The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on November 21, 1944 · Page 1
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The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

Clinton, Indiana
Issue Date:
Tuesday, November 21, 1944
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THE DAILY1 GLINTONIAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Countiei THE WEATHJEB . ' Light rain and snow today, cloudy tonight. Partly cloudy Tuesday. Not much change in temperature. Mailed In onf ormity With P. O. D. Order JNo. 19687 Price Three Cents. CLINTON, INDIANA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1944. Volume 82 Number 226. MAT M IMA u VV a mm . i) , Clinton Brothers Meet On Guam Eisenhower Warns Nazis Cearp-, ncn pace 4 For Last-Ditch Fight; Daman," j$ireal to South German Flank CP" x - V New B-29 Raid Strikes Japan, War Plants Hit Nagasaki, Omura Centers Target of Superfortress Attack; Tokyo Reports 80 Tlanes in Assaults WASHINGTON, I). C. The Will' Department nnnounoed that 1J-20 Siiiierrortresses hit t li e Oinura Aircraft factory on Kyushu Island, Nanking and Shanghai in today's raid on Japan, encounter-ing tlie first strong fighter opposition to oppose B-29 raids on K ""A fcC fyf ' ' - 'V'' Leyte Yanks Closing in On Japs Despite New Counterblows, Storms GEN. MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines. Battle begrimed Yankee Doughboys of the 32nd Infantry continued today to make good progress in the bloody Union sector of Leyte Island and at tho same time repulsed attempts of the Jap First Division seeking to rescue trapped forces. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's Tuesday morning communique said a Japanese counter attack was repulsed during the night by the determined Doughboys at heavy cost to the enemy. Battle in Tylioon The battle was being fought in the face of raging typhoon-like rainstorms which have temporarily slowed down the American advance on Umon. Fifth Air Force warplanes defied the heavy rains to constantly support the ground movements by relentlessly hammering Jap commun-tion lines, supply dumps, motor pools and other installations as well as waterfront facilities in Ormoc Bay below Umon. ReH'l Jau Air Attack At the same time 35 Jap fighters and dive-bombers attempted to attack Yank positions Monday afternoon, but were ineffectual in their efforts, according to MacArthur's communique, and lost 7 of their (Continued on Page 2) Third A rmy Ku vFlito Maginot Line Defenses; Complete Metz Mop-up WITH THE U. S. THIRD ARMY Advance elements of Lieut. Gen Jeorge K. I'alton's Third Army troops knifed into the Maginot Linf In two places today on the heels ol retreating Cernian hordes. They captured the focal point of Faulquemont. 10 miles due east of Chateau Sallns, and drove to within eight miles of the Reich border below Saarbrucken. Reach Rhine Canal (The German DNB Agency said the Doughboys, striking In strength along the Lunevllle-Saarbourg road while driving east and northeast, reached the Rhine-Mame Canal and the Saar River southwest of Saare-bourg. Bitter fighting was said to bf In progress at ponts where Patton'i men were attempting to cross the canal.) Oermnn re,ri?uard nests, minefields and roadblocks offer the main points of resistance between the Third Army and the Reich. Renewed rains are keeping the Fields extremely muddy, but still the entire (Continued on Page 2) SSgt. Kvan Karl Byiuini (right) and Pli. !W 8r George Uynuin, sons of Mr. und Mrs. Norvel Bynum of Walnut Street. Meeting for the first time in three years, SSgt. Evan Earl Bynum and Pharmacists mate third class George Bynum staged a brotherly re-union on the island of Guam on Sunday, Oct. 29. the Darents. Mr .and Mrs. n., ,r, of walnut strppt were Foolhardy optimism and popular complacency over an early and easy end to the war in Europe were outlawed by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower today at the very moment when undersized and Inadequate German forces guarding the Rhine, itunr and Saar valleys were reported retreating on a 100-mile front. ! Foursquare in the face of official announcements and baltlefront reports that clearly indicated a general crumbling of Nazi resistance everywhere from Holland to the Swiss border, the commander-in-chief of the seven Allied armies battling the Germans on their homo soil or close to it warned that the enemy was geared for last-ditch resistance. Fight for Peace J "To get peace," Gen. Elsenhower said In an unequivocal demand for increased efforts on all the home fronts as well as all the battlefronts, "we have got to fight like hell for H. "Let's do it." Gen. Elsenhower's statement, underscored with the emphasis of an ultimatum rather than appeal, verely weakened if not actually criopled by aerial bombardment, well-informed quarters expressed firm belief that if Allied industrial output does not slacken, the Nazis can he done away with before the year Is over. , It is evident, Gen. Eisenhower said, that the Germans intend to battle to the death to retain possession of the west bank of the Rhine where the Ruhr Valley is threatened. America and the