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THE : DAILY CLINTONIAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties? Mailed In Conformity With P. 0. D. Order No. 19687 Tirr: WEAnrr.n Light snow or rain today and to night. Thursday cloudy and colder.. Volume 32 Number 232. CLINTON, INDIANA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1944, Price Three Cents mi m Sec rctary of State . ' " 1 y j is ' tj U. S. Planes Again Over Tokyo; Leyte Under Naval Attack Pattern's Troops Stand 5 Miles From Saarbrucken; 1st Army Completes Capture of Hurtgen Labor Demands Peace, Postwar Council Voice AFL Endorses Principle , Of International Council; Moves to Keep Unity In Ranks of Labor Unions NEW ORLEANS, La. The 600 delegates to the AFL's annual convention prepared today to stamp their approval on a broad program demanding a voice for labor at the peace table and in the United States' reconversion and 'post-war production councils. The principal tenets In the Feder "IKE" IN STILL FROM MOVIE FILM of Nazi ov Naval Forces Hurl Tons Of Shells on Ormoc; Jap Airmen Hit Harbor ,"r'.istry Under FY ;4iW 7mw' F J&zMxlxA Mil Jd IN SMIUNO CLOSEUP, Oen. Dwifeht D. Eisenhower is shown talking to men of the American 29th division somewhere in France. This picture Is from the two million feet of movie film reviewed by censors inc D-Dav at SHAEF film censorship theater. International Northwest Germany Supply Dump: Lashed in Huge Allied Air Attacks LONDON, England. Thousands of American and British warplanes, including fleets of fighter-escorted heavy hombers, ripped and tore at northwestern Germany, the Ruhr and Nazi supply bases behind the western front by daylight toduy on the heels of a record night attack by Mosquitos upon Nurnberg. Over 2.0(H) Planes 111 l!il Washington Silent on B-29 Raid, Believe Planes In Observation, Destroyers Lash Leyte Coast Defense ! NEW YORK, N. y. A Tokyo English-language broadcast beamed to the I'nited States said today at 1:80 p. m., EWT, that a "minor formations of B-20's attempted their first night attack" on Tokyo nd admlttel that fires were started at "two places". The announcer claimed, however, that these were placed "immediately under control". The FCO recorded the broadcast, which said the raid began "a little before 12 o'cloc k Nov. 20". WASHINGTON, D. C. American planes again are over Tokyo, penetrating to the Jap capital against "hot" opposition by enemy Interceptors, the Tokyo radio admitted today. In an English language broadcast reported by OWI, Tokyo radio made no mention of bombs, dropped and described the raiding force as "minor". No Word of Bombing The War Department In Washington said It had no word on a now bombing attack by B-29 Superfortresses. In view of the language used by the enemy, it was believed the raid may have been a limited foray for reconnaissance purposes. B-29's based on Saipan have attacked Tokyo twice in the past six days, laying thousands of pounds of bombs on Industrial targetB in and near the enemy city and on the capital's waterfront. See Battle for Bonlns Saipan-hased bombing raids on Tokyo may soon force an Intensified battle for the strategically placed Bonin Islands unless Japan plans to abandon them entirely, competent military observers now believe. The Bonlns, site of many Jap airfields and other facilities, lie on the most direct path to the Jap capital. They aro just 862 land miles from Saipan and 632 miles south by east of Tokyo. If they retain any military effectiveness, the Japs can launch fighters against the B-29's as they pass on their mission or force the latter to long detours. No Obstacles to Baiders Ab far as can be determined, thev have not been an effective deterrent to the two previously announced B-29 Tokyo raids, since even the few enemy claimed losses occurred over the Jap mainland. (Continued on Page 5) Postwar Road Bill Near Favorable Ballot in House WASHINGTON, D. C. The house neared a favorable vote today on the Boblnson postwar measure authorising the appropriation of one billion BOO million dollars for road construction to alleviate possible peacetime unemployment. Rep. Ramspeck (D) Oa., majority whip, expressed the belief the measure would be approved today and sent to the senate, where a similar bill for one billion 360 million dollars has already been passed. The house beat down an attempt to increase the overall amount In the bill by 300 million dollars, bill approved an amendment speeding up the use of the funds, which have to be matched by the states. Initial appropriations would be authorized before next June 30 under an a-mendment adopted, instead of after the war with Germany and Japan. The house also adopted substantially the senate's formula for apportioning funds, as follows: one the basis of one-third area, one third population and one-third mil eage, 225 million dollars for the ' regular highway system; substantially the same ratios in dividing 150 million dollars for rural roads; and on a population basis, 125 million dollars for uroan areas. ation's platform Included: 1. Establishment, with U. S. participation, of an international organ ization with powers to prevent ag- i gression. 