The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on December 5, 1944 · Page 1
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December 5, 1944

The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

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Tuesday, December 5, 1944
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THE DAILY CLINTOMAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties TH1C WEATHER Cloudy today, tonight and Wednesday. Little change in temperature. Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No. 19681 Price Three Cents. CLINTON, INDIANA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1944. Volume S'i Number 236. iwm win Threat of Civil NAVY PLANE SPOTS JAP MERCY SHIP Americans Drive East l From Huge Lines Saarlaiern; Captured Air Fleet Fierce Air Batt e Over bek . . . - Over 1,000 Allied LONDON )ON, England. In the climax to an almost record-breaking serai assaults against vital targets in Nazi Germany, more than 550 Fortresses and Liberators escorted by over St'O fighter planes i-ui ii ,.do-h -- - ies of aerial amuiicuu u.J .lottl, nnrl itnnt ti, iuo,i niioi melted nnd shuddered under a terrific daylight at- Senate Gives Approval To State Shake-up Stettinius Shake-up In State Department Wins Senate OK; 3 New Men Named as Secretaries WASHINGTON, D. C. As the senate foreign relations committee gave speedy approval today to the drastic State Department shakeup, Secretary Edward It. Stettinius disclosed that the reorganization will extend broadly into the department, with personnel shifts and reallgn-mendt of functions. , Stettinius' disclosure of further . changes in the State Department was made at his first conference with newsmen following his formal elevation to the highest-ranking cabinet post. Next week, Stettinius said, he will present an organization chart for the benefit of the presB and with easel and pointer will explain the new streamlined plan for the department which he has Just taken over. Altogether, the shake-up which followed three days after Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., was sworn in as Secretary of State, added up to the greatest reorganization in the lop strata which any government department has had in the entire course of the New Deal. One More to He Named Stettinius was ready to name at least one more assistant secretary as soon as the two new . jobs arc created namely. James C. Dunn,-now in charge of European affairs. He would be raised to the rank of Assistant Secretary with the same responsibilities. Despite some mutterings of dissatisfaction in the Senate, the Senate tliigiSlrtl III IDENTIFIED IMMEDIATELY by its white paint and huge Red Cross, a lap hospital ship goes safely on its way in Subic bay while a Navy Helkliver roars overhead. Navy bombers had just attacked Port Silanguin in the Philippines, which is seen smoking In the background. Official United States Navy photo. (International) US, Jap Destroyers Lost in Night Battle in Ormoc Bay; Ground Cains r.l.'K MACARTHIIR'S HO.. Phil jtack, particularly aimed at a large plant in the suburb or iegei. Other nearby objectives also were by a "few formations winch dropped their inisr-iles visually through ii hrcnlr In lite clouds. Most of the nl .., : 'luai'ivns in l ' i p- forte of nrarlv l,:.n0 il::li"3 in ! countered r.d verse conditions but fol- lowed through with their iLis-'ion? I f.a'Jf:'Ctoi-ily. ! Report. 80 Xnzin Doivned I Preliminary reports indicated llii:t j some of the fiercest air bat lies of the war were fought, over Tf-el. with the Germnn air force coming up In strength. Fighter plane :ihia who escorted the bombers reported J shooting down at least SO enemy planes, with no reports as yet received from gunners of the big attacking craft. Coincident with the American assaults, Royal Air Force Lancasters escorted by Mustangs and Spitfires carried out a "concentrated" attack upon the marshalling yards at Hamm in the Ruhr valley: Munster Railja-rils Hit. In addition to the Industrial targets singled, out in the Nazi capital, the railway marshalling yards at Munster were subjected to severe attack. Prior to the Berlin assault; thousands of American and British fight er-escorted bombers hammered by darkness and In daylight at ene- mv denote in western Germany, de- voindnB. in new nitch of ferocity the latest aerial campaign to choke off rail movements behind the fight- lng fronts. (Ml Center Hammered More than 1,000 British heavy bombers struck last night at the railroad center of Karlshuhe, funnel for Nazi oil shipments and supply movements to the embattled fronts opposite the American