world must ex- , m ncct 'J- nt ottttlefront and wl throw re(,0nt everything they have into the gauge h . . desnerate effort to safeguard the Ruhr Valley mainspring of the German war machine from invasion and destruction. Need More Supplies Gen. Eisenhower made an urgent (Continued on Page 2) Northern County Elections Probed In Fraud Charges told in letters from their sons. touched off a new flood of specula-Due to their long separation, the tion in London and elsewhere as to brothers at first hardly recognized when and where the war will end. eacli other. They had a five-hour Millions of Explosives visit, catching up on three years of with a million tons of explosives news from each and hope to meet piled up in the supply depots bey-again soon. ond Allied HneB in Europe, and the Evan Earl has been in the army productive capacity of Germany se- Government Hold Looms on Ohio Telephone System Michigan Bell Operators To Vote on Strike; Ohio Walkout Spreads in State CLEVELAND, Ohio. Even as government seizure of the system loomed, the strike of Ohio Bell Telephone Company employes was ox-tended today, lapping over into neighboring Michigan where Bell System employes are to vote on possible strike action tonight. A. T. and T. .loins Strike Five thousand workers In 28 of Ohio Bell's 51 exchange centers were affected by the strike. The ranks of the strikers were swelled this morn ing by the walkout of operators at m at yed, ,f the; Middletown, where 50 are empto and I he decision oi employes oi me Long Lines Department of American Telephone and Telegraph in Cleve- in an-iko l Ti.n ix.iiin of tho Inne lines em-'sir ployes committed 700 Ohio workers quarters reported today, in that department to observe the ; Following a violent artillery bar-picket lines. They are members of rago, the British cleared the enemy . the Federation of Long Lines Work- from a sugar factory at Zuccherll'l-ers. Icia where the Nazis were strongly , Answer WLIl Summons entrenched using the building as an ( Representatives of the Federation observation post in an attempt to WLB Nears Vote On Steel Wage Increase Issue Ten Cents an Hour Raise Seen as Pattern for New Demands from Industries WASHINGTON, D. C. The War Labor Board approached a decision today on the first of a dozen major wage cases with indications pointing toward a pay adjustment of five to ten cents an hour for approximately 700,000 CIO steelworkers. , The action of the American Federation of labor in rejoining the WLBs deliberations was interpreted as meaning that a ruling was near. Such a verdict would be a welcome announcement for the annual CIO convention currently assembled In Chicago. Adjustment of Views Near Although the administration apparently is determined to maintain the "Little Steel" formula on general wage increases and the WLB already haB ruled out the steelworkers' demand for a straight seven-teen-cent hourly rate boost, an adjustment amounting to ten cents could be made through other means. It might be given through a number of so-oalled "fringe" issued involved in the steelworkers' case night shift differentials, a better vacation schedule, severance pay and correction of alleged "inequalities" In the industry's existing wage structure. Pattern for New Demands The War Labor Board s decision in the case of the steelworkers union, which is headed by CIO president Philip Murray, likely will become the pattern for rulings In the cases involving automobile, electric, meat packing, aluminum, textile and glass workers. The demands are very similar. It is believed that the WLB will reject the CIO's demand for a gua-(Continued on Page 2) Nazis Fall Back to Border ; Towns as Allied Advance Push Sarrebourg - Vosges , Area; Yanlls Score Gains PARIS, France. - A general German retreat along a 100-mile front ''rora a point southeast of Saara--bourg in Germany to the foothills of the Vosges Mountains was reported in battle-front dispatches today. ' Troops of the French First Army under command of Gen. Marie Em-ile Bethouart are threatening th whole southern flank of Germany's defenses. lused on Rhine The Paris newspaper Ce Solr reported that French troopB now are massed along a 15-kilometre (914 nlle) stretch of the Rhine. At Metz, two isolated German oockets of resistance rejected a demand from Lieut. Gen. George 8. Patton for unconditional surrender, and it was assumed that American attack against these garrisons was under way. Vankii Mop Up Stolberg Other American troops mopped u last enemy resistance at Stolberg. while the United States Ninth Army took five more towns in its thrust eastward from the Aachen sector. British troops, according to Gen. Iwight D. Elsenhower's headquart-rs, are still engaged with the Ger-nanB at the Wurm river. The Ninth Army captured Ge'rsm-wller, Freialdenhove, Niedermer nd Ungersaughsen, repulsing an en-miy counterattack with 30 tanks In he Schleidan area. , 'irst Army Gains Troops of the First Army entered Wrath and made substantial galna i the northern part of the Hurtgen Forest. ' Third Army armored units repulir-d a Btrong German attack In the uea of Merzlg, where the enemy has reinforced the