The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on November 28, 1944 · Page 1
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November 28, 1944

The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

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Tuesday, November 28, 1944
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THE DAILY CLINTOMAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No. 19687 THE WEATHCT Cloudy and continued rather cold, today through Wednesday. Price Three Centfl.'i CLINTON, INDIANA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1944. Volume SZ Number 231. KIT & rv in it 0) v V7 tc.:yo raid chief briefs staff Tanks Pace Roer River Lunge Line as Gr,. Admit Start of Massive ireat in Southwest Third Army Rolls Four Miles Closer To Border in Pounding Advance 'as Hodges'. Shakeup Seen AsStettinius Enters Cabinet Wide Changes Planned In State Department to Meet Postwar Problems; Senate OK On Appointment Near WASHINGTON, D. C. Scuate confirmation of Edward It. Stcttln-lus, Jr., to be Secretary of State succeeding the ailing Cordell Hull appeared aasured today. Despite frankly confessed disappointment of aome member that War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes wa not aelected for the cabinet pout, bolh Democratic and Ile-publlcan leader praised Bteltlnlu. The forelgu relations committee will consider the nomination on Wednesday along with that of MaJ. Gen. Patrick Hurley lo be ambassa Men Press Close lo Julich, Key to Roer; I ' itt ,-72 British Conscript'Over 4 Million-Man Army; 733,000 Casualties LONDON, England. Oreat Britain, conscripting more than one-third of all men between 14 and 64 into the armed services, has raised a fighting force of 4,500,000 out of 1 47,000,000 population, an official white paper issued by the government revealed today. Five hundred thousand women also are In the armed services, the paper disclosed In detailing statistics of the nation's five years at war, which have cost 100 billion dollars so far. Almost half of Britain's women between the ages of 14 and 69 are serving In the armed forces, In full-time civil defense Jobs or In vital Industrie, among the latter shipbuilding plants helping lo replace Ihe 11,1100,000 gross tons lost up to the end or 194 3. This represents two-thirds of the tonnage with which Brltuln began the war. Discussing the white puper as presented to Parliament, Information Minister Brenan Bracken told correspondents that Britain's total war effort was greater than that of any other belligerent. With the exception of Canada, from which Britain has received lend-lease aid, the home country has contracted to pay for every Hem tttken from the empire thus amassing a staggering debt. During the same period, the official report disclosed, the British (Continued on page h Nazis Admit Retreat Toward Palatinate PARIS, France. Crack tank-led infantry troops of the American First Army broke the Nazis' preparatory de-, fenae line west of the Roer River at its hinge points today in a hard-hitting drive mounted while German spokesman' reported a gigantic new retreat to the Palatinate border In the southwest. . Two German Infantry Divisions, the 12th and 47tn, Soviet Spearheads Plunge into East Czech Railheads Reds Advance Through Mud, Rain on Key Rail Towns; Battle in Latvia MOSCOW. Russia. The Sovlel fourth Ukrainian army drove westward in easten Czecholovokia today through seatt of mud against the key communications center of Presov and Kaaua which lie astride the main ruil route Into southern Poland. More than 60 towns and village were swept up In the Soviet advance of more than Blx miles aimed at clearing the region between the Duk-la Pas and the rail route connecting Presov and Kassa. Full control here will wrest from the Cermans their most important communication line for switching troops and supplies through the Carpathians. Seize Polish lull way Other columns of Cen. Ivan Pet-rov's forces smashed northward from the Slovak town of Humenne, Willi MEMBERS OF HIS STAFF seated comfortably on the floor, Brig. Gen. I i. ;i u Dunncll, 38, Jamaica; U I N. Y points to targets In Tokyo pti u wall map. After a number of brielings, these men Hew the Super-( t thai have blasted the Jap capital Irom Saipan. (international) sof Mwwmcn "r-unst.hamb.es for re-equipping and rein liberated Sunday, and seized a Tokyo Digs Out from Second B-29 Attack; See 2,000-Plane Raids WASHINGTON, D. C. Raids on Japan by fleets of more than 2,000 AnieHcan lane, shaped up a. a not too distant fact today a. the UU aiea of Tokyo dug itself out from the second H-29 Superfortress attack on "'"TwT Naval ''officials dlaclosed