The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on December 4, 1944 · Page 1
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December 4, 1944

The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

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Monday, December 4, 1944
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) THE DAILY CLINTONIAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No. 19687 THE WEATHER Increasing cloudiness and warmer today and tonight. Tuesday rain. Price Three Cents. CLINTON, INDIANA, MONDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1944. Volume 32 Number 235. T in o)MW fol n n 1 M I m li v uyiu LfU SMllLAlTtEljJ fp)im A YANKS CAPTURE NAZI OFFICER Patton's Forces HoM 16-Mile of Nazi Bridge Bank of Saar I Three Russian Armies Crash Across Hungary Miskolc Engulfed in New Drive Reaching Within 60 Miles of Border; Many Prisoners, Arms Taken MOSCOW Three mighty Soviet Artillery; aeizeaar ,.-:,,,, iMJIJi u ,. 111)1)1 ,r-fWWpIMIMIf' ." f Wit v f . f ', i i I til I t-i :- Jf- v Grew Drummed As Successor To Stettinius Former Tokyo Minister In Under-Secretary Race; Wide Changes Due in State Department Offices WASHINGTON, D. C. A sweeping shakeup In the State Department's upper strata loomed today with changes Involving the appointment of an undersecretary, two assistant secretaries, and the shift to Undersecretaries Adolf Berle, Jr., and Breckinridge Long to foreign diplomatic posts. The shakeup. which was approved by President Roosevelt, was being Martial Law Declared in Alhens ar Creek Leftists Stage Riots, Strikes A renewed outbreak of violence threatened LONDON, Kngland. i t v ui,ratei Greene today as the left-wing RAM (National Liberation Front) m i n caneli a genual strike In protest against the government order disbanding tne mintia and other guerrilla organizations. British tanks patrolled Athena and the port illy of Piraeus during the ti" Mr1 jrif: '-31; 1 !;'' ; AMERICAN SOLDIERS study a Naa oBjcer captured in lutz. He atanris in front of the Hotel Royal where Adolf Hitler once stayed during a visit to the fortress French city. ( I mh national) American PT Boats Harass Japs in South Philippines; GEN. MACAKTHL'R S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines Unhampered by the torrential rains which have stalemated American ground operations in the Ormoc corridor of Leyte Island, U. S. PT boats have been active throughout the southern Philippines, morning communique today. Ranging as far north as Masbate done much to harass Japanese shipping, and yesterday left a 4.0(H) ton armies crashed through Hungary today In a steam-roller offensive which eneulfed the industrial city of Mls- kole. overran the key Junctions of .Satoraljaujhely and Dunafoldvar and Ihrust armored spearheads to with-' In 60 miles of the Austrian border. Moscow announced that armored forces pacing the widening offensive of the Third Ukrainian Army south- I west of Budapest today were ranging through the muddy Hungarian plait I only 60 miles from Austria despltt desperate Nazi efforts to halt them. I Tiie Germans chopped down huge Acacia trees and threw tiiem athwart the highways along with huge rolls !of tangled barbed wire but failed to i halt the Soviet advance which, ac-i conling to the Moscow radio, has scooped up some 21.000 Nazi and j Hungarian prisoners in the past four I weeks. The fall of Miskolc, 80 miles miles northeast of Budapest, came after weeks of bitter fighting by the ' second Ukrainian army of Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky and was announced by Marshal Joseph Stalin in a special order of the day. hlw Iaist tireat Fortress Northeast of Miskolc, the fourth Ukrainian army jabbed Its way Into Satoraljaujhely, some 25 miles west of captured Csap and wrested the last great fortress in northeastern Hungary from German and Hungarian hands. Like Miskolc, the fall of Satoraljaujhely was announced In a special order of the day by Marshal Stalin and the cannon of Moscow roared out 20 salvoes in ceiebratlon of the victory. Meanwhile, the Soviet third Ukrainian army under the command of Gen. Feodor I. Tolbukhin widened Vinffniien rn oare SI Finish Fight On Social Security Tax Freeze Nears j Hopes for Adjournment Fade as Congress Demand Payroll Tax Issue Settled J WASHINGTON, D. C Hopes for adjournment of the 78th congress I before Dec. 16 waned today as sen-j ate and house opponents prepared for a finish fight with administration over "freezing" of the social security payroll tax. Hold Seion Ojen Sen. Vandenburgh (R) Mich., served notice that lie will demand that congress remain in session until President Hooseveit has acted on the proposal, which both