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The T4. T: 'It's Just a Slight Case of Campaign Hangover Drew Pearson Palm Beach fU&ri UllCd Navy Covers Faulty Steel Use In New Submarines A JOHN H. PERRY NEWSPAPER John H. Harry Jr. Praa. W W. Alterbuiy Jr.. Traaa. Cacil B Kallay. Ptibliahar. M Manaiar R H. Kirlpalnca. Edilw '. K Nnihaurr. Hue. Eitilnr R Mark Ell Cirrolatioa Dintlor Publiahaa' Each Saturday ana) Sunday at 2?M South U.ik. Waal Palm Baaca. Fla. J3402 By Parry Publicationa. Inc. Mambar ol tba Aaaomtad Praia. Sacoajal tlaaa poalaia pari at ftaal Palm Brack. Florida Tht Aaaaciatad Praaa la atcluuvaly anmlad la Iba uaa for rapublttatinaj ol all nawa Mambar Audit Buraau of Circulation "Since February 1968," declared the fact sheet, "the Naval Ship Systems Command has been specifically making an extensive and detailed re- imu xMIra Mday st Hx mrrHn Paal 4 f mi aad Tmmi I yaar . . . moBtha 1 aiontha I aab . . I yaar 70 . 1 1 2 36 ...Hi 1 nontha 3 nontha 1 fca Ually Ooly Paal at Tiam I yaar 120 to montha ...110 40 3 montha 15 20 I k H0 vjmi. mx Paabla la 4u)aar h SaaalaUn Poat or Timei 110 Sunday Poat-Timaa .2 Paal aday I yaar J45 00 6 montha 123.00 3 montha 112.00 145 00 12300 $12.00 ll : I im Poat or Timet (lanaral Office All 4011 Tiaar Sunday HI iO I yaar . . I montha 3 aioatba I eak . 131 20 115 60 .17.80 ..10 .115 60 . 17 90 ..160 link ..110 40 ... 15 20 ...12.60 ....I . I yaar . . . I aiontha 3 montha 1 aak . . . Daily Ualy Paal ar Tunaa 130 00 11600 9 00 By Mall 11500 18 00 15.00 Sunday Poat-Tn .134 TKLlPHIINtS Want Ada 833 4033 Not Need National Advertitine, Rcprtaantalivca John H. Parry Aaaociatee Suita Mi. II Wnt 44th Stmt. New York. N Y. 10O36 Saturday, November 9, 1968 Wars We Do Navy shouldn't permit any defective material to go Into submarine construction and should not permit the steel companies to Inspect their own steel plates. "The ultransonlc Inspection of welds and plating during recent surveys of more than 40 submarines in service has not revealed any evidence of plates which do not meet safe submarine construction requirements," states the Navy. The main point of our columns was that the Navy's testing methods are inadequate. It isn't surprising, therefore, that Navy tests again failed to detect flaws. Nevertheless, In at least one Instance, the Navy Shipyard at Mare Island, Calif., found two plates from Lu-kens Steel Company that did not meet specifications. Navy officials described this, according to documents in the case, as "a very serious situation." Continues the fact sheet: "The Inspection procedures used to determine the required quality of HY-80 steel are valid." These inspection procedures, according to the minutes of a Navy-industry meeting on the steel plate scandal, failed to detect defects in more than one per cent of plates delivered to the Newport News (Va.) Shipbuilding Co., Ingalls Shipbuilding Co. of Pascagoula, Miss., and the Navy shipyards at Portsmouth, N.H., and Mare Island, Calif. Yet Penn Galvantzlng's Independent tests of plates from the same steel mills detected flaws in 20 per cent. Perelman told the Navy officials at the recent meeting that 80 per cent of the flaws his company found "would not have been detected and a portion of the remaining 20 per cent could have been missed" under the Navy's approved testing method. Penn Galvanizing, retained by the Electric Boat Company to make Independent tests, has detected defects that the Navy's tests have missed. Since most submarine plates are not subjected to Independent tests, It is logical to assume that defective plates must have gone Into submarines constructed at other yards. Meanwhile, an ugly question mark hangs over the Pentagon: how many lives will be lost to save a few admirals' faces? WASHINGTON At the same time that the Navy has located the wreckage of the nuclear submarine Scorpion at the bottom of the Atlantic, the admirals have stubbornly refused to tighten their procedures to prevent defective steel plates from being used in submarine construction. They still permit the steel companies which manufacture the steel plates to do their own testing. In the Navy the admirals can do no wrong, and apparently they would rather risk losing more subs than admit that an admiral could make a mistake. This Is evident from the way they are handling the steel plate scandal. Instead of correcting the testing procedures, the admirals are trying to cover up their carelessness. We reported last month that the Penn Galvanizing Company, using ultrasonic testing methods superior to those the Navy requires, had detected serious flaws in 20 per cent of the steel plates bound for the Electric Boat Company's submarine yards. Yet