Luxembourg-Germany frontier district. The enemy pockets holding out at Metz are on the Isle du Saulcy and tCnntlntien on Dage S) ! German Synthetic Oil Network Under ' Heavy Air Attack LONDON. England. An estimated 3.000 or more British and American warplanes . joined forcee again today to give Germany's network of synthetic oil plants a heavy pounding. i RAF Lancastera. heaviest bombing weapon in the Britisn arsenal, attacker plants at Homburg in the i Ruhr behind an escort of Mustang land Spitfire fighters late in the afternoon. The attack came just as 2,350 American heavy bombers and fighters were returning to their basee from assaulting identical targets at Hamburg. Harburg and Merseburg. Fortress squadrons included among the 1.250 heavy bombers, battered the Leuna Synthetic Oil Plant at Merseberg while Liberators pounded the Deutsche and Rhenania refineries at Hamburg and Harburg. More than 1.100 fighters made up the escorting force. An American communique also announced that nine fighters reported missing from yeBlerday's attacks have returned to base, leaving nine others still unaccounted for. ROME, Italy. Lightning-escorted Liberator bombers blasted the German escape route through central Yugoslavia today while speedy Mustang fighters strafed more than 150 miles of highway extending through the same area. FraKiinieiitutlon bombs were drop-led on the retreating Nails they -urugghd to reach a railhead lead-lug northward. Gun positions and troops concentrations south of Itaveuna In Italy were pounded heavily by Atlted-bombers while similar formations struck at enemy fuel, food and ammunition dumps in the Po Valley. Mrs. Pearlie May Houchin Dies in Helt Township Mrs. Pearlie May Houchin. 77. died Monday, Nov. 20, at her borne in Helt Township. Mrs. Houchin was a member of the Bono Methodist Church. She Is survived by her husband. Lawrence, five children, Mrs. Leatna Skeeters and Mrs. Bessie Martin of Montezuma: Jump, Clinton, route one. and Frank and Kenneth at home; nine grandchildren, five great grandchildren, three sisters, and one brother. Funeral services will be held at the Tennessee Valley Baptist Chtireh Wednesday at 2 p. ui. with Rev. Ray Bauks officiating. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. Alleged divisions isolated for more than a election fraud in Lake. Allen and ,nonth in the Courland peninsula. St. Joseph Counties twill be placed, Tn(, Soviet communique announe-under the scrutiny of one of the ' e(i ferCe fighting in the battles three United States enate Green wi,ci, brought the Russians to wlth-committee investigators now con-. i., iegB than two miles of Miskolc. WASHINGTON, D. C. American B-29 Superfortress bombers roared out from their China bases today to blast Kyushu, southernmost of the Japanese home islands, and the enemy later reported that the important Nagasaki and Omura areas were the objectives. While a brief announcement In Washington gave no details of the latest raid by the B-29's, Tokyo press and radio reports said an estimated 70 to 80 of the huge bombers had carried out the attack. Large Attack Force The announcement by Gen. H. H. Arnold, Commanding General of the 20th Air Force, merely said a "large Task Force" of B-29's from Maj. Gen, Curtis E. Lemay's 20th Bomber Command had attacked industrial targets on Kyushu and said a communique would be issued when fur-thelr details are available. Omura is the site of the big Omura aircraft factory and haB drawn the concentration of the B-29's. It has been raided several times, the last attack taking place Nov. 11. The Nagasaki and Omura areas of northwestern Kyushu, one of the Jap home islands, were the targetB for an estimated 70 to 80 United States Superfortress bombers which attacked today, Tokyo press and radio reports' said!" : The Tokyo reports, recorded by the FCC, Bald the B-29's penetrated over the areas in two waves at about 9:45 a. m. (8:45 p. m. Monday EWT) and were met by Jap fighter planes which engaged them In "fierce air duels". (Continued on Page 2) Demands for Probe Of Pearl Harbor Grow in Senate WASHINGTON, D. C. Sen. Homer Ferguson (R) Mich., piled up support today from both sides of the party line on his resolution for a senate investigation of the t'earl Harbor disaster. Meanwhile, as Ferguson prepared to introduce his resolution today, he declared he does not believe that military Becrecy is the real reason for Army-Navy Pearl Harbor reports being withheld. "I believe the President thinks it is a matter within his own powers rather than something the people should know about," he said. At the same time Ferguson disclaimed any attempt at partisanship in the probe proposal, and pointed out that he had withheld It until after election. The resolution calls for a special five-man senate committee to investigate the tragedy. Ferguson got the immediate support of Sen. Hatch D) N. Mex., acting chairnjan of the judiciary committee, which is slated to receive the resolution, with only the reservation that "nothing be done which would in any way disturb or affect our war effort." "I am extremely anxious to have all the facts and circumstances surrounding the