Third and Seventh armies. Karlsruhe, some 44 miles northeast of Strasbourg and a rail depot of prime importance, was hit heavily. The assault was continued by day light when swarms of American (Contlpuefl on page ) Vermillion County Half Wav Toward 6th War Loan Goal Vermillion County citizens passed the half-way mark in bond purchases for the Sixth War Loan, Mrs. Delia S. Swinehart, county war finance chairman, announced today. Sales of J300.000 have been made toward the quota of $503,300. she Bald. Individual buyers have been active in the past week, reports from all issuing agents showed. The Sixth War Loan will end Dec. 16 and all persons Intending to purchase market issues should buy before that time, Mrs. Swinehart warned. Two $5,000 allocations have been received in the past week, one from tho J. C. Penney Company and one I Continueo on page 6) I ar Hangs Over Freed Greece General Strike, Bloody Street Battle Bring On Premier's Resignation; Leftists Gaining Power LONDON, England. Premier Winston Churchill warned the House of Commons today that Greece faced civil war while dispatches from Athens disclosed that Premier George Papandreou had decided to resign as the result of the bloody striko which raged over the weekend in the Greek capital. Kconomlr, Financial Problems Churchill declared he was unable to say who had started the shooting in Greece but added that the nation was faced with "desperate economic and flnoncial problems as well as a civil war which we are trying to stop." "We and America are doing our 1 utmost to give the Greeks assist-tance and our troops are acting to prevent bloodshed." Churchill said. "Whether the Greeks form themselves a monarchy or a republic, a government of the left or right, is for them to decide but until they are in a position to make the decision we shall not hesitate to U3e the considerable British army now in Greece to see that law and order are maintained." Late dispatches to London gave this overall picture of events In Athens: Severe Street Fighting Severe street fighting last night i l'firlti'w nn Hire Reducing Marathon Pays off for Hoosier Fa rm Boy, Prize Pig CHICAGO, III. A 17-year-old fi-m lnri from Kentland. Ind.. Drized today above most other things in IiIb brief career a purple notion wnicn meant that his (listening white hog. prinra had wnn the Grand Cham pionship of the Junior Feeding Contest in the Chicago Fat Stock Show. But before the victory was achiev-a ii.o irnnhli'ri vouth. Raymond Taylor, was forced to go through an ordeal that occasionally conironis a nrlo fin-lit manager whose fighter is poundB overweight a few hours be fore weighing-in-time. Tinvmond hardly could resort to ihnt nld . nncllistic standby, the turkish bath, for his purebred Ches ter White Barrow, which was eigni pounds over the 300-pound v.eiRht limit, so he did the next beBt thing. Ho began walking the docile Prince back and forth, back and f.,wh nlnnir Hie long cold alleys in the Chicago Stock Yards. The jaunt became a marathon ana t'rince iook-ed up with appealing porcine eyes at the lad he supposed was his buddy. (Coutinued on page 3) US Two High State Officials Quit Posts Under Gates INDIANAPOLIS. Ind. Don F. Stiver, Superintendent of Indiana State Police and Director of Public Safety, is one of two Democratic state appointive officials who already have announced that they will resign prior to the time Republican Governor-elect Ralph F. Gates takes office Jan. 8. Stiver's resignation. submitted yesterday to outgoing Governor Henry F. Schrickor and to the State Police Board. Is effective Dec. 31. The resignation of Dr. W. F. Dunham as Superintendent of the Fort Wayne State School is effective Jan. 8. Dr. Dunham, superintendent at the school since 1933. plans to return to general practice of medicine In Tipton County. Stiver, in submitting his resignation after nine years as head of the two departments, said that he would return to his home town of Coshen to assume active charge of Stiver's furniture and funeral directing firm. A statement made by Governor-elect Gates asserted: "I have .made no decision anil no committment regarding a successor to Don Stiver when he retires." Stiver was named to the state police post nine years ago by Governor Paul V. McNutt and was reappointed by Governor M. Clifford Townsend and Gov. Schricker Prior to that he had been mayor of Goshen and also city judge. Stiver, during his Btate police Work, received national recognition on several occasions. He was the first chairman of the State and Provincial Section of the International Association of Chiefs of Police and served in thai capacity