the navy has continued not only to accept the inadequate testing methods but to allow the steel companies to test their own plates. Raymond Perelman, president of Penn Galvanizing, has repeatedly urged the Navy to stop the loose practices which, he alleges, have resulted in the delivery of defective steel plates to shipyards. "We can prove," he wrote on March 7 to Admiral F.C. Jones, vice commander of the Naval Ships Systems Command, "that your present method of procurement and Inspection has and will result In defective plates ultimately ending up in the ships. "I strongly feel prompt action must be taken, as the safety of the government's submarine program may well be In jeopardy. The seriousness of this situation cannot be minimized. My conscience will not allow me to ignore the fact that defective plates can end up in our submarines." He even offered to test submarine plates for the Navy, free of charge, as a patriotic service. After we published these charges, the Naval Ship Systems Command began to cover up. A "fact sheet on steel plates" was issued to anxious Congressmen and citizens who ii 'quired about the facts. Tom Wicker David Lawrence Any New Administration Worries Some People In some quarters there seems to be genuine concern that the end of the Vietnam war may bring economic slowdown and monetary losses. Incredible as it may seem there are those who fearthe end of this war, who hope it will go on, who have no regrets over the suffering and death so long as they can continue to draw high pay or make big profits. It has been thus in every war. Actually there is no reason for anyone to fear an economic slowdown when the war ends; an adjustment with some change of employment, but no drastic slump. There are vast public programs waiting for funds. If defense work slows at war's end these programs can use the money released from war wark. Included are slum clearance and public housing, air and water pollution control, an accelerated highway program, the list goes on and on. Should the government prefer to reduce taxes, then millions of Americans will purchase more automobiles, more home appliances, more homes, more clothing, more boats, more of everything. And someone must make all these items. Someone else must mine, cut or grow the materials that go into all these items. The idea that we must have war to maintain prosperity is ridiculous. Fact is that war, any war, is an economic liability over the long period. It may create a false prosperity for a limited time; but in the end it will reduce employment, slash profits, and hurt everyone. War produces nothing. Rather, it is a costly process of destruction and when billions of dollars are spent on destruction the inevitable result is inflation, which is nothing more than theft from everyone. Obviously, anyone who has been robbed has less with which to purchase the things he needs i the theft of inflation may be hidden because one still has the same amount of money, perhaps even more; but since it will buy less, everyone has actually been robbed). Arid when many people buy less unemployment must follow. Switzerland and Sweden are prime examples of small nations with less than their share of natural resources that still enjoy prosperity surpassing that of their more "fortunate" neighbors, because they have had the good sense to stay out of the world's wars for the past century. There's a lesson here for America's leaders and for all those who fear economic recession if we try to get along without the false stimulus of international conflict. yiew ot tne procurement and Inspection requirements for HY-80 steel for submarine construction. This review was initiated following receipt of a letter by the Naval Ship Systems Command from Raymond G. Perelman, president, Penn Galvanizing Co., Philadelphia, Pa., in which he expressed concern as to the procedures used in the procurement and inspection of steel." The tact is that Penn Galvanizing first reported that it had detected faulty plates in July 1961, not February 1968. This evidence Impressed the Navy experts who attended the meeting, but apparently not the admirals, who work closely with the steel tycoons. Together they have lobbied for bigger appropriations to build more ships requiring ever more steel. It took seven years before the admirals got around to "making an extensive and detailed review." Not even the sinking of the nuclear submarine Thresher in April 1963 with a 129-man crew aboard could get them to act. Penn Galvanizing presented its latest evidence, Including detailed reports of several defective plates, on April 3, 1968 two months before the Scorpion disappeared at sea with 98 men on board. The