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THE WEATHER Cloudy and colder this afternoon and tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy and continued cold. Lowest temperature Tuesday morning about 25 degrees. Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No. 19687 The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties Price Three Cents. CLINTON, INDIANA, MONDAY, NOVEMBEK 27, 1944. Volume 32 Number 230. mm nnTinn vv A TTTT T ii n Tvv T rBl a i if fo)?Pf ALLIES EXPAND RHINE FRONT FDR Urges Hull U.S. First, Third Armies Carve New Gains in Dri: Rhine; Paratroops Landle Reich Pot f oti'c Tronnc Third Army Armor, Infantry Sets 19-Mile Front Toward Saarbrucken Second Raid, Blasts Japan, Puppets Hit Simultaneous B-29 Raids Strike Tokyo, Two Slave Capitals; Saipan, China Based Tlanes in Attacks WASHINGTON, I. The War lleartment announced today that the B-20 double-barreled Hlrlke at Tokyo, the Japanese capital, and "Bangkok to Jap-occupied Thailand had been accomplished In good order, with little lighter or anti-aircraft opKitlou and with no combat looses. The principal target of B-3's of the new 21t Bomber Command operating from gatpajn was tlie industrial waterfront in Tokyo which was lilt for the second time hi four days. Air Force Flight Officer LMetZgt .Myr.'h.-J, ,f Statute Miles yr'' 0 5 ' ' 20 FRANCE jm r EpinalMk v'Jsi ''miZf T( f;rn A My JV ftcoimt m (BADN, x iT'-,ACf TVreibur9. j-'W , jfGuebwillerif A. fSr . V. - CT . VvensmisheimW (J " Sir flfllll' M -4 IN AN 18-MIIE DASH past Saverr to the Rhine, the second spectacular Rhine break-through in five days, the French Second Armored division fought their way to the center of Strasbourg. French First Army units captured Battenhedm, pushing northward along the Rhine. The U. S. Third Army reached the Saar border at two points and drove to within 15 miles ot Saarbrucken. (International) Third Jap Convoy in Three Days Smashed En Route to Leyte Garrison GEN MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines Frantic efforts of the Japanese to reinforce' their garrison on northwestern Leyte Island have received still another setback,' Gen. Douglas MacArthur disclosed today in announcing that a third enemy convoy had been smaBhea off Cebu Island. The convoy, consisting of three sniau transport anu c.ku the third to be sent to tho bottom in as many days and brought the total , 1 hae of enemy cargo and transport Remain Close Policy Advisor Elder Statesman Role Is Urged for Resigning Hull ; Stettinius Carries On For Present in Cabinet IVASHINfiTON, D. C. President Roosevelt Mils afternoon nominated Acting-Secretary Edward R. BtetttniiiB to be Secretary of State succeeding tlie ailing t'or-dell Hull, whose resignation lie accepted a few hours earlier. WASHINGTON, D. C. Presi dent Roosevelt announced today that with great regret lie has accept ed the resignation of his ailing, year-old Secretary of State, Cordell Hull effective uDon appointment of a successor he did not immediately name. The man who for more than 35 years has served the American pco-nle leirinlatnr and diplomat asked to be relieved of his duties on the advice of his physician, the President disclosed. Close Official Advisor President Roosevelt told newsmen at a special conference that Hull will remain as a close official adviser to him on foreign affairs. Mr. Roosevelt, who yesterday visited the veteran Tennessee statesman at the Naval Hospital in nearby Bethesda, Md.. said that Hull explained that his doctors believed he should shed the burdens of his office as a means of regarding his health. The President said that Secretary Hull told him that he felt that the welfare of the country and the war might suffer if he continued In office at the present time under the conditions of his health. Stettinius Is Acting Secretary Undersecretary of State Edward R. Stettinius will continue as acting secretary of state during the Interim until a new secretary is named by the President. In this, Mr. Roosevelt is expected to act quickly and (Continued on Page 3) Lewis Merger In AFL Listed As Convention Issue NEW ORLEANS A half dozen major issues were on the agenda today as the American Federation of Labor dispensed with oratory and got down to business in its 64th annual convention. After a full week of addresses by military, government and labor leaders, the assemblage in New Orleans' Municipal Auditorium prepared to receive the important reports of the AFL committees on resolutions and international relations. The business program this week will Involve these major topics: 1. Labor's demand for higher wages, particularly in the light of the War Labor Board's decision granting a pay adjustment of anywhere from 6 to 10 cents an hour to 400.000 CIO steel workers. 