The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 10, 1968 · Page 18
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November 10, 1968

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 18

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West Palm Beach, Florida
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Sunday, November 10, 1968
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Page 18
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B6 Palm Beach Post-Times, Sunday, Nov. 10, 1968 The War To End All Wars Sirens Shrieked Armistice 50 Years Ago HI '. I 1 I counsel, and by material aid In the establishment ol Just democracy throughout the world." But as the world powers were to do later In Paris, the American people already were rejecting the spirit of the schoolmaster-president's message. Hate was as rampant as joy In the streets. The kaiser was hung In effigy In scores of cities and In Hartford, Conn., a stuck pig "the kaiser" was paraded through town on a butcher's truck. would bring. The Zppfclins which had bombed London, penetrating through high-flying balloon barrages; the dogfights between the rickety sin-:r engine airplanes from which pilots sometimes dropped bombs by hand; the first appearance of a lumbering war machine called a tank all these were to change the whole nature of warfare. Never again was the world to be the same. Europe lay in ruins, Its centuries-old social and political systems destroyed, the flower of its youth dead on such battle-iields as Verdun, Tannen-berg, Ypres, the Marne, the Somme, Chateau Thierry and Flanders Field; swept away in the carnage were the great dynasties the tsars of Russia, the sultans of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, Empire, and the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hu-gary. The map of Europe was redrawn, with new states such as Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia taking their place in the new atlases. For the United States the war was the end of its "age of innocence," the end of Its splendid isolation. From here on, the nation, whether it wished it or not, was a world power, a major force in shaping the course of history, no longer able to count on the Atlantic Ocean to keep It ' from foreign entanglements. But the cost of the war in men and blood also brought a new hope, something called the League of Nations, an organization of countries which would see that war never again visited mankind. And the United States' president, Woodrow Wilson, was going to see that it came into being and worked. The cities on the sea and on the Great Lakes ordered the ships and tugs to tie back their foghorns and whistles and the seamen threw calcium flares overboard to light the sky. The motorists, mostly in the stylish open cars of 1918, deliberately caused them to backfire to add to the din and tied Returning Doughboys March In New York In 1919 diers and sailors took over the city, seizing the restaurants, smashing windows and wrecking street cars. A New York merchant soaped this legend on his window : "Heaven, Hell or Hoboken by Christmas! We've got all three. Heaven for us, Hell for the Kaiser and Hoboken for the boys." The American people had gone through a dress rehearsal of sorts for the real celebration four days earlier on the erroneous news that an armistice had been signed. On that day, too, tons and tons of ticker tape had poured out of skyscraper windows, men and women had gathered to clap each other on the back and hug total strangers and cheer for the victory they thought had been achieved. However, on Nov. 8, as the day and the celebration wore on, suspicion began growing when no one could confirm the Before dawn, New York's Fifth Avenue was surging with men and women and had to be closed to traffic. Some 155 tons of ticker tape and shredded papers floated down from the windows before the day was over. College students snake-danced on campuses and some 800 co-eds from Barnard College danced through Momlng-side Heights. By midmomlng the jubilation was at Its peak. The factories were closed, courts dismissed for the day, offices de-seeted. Well-dressed women, ringing cowbells and clapping noisemakers, marched with soldiers and sailors carrying signs proclaiming: "No more beans! No more camouflaged coffee! No more monkey stew!" In Boston, the 160-year-old State House bell pealed and In Newport News, jubilant sol Green WarS By GEORGE SIBERA MONTFAUCON, France (UPD Fifty years have gone by since the cold, windy September days of 1918 when American armies unleashed their great Meuse-Argonne offensive against reputedly Impregnable German positions northwest of Verdun. Today, bush-bordered wheat fields cover the once muddy, shell-pocked clay