1 Hand In Reconversion 2. Creation of an economic com- i mission composed of labor, ngricul-j ture and business to "make the po-, licies to guide war mobilisation, ro- conversion and reconstruction and , re-employment." Uppermost in the minds of the i practical-minded labor leaders hero In New Orleans, however, was the realization that labor must achieve j unity within itself and safeguard ,' against any post-war recession in its record-breaking membership of 13,- 000.000. Woodruff Randolph, president of IContlnuefl on paire ii ' Pa Relentless Soviet Drives Pounds At Czech Rail Centers Reds Drive on Dulka Pass, Link With Poland ; Latvia Battles Mount by Hour MOSCOW Beating down stubborn Nazi resistance and overcoming weather handicaps, the Soviet Fourth Ukrainian Army today slogged steadily westward today in eastern Czechoslovakia through hills and forests after seizing 60 towns and villages, including there lmpor tant rail and highway junctions. An official Soviet communique disclosed that the Red Army forces ! had seized Rtropkov in a battle which cost the Germans 400 dead 1 and 150 prisoners. The highway Junction of Vyznia-Svidnik also was captured In the push westward toward the vital rail cities of Prcsov and Kassa. 1 12 Miles From Poland Rtropkov, some 23 miles north west of Presov, is only 12 miles from the southern frontier of Poland. Vyshne-Svfdnik is only 10 miles from Dukla Pass, one of the major communications routes of the Nazis between Czechoslovagia and Poland. At the same time Moscow revealed that Soviet columns had continued their drive westward from Ungvar. ploughing through flooded territory to wrest several strongly fortified strongpoints from the Nazis. Itlust Across Tisza Itlver In Hungary the Russians were said by Moscow to have blasted their way across the Tisza River north of Nieregyhaza despite the fact Incessant rains turned the marshy hanks of the (stream Into quagmires of mud. The Germans fought stubbornly to keep possession of key highway point3 but the Soviets seized control of the village of Paczin, on the Polish-Slovak border, in a battle which ended with the seizure of more than 600 German and Hungarian officers and men. j (Continued on Page 3) Clinton in 1905 Was More than 1.000 Fortresses and after Count Carlo Sforza, designated Liberators, escorted by the samo as a candidato for the premiership number of fighters, blasted an oil ' or the post of foreign minister, elim-refinery at Misburg, railway mar- inated himself as a result of British shalllng yards at Hnmm and other objections, objectives in the northwestern reach- ('hnrcliill Veto Illumed es of the Reich. j Count Sforza, who had been chief , Their attacks were preceded by j of the committee of six anti-Fascist strong blows against the Ruhr In- political parties seeking to form a dustrial city of Essen and the coni-Jnew government, declared that munications-supply center of Neuss prime Minister Winston Churchill GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HQ. Philippines Already battered and pumineled by American artillery and aerial bombardments, the Japanese garrison at Ormoc on Leyte Island now bos felt the might of United States destroyers. General MacAitn iir Announced today. Entering the Philippine campaign for the first time, the destroyers steamed through Inland enemy. waters Monday and threw hundreds of Bhells against the Jap stronghold in strategic Ormoc Bay. Ranee 40-Mile Coast Ijlne In fact, the destroyers ranged for throe hours along the whole 40-milc coastline of the bay, systematically noundinn Jan shore defenses and running down small enemy coastal vessels. While this attack was going, Mac-Arthur reported that a strong formation of Jap warplanes attacked American warships maneuvering in Leyte gulf, on the' eastern shore of Levle. The enemy formation Included (Conllnliei, on page Major Shakeup In State Government Forestalled: Gates Public Official Changes ' In New Political Regime To Be Sane, Orderly INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. There will be no