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10 A THE PALM BEACH POST TUESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1997 s c Some scientists say humans can ibe cloned to save other humans .New "CoasterStone" Coasters. Willi!" .. "ife "The first coaster that really works"! Absorbs water like no other coaster. Try it yourself and see the difference. Designed to absorb condensation from beverage glasses. Makes a great hostess gift. and the director of Oregon's only in vitro fertilization center, at the University of Oregon, has two federal grants to study cloning in rhesus monkeys. One will involve cloning from cells of an adult. ,. "We're pretty optimistic," Wolf said. "We have every reason to think it will work." He explained that the National Institutes of Health, which gave him the grants, is interested in genetically identical monkeys for AIDS vaccine research and in clones of rhesus monkeys that, by chance, happened to develop a rare genetic disease, retinitis pigmentosa. By cloning the animals, Wolf hopes to make enough of them for investigators to use them to study the disease and its treatments. But Available in many marble colors or sculptured Greek key, rope and Victorian designs. Set includes four round coasters. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The perfect gift giving solution! Regularly $28 , SALE $20.99 Pionea rf Linens Est. 191 2 Complimentary gift wrap with purchase. For Bed, Bath and Table Genetically cloned Dolly the lamb created quite a stir. an embryo made-to-order with donated egg and sperm, the kind that many fertility clinics are already offering the infertile? But what cloning really accomplishes, experts said, is to make it possible, for the first time, to think seriously about genetically enhancing human beings. Scientists could grow a person's cells in sheets in the laboratory and sprinkle the cells with genes. Only a very few cells would take up the genes, and use them, but it is relatively easy for scientists to find 210 Clematis St. West Palm Beach, Downtown at the Fountain. 655-8553 1-800-207-5463 " one consequence of the primate work, Wolf said, is that it will establish methods that could be applied for the cloning of humans. "We are laying the groundwork," Wolf said. Society should think about the possible results of all this work "sooner rather than later," Wolf said. FREE attendant parking lot at the front entrance. Dortose wo aue a passion for i(j yuafiy linens : CLONING 2 From 1A Sand egg donors. After all, it is an American tradition to allow people Sthe freedom to reproduce in any Sway they like. 2 "From my perspective, it's just a matter of time" before the -first human is cloned, said Dr. ISteen Willadsen, a cloning pioneer Swho developed the fundamental 2 methods for cloning animals. - ; Willadsen, whose techniques Jwere used in the cloning of Dolly, jnow works at an in vitro fertiliza- tion center at St. Barnabas Hospital in East Orange, N.J. He said he Shad no ethical problem with clon-Sing humans. J, "It is not for me, as a person who invents techniques, to say -how we should use them," Willad- sen said. Z Lori Andrews, a professor at Z Chicago-Kent College of Law and J an expert on legal issues of repro-J duction, said she recently got a call from a British scientist who told her the same thing. Another doc-2tor, Andrews added, told her that 2"if any of my relatives got cancer, I 2 would clone them," and use the 2 clone as a bone marrow donor to jj save the cancer patient's life. " "I absolutely think the tenor 2 has changed," Andrews said. Peo-2 pie who said human cloning would 2 never be done "are now saying, 'Well, the risks aren't that great,' " she said. "I see a total shift in the burs' den of proof to saying that unless 2 you can prove there is actually 2 going to be harm, then we should 2 allow it," she said. 2 Andrews likes to quote two j fertility experts, Dr. Sophia Kleeg- man and Dr. Sherwin Kaufman, "who wrote, three decades ago, 2 that new reproductive arrange-2 ments pass through several pre-2 dictable stages, from "horrified negation" to "negation without horror" to "slow and gradual curi-S osity, study, evaluation and finally 2; a 'very slow but steady accep-2tance." 2 That happened, she said, with 2 artificial insemination, with in vitro 2 fertilization, with the freezing of human embryos and with surro-2 gate mothers. 