plans for throwing the might of car-rler-haLeu planes against Japan along with the Increa. ng weight of the large from that city Into southern Poland As the Germuns retreated northward from Humenne they blew up bridge and mined the highways heavily but failed to halt the Soviets who forded mountain streams and forced narrow passe. Tne mobcow enmmunlnue ald thut heavy losses! were Inflicted on tne uermans. n of whom were taken prisoner. Trap iennan la Valley Farther south, to the west of the rail center of Ungvar, the Russians slogged their way through a war er-' logged valley in a wine nansing ; n , t0 th movement which cut off Nazi 'l JJ.n against the wild-iZZZtJTZZ Geermaerun-je-t resistance o, young, tough Nazi It. Protection of Stripped Coal Land Urged by Commercial Club Speaker A.F.L. Convention Repeats Invitation To Lewis, U.M.W. Political, Labor Power Of Mine Union Sought Over Minority Protests NEW ORLEANS, La. The American Federation of Labor wooed the political and labor power of the United Mine Workers today despite bitter 'attacks against 1'MW President John L. Lewi terming him tt "dictator." Over the protests of the small APL Progressive Mine Workers Union, the BOO delegates shouted approval of a renewed Invitation to Lewis to lead his 600,000 member back Into the Federation "to strengthen the AFL." Kndome iO Peace Overture At the same time the C4tl) annual convention of the AFL perfunctorily endorsed new peace overtures to the CIO ttlthought few of the leader in New Orleans had any real hopes for an end to the split In United States labor ranks. John Marchlundo of Springfield, III., president-elect of the 35,000 Progressive Miners, charged the convention with violating the Federation constitution by seeking to give away the Progressives' Jurisdiction over coal miners to Lewis. Imiu Atiove Pernonaltle Matthew Woll. AFL vice president and chairman of the resolution committee which reccommended adoption of resolution favoring negotiations with Lewis and the CIO, replied to Marchiando that the AFL's action was not based on personalities. "Who will deny,'" he Inquired, "that If we could have the CIO and the UMW all under the banner of the AFL, labor would not be in a better position to meet the antago - nlm directed against laoor in post-war period. tContlnued on page 61 were pullea out OI tne ironmnes m the Aachen area, mauled and bat tered by the First Army which swarmed Into Inden and Lameradort while cracking the enemy line. Thaj Yanks drove to within a kilometer-little more than a half-mile of Julich, key to the Roer River which several Doughboy contingent already have reached, according ' to frontline reports, ; Seitoiius Admit Retreat Meanwhile, Cpt. Ludwig Sertor-lus, most reliable of all Nazi military commentatorB, reported a gigantic German retreat In progress to the Palatinate which lies far abova Strasbourg In the area between Saar-bruckeu and the Rhine. '. ; While headquarters ' of - Geo. Dwlght D. Elsenhower reported another thrust by the United gtatea Third Army under Lieut. Oen. George S. Patton, Jr., to the German frontier near Vllllng after an advance of four-mile and the First Army plunged to the town of Inden 3,000 yards from the Roer river, Kertorlus said: t ', Retreat Toward Palatinate 1 "The main body of German force from Saarunlon to southeast of Hag-enau are withdrawing under American pressure to a prepared new lino (Continued on Page 2) Bitter Canadian Draft Controversy Mounts in Fury OTTAWA. Canada The eon-lroverny over drafting of member of Canuda's home defense army for overseas service mounted today -M Progressive Conservatives placed before the House of Common an amendment stipulating that all draftees be required to serve In any war llieuter. "We want total war but we hayo not been getting it from this govern-ment," Gordon Graydon, Progressiva Conservative House leader, declared. "The public wants us to do a Job in this Parliament and they are not going to be satisfied with a half-finished Job. They do not want any more delays In providing help for our hard-pressed troops." Declaring Prime Minister W. L. MacKenzle King government had not gone "far enough" In "urrend-erlng" to a "partial policy" of over-seas compulsory service, Graydon an-serled thut the order-ln-councll to send 16,000 member of the Homo Defense Army overseas was "an unwanted child in the hands of a parent reluctant to care for lt". At a long night session, M. J. Caldwell, Cooperative Commonwealth Federation leader, moved a sub-ameudment for conscription of all resources of Canada material and financial as well as human "and removal of all distinctions between drafted and volunteer personnel, thus