hills honeycombed with German bunkers and trenches. Black and white Friesian cattle graze lazily on spots where Gen. John J. Pershing's untested men were locked for days In vicious hand-to-hand fighting that sent elite Prussian regiments reeling back behind the Meuse River. Half a century has elapsed and the din of battle has long died away. But on every step visitors are reminded they are walking over soil soaked with blood. Rows of crosses-American, French, German', British run along hillsides In military cemeteries throughout the area. The distant rumble of guns from the Chalons -sur-Marne French artillery shooting range echoes through the dark flrwoods as a memento that this is ground kept at a great cost of blood. There are many more reminders at every turn of the road. A simple rain-washed marker close to Montfaucon reads: "Here the village of Houdomont died for France. 1916." Weed-covered bunkers from the vaunted Hlndenburg or Siegfried Lines, are within sight of the 186-foot monument atop Montfaucon-Hlll commemorating the American victory at the start of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. Decrepit markers are strewn through the mist-shrouded countryside with rusty, hardly legible Inscriptions, such as the one by road 123: "Right flank, 10th Brigade, 5th U.S. Division, 8th November 1918 Southern Boundry (sic) Divisional sector before forced passage of Meuse." The tall wind-whipped figure symbolizing liberty on top of the white stone Montfaucon monument faces south. It was from here that the 23 American divisions swung North-Northeastward on the miserably cold morning of Sept. 26, 1918. Three U.S. divisions News Of Men In Service yST fcC AH ' r G. NICHOLS 1 Ma J Locked offices hung out signs: "Closed for the kaiser's funeral" and a youngster sketched crude pictures of the kaiser on a sidewalk In New York to give the crowds the chance to trample over his likeness. As the bonfires darkened and the offices reopened the next day, some two million Americans still were in the barracks and fields of Europe. It would be months before some returned home and 20 days before the first reached New York harbor on the British transport, the Mauretania. Hides cars were held back In reserve alongside four French divisions, Including two elite Colonial rifles. Today a melancholy stillness hangs over Montfaucon Hill where visitors still may see the bunker where the German crown prince commander-in-chief on the Verdun front had his observation post during the 1916 and 1917 battles. Considered as an Impregnable eagle's nest with solid defense lines several miles deep behind, the Montfaucon crest saw some of the bloodiest fighting of World War I. Some 28,000 American troops died there by the time lt was securely in American hands, after two days of merciless struggle. By Sept. 30, Gen. Hunter Lis-gets' 1st U.S. Army was Increasing Its pressure on the German troops and the German command rushed many divisions into the area, 20 miles northwest of Verdun, In a desperate effort to close the gap, but to no avail. The Aire Valley which today looks a picnickers' paradise saw more vicious fighting through October until the advancing American armies broke stubborn German resistance, captured the rest of the Argonne Woods and carried the fighting to the lower-lying ground east of the Meuse. Thousands of Americans died in subsequent fighting at Brieulles and Cunel, a small cluster of pastel-colored farmhouses and elsewhere. The retreating Germans at spots put up such resistance that some foxholes changed hands several times In a day. But Pershlngs' armies kept grinding on over what today Is lush grazing ground along the Meuse, driving the Germans beyond the river. With French and British armies pressing forward along the whole line of the front from the North Sea Into the Vosges, the German government soon sued for armistice. By the time lt was sounded on the morning of Nov. 11, American armies had reached the southern foothills of the Ardennes. In the vicious fighting which lasted 47 days, American troops captured 260,000 prisoners, 874 cannon, 3,000 machine guns. When the war was over American casualties reached 122,000 men. Over By KAY BARTLETT AP Newsfeatures Writer In thousands of American cities from Maine to California, from Florida to Oregon, the sirens were at full blast before dawn. Factory whistles shrieked and fire departments in large and small cities clanged through the streets to awaken the sleeping townspeople. It was Nov. 11, 1918, the day the word was flashed across the Atlantic that the first war involving all of the world's mightiest powers had come to an end. The news that the armistice had been signed arrived shortly before 3 a.m. New York time and within minutes was