2. Postwar employment, an Issue highlighted by AFL Secretary-Treasurer George Meany's recent speech characterizing President Roosevelt's prediction of 60. 000,000 postwar jobs as "dreaming". 3. Reconsideration of the previous decision by which the AFL refused to participate in the World Trade Union Conference In London in January because of scheduled presence of Soviet delegates. 4. The growing strength of the CIO. coupled with the executive council's assertion that labor must cease its quarreling and present a united front in the postwar era. 6. Jurisdictional disputes within the federation, a topic touched off last week by the blast against "raiding'' by Harry Brown, president of the powerful AFL Machinists Union. 6. Possibly a demand that the AFL make another and more vigorous attempt to induce John L. Lewis to bring his 600.000 miners back into the federation. Arthur Horner, head of the Welsh miners and one of the two fraternal delegates to the AFL meeting from the British trades with A. R. Johnstone. Canadian delegate sought to induce the convention to have me AFL at the London conference. Horner's address attained added significance in view of the fears of some AFL officials that the federation will become catalogued as "iso- ( lationist" because of its refusal to participate In the London conference. The CIO will attend the meeting. ' The move to invite Lewis again to rejoin the AFL may arise from e feeling of some leaders that the federation must act to offset the growing political influence of the CIO Political Act'on Committee, headed bl Sidney HUlman, . , WITH U. S. THIRD ARMY Lieut. Cen. George S. Patton's infantry nnd armor below Luxembourg today widened the front to nineteen miles, including up to four deep inside Germany, through further gains in the face of the stiffest kind of opposition. J Farther south, the Germans: strove their hardost to hold back the 1 Americans who gradually were shov- I Ing them toward the Reich frontiers. ! Over the weekend the Germans fought with particular tenacity to hold St. Avuld after our forces had broken through the Maginut Line. Artillery lireaks Up Attacks At 6 o'clock yesterduy afternoon, the Germans gathered for a counterattack. Five times our artillery broke up the assembly of enemy troops. Finally they got started, but then Iwpti easily repulsed. The Germans still are clinging to the wooded high ground northeast of St. Avoid, and the pressure against the town 1b being continued from a mile north, west and Bouth. (Cnntinueo tin Page 6 Two Czceh Rail Junctions Fall To Rushing Red Drive Soviets Blast Forward In East Slovakia; Gain Control of Hungary Hub MOSCOW, Russia. The Soviet fourth Ukrainian army in eastern Czechoslovakia fought its way through blinding snow and desperate Nazi opposition today in a drive which netted gains of 15 miles and engulfed the vital rail junctions of Humenne and Michahalovce. Other columns of the fourth Ukrainian army swept to the outskirts of Snlna. 12 miles south of the Polish border and 15 miles northeast of Humenne. Prisoners, Arms SeizMi Today's Soviet communique announced that 660 German officers and men were taken prisoner In the fighting in Czechoslovakia and the Red army forces also seized seven locomotives and 350 railway cars. At the same time the second Ukrainian army blasted Us way into the key Hungarian rail junction of Hatvan, routing the Nazi garrison after a bitter fight and taking numerous prisoners. The communique said that more than 1,000 Germans were left dead on the field of battle after one day of fighting. Hatvan, some 27 miles northeast of beleaguered Budapest, was taken despite orders from Berlin that the city be held at all costs. Swift units of Soviet cavalry seized the bridge across the river Sagyva cutting off the Nazi escape, while Russian tanks and Infantry broke into the city from the south and southwest. The capture of the Chechoslovakian city of Micchalovce. which sits astride five important rail and highway routes, was made after the Rus sians whipped their way across the Laborec river which waB flooded by torrential rains. Moscow also revealed that fight-IContlcuea on page 6) Liberation Cabinet Shake-Up be an emanation of the committee of liberation which is the legitimate expression