interferences with governmental operations through changes of public officials when Ralph V. Gates becomes governor, it was learned today. Political Klilfts Orderly Although Gates plans to dismiss nearly all Democratic state employes and to replace them with Republicans, the shifts will be orderly and most of thelm will not take place until the end of the session of the! General Assembly In March. In days of yore the policy of turn the rascals out" usually was, enforced as soon as there was a change from one political party to another, hut Gates Is determined to prevent the governmental boat from being rocked unnecessarily, he has told associates. Meets Key Officials The governor-elect has conferred with key officials of such vital departments of stale government as the gross Income tax department, which will reach its peak of activity early next year and the public welfare department and has assured those Democratic office holders that the axe will fall slowly. There will be ample opportunity for the Democrats to Instruct the Incoming Republicans and for the Democrats to obtain other positions, according to the new policy. Search for Anolntoes It will be much easier for Cater (Continues on Page 5) Ammunition Plant Walk-out Ended; Ford Works Out DETROIT, Mich. Hepdlng a War Labor demand that they end their strike, 75 millwrights at the Cross Company votd today to re turn to their job of making lathes vitally needed In producing heavy ammunition. Work will be resumed on the morning shift tomorrow, the men decided at a meeting. They struck Monday in protest against the dismissal of two of their number. Another serious strike continued for a third day at the Ford Rouge Revere Copper and Brass Company and the Michigan Die Casting Com- American Guns 3rd Army Lunges Toward Rich Saar Basin Area; Bloodiest Battle of War ; Ends as US Takes Hurtgen The richest part of Nazi Germany's Industrial core was threatened with imminent penotratlon today by troops of tho United States Third Army under Lieut. Gen. George 8. Patton, and at the same time other ! American units swept toward a break-through onto tho plains of Cologne by final capture of Hurtgen. : American First Army troops, surging closer to Duren and Cologne, climaxed a month-long battle southr east of Aachen by capturing the village of Hurtgen In fighting whloh the Nazi DNB agency described a,' "the bloodiest and most terrible'1 of the entire war. .' .' .'t- ! With Hurtgen now ovorrun, .tfje Allies are "out of the woods" .In ' a purely liberal sense. The tanglewo'pd of Rhineland wilderness lies behind I hem and the lowlands of Cologne lie ahead. The stage Is more than ever set for the great and final push, j and Tattnn's entry into the Saar basin may be the signal for Its beginning. (At last reports, ration's army was only five miles from Saarb.ruc-kcn.) A frontline dispatch reported that 'the Yanks now are "pretty well" 'clear of the Hurtgen Forest, scene of some of the bitterest fighting In the war. Casualties were severe on (Continued on page 6) Churchill Sets Back Forecast of War's End to Summer, '45 LONDON, England. Trime Minister Winston Churchill today publicly revised his former prediction that the war in Europe would end by "early summer" of 1945, moving back the date of victory to "sum- 1 mer." In a talk to Parliament outlining the reasons for his step, the British war leader who will celebrate his 70th birthday tomorrow, asserted: "The truth is that no one knows w,ien the German war will be finish- ed and still less how long the inter val will be between the defeat of the Germans and the defeat of the Japanese ... r "My personal Inclination Is not at all to mitigate this (earlier) forecast. Indeed, if I were to make any change in the duration of the unfolding of events It would be to leave out the word 'early' before the word 'summer.' " .' Churchill, speaking In the king's speech debate, told of the mud -Ions the western front which had nlded the fierman defenses, but declared that any large breakthrough in the Cologne region would have great reverberations. "We must remember." he cautioned. "Hint the enemy whose country Is Invaded h:is also the supreme stimuli which we ourselves responded to In the very dark days of 1940 and 1941." Turning then to a discussion of British operation in the west, he said: "In these operations. Including the storming of the Island of Walch- eren which contained episodes tit marvelous gallantry and grand feats of arms, the British and Canadian characterizing American capture tt Strasbourg and Metz as "glorious and massive achievements." Brilliant fighting and maneuver- on .1 broad front to the Rhine "ii.it. only was a military episode of hih importance but allowed that tin French Army, properly equipped and well-led, was unsurpassed among nations." In the future, the Prime Minister said. France again will be numbi-r- jed "amone the greatest powers in. the world." Edward It. Klitt.iilus, Jr. whoso appointment as Secretary or State, top spot in the president's ciihiiict, was approved tmlay by the Senate. Stettin his replaces Oordell Hull, -uho resigned Sunday because of ill health. Senate Unanimous In Approval Of .Stettinius Post Hull's Successor Wins Confidence Vote; China Ambassador is Confirmed WASHINGTON, D. C. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee today voted to recommend the confirmation of 44-year-old Edward R. Stettinius. Jr., as Secretary of State to succeed the ailing Cordell Hull. Nominate Hurley to China The committee at the same time recommended Senate approval of President Roosevelt's nomination of Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley as the new U. S. Ambassador to China. The committee's action on both nominations was unanimous. Under ordinary procedure the Stettinius nomination would not come before the Senate itself for ap proval until tomorrow. I hope we can confirm him to day." said Sen. ConnaMy (D) Tex., chairman of the committee. "He is in the department and has heavy burdens and there is no occasion for delay." Hull's Personal Choice Because of lack of opposition, Stettinius' nomination was approved without procedure of calling him to appear or of holding a public hear- ing. Hull hiniBelf had lauded the new secretary, who was understood to have been the outgoing Cabinet member's personal choice for the post. Stettinius has been Acting Secretary since Hull went to the Naval (Continue, on paee fi) Anti-Conscription Riots Mounting In Canadian Camps VANCOUVER, B. C. Canadian authorities were girding for more serious trouble today as demonstra tions continued among conscripted troops now liable for overseas service. Far from abating, the demonstrations seemed to be taking a more serious turn as 1500 armed troops at Terrace, R. C, prevented a regiment at a nearby camp from boarding a waiting troop train. The troops, armed with rifles and a Bren gun and wearing helmets, marched in ragged formation from Camp 2 west of the town to Camp 3 east of the hamlet, from whence the regiment was scheduled to depart. The marchers, who staged the parade itself in defiance of orders forbidding demonstrations, also took a truck with them. In the fare of the threat, t lie reg- j Iment scheduled for oversea duty j stayed In its camp. I No attempt was made to halt the; demonstrators, and townsfolk safd , they behaved "very well" as they marched through Terrace. Canadian authorities also disclosed that an order reciting penalties for mutiny or rioting penalties which Include life imprisonement had been read to men at several ( camps In northern British Columbia. OTTAWA. Can. The Canadian house of commons was to resume public sittings today on the controversial overseas draft issue as reports from northern British Columbia told of new demonstrations a-gainst conscription. The public sessions follow a prolonged secret session of commons which adjourned at 11 p. m. last night after meeting for six hours although Prime Minister TV. L. Mac- kenzie King had announced he ex- pected the secret debate to last only an hour. British Objections Remove Sforza as New Italian Premier HOME, Italy. Italian political leaders renewed their efforts today to solve the current cabinet crisis had vetoed any plan which would place hiin in one of Italy's highest offices. Sforza had resigned as chief o; the committee which had been working to form a new cabinet following the fall of the government of Premier Ivanoe Bonomi. Explaining his resignation, Sforza said that "I told them I didn't want any dislike for me to retard the formation of a new government. I dpem it urgent they form the strongest government possible.' Parties 1ieer lecisiim Sforza's decision, which came fol- i . lowing an hour-long conference with frown Prince Humberto, Lieutenant General of the realm, was cheered by the representatives of the Bix par-: ties. Following the departure of Count Sforza from the committee confer- H'oriUniiPfi on paEe 6) ra Mounting German Ke.sislanee Grown Around Faena Hub HOMM, Italy. Hritlsh Eighth Army forces closing in on the vital, 1 Nazi-held Italian communications hub of Kuenza met mounting resist- ance from the Nazis in the region between the Lamone and Monton" rivers. Mediterranean