houses are expected, to approve, perhaps tills week. The house will take up the Doughton measure Tuesday. It retains tiie present tax of one per cent on employers and employes for 145, setting aside the provision in t lie social security law which calls for its automatic doubling Jan. 1. Tiie increase would bring in an estimated one billion, 500 million dollars a year additional for the social security program. Eipnrt FIK Veto Kreeae The consensus on Capitol Hill is that both houses will speedily ai-(Coutinucd on Page 2) mericans Pour mlo East End , Of Saarlautern Sharp Threat Posed To Nazi Industry in Third Army Gains; Ninth Army Koportcd Across Roer PARIS, France. United States Third Army troops under Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton Jr., blasted ahead despite a terrific German artillery barrage today to gain positions a-'long a 10-milo stretch of the Saar ! river and plunge across an lntac.t j bridge into the town of Saarlautern. j Half Town In I'H Hand More than half of the town of, I 33,000, one of the most Important n the Saar valley, now Is In American hands, while another crossing of lie German frontier was effected in he vicinity of Wilhelmsbronn. , y Headquarters of Gen. Dwlglit p.. "isenhower revealed that In addl-; on to Patton's galnB. the U. 8.'-"irst Army had pushed beyond '.randenberg and now are In the virility of Ilergstein. , Gen. Patton already haB gained -,vo miles In crossing the German; ronlier. His forces advanced a mile nd three quarters approaching Ket- aslel and two miles northwest of 'aarunlon. Irst North of llurten The First Army, headquarter .lid. now is fighting In the vicinity f Gey, northeast of Hurtgen. and' ,long the Kelnhau - Brandenber "oad. ' The United States Seventh Army-(fnnttnueA on pare at Chindwin River Port Fa! Is To turmese Advance KANDY, Ceylon East African . roops of the British 14th Army awed their way through Burma ingle today toward Mandalay, 15.0 ilos away. In a victorious sweep hich captured the key Chlndwln iver port of Kalewa. The seizure of Kalewa was the irst major viclory of the East Afrl-ins and apparently the speed with hich they raced Into the town aught the Japs hy surprise since hey left behind huge stores of war upplies in their precipitous flight. One British column slammed Into ' city after advancing through the eicherous Myittha Gorge and a cond moved into the city In a "sh along the western bank of the 'indwin. The drive through mountains and unfiles on (he river stronghold of lie Japs was spearheaded by tanks, vhich operated under conditiona described as "unknown on a,ny other front". Front line observers said the worst terrain is now behind the Brush and that comparatively open . -ountry ilea before them in the drive on Mandalay. Meanwhile Chinese forces making i lateral drive through Burma tightened the hold around the Jap-neld Burma Koad bastion of Bhamo and nade slight, hard-won gains to the north and east of the town. AH'ed war planes supported the Mri'ish and Chinese advances with ittseks on Japanese troops and po-t -it ions along the Chindwin. One ih:ne fulled lo return to it base. HHIsfi-tle Private Lost In Jap-Held Leyte Jungle With the Seventh Infantry Division On Levte, Nov. 7. ( Delayed I I'fc. Paul Pearman of Hillsdale. Ind.. underwent one of the more harrowing experiences of the Leyte campaign when he recently became lost in Jap-held jungle for a night and a day. Pearman was helping to evacuate wounded men near San Pablo airstrip when he was caught In t' bush by darkness. He dug In for night in Jap territory. Although he was not discovered hy the netry. his own side contributed to the difficulties of tiie situation by opening up a terrific artSl'cr barrage in his vicinity. Pearman started walking, a dfj-hreak. and after a day of wsnderine. found American troops. They tur'iwd out to be men of the 86th Divirion in a sector far north of M ' nient. .it Fliers Scour Seas General MacArthur disclosed In Ws Island the daring little boats have Sunday Smash at Jap Capital Successful Bat 'Toughest to Date9 U-29 BASE. Saipan America'f Central Pacific Fleet of Superfortresses was back at this Island base today with returning pilotB reporting Sunday's smash at Tokyo as the most successful and the toughest to date. In their fourtli slashing raid on the enemy capital yesterday the big combat giants of the airways had to fight their way through strong Japanese fgihler interception to drop their loads of explosives but they left Tokyo's vital Masashiml aircraft plant blotched with smoke and flame. The 2.7(in-mile flight was a real test of the ability of the big planes to take it as well as hand it out. and they came through with flying colors, though losing one of their number over the target. Major Robert D. Luman of Post Falls, la., commanding the fourtli plane over the target, reported that Jap Zeros harrassed his formation for a distance of fifty miles in and around the Tokyo area. His co-pilot. (Continued on Page 2) Injured Suffered In Fall Fatal To Clinton KeKident Mrs. Klizabeth Ilynum, 81. 