making the entire Home Defense Army available for reinforcement oversea". This new development followed a warning to parliament by the Prim Minister that he would realgn th Premiership unless given "sufficient mpjort" from his own party when Parliament ballot later this week on confidence in his regime. Emphasizing that the Issue of tho forthcoming confidence vote I support of the government's war effort rather than the Dominion-wide controversy over conscription alone, tbo Premier told Parliament: ' , "Unless there was a government that could carry on during the war, we would have to face the possibility of i uarchy in Canada while our sol diers are fighting oversea to democracy." , The Prime Minister aaid he was prepared to relinquish hi office Immediately to any minister In hut administration wiio has the eonftdeneo of Parliament and warned that vote of non-confidence would reqaire a hitter general election which would dislocate business and hamper Canada i war effort ainee, be aaid, opposition group could not form n administration with a reasonable chance ot carrying ou. Badly Mauled German Infantry Divisions Pulled Oat of Lines WITH THE U. S. FIRST ARMY IN GERMANY. The' 12th and 47th German Infantry divisions were pulled out of the frontline today and replaced by the Third German Parachute DIvIbIoii after suffering a severe mauling at the hands of American troops. The two German infantry divisions retreated through battered forcing following a terrible beatlnt by Allied artillery and surging ad vances by American Infantry. Doughboys meanwhile swarmed over Inden, capturing the more lm-nortarit half of the factory towi which lie on the Inde river. Lam , wa. entered and thi German preparatory defense line on the wet side of the Roer drastically broken at lis hinge. , At Langerwehr, last major communications center west of th noulhoys rushed down th i.tnntlnuefl on Hare neratlona of Vermillion ...,. nutirieiiia will have lo pay the bill lor the atrip mining operations now being carried on in tnis community. Attorney Frank R. Miller, of Terre Haute told members of the Clinton Commercial Club last night. Where pleasant farms ouce pro duced valuable crops year after year, spoil banks rise to a height of nearly 60 feet. Farm after farm Is beini: removed from the tax duplicates, which means that this revenue mus' be raised by heavier taxes on other oronerty. Homes are disappearing. j families being lost to the commun ity. There is only one solution to the (Continued on Pago 2) Aviation Parley Near Deadlock On Traffic Issues CHICAGO, III. Great Britain, fighting doggedly to win economic guarantee for it own empire aviation industry following the war. stood virtually alone in the Allied. and neutral world today a the International Civil Aviutlon Confercnie moved Into its fifth week. At stake was the lucrative Euro-pean air traffic business which the United Kingdom wants to keep out of the bands of American operator by restrictive provisions to lie enforced by the proposed world a!r control body. Observers were convinced, as de-bale resumed behind closed doors today, that only a reversal, or substantial concessions, by the British, cou d save the conference from a deadlock. Already arrayed against the British were 15 small nations, openlv backing the United State demand for "freedom of the air". They were- Mexico, the Netherlands. Cuba. Sweden, Denmark, Venezuela. China. Philippine Islands. Ecuador. Pan-ama. Nicaragua. Liberia, the Dominican Republic. Peru and Brazil. Only France and Belgium had announced modified support of the United Kingdom stand. Canada, led by hard-hitting H. J. Symington, head of the Trans-Canada Air Line, wa battling hard for a compromise plan modeled in considerable part along the lines of the American position. AuMralla and New Zealand, still (Continued on Page 2 dor to China. WASHINGTON, D. C. President Itoosevelt's choice of Edward K. Hteitlnlus, Jr., as bis now secretary of state today foreshadowed a shakeup In the State Department with Norman Armour regarded as the most Jlkely nominee for undersecretary. Head of American Republic Armour, former ambassador to Argentina. Is now serving as bead of the division of American Republics Affalra. He was prominently mentioned for the pOBt of undersecretary last year when It became vacant by the resignation of Sumner Welles. Another change generally expected Is the naming of Nelson Rockefeller a assistant secretary of slate In charge of Latin American affairs Rockefeller Is now preparing the liquidation of his office of coordinator of inter-American affairs. Three Wot Together All three of these men Htettin-lus,. Armour and Rockefeller