Pearl Harbor disaster available and with full publicity." Sen. Wherry ( It ) Neb., minority whip, said that "if there is need for an investigation going further than the military inquiry this is the way to get it." He added: "Now that the election is over, ir all common decency to Admiral Kim-mel and General Short this thing should be terminated one way or the other." Ferguson declared the Inquiry not interfere with conduct of the war, and pointed out that safeguard would be in the hands of the majority party, since the special committee would be picked by the vice-president and would have a democratic majority. Service Station Men To Discuss Sale of Bonds Sale of war bonds will be the main business topic at the meeting of the Clinton Auto Repairmen and Service Station Attendants- meetin;" tonight, it was announced today. The meeting will be held at the Horney-Bobert Battery Shop at 7:30 for three years while George .lias been in naval service for 19 months. Still another brother, Corporal El-wood Hynum, Is stationed with the U. S. Army in England. British Patrols Probe Nazi Defenses South Of Key Ravenna Post T...I.. npltloh t?lfhth I numr., itu,,. ......... Army troops have 0 positions two miles south of Rai en- - -- - ina in expioianrjr ,iu ,"; rlumi unm rum, ii before the Adriatic coastal my, uen. Henrv Maitland Wilson's head- Diock tne Qrive on Ravenna. A number of prisoners were captured in the fighting, which was on Contlnuert on page 61 Farmers' Aid Bill Comes to House, Protects '45 Crop WASHINGTON, D. C. The house opens debate today on the federal crop insurance bill, designed to protect farmers' 1945 crops of wheat, cotton and flax against un avoidable loss. Two hours of general debate will be permitted on the measure, following which it will be thrown open to possible amendment from the floor. The bill, sponsored by the late Rep. Fulmer ( D ) S. C. chairman of the house agriculture committee, also provides for trial insurance In 20 representatives counties of other farm commodities, including corn, tobacco, rice, peanuts, soybeans, sugar beets, citrus fruits and tame hay, for a three-year period. The measure Bets the insurance coverage at not greater than 75 per cent of the average yield for the insured farm, provided that the coverage Is not greater than the Investment In the crop. Premiums would be set sufficiently high to cover claims for crop losses and establish within a three-year period a reasonable reserve against unforeseen losses, such as from drought, flood, wind and frost. No Insurance would be provided in any county unlcBs written applications were filed covering at least 100 farms or one-third of the farms normally producing the agricultural commodities insured by the act. Insurance would also be provided for producers on farms situated in a local producing area bordering on a county with a crop insurance program. ' No crops produced for harvest In 1944 were Insured, but prior to that wheat was insured for five years and cotton for two years. During that time, approximately two million 100 thousand wheat and cotton farmers were insured, according to the house agriculture committee. In demnities for crop losses were paid .n .Ia,iI RfiS (inn fnrmora Out of atoll iv mitiinn dollars nalH nut. ! I I Reds Battle To Isolate Miskolc, Block to Budapest Await Start of Frontal Attack on Capital ; Reds Silent on Latvian Moves MOSCOW, Russia. The Red army fought today to isolate Mis koic, Hungary's rmn largest cuy, i BerieB of thrust9 and pH9hes r signed to roll back the Wehrmach kolc, Hungary's fifth largest city, 1 on the nortneastern approacnes Budapest. Russian forces gained a flrme hold on the 85 miles of rail an highway communications between Miskolc and the Hungarian capital and Miskolc was half-encircled by-advances which scooped up more than twelve towns and railway stations. No Confirmation of Drive Meanwhile, there was no official confirmation In Moscow of German reports of a new Red army offensive in western Latvia against Nazi Units of the second Ukrainian army drove up both sides of the city, capturing Dlosgyoer, three miles west of the communications hub, and Csanalos, seven miles to the northeast. Second (Yiluiim Move Another column, hitting the Germans head on, swung through the village of Csaba, a mile and a half (Continued on Prko t Fairv iew Soldier Wounded In Action in France Mrs. Charlotte Petak of Fairview received word from the war department that her husband, Pfc. An-drek Petak, was Blightly injured in action Nov. 6, In France. The telegram stated further information would be transmitted ar received. Mrs. Petak ,who has been working In Portland, Ore., will return to her home In Fulrvlew in the near future. Yanks Back To to see our forces back. You shoulil hear some of the stories they toll' of Jap atrocities. I guess they havi been through two years of hell. "They come alongside the ship In their canoes and beg for food and clothes. The Japs have taken everything they had that was of any value to them, they even stripped them of their clothing. Xatlvc hi unny Sacks "I've seen a whole boat-load of natives with nothing on but gunny