Navy's fact sheet declares defensively: "There is no indication that the losses of USS Thresher and USS Scorpion were due to failure of the steel plates used In the hull structure." We never claimed that defective plates had caused the tragedies. The Navy hasn't de termined what caused the two nuclear subs to break up and sink to the bottom. Obviously something was defective. We merely suggested that the Vietnam. His late surge in public opinion polls, which was borne out by the actual returns, can hardly be dissociated from the peace issue since this surge occurred after his Salt Lake City speech suggesting that he would halt the bombing of North Vietnam, if Hilly Graham You'll Recover!' for a long time now. The federal government has been reluctant to come to grips with it. Yet both wages and prices are rising, and an Inflation has de- veloped which is steadily diminishing the purchasing pw-er of the dollar. As the cost of living for the Individual family goes up and more Income Is needed, many a housewife finds it necessary to get employment, which often causes a neglect of children. Thus, many- hardships can ensue as a result of an economic crisis in the nation. The problems are not merely national but international as well. Some American industries are finding themselves squeezed out of markets right here in the United States because foreign manufacturers can produce goods at low labor costs and undercut American prices. Sleel companies, for instance, are finding it hard to meet the competition from abroad. This is a problem confronting the government of the United States and, no matter which party occupies the White House or controls the majority in Congress, there will have to be some restraint placed on certain Imports from other countries or else some American industries will be badly hurt. As Lincoln and Woodrow Wilson showed, It Is largely up to the man. Nixon can take heart from the fact that American polity, while historically more or less conservative, has generally been progressive. It has consistently responded to dynamic Presidents, including those elected by the skin of their teeth. John F. Kennedy's failure to recognize this was one of his more serious mistakes. As we now know, he was consciously inhibited by getting less than a majority of the vote in 19(10, and barely nosing out Nixon, fo this has been traced the timidities of his first year in office. It was not until the Cuban missile crisis of 1962 restored his confidence that he fa. J, Campaign And Election Will Be Studied For Years Much is heard about excessive government spending and its effect upon the value of the dollar throughout the world. The pressure up to now has been lo appropriate vast sums for social welfare, even though this means huge federal deficits year after year. But businessmen are troubled because they have felt a showdown is inevitable and that the government has to stop piling up big deficits and approach a balanced budget or run the risk of what has often been called a runaway inflation, when prices spiral and wages are compelled to go up to meet them. Sometimes when there is a transition from one president to another, policies are stalemated. The interval between Nov. 5 and Jan. 20 nearly eleven weeks may not seem long, but inaction in government during two and one-half months could have serious consequences. The outgoing administration doesn't want to Initiate changes, and the incoming administration doesp't feel it should assume responsibility for decisions before actually taking office. The Inevitable result is delay and procrastination which could prove disastrous in a crisis. Some day the American people will demand a revision of the present system so that the transition will be made quickly, as is the case in the parliamentary systems abroad. With the size trade, and with a gross national product of over 870 billion dollars, it certainly does seem risky to have to wait two and one-half months after election day before a new administration cumcs into power. WASHINGTON What does a presidential election really mean to the average person? The speeches on radio and television or in the press do not explain what may happen in a new administration. It isn't just the choice of a new leader but what he will do when he takes otfice that causes great uncertainty. The truth is the effects of an election may not bo fel! right away, and they often do not have very much to do with what has been said by any of the candidates during the campaign. It isn't considered wise politically, for instance, to define future policies in a specific sense because there are so many unknown contingencies that could affect them. , Perhaps the most