of the Italian people." There was a two-hour discussion by the committee over whether their statement should read Instead "an i expression of the six parties." The decision was regarded as a serious one In Italian political circles since the interpretation of the committee's statement places the committee of liberation In a more powerful position than the government. At least three political leaders outside of the six parties were expected today to be named In the new , Alfred M. I.nivson, huslmnil of Mrs. I.ois (i. l,nson of Itonertale and son of Mr. and Mrs. John 8. I.auson, 024 South Fourth Street, Clinton, hu received ills wings and coiiimlKNlon a.s a Flight Officer in graduation ceremonies at Hun Marrtts Army Air Field, Texas. Flight Officer l.awson is qualified as tin aerial navigator. He Is a graduate of Clinton Hili School and attended Hose Polytechnic Institute. British Close In On Faenza Junction In South, East Assaults ROME, Italy. British Eightl. Army forces closed In on the ke. Italian communications hub ot fu enza from the Bouth and east toda and established a bridgehead acros: the Marzeno river only a mile from their goal. British and Polish columns drovi the Cermans out of the entire nrer east of the Lamone river north of Brislghella which Is six miles south west of Faenza. Military observers said the lonf and bitter battle for Faenza, mon than half way on the route to Bologna from Rimini, appeared to bi nearing a climax today as Germar Panzer divisions defending the jiinc tion were driven back after thref days of heavy fighting. Other British columns, meanwhile fought their way toward the north west, making substantial gains ii the direction of Russi which is midway between Faenza and Ravenna the British goal on the Adriatii coast. Polish and British forces alst iConttnuen on oaire 51 PeteGuglielnielli Succumbs Sunday At Local Hospital Pete Gugllelmettt. 66, route two died at the Vermillion County Hos-nltal at 6:45 a. m. Sunday after i: vear's illness. ttuslielmeltl. former coal minor had been a resident of Clinton for 3fi years. Enter Key Fort In Marinot Line Third Army On Heels Of, Retreating Nazis Back Toward Saarbrucken; 1st Yanks Slam into Hurtgen PARIS, France. Major new-gains were carved out by the American and British armies west of the Rhine today coincident with unconfirmed Swiss reports of Allied para-troop landings 40 miles inside the Siegfried Line. The Third Army of Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton Jr., entered the great Maginot Line fortreBB town of St. Avoid on the heels of German troops retreating toward the German border along the road that leads to Saarburueken. Sneak Out in Night During tlie night, the Nazis had slipped out of their rear-guard and anti-tank emplacements a mile west of the city. United States First Army troops slammed into Langufwene and Into II..-, nr.. n lUa aAira nt llm VMB(- Black Forest, and savage Btreet-fighting progresses In both town. (A Router front-line dispatch Bald hat Anierlrnn forces are within 600 yards of Altdorf, which lies only 23 i Continued on page 6) Moscow Holds Key To Future Allied, Polish Councils :' WASHINGTON, D. C. Washington officials turned their eyes toward Moscow today, frankly fearful that the Soviet government might "pull the plug" in the Polish situation and make a settlement Impossible. This new fear was the first Immediate consequence of the resignation of Polish Prime Minister Stanislaw Kikolaiczyk, who was the hope of both Washington and London in the delicate negotiations with Moscow. Officials said it was enough bad news to lose Mikolajczyk. but the news would be still worse If the Soviet government should now a-bandon all dealings with the Polish group in London, and put its finger III tllC ijuuiill hluup nn uio ui , Polish government. Diplomatic relations between the Soviet and Polish governments have been broken since the spring of 1943, but the British and American' governments have managed to keep open a channel of conversation. In the meantime, Moscow has sponsored tne new roiisn ixaiionai Committee of Liberation, located at Lublin, which it regards as repre-: senting the real Polish people. AS yet, however, the Soviet government has not gone so far as to ejtr tend formal recognition to that com-? mittee. This is tlie action which Is now feared, both In Washington and Lon don. Officials frankly admitted this wouta ue a .eij , of events." I Tney predicted that if the Lublin j in short, the tension in the Polish situation