spread across the country by telegraph and telephone. In Emporia, Kan., the fire department put every siren it could find inlo use and within an hour the cheering crowds In the small midwestrrn city had lit bonfires to celebrate the end of World War I. In San Francisco there were even more bonfires, surrounded by thousands wearing white clolh surgical masks over their faces, protection from the influenza epidemic which had claimed more American lives than had the Germans. In New York, Washington, Chicago, Atlanta, Newport News in some 50,000 American cities and towns the war was over and when the sun rose there were few who did not know the good news. Some 65 million men had been mobilized by the Allies and the Central powers to fight the war the United States had placed almost 4.5 million men under arms and some 8.5 million men had died on both sides. U.S. casualties: 126,000dead. America had entered the war in 1917, three years after its outbreak in Europe. But Its men and the war materiel sent to its allies had helped tip the scales against the Germans and their allies. Although the war had been fought mostly In trenches, there already had been glimpses of the even greater horror that wars of the future Local area brothers are serving or have served in Vietnam. First l.t. George M. Nichols, son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. Nichols, 423 Palm St., Lanta-na, has arrived In Vietnam to serve with the 2nd Surgical Hospital at Phu Bal. His older brother, 1st Lt. Fred L. Nichols, returned from Vietnam recently and now is wilh the Headquarters U.S. Army Advisory Group for the State of Mississippi at Jackson. He served wilh the Amerlcal Division at Chu Lai, Vietnam. Capt. Richard F. Nash and 1st Lt. Robert L. Nash, sons of Mr. and Mis. Edward F. Nash, 344 Sandal Lane, Palm Beach Shores, are in Vietnam. Capt. Nash is with the 173rd Airborne Brigade and was awarded three Army Commendation Medals. Lt. Nash Is with the 336th Assault Helicopter Co. in the Mekong Delta and was shot down once with no injuries. Lt. Peter W. Soverel, son of Cmdr. and Mrs. William Soverel (USN Ret.) 900 Shore Drive, North Palm Beach, just relumed from Vietnam as commander of RIV Ron Nine, operating In the Mekong Delta and Is visiting his parents. He was awarded the Bronze Star and the Vietnamese Cross of-Gallanl ry with Gold Star. Receiving the Distinguished Flying Cross at Tuy Hoa AB, Vietnam, was Capt. Edward P. Birmingham, son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Birmingham, 4H85 DillmanRoad. Pfc. Van L. Randolph Jr., whose parenls live at 548 SW 10th St., Belle Glade, was awarded the Combat Infantry-Badge while assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division In Vietnam. The Navy Commendation Medal was presented to Cpl. Michael K. Fake of the 3rd Marine Division in Vietnam. He is the son of Wayne C. Fake, 709 Aspen Road, Belvedere Homes, and Mrs. Dona-line Fake, 428 Pinehurst Road, Palm Springs. Other area men In Vietnam are: Sgt. Gloyd M. Walsh Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Gloyd M. Walsh Sr., 4296 Applecrest Drive, Palm Beach Gardens, with the 1st Marine aircraft Wing. Maj. Loren V, Hart, whose wife, Katherine, Is the daughter of E. L. Fondeville, 333 Edwards Lane, Palm Beach Shores, at Da Nang AB. Seaman Apprentice Joseph E. Tatum Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Tatum, Limestone Road, Jupiter, aboard the anti-submarine warfare aircraft carrier USS Bennington in theGulf of Tonkin. Sgt. Michael K. Dlehl, son of Mr. and Mrs. Oscar E. Dlehl, 2377 Palm Road, with the 107th Signal Co. Esgn. James D. Carml-chael, son of Mr. and Mrs. Murray D. Carmichael Jr., 136 F. NICHOLS CLARY news and finally the people went home with the realization that the end was near but the battles in the trenches still were going on. On Nov. 11 there was nothing to dampen the celebrations, which went long Into the night as the popular Al Jolson, appearing at New York's Winter Garden theater, was called upon over and over to repeat his patriotic songs, and little boys with new heroes- like Gen. Pershing and fighter pilot Eddie Rlckenbacker were delighted as their parents seemed to forget all about bedtime. At 10 a.m., Woodrow Wilson, writing In pencil on a piece of ordinary White House stationery, had proclaimed to his countrymen: "The armistice was signed this morning. Everything for which America fought has been accomplished. It will now be our fortunate duty to assist by example, by sober, friendly Lane, was promoted to sergeant in the Air Force at Hick-am AFB, Hawaii. Completing training with Naval Air Reserve Attack Sqdn. 112 at the Naval Air Station, Los Alamltos, Calif., was Lt. Michael L. Plattls, son of Mr. and Mrs. A Plattls, Route 2, Moore Haven. Marine Pfc. Charles A. Haupt, husband of the former Miss Cindy M. Haupt of this area, participated In Operation Beat Cadence, a training exercise, while serving aboard the attack aircraft carrier USS'Ranger. Completing advanced Infantry training at Ft. McClellan, Ala., were Pvt. Jerry W. Sides, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jessie J. Sides, L Street, Moore Haven; Pvt." David A. De Ma-rois, son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur De Marois, 521 Mayflower Road, and Pvt. Richard A. Bell, son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Bell, 5003 Haverhill Court. When S? 1KB ffismtmi " '" .