for three years. He still is serving as chairman of the Committee on Te?ts for Intoxication. ind Patton Forces Cross Saar To i Take Nazi Town Artillery-Supported US .; Troops Score New Gains; Four of Six Nazi Units ; ; j "Disappear" at Cologne ; . ! PARIS, France. Crack troops "of the United States Third Army plunged eastward into the Saar valley out of the captured city of Saar-lnutern today, scooping up a number of towns and villages on its way. I While headquarters of Gen, Dwlght D. Eisenhower reported "e' liminatlon" of four out of the six-original German divisions assigned to defend the Cologne plains, Indi-. eating at least an increasingly ser ious problem of supply and maintenance for the Nazi high command Jn the midst of heavy fighting. ' ( YcK-rt Iliver to Town . ' Third Army forces under Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton, took the; , town of Ubernherrn across the Saar j river inside Germany. The Tillage lies six miles southwest of' Saarlau- tern and is surrounded by nuttier-' i ons strongpolnts which were mop- , ! ped up in the face of considerable- Herman machine-gun and mortar . fire. : These American units also advanced beyond . Saarlautern .to. ,Ui eaU despite heavy enemy artillery,, The, town of Llsdorf was among the German hamlets cleared of enemy, troops. '. ' Rilirl Counterattack " A small German counterattack In-' volving two enemy Infantry compa-, t Continued on page 6) j Liberation Comes 1 ! To 100 Million v; j People in Europe j WASHINGTON, D. C. One hun-' dred million people in Europe alone have been freed from the Germans-after from three to five years ; Of I "Nazi looting, persecution, and brutality," President Roosevelt told j congress today in the first report jon United States participation in the United Nations relief and rehabili-, tation adminstration. . . ! "The conditions which prevail In , many liberated territories have proven unfortunately to be fully as des- perate as earlier reports have indicated," the President said. "The en-emy has been ruthlesB beyond mea sure." ' , ! Mr. Roosevelt told congress that i the Nazis instituted "a deliberate i policy of starvation persecution and plunder which has Btripped millions ; of people of everything that could be destroyed or taken away." i The report gave an accounting of. funds appropriated by various member countries of UNPRA. Congress! has authorized United States participation to the extent of Jl. 350. 000'.-000, of which $450,000,000 already has been appropriated, and provision has been made for transfer of an additional $35,000,000 In supples. . and services. ... j The report accuses the Nazis of ! destroying food supplies and means of food production as a systematic policy, either as sheer punishment or civilian populations or to deprive guerilla forces of means of sustenance. "In Poland Blow starvation of whole sections of the population has been a cardinal German policy," the report stated. It is predicted that food Bhortags will be severe this winter In parls of France, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Norway. I William S. Nisbet Named j To Trustees Committee In connection with the Indiana j Township Trustee's Convention. Wil-i Ham S. Nisbet. Clinton townst in ,; trustee, has been chosen to be ar ! mong the group of trustee men to (speak at a panel-discussion progrunij to be held at the Claypool hotel in-j Indianapolis, Thursday, Dee. 7. ' Proposed resolutions and nia'ters ; pertaining to legislation which ill i come before the next session of the - Indiana General Assembly will he ' considered at the joint session of . ' these groups. Mrs. Nisbet Is on tne ( legislative committee. Poi Planes Hit Reich rur'. inn UDOn Berlin munitions and tank-manufacturing hit , while Berlin itself was bombed Wounded In Action 7t" j- ?5 Flint Lieutenant Maxwell Wnjne Kaniiil, son of Mr. and fills. George Kaiuni of ISIuckinnti Street, has been slightly Mounded in action in Fiance, Ills parent learned In a teleKram from the War Department Sunday. Lt., Kniiink nil Infantry officer with the Third Army in Hie Saar region was wounded on Nov. 17 mid ts now in a hospital in France. He wan recently uivardeil the Bronze Star for heroic achievement in action. Ravenna Garrison Falls to Troops Of British 8th Power-Drive Outflanks Adriatic City, Lines To Faenza, Russi are Cut ROME, Italy. For the first time in weeks of the Jong-stalemated Italian campaign, Allied headquarter!' today were able to announce a major victory - British Kighth rniy cai.t'.ne of Ravenna, historic gar'i-son city five miles inland from the Adriatic Sea. The town had been outflanked and