have worked closely together since Slet-tlnlus first came Into the State Department 14 months ago. The sudden elevation of Stottln-lus to the top place In the Btato Department, and the top post In the cabinet, was generally believed to have been the result of Cordell Hull's recommendation to the President, It is believed likely that President Roosevelt, In his Sunday visit to (Continued on page B) MiwMwri River Watershed Bill In New CongreKS WASHINGTON, D. C, Sen. James K. Murray (Dl Mont., author of the Missouri Valley Authority Rill, said today he may not seek action on his amendment to attach the proposal to the billion dollar flood control measure. . ..... A u..,av mnv await Die new congress and seek the Missouri Valley legislation then as a separate measure. Meanwhile, backers of the O'Ma-boney-Mlllikln "states' rights" a-mendment said they were making "satisfactory progress" in their efforts at a compromise by which there would be an amendment aimed at safe-guarding eiisting rights to water a major Issue In the Irrigation areas. They said they espected an agree ment today whh ren. uvtrnuii La., chairman of the commerce committee, which earlier rejected the O'Mahoney-Millikin amendment. Murray auld that points that might conflict with the Missouri Valley Authority as separate legislation are belug eliminated by senate action on amendments. If the way is kept clear In the flood control bill for the Missouri Valley proposal as separate legislation, it may be brought later, Murray said. He said he will consult MVA backers before deciding. The "states' rights" group and the MVA proponents both saw defeat of several committee-sponsored amendments as favorable to their causes. The Missouri Valley Authority backers balled as victorious the defeat of an amendment lo create :. "Missouri river commission" as an advisory body to function under the chief of army engineers, and rejection of an amendment to put congress on record as establishing a fled policy of "using eslsting B-gencies" In watershed projects. The western senators backing lh O'Mahoney-Millikin amendment sav a victory 'or their Issue in the vo'-Inc down of a committee tii-n-l-ment lo give the chief of army ei - gineera authority te Inspect any pr -atttly-iwned daw on a navlgahl ,tr!e or a tributary, and to ord- cJtauge la tu dam or in operation. Fifth Army Seizes Strategic Hill On Highway to Bologna ROME, Italy. Hrltish Eighth Army forces in Italy, battling Nazis and the onset of the heavy winter rains, advanced today both north and outh of the communications hub of Faenza In the battle area beyond Korli. The British gains came as Fifth Army troops commanded by Lieut. Cen. Mark W. Clark occupied key hill features north of Modlgliana in the continued drive on Bologna. Oult Mouth ot Fa-na Headquarters of Field Marshal Sir Harold R. L. O. Alenander revealed that all Nazi resistance east of the Lamone river and south of Faenza had ended. Although the Yanks were able to take the offensive on their right 1 ranl )py ,tl were held down to flefensive fighting fn the center ana (Continued on rage ( mighty attacks by the huge American It was made clear tnat tne current attacks on Japan ate only the beginning and thut they will be stepped up to the Intensity of the great raids that are making shambles of German cities. Hear Admiral John H. Cassady, Asslstunt Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Air, said 'the full punch of our carrier-based aircraft Is yet to be felt by the Jups" and declared that Japan may expect air strikes of as high as 2,000 planes from Amer ica's fleet of air carriers. "lie has felt our short Jubs but the haymaker is still Ifi store for him," Cassady aid In a prediction of gloom for the enemy. Kilniiiltaiieoiw Itulds Meanwhile, Monday's twin-blow by li-29 Superfortresses against Tokyo and Bangkok in enemy-occupied Thailand, demonstrated the Increasing strength of the 20th Air Porce under which the big bombers operate. The raids were carried out simultaneously by B-29's based on Saipan and India. Because of overcast weather, the second attack on Tokyo by the big bombers was carried out by Instruments, but pilots returning to their Saipan bases said last night there was no reason why tiiere should not be a lot of fires In the Japanese capital. Tokyo Waterfront lluwled Principal objective In the Tokyo attack was the Industrial waterfront. It was struck by a sizeable task force which the Japanese said Included 40 Superforts. (Continue on pan f ) Tobacco Plentiful, Production High But Where Are Cigarettes WASHINGTON, D. C A startled house agrU-ulture committee was told today that tobacco reserves are ill escellent shape