at this moment, officials iseid. gnows out of the possibility ot sudden action from Moscow which ; might make further negotiation lm-; possible. Premier Mickolajczyk W.T8 : regarded by the Russians as a mod-1 I erate. and his removal might prompt ! Stalin to put an end to all dtscus-i sions. j There seemed to be no doubt In j Washington today that Poland would lose her eastern territory. That was described by one official-as a "de facto situation," In view of the i.resence of Soviet troops in eastern Poland and the unswerving demands of FtaPn in this regard. The onlv question was whether', the channels of rTTottatton could he kept open, or whether Stalin wonid' turn his back on the Londos Poles, thus precipitating a public controversy between Moscow, London, ard II'nl.;n n,nn NEW YORK, N. V. Sweeping in u far-reaching narrow triangle all the way from Tokyo to two ot Ja-i Continued on page S) Five Allied Air Armadas Hammer Key Reich Cities Industrial Centers Of Germany Under Steady Attack; Down 94 Nazis LONDON, England. Five large armadas of Allied airplanes, four of them made up mostly of heavy bombers, hit Germany by daylight today. The fifth of tho great air fleets, including only American fighters which swept nrfilvely pver northwestern Germany, met between 300 and 400 enemy fighters. According to preliminary reports, the American fighters shot down 94 enemy planes and destroyed three on the ground. Cologne Area Hit" In the second of the day's great raids by Royal Air Force Lancaster, the large British planes, escorted by Mustangs and Spitfires, attacked the railway marshalling yard in the Kalk district of Cologne. The marshalling yards at Ofren-burg. southeast of Strasbourg, and at Ilingen. west of Mainz, had been hit hard by about 500 Flying Fort resses, escorted by about 200 fighters. (Continued on page 6) Shortest Inaugural Talk in History Is Planned by Roosevelt WASHINGTON, D. C. President Roosevelt will make one of the shortest inaugural addresses in history in taking his fourth term oath of office at the White House on January 20. Sen. Harry S. Byrd (D) Va., who conferred with Mr. Roosevelt today on plans for tho inaugural ceremony, said the President plans to hold his acceptance speech to four or five minutes. In his previous three ceremonies. Mr. Roosevelt has taken the occasion to make a rather lengthy speech, coveting his administration policies in office. These addresses have run from a half hour to 45 minutes, as have most presidential acceptance speeches. Byrd said the ceremony, which will take place for the first time on (Continue" on page 6) Italian Committee of Emerges Tops From ROME, N. Y. The Italian committee of liberation today loomed as the supreme force in Italy as tlie result of a decision of the six-party coalition made after Premier Ivanoe Bonnmi and his cabinet resigned. Form New Government It was assumed In Rome today that Bonomi would be asked by Prince Umberto, lieutenant of the realm, to form a new government. (The London radio, quoting a Rome broadcast, said today that the Italian cabinet crisis had been solved and that Premier Ivanoe Bonomi had been asked by the Italian Nat- ional Committee of Liberation to re ships to ten in the last three aays. In addition, an escorting destroyer also was sunk by American war-planes. Third in Three Days On Saturday Gen. MacArthur announced that a corivoy of four ships, with 2. 0(10 troops aboard, had been sunk by Thunderbolts and War-hawks, while on Friday he reported the sinking of three other transports and an escorting destroyer, with tne loss of an estimated 4,500 Japs. Since attempts were made by the Japs to reinforce their troops now trapped in the Ormoc corridor, a total of 19 of their cargo and transport vessels have been destroyed. Fifth Air Force Toll MounU Added to this Is a total of approximately 70,000 tons of Japanese merchant shipping have been destroyed, including 11 escort ships, most of which were destroyers, all victims (Continued on page 6) Bertie Barker, Former County , Reeorder, DieH Bertie Barker, former Vermillion County recorder for two terms, died at tho Union Hospital In Torre Haute Saturday, Nov. 25. Mr. Barker, 60, who residence was In Newport, served as county recorder from 1928 to 1936. He was a member of the Methodist Church of Newport and the 1. O. O. F. Lodge. Barker was born in Newport Dec. 10. 