entered in a power-house drive which previously had overrun the town of Russi and cut the main road and railway links between Ravenna and tho city of Faenza. Faenza also was outflanked by the Tommies before they enterei' Ravenna, 40 m!lo3 east of Bologna astride the coastal road to Ferrarn at a point 30 miles north of the harbor city of Itiminl. Russi is situated nine miles west southwest of Ravenna and 10 mile;: northwest of Faenza. Cllt t'oiiiniMllicalions The vital communications line:: were cut a mile and one-half northeast of Russi. Con;'.r,ueiT on page B) on Saar Bridge span. They did it to throw the Na- zis and the young lieutenant off . guard. j "It was fairly pood moonlight." I Major Davis said. I "The Saar current had Flowed down a good bit, and the enemy didn't seem to know we were about to give this little surprise party for him," he said. "So the first few went over Quietly," Captain Meise added. "They disposed of any sentinels who might have given out tlte alarm. - . AsNtult HoaM in Anion "By six o'clock in the morning, assault boats were plying back and forth across the ''aar in large batches," he continued. "None of them drew fire. And the first group were in the eastern side of Saarlautern. across the river there, before the Germans knew they had even started. The first batch of them made (Continueo on page 6) 'Drastic Control' Of US Manpower Is Threatened National Draft Demands Renewed as Production Falls Behind War Needs WASHINGTON, D. C. A threat of "drastic" labor control perhaps a national service act hung over the nation's manpower today if it fails to get in step at home with the tempo of the war fronts to fill the gaps in certain critical war plants. Army Demands ItenenUMl Lieut. Gen. Brohon Somervell, chief of the Army Services Forces, appeared before congress and warned that "We'll be back" to ask the noiinnnl service legislation which the army always has favored if current efforts to step up lagging phases of the heavy war goods output do not appear successful at the end of this month. The senate war investigating committee prepared to hear on Thursday War Production Board chairman Julius A. Krug's proposal, endorsed by Somervell, for a postwar bonus to war workers who stick to their jobs. Bonus Keac-tion Mixed Committee reaction to the "bonus" proposal was mixed. Sens. Ferguson (Rl Mich., and Ball (R) Minn., both were apprehensive about it. Both think wage boosts would be the answer for such heavy tasks as (Continueo on Page E) Auto Repairmen to Meet Clinton Auto Repairmen and Service Station Attendants' Association will meet tonight at 7 p. in. in the J. L. Homey Roberts Battery shop, it was announced today. American Rockets I I I ippines A Saturday night naval battle in Ormoc Bay cost the United States and Japan a destroyer each. Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced today. In his morning communique he said it was believed the American destroyer was lost when It struck a floating mine during the engagement with three enemy destroyers, one of which was sunk and a second severely damaged. Malorlty of Crew Havcd "The majority of the crew was rnacnnii " MacArthur Bald In re pealing details of the American ves-' sol's sinking. The rescues were accomplished by 'night-flying Navy Catalinas which made repeated landings within sight of enemy snore naileries hi mm around Ormoc to pick up survivors. One plane picked up 56 men on a The Black Cats patrolled the scene of the furious naval action until late Sunday until every survivor was rescued. (Continued on page 3) John Why tc, 83, Dies at Home Of Son On Monday John Whyte. 83. died at the home of his son. George. 915 Walnut Street, yesterday following a week's illness. Mr. Whyte has been a resident of Clinton for 33 years. Besides the son. George, he is survived by a son. William, of Detroit; two daughters, Mrs. Anna Downs. Detroit and Mrs. Jeanie Miller. Scotland, ten grandchildren, and five great grandchildren. The body w:y taken to the Frist Funeral Home and will remain there for funeral services Wednesday at 2:30 p. in., with Rev. Roy C. I.ln-berg officiating. Continued eorilcos will be held Thursday at Detroit, mirt burial will be in the Forest Lawn cemetery. Major Weapons made long before Berlin even began to talk of this revolutionary war development, both branches of the service have now developed these Implements to a point where they get a highest priority both in materials and manpower. Extensive Manufacture Planned So important has the rocket become in the minds of military strategists who have seen operations under extreme conditions of warfare that the