-4 - r',y. 1 1 - b ii -i 1 r- old cans and washtubs to the backs of their Fords, Templars and Chevrolets. A munitions factory on the Hudson River released round after round as the lights, which had remained darkened to save fuel, were suddenly flashed onto the Statue of Liberty In New York harbor. Before the first newspapers were printed, crowds had gathered in front of their offices, reading the bulletins. The newspapers, with headlines such as "Germany Surrenders" and "War Is Over," rolled out their biggest type and the crowds eagerly seized the papers for every detail. Women, wearing black and tan stockings and their skirts six daring inches from the ground, talked of the end of "wheatless days," "meatless days" and best of all the return of their sons and husbands from foreign soil. FAKE Blvd., is Pfc. Alan Harris, who finished training at Ft. Leonard Wood, Mo. and will go from here to Vietnam. Photographer's Mate 2. C. Edward A. Roberts, son of Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Roberts, 251 Grace Drive, and husband of the former Miss Gwendolyn F. Whltzell, of this area, and Aviation Boats winn's Mate 3. C. Michael B. Lambert, son of MEERBOTT CAMPBELL Mrs. Beverly A. Lambert, 175 5th St., Immokalee, are participating In Operation Deep Freeze 1969. Angus Campbell, assistant county public defender, was recently promoted to lieutenant colonel In the Army Reserve. He Is finance officer of Army Reserve Garrison (3220), West Palm Beach. Retiring from the Air Force at Goose AB, Canada, after more than 26 years of military service was Lt. Col. Roderick T. French, son of Mr. and Mrs. Tracy N. French, 1927 N. Military Trail. Col. Joseph O. Meerbott Jr., son of Mrs. Mary Meerbott, 1350 Alpha St., Is attending the Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, Pa. Graduating from an Air Force technical school at Sheppard AFB, Tex., and remaining for further training is Airman Michael S. Waters 720 S. Federal H wy Lake Worth. Warrant Officer Candidate Carroll A. Vaughan Jr., son of Carroll A. Vaughan Sr., who lives in Stuart, and whose wife, Leslie, lives in the area, completed a helicopter pilot course at the Army Primary Helicopter School, Ft. Wolters, Tex., and was assigned to the Army Aviation School, Ft. Rucker, Ala. Reporting for training at the Recruit Training Center, Orlando, were Seaman Recruit Robert R. Burnsed, son of Mr. and Mrs. Roy R. Burnsed, 1241 W. 52nd St., and Seaman Re :: : L i A FA iiJfcX mJ - J.-. .o rricjr -oiai. extra Bl If I'M n rrinro Henrietta Ave., was graduated from the ammunition records course at the Army Missile and Munitions School, Redstone Arsenal, Ala. His father lives at 442 21st St. Completing a helicopter pilot course at the Army Primary Helicopter School, Ft. Wolters, Tex., was Warrant Officer Candidate Bruce N. Kelly, son of Mr. and Mrs. Norman M. Kelly, 7220 Clarke Road, and assigned to Ft. Rucker, Ala. Pfc. Eddie Lanier Jr., whose parents live at 541 SW 14th St., Belle Glade, completed an ammunition storage course at the Army Missile and Munitions School, Redstone Arsenal, Ala. With the Army Forces Southern Command presently protecting the Panama Canal Zone Is Sgt. Robert M. Taylor, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Ja-rard, 1801 S. Dixie, Pompano Beach. Pvt. Brodle L. Johnson, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Johnson, 501 NW 16th Place, Pompano Beach, and Pvt. Calvin L. Corley, son of Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Corley, Stuart, completed advanced Infantry training at Ft. Jackson, S.C. Completing a helicopter pilot course at the Army Primary Helicopter School, Ft. Wolters, Tex., was Warrant Officer Candidate William E. Tittle, son of Mr. and Mrs. Jud-son R. Tittle, 100 Arlington Place. Staff Sgt. Harry A. Harrell, son of Mrs. Pauline L. Harrell, 2760 Kentucky St., is on duty at Ubon Royal Thai AFB, Thailand. i Graduating from an Air Force technical school at Sheppard AFB, Tex., and assigned to Eglln AFB Is Airman William A. McKinstry, son of Mr. and Mrs. Sam McKinstry Jr., ;19 SE Angler Drive, Delray Beach. Lt. Gerald