1003 Walnut Street, died at the Vermillion County Hospital at 10:15 p. m. Sunday, as the result of a fall she sustained earlier in the day. While returning from Terre Haute to her son's residence where she made her home. Mrs. Ilynum slipped on the back steps of the house and fell, striking her bead on the cement walk. She was immediately taken to the county hospital where she died. The body was taken to the Frist Funeral Home and will be returned to the residence Monday evening. Funeral services will be held Wednesday at the Church of Christ and burial will be in the Fairview Cemetery in Klnora. Mrs. Ilynum is survived by three sons. Norval. Clinton. Ross, Indianapolis, and George of Dallas. Texas: three daughters. Mrs. Pearl Fleener. Washington. Ind., Mrs. Minnie Baker. Elnora. Ind. and Mrs. Stella Mc-Neeley of Indianapolis: 16 grandchildren, 11 great grandchildren, and one sister, Mrs. Ellen Yaizell of Terre Haute. Sixth District Legion Meeting in Creencastle Mr. and Mrs. Louis Lemstra. Mr. and Mrs. George Walthall and Sgt. John R. Roliertson of Clinton attended the Sixth District Meeting of the American Legion held yesterday in Greencastie. Sgt. Robertson is home on 30-day furlough after being in action with I the U. S. Air Forces in Europe. Sunday clashc; lit I'm Greek capital. said that a column of EAM demon- Receives Gunners Wings J.kaM 1'fe. Homer K. HlnipMiii. "f Mr. and Mis. Kdward Mmi'sou of Clinton, Ind. received Hie wings of an aerial gu r ut graduation exeivise at HiU'lillgen, Texas Army Air Field. His wife lives at Mil W. Fifth Avenue, iaiy. Ind. Italian Fascists Join Allies in Bitter Fight For Key Hub at Faenza ItOMK. KhIj promiM of r bombing into "record" wind "the heart of tieruiaiiy", was given today b Lt. ien. Ira Kuker. Vriillialller-lll-f'hlef of the 13th Mediterranean Air Force. Already, he said, ImmiiImt plane assigned lo this theatre have so liatler.-! retreating tieriiian armies lit the Italkans "(but they will never reach the Iteich in any Kbr.ie to participate d'tisively in fini'l liettles on the (iemian H'n-t.-rliin.l which was their desien". HOME, Italy. Italian Fascis troops who appeared last month i: (Continued on page f, I Bi T C Cflu l?'! OlUJ "V, 20 Jap Vessels, T..... W-imiJi r M " "V ' WASHINGTON. D. C Th vvv Htimiiinced today (bat 1 submarines have sunk 20 more Jat slilpB. including a light cruiser anC destroyer, in Pacific and Far East ern waters. Other Jap losses included ter medium cargo vessels, one medium tanker, four medium cargo trans ports and tliiee cargo vessels None of these losses had been re ported previously, The communique revealing the latest bag of enemy shioping in thr fight against Jap supply lines was the first announcement since Nov. 25 when a to!! of 27 vessels sunk b undersea craft was made public, As a refiiit of I he new enemy loss es. the Navy submarine score rgain itlie J.'i"s since P.'arl Harbor shows : iosr of romb':t:i?it F'-.ies of wh!f l 'there v-ere ?o ei-tpwers sunk, probably sunk or dimiife,) t,,a..-, cru'ser. Uow-'er. is nn'y the twelf". which is claimed actually to ha'.' beep sunk. The dert rover is (Ve 4"'h of the tvne to be sunk b'.i(. inc'udir.sr thos probably sun!: and damaged to'al score is 51. the There have been a total of 1030 non-eombatan vessels sunk, prob- ::bly sunk or damaged 1 ISTC Extension Courses Onen a Povinprton On ter Enrollment for c-fdit in the Speech and Education Classes at the Covington Residi nee Center may still be made Wednesdav. Dec. 6 at 6 p. m.. it was announced today. Courses offered are Oral Interpretation of Reading by Dr. D. W. Morris and Research in Education by Dr. Olis Jamison. The latter course is required for a Masters' Degree or an executive license. Auditors may enroll any time. -i Jt " 3 n)E,t uf curfew which followed severe 13 Killed in Hlols Reports from Athens yesterday Bi rations were fired upon by government police as they reached the P.oyal Palace. The police fired on the demonstrators for 25 minutes, the report added, resulting in tiie den!: of at lenst 15 people nn'J (he wound-in'' of 118 others. Violence broke out a second tfim loto Sunday between a Royalt group of former A'nry officers ::nd members cf the E.LAS (Liberation Front Militia). The. attacrers were reported to have fired upon th-t'.LAS with heavy machine guns, -lain mill Flags