sacks with holes cut in them. "We have had orders not to trade with them so there isn't much chance of getting any souvenirs. "I gave a woman a sewing kit and another fellow gave her a sheet and you should have seen the grateful look on her face. "You would have thought we were giving her a beautiful dress from Sak s Fifth Avenue store. "We have had quite a few air Continued on rate tj, ducting a preliminary probe from Indianapolis headquarters. Harold Buckles, chief investigator for the five-man senatorial committee vhich meets today In Washlng- ton, said that he, Clifford V. Sut- cliff or George Shilllto. would make a trip to northern Indiana In order to aeive into numeruus cnurge oi disenfranchlsement and fraud emanating from that area. . Buckles said a previous plan to have two senatorial committee investigators come from Chicago to northern Indiana for the probe had been stymied by the return of the Windy City assignees to Washington. Meanwhile in Washington, the Green committee, composed of three Democrats and two Republicans, was scheduled for a session to determine whether full-dress Investigations would be undertaken in Indiana and other states. Information collected by the investigators will be placed before the committee, headed by Senator Theodore F. Green (D) R. I Filipinos Welcome of Telephone Workers were ready to answer a summons of the National Continued on Page ft Clinton Churches To Join in Union Thanksgiving Meet Rev. C. C. Jordan of the First Methodist Church will deliver the Thanksgiving sermon at the union service to be held at 9 a. m. Thursday in the First Baptist Church, it was announced today. Rev. Jordan, Rev. Ray Crawl, First Baptist Church; Rev. R. C. Linberg, the First and Hillcrest Presbyterian Churches: and Rev. F. L. De Poister, First Christian Church will participate in the community-wide program of Thanksgiving. George Chenhall and Mrs. Ted Morgan will direct the music for the service which is given under the auspices of the Clinton Ministerial Association. Rev. Jordan's Thanksgiving theme will be "Gratitude and Destiny." The Thanksgiving offering will be given to the Red Cross. high ranking official pointed out that there isn't much time before Christmas, and added that "the time element is a problem." Tlirow off Security iVmfer.we A delay In the big three meeting would throw off schedule the plans for a full-dress conference of the United Nations on the security organization, originally planned for January. It is understood that the principal difficulty in arranging a meeting has been the selection of a place. Stalin was reported eager to meet the other two leaders, but reluctant to leave Russia. Both London and Paris were ruled out because of their distance from Moscow, and the difficulty of maintaining constant communications with the So-4CouUduu on Page 2 Speculation Mounts Over Proposed Meeting of FDR, Stalin, Churchill WASHINGTON, D. C. It was acknowledged officially today that no arrangementB have yet been made for a meeting between President Roosevelt. Prime Minister Churchill and Marshal Stalin, giving rise to the belief that the meeting has been postponed. Swi'ch in Policy This development represented a switch In what has been expected and openly discussed. Both President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill uublicly have expressed a desire for i jLeyte, Universal Seaman Writes One of the first letters to come from Leyte in the Philippine Islands where American troops lunded in the liberation campaign In the former U. S.-held IslandB was received this week by Mr. and Mrs. Harry Lewis of Universal from .their son Jim Lewis, Seaman Becond class, United States Navy. Three in Area S2c Lewis has been in action In the Pacific area for the past several months along with IiIb brother. Capt. Jack Lewis of the Air Forces and his brother-in-law, Cpl. Charles A. Metz, in the U. S. Army. "They just lifted the censorship on telling about my whereabouts" his letter begins, "so I'll try and tell you a few incidents." "You've probably read a lot in another big three meeting such as was held at Teheran a year ago. Churchill recently stated it was "high time" to hold such a meeting. Also. Acting Secretary of State Stettinius has said that the "gaps" in the Dumbarton Oaks plan were to be filled In by a meeting between the three leaders. London, England. President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Marshal Stalin will meet In Moscow, according to a Paris radio report published in the London Daily Mail today. A major Red Army offensive is imminent, the report said, making it impossible for Stalin to , leave the Russian capital. But it now appears questionable whether the meeting will be held until after the Inauguration of President Koosevelt, Jan. 20. One very farmers contributed fifty-two million j the papers that isn't true about this dollars in premiums, resulting In a place, but that's only Jap propagan-loss to the federal crop insurance j da. corporation of twenty-eight million Natives Welcome Yanks Back dollars. "The natives here were really glad

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