and that cigaret nroductlon Is higher than It ever has been 50 per cent higher than in 1936, In fact. After a two-hour hearing, Rep. August Andresen (H) Minn., asked plaintively: "Then who has all the cigar ettes?" "Not I." responded chairman John Flannagan ID) Va., "I'd like to know who has them though. My togue Is stinging from some of the cut rate cigarets I've been smoking.' George Powell, a Commodity Credit Corporation economist, told the agriculture committee that tiie to bacco industry has doubled its pro duction since mxi and has at least an 18 months supply of tobacco on hand. Powell, who said he might be best described as a CCC "specialist." at tributed the so-called shortage to hoarding and some mal-dlstrlbutlon "Where can you find cigarettes to hoard?" one of the commit lee iineuibtr walled. nutriui "- Yank Airmen Take Up Attacks On Leyte Garrison Weather Halts Ground Assaults on Japanese; Airmen Strafe Enemy OEN. MACAIiTHt'R'8 HEADQUARTERS, Philippines. While heavy ralus and mud have slowed down ground operations against the Japs on Leyte island to a virtual standstill, American wurplanes were continuing to make devastating strikes against the enemy, Gen. Douglea MacArthur said In a communique today. "The continuing heavy rains have brought ground operations to a practical standstill," he said. He made no mention In his morning communique of further attempts of the Japs to land reinforcements at Ormoc Bay. where to the north the remaining Jap garrisons are poc-( Continue! on page ai Indianapolis War Plant Workers Defy WLB Order INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. Mem bers of Local 110. United Rubber Workers (CIO) today voted to re- fraln from complying with a War Labor Board order to return to their Jobs at the United States Rubber Company plant In Indianapolis. More than 2,000 workers have been Idle as a result of the five-day strike of the unionist. Vital war production ha been halted. A committee representing the Indianapolis local will appear before the WLB at Chicago tomorrow afternoon to explain why compliance with the order was rejected. The directive, issued last night, ordered work to be resumed under a production plan Instituted by the company which led to the 100 per cent walkout of the 2.000 production worker laat Friday. Little promise of ending the trike wa given by William K. Abel, union president, who aaid that he doubted if the employe, would cept the order to return to work. Abel laid that lie may have to go to the Chicago office of the WLB tomorrow to how cause for continuance of the work stoppage. No comment was made by John E. Cady. plant manager, A presidential order probably i would follow refusal of the employ- es to return to work this morning. Failure to heed a presidential order would result In the array taking! control of the plant which is eneor:- ed in vital wa production for the 'army aud uavjf. NEWS OF LOCAL MEN IN SERVICE The CTintonian welcomes any newg of relatives or friends in the armed ierviceB for this column. PHONE 32 First Lieutenant Joseph A, O Bara.to an announcement from the Tank , u. a Mr. I rani, (I'Murs. I Destroyer Replacement Center at North Camp Hood, Texas. U.S.A. Mr. and Mrs. Frank D. Wile of Hazel Bluff have received word that their son. Cpl. John Wile, has arrived safely somewhere In the Pacific. U.S.A. Troy Arthur Vincent. on of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Vincent of South Third Street. Clinton. I now receiving his "boot" training at the V. S. Naval Training Center. Creat Lakes. III. When hi recruit training Is completed, the seaman will receive a period of leave. U.8.A. Mr. and Mr. Sandy Faulda of the Clinton-Terre Haute road have received word from their on. Pvt. George Fauld. and he ha landed safely in France. Pvt. Faulds recelv- ra n o-n iimm., I (.Couilcueo on page 622 South Tenth Street, was recently assigned to duty with the Fifth Air Force, according to an announcement at the Air Force headquarters in the Southwest Pacific. He Is serving a an operation officer for the B-24 Liberator unit known an Ken's Men veteran heavy bomber mlfll ot ,he Sou,weat Pacific. Lt O'Bara entered the army in September, 1942. He attended Officer' Can didate School at Miami Beach. Fla. and was commissioned a second lieutenant upon graduation. His brother, Sgt. Stanley O'Bara, Is also In the lAir Corps. O'Bara graduated from ,KU school in 193. Before entering the service, he was employed by the Western Electric Machine Company in Chicago, T'.S A. Charles C. Sliulte of Montezuma Ind. bus been promoted to tne graoe 'of technician tourlh grade, according 1

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