A second body of EAM marchers reportedly was fired upon when they ried to pick up a blood-stained union Jack and the flags of lie United Statei; and Soviet Russia which fell with the first burst of fire. Premier Georges Papandreau, in a broadcast from Greece, declared "unfortunately our national unity is broken". ' "In the name of (he people and the nation wo denounce the leaders of the extreme left as preparing the way to civil war." the Premier added. "We must unite and overcome this mortal crisis." Premier Uraiided Outlaw The Premier was branded as "an outlaw" In a later demonstration outside Communist headquarters. Martial Law Proclaimed ATHENS In a move to avert a possible minority uprising against the Greek government, MaJ. Gen. Ronald Scobie. commanding Allied forces, in Greece, today proclaimed martial law in Athens and Piraeus following several days of unrest. The proclamation followed a new disorderly incident last night when British troops surrounded and dis-. CfTomlnnef on naae 3 Senate Officials To Resume Probe Of State Election INDIANAPOLIS. Ind. Harold Buckles, chief Investigator for the senatorial campaign investigation committee, was to return from Washington today to resume probes of alleged voting irregularities and charges that challenged the nomina-. Hon of Senator Homer E. Capehart. . George Shillito, another inves'i-, eator. was expected to arrive with 1 Buckles. Clifford V. Sutcliffe. a fel-j low prober, lias maintained investi-i gation headquarters at the Claypool Hotel in Indianapolis dlring the absence of his colleagues. Hundreds of phone calls and letters from voters who claimed disfranchisement have been received. Senators Thomas Stewart (Dl of Tennessee and Joseph Ball (Rl of Minnesota on Dec. 18 will conduct a hearing of evidence and findings by investigators, probably in a federal courtroom in Indianapolis. Arrival of Robert T. Murphy, chief counsel for the committee, is expected soon. j Benjamin Harrison. Indianapolis and Wakeman General at Camp At-(erhury, Columbus. Ind. and the veterans hospitals at Marion and at Indianapolis as well as to veterans in other state institutions, Mr. Lemstra said. Gifts are to be contributed by the nubile iii addition to postB and un- its of the Legion and will be distrib- uted in Indiana hospitals through the Legion's offices. Clinton merchants are cooperating in the drive by providing window display space and booths, showing suggested Christmas gifts. Hospital restrictions do not allow the giving of food as gifts, Mr. Lemstra pointed out. There is no limit or restriction on the amount to be spent for the gift, this is left to the Judgment of the individual. ' Gifta are not to be gift-wrapped. (Continued on page 2) ; I i i ' j ' i i I 1 , I undertaken by newly-appointed Secretary of State Edward K. Stettinius, Jr. It was understood that Mr. Roosevelt ordered Harry Hopkins, his special assistant, and Stettinius to draw up a complete slate of changes for White House approval. Grew to be 1'nder.Secretarj' At the top of the list was the name of Joseph C. Grew for the post of undersecretary made vacant by the elevation of Stettinius. Crew once occupied that post for a few months 20 years ago before be became ambassador to Turkey and later U. S. envoy to Japan. It 1 understood that all four assistant secretaries submitted their resignations as a matter of form when Stettinius was appointed secretary of state to succeed Cordell Hull. Serrebu-iea Ke-Anslened According to this report, the resignations of Berle and Long are being accepted, but with reassignment to foreign posts. Berle reportedly was offered the ambassadorship to Brazil, which was vacated when Jefferson Caffery was brought home and then appointed ambassador to Paris, but Berle declined this post, it was said, and asked that he be given an embassy In Europe. , Long was offered the embassy in Havana, but declined, and was then offered the ambassadorship to Portugal. 1 (Continue on page 0) Democrats Block Demands for Two Congress Probes WASHINGTON'. D. C. Demo cratic congressional leaderB today effectively blocked at least uniil the next congress meets in January a general investigation of the . Pearl Harbor debacle. They also appeared to have sty mied demands for an inquiry into the feud between Attorney General Francis Biddle and Norman M. Lit-tcll, who was removed as Assistan( Attorney - General h y President Roosevelt for insubordination. Despite the unfavorable situation. Republicans in both senate and house clamored for a full-dress inquiry into the decision of the army and navy not to Institute court-martial proceedings against MaJ. Gen. Walter Short and Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, Pearl