2 And it is happening with clon-2 ing, Andrews said. But what is so 2 striking, she added, is that "the those cells and pluck them out of the mix. If they then used those cells to make clones, the clones would contain the added genes in every cell of their body. Already, two such experiments have been completed in animals, using cells from fetuses rather than cells from adults. Last summer, Dr. Keith Campbell of PPL Therapeutics in Roslin, Scotland, and Dr. Ian Wilmut of the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, the scientists who created Dolly, announced that they had made Polly, a cloned lamb whose every cell contained a. human gene. Shortly afterward, ABS Global Inc., a company in De Forest, Wis., announced the birth of Gene, a calf that was cloned from genetically altered fetal cells. With humans, predicted Dr. Lee Silver, a molecular biologist at Princeton University, the first genetic enhancements might be genes to protect against diseases, like an AIDS resistance gene or a gene to protect against Alzheimer's disease, both of which have already been identified. In a sense, it would be no different morally from vaccinating a child for a disease, Silver said. Research that lays the groundwork for cloning humans is proceeding rapidly. Dr. James Grifo, the director of the division of reproductive endocrinology at New York University Medical Center, is working on nuclear transfers, the crucial technique for cloning, but with another purpose in mind. His goal is to transfer the jjime frame from 'horrified nega-- tion' to 'let's do it' is so much (rem get 4-ioAA one genetic material from immature eggs of older women into eggs of shorter. "This is very, very quick," she said. Cloning would be fundamentally different from ordinary reproduction. It would involve taking a cell from a living person, slipping it into an egg cell whose genetic material has been removed and allowing the genetic material of the adult cell to direct the development of a new embryo, then fetus, then person who is the identical twin of the person who provided the initial cell. It would allow a living person to be reborn, in a sense, only at a later time. Scientists and infertility specialists envision certain specialized circumstances in which it might be acceptable to clone humans. Grieving parents may want to reproduce a terminally ill child. Or a woman may want a child but be infertile. Is it worse somehow for her to clone herself than to obtain younger women. I he egg could finish maturing with the machinery of the younger woman's egg, and that should result in less chromosomal damage, the bane of at tempted pregnancies in older women. So far, Grifo has shown that he See, you're not the can move egg nuclei around, which is, in essence what is required for cloning. At the same time, Dr. Donald Wolf, a senior scientist at the Oregon Primate Research Center only one giving i Sources say Philmore led police to Perron's body Spann followed Perron's 1995 Gold Lexus from a gas station to a friend's house in Palm Beach Gar dens, where they abducted her and took her car. They believe Perron, 44, of This holiday, Blockbuster is treating you. Clip the "rent-one, get-one FREE" coupon, good for movies or video game rentals and Make It A Blockbuster Holiday. CONFESSION From 1A County, where they were captured a few hours after abandoning Perron's Lexus along Interstate 95. A Martin County grand jury is scheduled to hear the case Dec. 16. Investigators and prosecutors said there is no rush to charge the men in Perron's death because they are being held without bond in jail on other charges. Spann, 23, of West Palm Beach, has been charged with murder in the Sep tember slaying of a Tallahassee man, .and Philmore was charged with the Nov. 4 armed robbery of H&B Jewelers in West Palm Beach. Sources said Philmore led investiga west palm Beach, was killed before Philmore and Spann used her car in a robbery of the First Bank of Indiantown. The men returned to West Palm Beach and later abandoned the car after it blew a tire along 1-95. They were captured after a four-hour manhunt. Investigators found a .380-cali-ber semiautomatic handgun in the groves that weekend, and ballistics tests confirmed it was the weapon used to kill Perron. The gun was stolen from Safari Gun and Pawn, 10045 Belvedere Road, in Royal Palm Beach on Nov. 13, detectives said. Sophia Hutchins, a woman charged in that robbery, told detectives she and Philmore robbed the pawnshop while Spann waited outside in a Subaru, court records state. Investigators said a Subaru was also used in the Indiantown bank robbery. Philmore was charged with the bank robbery after a teller identified him from a photo line-up. Assistant State Attorney Tom Bakkedahl said any charges connected to the carjacking and Perron's death will be prosecuted in Martin County, but any charges related to the pawn shop theft would have to be filed in Palm Beach County. ell h Spann Rent 1 Get 1 FREE! 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Sheriffs investigators initially said they believe Philmore and 5110BH26 tlOCJSTE "I Mr HoOiOd InwMir!nM ir M NgnM tori) Cfl my and wncmriMs vary Ce it utmq 9lOCk&.TO VIDfci Km whfe .