navy will be spending about 100 million dollars a month on their manufacture in 1945. a survey of rocket production prepared by the Office of ar iniormauon said. The army. It was reported, also will spend about twelve million dollars monthly for rocket ammunition alone in 145. it was said. The OWI survey did not mention (Contlnuea on page S) Foreign Relations Committee was "expected to approve today the nominations of Joseph C. Grew, former Ambassador to Japan, as Undersecretary of State succeeding Stettinius. and William L. Clayton, Nelson A. Rockefeller and Archibald McLeish. as Assistant Secretaries. The committee is also scheduled to approve the bill creating two additional Assistant Secretaries. Confers Willi Senate Croup The committee session followed a conference between Stettinius and leaders of the Senate group in which the new State Secretary explained reasons for the wholesale rorgani-(Continued on page 6) Presidential OK Of Payroll Freeze Sought in House WASHINGTON, D. C. Fearful of a presidential veto, congressional proponents of "freezing" the social security payroll tax for 1945 redoubled their efforts to forestall executive disapproval as the house opened consideration of the measure today. With the Doughton bill seemingly assured of pftssage in both houseB by comfortable majorities, advocates of the tax freeze Btrove to find some way of maneuvering the President into approving the move. The refusal of Sen. Vandenberg (It) Mich., to entertain any move to attach the freeze bill to the second war powers act as a rider came as a bombshell to Republican house leaders, who are spearheading the drive for retaining the tax at its present level of one percent. Unless frozen, the tax bill will rise Jan. 1 to two percent on employers and employes under present provisions of the social security law. Vandenberg's attitude seemed to preclude carrying out of the original plan to make the freeze bill part of the second war powers act. which vests in the President broad emergency powers. The house extended the act for another year, until Dec. 31, 1945. However, house Republicans indicated they would make an attempt to induce the Michigan senator, who Is spearheading the drive in congress to retain the present tax. to change his mind or to find some other means of obtaining th same end. Vandenberg said he was not interested "in any parliamentary coup in order to put the President in a hole." adding that "the President is entitled to a clear crack at a straight bill if he wishes to veto it." Rep. Dingell R) Mich., one of the leaders In the fight against the tax freeze in the house, expressed the belief that "the President wiP veto it regardless of what kind of mantle they wrap It up in." Meanwhile. Rep. Knr.tson (R Minn., acting rankinz minority member of the house ways and mean-committee, predicted the lax freeze would be approved by the house two fo one. Germans Found Asleep at Switch' In Operations Against Nazis, Japs In Surprise Assault WITH THE AMERICAN THIRD ARMY, Saarlautern. Adolf Hitler, cringing In some far-off hideout, must, be boiling mad at his Wehr-macht today for its failure to prevent Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton's troops from crossing the Saar river under the nose of the Siegfried Line. But the most woeful officer In the German army must be the young lieutenant who did not give the command in time to blow up the bridge that spans the river in the center of Saarlautern. Thrown Off (tuard As Gen. Patton's forces hurled new pressure against the Reich frontier above and below the city and tightened their hold on the bridgehead across the Saar. Maj. Robert T. Davis, of Wilmington, N. C, and Capt. Richard J. Meise explained why "our troops went across the river in assault boats so early in the I morning to seize tne saarlautern Pittsburgh. Pa. One of the nation's leading rocket experts declared today that even if the Germans could attack New York City and other east coast metropolises with buzz-bombs, the whole project would be too impractical to be really worthwhile. G. Edward Pendray. Secretary of the American P.ocket Society and executive of the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, debunked the whole idea by pointing hut that a V-3 would weigh roughly 70 tons, of which only five tons would be the explosive warhead. WASHINGTON. D. C. American rockets, designed on the same principle as Germany's vaunted V-2. have become a major implement of t S. warfare and have aided in landings both in Europe and the Far East, the army and navy re- j ported today. 1

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