Harbor commanders. "We would not be justified in reporting the resolution of Sen. Ferguson of Michigan for a Pearl Harbor inquiry in view of the action of the army and navy." said Sen. Robert R. Reynolds (D N. C chairman of the senate military affairs -committee. "At least we ought to let the matter go over until the next congress convenes." Sen. Rcott Lucas (D) III., chairman of the audit and control committee, through which Investigation resolutions also must pass, said 'l am inclined to agree with Sen. Reynolds." A drive, however, may be made In the senate naval affairs committee for an. inquiry. "I think the time is ripe for the people to know ail the facts," said Sen. Wiley (R Wis., member or the committee. "All this pussy-footing does not make for good government. The only question is whether Admiral Kimmel and Gen. Short would feel that they could nol talk." Meantime. Rep. Eugene Cox (Dl Ga.. a leader on the house rulet committee, said that Rep. Jerry Voorhis (D) Calif., would be given a hearing in his demand for investigation of the Biddle-Littell feud. He doubted, however, that it would be approved. ' Meantime. Attorney-General Piddle was undisputed ruler of ttie Justice Department, with the backing of President Roosevelt's rebuke to Lit tell. Appointment of a successor tf Littell as bead of the Lands Division of the department is expected toon. freigiiter afiame and sinking. Wiiile patroiing the Samar Sea, the PTSs shot down one Jap plane and damaged another, according to Gen. Vs.cAr(hur. Patrol Action Near Halt Because of tiie torrential rains which have swept the Ormoc pocket, in which are trapped remnants of the Japanese garrisons on Leyte. only spasmodic patrol activity was possible by members of the 32nd Infantry Division, pressing down the valley from Limon, and the Seventh Infantry Division, pushing up from the south towards Ormoc. The 96th Infantry and the First Cavalry Divisions, who have been maintaining pressure against 1he Japs from the east and northeast of Ormoc, also were held virtually motionless by the heaviest rainfall to hit Leyte in years. Widespread Ai" Attacks Rut wiiile rain checked the hard hitting Doughboys in their drive to capture Ormoc, a widespread series of aerial attacks against Jap bases in the southern Philippines and southwest Pacific was carried out with good results. MacArthur reported. A formation of Liberator bombers, escorted by P-38 lighters, attacked Puerto Princesa airdrome on Palawan Island, plastering the runways and adjacent buildings with 135 tons of bombs and destroying four parked enemy planes. No enemy air opposition was encountered in the attack. Fighters and attack bombers lilt at Jap installations at Dansalau, near Lake Lanao. on Mindanao Island, while pursuit planes operating over the same island caugiit ten enemy fighters taking off from the Sassa airdrome and shot down four and probably a fifth. Patrol planes flew to (he north coast of Horneo where they sank two 1.0(to-ton freighters and probably a third, and on a second raid strafed the Kudat airdrome. (Contmuert on page Apa Home Suffers Damage in Blaze Sunday Morning Fire caused extensive damages to the I'ome of Mrs. Concetta Apa. 935 Elm Street, at 1 a. m. Sunday, it was announced today. The cause of the fire could not bo determined, hut it started in the basement and burnKi up the stairway to the attic. Considerable damage was done to the house by the fire and several pieces of furniture were partially ruined by water. Another fire was reported Saturday at 1:15 p. in. in the ZOO block on South Main Street. A car was blazing when the department was called but when the lire truck arrived, the car was goi4e. Witnesses say the car was still burning when it was driven away. "Give a Gift for a Yank Who Cave" American Legion Urges Gintonites Every wounded, sick and disabl- ed serviceman and woman In government hospitals in the United States will receive Christmas gifts under a nation-wide plan sponsored by movie and radio comedian Eddie Cantor and the American Legion, according to Louis J. Lemstra. Clinton, commander of tiie Sixth District of the Indiana department of the Legion. Eddie Cantor, who urges the distribution of the gifts every Wednesday night in his radio show, has called on the American Legion and the American Legion Auxiliary to assist in this program which calls for at least two million gifts to be distributed to 500.000 "Yanks who gave" now hospitalized in Veterans' and Army and Navy Hospitals. Four Indiana HoKdtais Gifts will be distributed in the two army and two veterans hospitals in Indiana, Hiillings General at Fort

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