ. He said he ad no ethical problem with clon-Hig humans. S' "It is not for me, as a person i'ho invents techniques, to say 6w we should use them," Willadsen said. s1- Lori Andrews, a professor at Chicago-Kent College of Law and an expert on legal issues of repro-Itiction, said she recently got a call from a British scientist who told $er the same thing. Another doctor, Andrews added, told her that 'if any of my relatives got cancer, I Should clone them," and use the Slone as a bone marrow donor to Save the cancer patient's life. K "I absolutely think the tenor nas changed," Andrews said. Peo-le who said human cloning would never be done "are now saying, (Well, the risks aren't that great,' " she said. I; "I see a total shift in the bur-pen of proof to saying that unless ou can prove there is actually going to be harm, then we should allow it," she said. I; Andrews likes to quote two fertility experts, Dr. Sophia Kleeg-Jrian and Dr. Sherwin Kaufman, Who wrote, three decades ago, that new reproductive arrangements pass through several predictable stages, from "horrified hegation" to "negation without fiorror" to "slow and gradual curiosity, study, evaluation and finally i very slow but steady acceptance." S; That happened, she said, with Artificial insemination, with in vitro fertilization, with the freezing of fiuman embryos and with surrogate mothers. ; And it is happening with cloning, Andrews said. But what is so linking, she added, is that "the jtfrne frame from 'horrified negation' to 'let's do it' is so much ushorter. i "This is very, very quick," she (said. j Cloning would be fundamentally different from ordinary reproduction. It would involve taking a jcell from a living person, slipping it !into an egg cell, whose genetic Imaterial has . been removed and ".allowing the genetic material of Jthe adult cell to direct the development of a new embryo, then fetus, then person who is the identical twin of the person who provided !the initial cell. It would allow a Jiving person to be reborn, in a Jsense, only at a later time. Scientists and infertility specialists envision certain special-lized circumstances in which it .might be acceptable to clone hu-Jmans. Grieving parents may want to reproduce a terminally ill child. Or ja woman may want a child but be infertile. Is it worse somehow for Iher to clone herself than to obtain I: , THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Genetically cloned Dolly the lamb created quite a stir. an embryo made-to-order with donated egg and sperm, the kind that many fertility clinics are already offering the infertile? But what cloning really accomplishes, experts said, is to make it possible, for the first time, to think seriously about genetically enhancing human beings. Scientists could grow a person's cells in sheets in the laboratory and sprinkle the cells with genes. Only a very few cells would take up the genes, and use them, but it is relatively easy for scientists to find those cells and pluck them out of the mix. If they then used those cells to make clones, the clones would contain the added genes in every cell of their body. Already, two such experiments have been completed in animals, using cells from fetuses rather than cells from adults. Last summer, Dr. Keith Campbell of PPL Therapeutics in Roslin, Scotland, and Dr. Ian Wilmut of the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, the scientists who created Dolly, announced that they had made Polly, a cloned lamb whose every cell contained a human gene. Shortly afterward, ABS Global Inc., a company in De Forest, Wis., announced the birth of Gene, a calf that was cloned from genetically altered fetal cells. With humans, predicted Dr. Lee Silver, a molecular biologist at Princeton University, the first genetic enhancements might be genes to protect against diseases, like an AIDS resistance gene or a gene to protect against Alzheimer's disease, both of which have already been identified. In a sense, it would be no different morally from vaccinating a child for a disease, Silver said. Research that lays the groundwork for cloning humans is proceeding rapidly. Dr. James Grifo, the director of the division of reproductive endocrinology at New York University Medical Center, is working on nuclear transfers, the crucial technique for cloning, but with another purpose in mind. His goal is to transfer the genetic material from immature eggs of older women into eggs of younger women. The egg could finish maturing with the machinery of the younger woman's egg, and that should result in less chromosomal damage, the bane of attempted pregnancies in older women. So far, Grifo has shown that he can move egg nuclei around, which is, in essence what is required for cloning. At the same time, Dr. Donald Wolf, a senior scientist at the Oregon Primate Research Center rent ' j t one get -ho a a -'one i yy See, you're not the iCtr only one giving &1J o iSources say Philmore led Ipolice to Perron's body J This holiday, Blockbuster is treating you. Clip the "rent-one, get-one FREE" coupon, good for movies or video game rentals and Make It A Blockbuster Holiday. iCONFESSION JFrow 1A Jing Perron's Lexus along Inter-Jstate 95. A Martin County grand jury is scheduled to hear the case !Dec. 16. j Investigators and prosecutors jsaid there is no rush to charge the Jmen in Perron's death because Jthey are being held without bond in jail on other charges. Spann, 23, !of West Palm Beach, has been Icharged with murder in the Sep Gold Lexus from a gas station to a friend's house in Palm Beach Gardens, where they abducted her and took her car. They believe Perron, 44, of West Palm Beach, was killed before Philmore and Spann used her car in a robbery of the First Bank of Indiantown. The men returned to West Palm Beach and later abandoned the car after it blew a tire along 1-95. They were captured after a four-hour manhunt. Investigators found a ,380-cali-ber semiautomatic handgun in the groves that weekend,. and ballistics tests confirmed it was the weapon used to kill Perron. The gun was stolen from Safari Gun and Pawn, 10045 Belvedere Road, in Royal Palm Beach on Nov. 13, detectives said. Sophia Hutchins, a woman charged in that robbery, told detectives she and Philmore robbed the pawnshop while Spann waited outside in a Subaru, court records state. Investigators said a Subaru was also used in the Indiantown bank robbery. Philmore was charged with the bank robbery after a teller identified him from a photo line-up. Assistant State Attorney Tom Bakkedahl said any charges connected to the carjacking and Perron's death will be prosecuted in Martin County, but any charges related to the pawn shop theft would have to be filed in Palm Beach County. r tember slaying Jof a Tallahassee man, and jPhilmore was charged with the Nov. 4 (armed robbery Jof H&B Jewellers in West Palm Beach. . Sources said Philmore IlpH investira- Spann 29 Locations in the West Palm Beach area. Rent 1 Get 1 FREE! Sundays thru Thursdays only, November 30 - Dtcambcr 21, 1997 iH MMKs yai K w FHfl 'pi w T'l ant nwrt Of t 9w a; IW cca! "3 e-.OUBuS'ER V DEC "to "B ' r IK'S') ud'5'! .: vflMal"11", ' wlai c. w -.si-.'' w Call 1-800-800-6767 for a store near you. . www.blockbusttr.com Still looking for that perfect gift? Pick up a Blockbuster Ciftcard. Available in $5 to $so denominations. Jtors to Perron's body, which was Jfound Nov. 21 in a canal in a grove off State Road 710. i A man who identified himself tas Philmore called a Post reporter bast week, offering to tell his story ' jin exchange for money he could juse at the jail canteen. The report-jer refused, citing company policy bgainst paying for information, i Sheriffs investigators initially eaid they believe Philmore and pantr followed Perron's 1995 5110BH28 Card uflV 0 owwwtfwns n Otar vW pMcewng 8LOCKaiVOiisuppl

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