sensitive single group in the entire country today is that which is composed of the heads of business and financial enterprises. An election could mean a turn for the better or for worse in the economic life of the country. Businessmen are deeply concerned, for they need to know whether Interest rates are going up or down or whether mortgages will be harder or easier to get on homes and buildings. Will the new administration impose higher taxes, or will there possibly be a tax cut? Will money flow easily so that prices can continue to be raised, as wages also go up? The big question always is whether a recession may be in the offing and, if so, how extensive the unemployment will be. If this occurs, who will be the first to be laid off? Will there be racial discrimination in handling the layoffs? The problem of wage and price control has been evaded Dangerous Tinkering Clayton Fritehey Past Minority Presidents Have Lacked Confidence Influence Others By Good Example elected, gained speed during the period of constructive movement in the Paris talks, and turned into a boom after Johnson's order to halt the bombing was announced last week. Humphrey's electoral vote was concentrated In the East, but he ran almost a dead heat in the national popular vote, and was a strong challenger in such major non-eastern states as California and Illinois, as well as In Ohio and New Jersey. It Is conceivable, therefore, ihat had he insisted on his own Vietnam plank at Chicago, or even accepted the so called "dove" plank, Humphrey might have turned the corner in New Jersey, California, Ohio and even Mayor Da ley, take note Illinois. and such like." Although your husband certainly would be a much better man If he didn't do the things you mention, he wouldn't be a Christian if all he did was to leave off these things. Christianity is Christ, and the acceptance of Him makes a person a Christian. Second, an altitude of har-rassment will do little but create tension in your home. Non-Christian husbands are not made Christian by lectures from Christian wives. Let Christ be seen in your life and attitudes. Jesus said, "Ye are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid." Men can resist lectures, but a life changed by the power of Christ Is hard to Ignore. One man said: "When I saw the love of Christ In my wife, I had no alternative but to become a Christian myself." Bible Verse Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Romans 10:17 ) YV.Timt's NcwsSi'nlri' NEW YORK We will be analyzing this election for years to come, no doubt, just as the equally close 10 election still is being studied. Within hours after Illinois apparently swing the presidency to Richard Nixon, and while there still remains some lingering question as to whether computer breakdowns might not have distorted the vote in that state and in California, it is hardly possible to draw any ironclad conclusions. A few questions nevertheless present themselves. Perhaps first among them is whether, in retrospect, Ihe Nixon border-and-southern-state strategy paid off, or whether it came within a few electoral votes of backfiring. Rather than picking a border state governor for his running mate and going to the mat with George Wallace for the law-and-order vote, should Nixon have chosen someone like Sen. Percy of Illinois and tried to pick up dissatisfied and dissident support in the major industrial states? After all, Nixon lost the big prize in the south Texas and its 25 electoral votes. He certainly carried only Kentucky and Tennessee among the border states, losing Maryland and possibly Missouri, and although he won the Carollnas and Florida he failed to crack the Wallace stronghold In the five Deep South states. On the other hand, Nixon won a victory, however narrow, of significantly national character. He won southern and border states, swept the board In the Mountain States, carried all the Far West except Washington and Hawaii (with Alaska still uncertain), overwhelmed Vice President Humphrey In the Middle West, and in the industrial east carried New Jersey and Ohio while losing Pennsylvania only by a narrow margin. By contrast, Humphrey won only 48 electoral votes outside the East (not counting Missouri and Alaska, which were undecided at this writing). But he ran strongly in New York and Michigan, and there Is a real question whether a more liberally oriented Nixon campaign could have overtaken the vice president in these states and In Pennsylvania. It may be somewhat more likely that Humphrey would have done better had he more quickly and positively dissociated himself from the Johnson administration on the issue of Nobody knows how much you can tinker with