h"adtiuarters announced today. Despite adverse weather and des- j pPrate Nazi opposition Hritlsh and. south of Bologna drove back two strong raids by enemy forces. Patrol activity was brisk along moKt of the Italian front. j j I behind the western fighting front by IIAF Lancaster and Halifax bombers. During the night the largost fleet of RAF Mosquito bombers ever assembled struck at the Nazi shrine city of Nurnberg. In the blows against Essen and Neuss, which was hammered only 24 hours before, large fires were started. In the Nurnberg Industrial districts were the principal targets of the Mosquitos. Tremendous Explosions In Iiaid Pathfinders marked the target ureas and the subsequent bombing was concentrated in the designated areas. Tremendous explosions fol lowed, returning fliers said. Britain's Ministry of Home Security announced meanwhile that during the night and until daylight to day the Germans continued to send explosives down upon southern Kng-land, causing new damage and casualties. An earlier announcement by the Air Ministry said that II A F Spitfires and Mustangs were striking heavy Couuuupn oo page ft) Typical 6 usy In Philadelphia. Pa. from where she sent a copy of the 1905 records of Clinton. Two newspapers were then in I j j ! Small Midwestern Town, Record Shows Clinton, both weeklies. "The Satur- Indian troops made slight but hard-j furcnn suffered about 40,000 casurl-day Argus" with L. O. Bishop as ' won gains north of Modigllana. 'ties." publisher and "The Cllntonian" with American Fifth Army forces hold-i The Hermans have been thrust C. E. Vannest. editor. ing positions in the mountain passes . back everywhere, Churchill said. A survey of Clinton in 1905 would liow to the passing traveler of that day a busy, bustling river town, typ-1 leal of many which dotted the banl-.F I of the Wabash River throughout western Indiana. Just past the turn of the century and not vet well Btartcd Into the coal "boom," Clinton was supplied with plentiful small Industries of that era, including blacksmith shops, livery stables, wagon dealers, a bottling works, cigar manufacturer and marble and granite works In addition to the usual local establishments such as groceries, drug stores and professional offices. Clinton reputation 5,00 " With a population of 5.000 recorded on Nov. 1, 1905 as many as 50 Industries and offices were busy in the city, according to records found by Mrs. E. E. Douglas, widow of the late Mr. Douglas of Hillsdale. Mrs. Douglas now makes her home Bad weather alo rrstr'cted afr'ing of the French Army near tLe operations hut medium bombers of I Pwips frontier and Its forcing of th- the Allied Tactical Air Force attnek-1 Belfort Cap followed by advance Attempts to have the one-third plant, where 7,195 employes were formula applied to counties as well forced Into idleness because of lack as states failed. of materials caused by a strike of The federal grants would be alio- 75 foundrymen. Representatives of cated at the rate of 500 million dol- UAW-CIO Local 600 were attempt-lara a year over a three-year period, ing to negotiate the work schedule with the government share not to grievance which prompted the walk-exceed 50 per cent of the cost of out Monday. projects. I Twenty-three welders at the Gra- Meanwhlle, attempting to clean ham-Paige plant have been suspend-up the program of the short session ed for stopping work on "alligator" by Dec. 10, the house leadership tractors for the Navy, according to planned to call up next the bill ex- E. D. Riordan, industrial relations tending the second war powers act director. for another year, until Dec. .SI. ' Brief strikes also ended at the James H. Wilson was president of the First National Bank witli Kd-ward Shirkie as vice-president while William H. Robinson was president of the Citizens' State Brnk. Six physicians, two dentists and four druggists took care of Clinton's 1905 aches and pains with two of the physicians still practising in Clinton at present, Dr. W. D. Oer-rish and Dr. C. M. White. The other doctors were Dr. E. A. Aikman. Dr. C. W. Ashley. Dr. W. IfcGrew and Dr. H. H. Washburn. Dr. R. A. Adams and Dr. O. A. Jackson were the town dentists (Continued on Page 2) I ed bridges in the Po valley and Nazi shipping in Spezia harbor. Other fighters and fighter-bemb-ers ripped into German positions in northern Italy and bombed the rail line through the Brenner Pass. The Mediterranean Allied Air Force flew a total of 470 sorties I during the day and three aircraft are missing. 1 1945. The only "must" piece of leg lslation before the waning "Sth con-press, it til assured of approval.