P. Brent, son of Mr. and Mrs. T. N. Brent, 923 Carolina Ave., completed training with the River Patrol Boat Class at Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Vallejo, Calif. Promoted to airman first class In the Air Force at Mc-Connell AFB, Kan., was Nor-mand R. Tremblay, son of Mr. and Mrs. Herve R. Tremblay, 2494 Easy St., Lake Park. Pvt. Kenneth D. Hill, son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Hill, 1772 2nd Ave., N., Lake Worth, completed a field artillery basic course at Ft. Sill, Okla. Graduating from recruit training at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parrls Island, S.C, was Pvt. Ronald L. Re-millard, son of Mrs. Lorraine Remillard, 11871 Ellison Wilson Road, North Palm Beach. Paul L. Loftus, son of Mrs. Betty G. Cushman, 4871 Vilma HARRIS cruit Douglas E. Hell, son of Mr. and Mrs. Wllber L. Heil, 704 Pelican Way, North Palm Beach. Spec. 4 David L. Smith, son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Smith, 2705 Honey Road, Lake Park, completed a month-long diet test with other members of Co. B, in the 5th Infantry's 3rd Bn., Ft. Kobbe, C.Z. The tests are expected to result in a lightweight patrolling ration and reduced water needs for soldiers in Vietnam, Graduating from the Medical Service specialist course at the Air Force School of Aero-space Medicine, Brooks AFB, Tex., and assigned to Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz., ' was Airman James Reynolds, son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Reynolds, 3721 Henry Ave. Second Lt. Thomas C. Moore, son of Mrs. Dorothy M. Clark, 328 W. Crescent, Clew-Iston, completed an officer basic course at the Army Armor School, Ft. Knox, Ky. Arriving for duty at Naha AB, Okinawa, was Sgt. Wayne A. Campbell II, son of Mr. and Mrs. Wayne A. Campbell Sr., 901 Lake Shore Drive, Lake Park. " Warrant Officer Candidate Dannie C. Milliard, son of Mr. and Mrs. Grover C. Hllllard, 1306 Willow Road, completed a helicopter pilot course at the Army Primary Helicopter School, Ft. Wolters, Tex. Graduating from basic training at the Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, III., were: Seaman Apprentice James M. Ludlow, son of Mr. and Mrs. Myron E. Ludlow, 208 SE 6th St., Belle Glade; Seaman Apprentice Gary V. Spencer, son of Mr. and Mrs. Myron E. Spencer, 1602 Nanette Court, Lake Worth, and Seaman Apprentice David A. Murariu, son of Mr. and Mrs. Herman J. Murariu Sr., 586 E. 20th St., Vero Beach. Electronics Technician 2. C. Lawrence E. Zefers, son of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick H. Zefers, 3119 Spruce Ave., Is with the Naval Communications Station, Wahiawa, Hawaii. On duty at Korat Royal Thai AFB, Thailand, Is Technical Sgt. George R. Geola, whose wife, Lorene, is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Antoni-us, Boynton Beach. Pvt. James Scruggs Jr. of Mrs. Mattle Scruggs, son 1472 Edgewood Drive, with the ocean tugMolala. Lt. Albert R. Brittan, son of Mrs. Albert R. Brittan Sr., 137 Yale Drive, Lake Worth, aboard the destroyer USS Du Pont. Aviation Boatswain's Mate 2. C. Jimmy F. Ellis, son of Mr. and Mrs. Floyd H. Ellis, Indiantown, with the attack aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk. ROBERTS LAMBERT Machinist Mate 2. C. Larry W. Cureton, son of Paul W. Cureton, Immokalee, aboard the anti-submarine warfare aircraft carrier USS Bennington in the Gulf of Tonkin. Private Armando Guerrero, son of Mr. and Mrs. Victor R. Guerrero, 240 Tigertail Court, Indiantown, and Pvt. Steve T. Heath, son of Mr. and Mrs. Willie L. Heath, 510 NW 2nd Ave., Deerfleld Beach, with the 3rd Ordinance Bn. near LongBinh. Airman Apprentice Jan C. Khali, son of Mr. and Mrs. Vernon W. Khail, 1325 S. 35th Ave., Vero Beach; Electronics Technician 3. C. Darryl M. Reid, son of Mr. and Mrs. Harold N. Reld, 2168 Tarragon Drive; Fireman Apprentice Kent R. Spath, son of Mr. and Mrs. Chester O. Spath 14146 Hickory Drive, Lake Park, and Electronic Technician 3. C. James E. Rich, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Rich, 1908 High Ridge Road, Lake Worth, aboard the antisubmarine warfare aircraft carrier USS Yorktown. Awarded the Strategic Air Command Education Achievement Certificate at Hanscom Field, Bedford, Mass., was Staff Sgt. Oliver R. Campanel-II, son of Mrs. Edna C. Broome, 5324 Palm Beach Canal Road. Lt. Col, Barney H. Clary, son of Mrs. Freddie S. Clary, 31 Azalea Drive, Riviera Beach, assumed command of the 554th Reconnaissance Squadron at Korat Royal Thai AFB, Thailand. Visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs. George Harris, 621 Troy I. fcW. fc if Ml pr skki . ' , ...,!;;, , ;' "' i v-'. ,. ; ' " "n- " ,.- a --J mm The Fighting Was All

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