the freedom of the marketplace and still leave it room to work. But Congress seems determined to find out. In the name of "consumer protection," new laws involving the control of manufacturing or the sale of goods or services are being passed in increasing numbers. All diminish in some way the freedom of the marketplace. New proposals for consumer protection, with appealing titles claiming to guarantee safety, quality, honesty, and nearly every other virtue, can in their cumulative effect destroy the productivity and the promise of the U.S. economic system. The typical ultimate end would be a supermarket stocking one or two federally-approved breakfast foods wrapped in a gray package. Whether they tasted good or not, we would be assured that they contained accurate measure and that their labels listed all ingredients including vitamin and mineral content. Laws once on the books are almost never repealed. And once the competitive drive for the customer's favor is knocked out of the marketplace, the incentive to produce new and better products at lower prices will be dead. Maybe we'd better take a critical look at "consumerism" before we legislate our economic system out of existence. WASHINGTON The constitutional crisis of an electoral college stalemate has been averted, but there remains the troubling question of how well a "minority" President can govern. In recent weeks there has been growing concern that the next national Administration would be a Indifferent or feeble one because of the danger that no candidate would get a solid majority of the popular vote. The theory Is that minority Presidents, not having a decisive mandate from the people, are unable to rule decisively. It would be most unfortunate, tiowever, if Richard Nixon were to take this Idea loo seriously, for it is by no means the handicap it is generally supposed to be. No doubt Nixon would feel more confident if he had won big, like Eisenhower and Johnson, rather than with the smallest popular vote plurality (43 per cent) in 56 years. Nevertheless it Is not as bad as It sounds. It is the story of American politics that a strong, determined Chief Executive can do well no matter how small his plurality is if he has the capacity for leadership. This has been proved time and again. Conversely, some of our most lackluster Administrations have been preceded by landslide victories. began to move. Then he belatedly discovered lhat performance generates its own popular majority. Lincoln and Wilson were such strong Presidents that few remember that the first actually got less than JO per cent of the popular vote in the four-cornered race of lM(i(), and Ihe second only about 4.'1 per cent in the three-cornered election of 1912. Yet this did not Inhibit them pyschological-ly or politically. They initiated great and lasting reforms; they were Inspiring war leaders; they changed American history. In more recent times, Harry S. Truman, another President elected by a minority, also showed that a bold, courageous Chief Executive can rally the nation behind large and solendid undertakings even when Congress and all the public opinion polls are against him. At a moment when the polls gave him the lowest popular rating of any modern President, he still succeeded in creating the Marshall Plan for the recovery of Europe and NATO as the shield of the West. The moral of all this should be clear to the country's new leader, Richard Nixon; a great President has it in his power to make his own mandate, regardless of the size of his election victory. My husband says that God isn't concerned with "little" things like his swearing and drinking. What can I say to him? -.I.E. We make a mistake when we try to adapt non-Christians to Christian standards. When we do this, we do two things. First, we leave the Impression that a right relationship to God depends upon what we do. Swearing, lying. Immorality, and Intemperance are products of a life separated from God. This does not mean that everyone out of Christ Is given to Ihese sins, but it is true that these things come natural to the natural man. The Bible says: "The works of the flesh are these; Adultery, unclean-ness. . . hatred, wrath . . . drunkenness, and revelUngs Not One-Man Job Americans expect and have a right to expect a great deal from Richard Nixon and his administration in the coming four years. But we have no right to expect a unilateral solution of the country's fiscal problems. Control of public spending ultimately rests with the people, who create public sentiment and elect government officials. Congress will never practice restraint unless and until the message comes through loud and clear from the people as a whole.