1883, the son of Deward and Luvlcla Brlndley Barker. He had spent his lifetime as a farmer. He is survived by the widow. Anna: one daughter, Mrs. Hazel Sautn. Lowell. Ltd.; two sons. Harold, Cayuga and Forest. Sidney, 111.; four brothers, Furth and Cloyd of Covington, Virgil, of Montezuma and Stanley, Newport and three grandchildren. The body was taken to the Watson Funeral Home in Newport. Funeral services will be held at the Methodist Church in Newport Tuesday at 2 p. m. with Rev. E. T. Miles officiating. Burial will be in the Thomas cemetery. Former State Legion Chanlain Succumbs Today INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. Harley H. Wood. 55, of Kokomo. former state chaplain of the American Legion, was dead today. Death came at the United States Veterans' Administration Hospital where he had taking treatment for three weeks. The widow, a sister and three brothers survive. Funeral services will be held "Wed-nesdav atfternoon in Kokomo and I burial will be in that citv. 'Freeze' On Payroll Tax Compromise Sought In House V Per Cent Freeze Up For Debate; Official Warns Against Action WASHINGTON, D. C A. J. Alt-meyer, Social Security Board Chairman, told the House Ways and Means Committee today that further "freezing" of the Social Security niivinll lax would "Impair the finan cial soundness" of the Federal Old Ago Insurance .system. "There is no question, ne siait'u, that the benefits provided under the federal old age and survivors insurance system will cost far more than the two per cent of payrolls now being collected." Altineyer appeared as the first witness at public hearings called by ICODtlnueu uq page S Capital Kuhher Plant Workers On Strike 4th Day INDIANAPOLIS, I n d. Two thousand employes of the United States Rubber Company in Indiana- noils remained on strike for the fourth day today, thereby delaying production of rubber products seriously needed by the armed forces. Leaders of Local No. 110. United Rubber Workers I'nlon (TIOl indicated that any War Labor Board "back-to-work" directive would be ignored unless It was favorable to the union. The chief grievance of the strikers was the company's plan to reduce a four-man mixing machine crew by, one man without allowing a re-time study of the operation, according to William E. Abel, union president. "We are not unpatriotic rebels." Abel declared. "We are striking only to protect our interests and those who will return from military service. The issues involve maintenance of employe good will and morale, which if allowed to be broken, such as by the company's unfair plan, would dampen employe' war effort spirit." Abel charged that John E. Cady. plant manager, was responsible for continuation of the strike by rejection of a proposal for a job re-time study by a three member committee composed of a representative each of labor, management and the War Labor Board. Cady refused comment on this al-leention and also on general strike Issues, . He is survived by his wife. Mar-1 group got lull recognition, ii woum tha; five daughters, Mrs. Margaret! set loose a campaign of purges and Frigo. Mrs. Angelltie liarushok and , deportations against the landlord Mrs. Ann Vlrostko, all of Chicago, class in Poland, which would In turn .Mrs. Rose Hononto. Clinton, and j provoke a violent reaction In the Mrs. Mary Kirknian of Terre Haute. ', United States, especially among Po-two brothers, Frank. Blanford and lisli-Americans. 'l- Ralph, route two. four sisters in Italy, end eight grandchildren. The body was taken to the Karan-ovich Funeral Hon"' and will be returned to the residence this ev nins for funeral services to be held at 2 p. m. Wednesday. Eurial will be in the Riverside cemetery. Pv t. Albino Sagrillo Is Wounded in Philippines Mr. and Mrs. Emilio Sagrillo. 228 North Tenth street, received word from the War Department Saturday that their son. Pvt. Albino Sagrillo. has been seriously wounded in the Philippine Theater of operations. Pvt. Sagrillo has been in service 23 months, 16 of which has been overseas duty. Mr. and Mrs. Sagrillo have another son, Primo. in the air force, who has been In service nearly a year and is now somewhere overseas. tain his post. The broadcast was re-, cabinet. corded by NBC.) I Bonomi and his cabinet resigned Joint (statement Issoed yesterday as the result, according After a prolonged conference by j to an official statement, of resolu-representatives of the six parties, tions adopted by the government they issued a joint statement saying 1 parties, each of which demanded that the coalition demanded "that that the government should be re-the future government continues to I vised along parly lines.