The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on October 12, 1944 · Page 1
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October 12, 1944

The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

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Thursday, October 12, 1944
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THE DAILY CIJNTONIAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Countiei Mailed In Conformity With P. O. D. Order No. 19687 THE WEATHER Fair today, tonight and Friday. Warmer Friday. Price Three Cents. CLINTON, INDIANA, THUBSPAY, OCTOBER 12, 1941. Volume 32 Number 198. rin fTPMfn) A m Gl JOE VOTES IN HITLERLAND Aachen Siege Grinds to Second Day, Yanks Close in on Narrow Hungary Sues For Armistice; Reds at Prussia , Hungarian Peace Party Ready to Meet Moscow, Stockholm Hears; Beds Establish Prussian Front Wav: Push J ttack Airmen Hammer Rail Backbone Of Jap Bastion Tokyo Radio Gives First News of Huge Assault On China Sea Island; Assume US Carriers Launch Raid A devastating 1,000-ulane assault, presumably carried out hy American bombers, was launched today again the Japanese island stronghold of Formosa, off the southeast coast of China, the Japanese IH&b Command paid, j " 7-; - The enemy announcement Indi 1 1 sll I ' " CASTING THEIR BAUOTS for their favorite government officials, these American doughboys use a "hunk" of Hitler's supposedly sacred Nazi soil on which to set up their voting box. First Bgt. Denver Calhoun of Prestonburg, Ky., slots his ballot in Germany as First IA.. Alfred M. Saunders of Mt. Vernon, O., officiates. This is a U. S. Army Signal Corps radiophoto, (International Sound photo) NEW VOKK, . V. The liuiiai'Uui have axkrd (lie Allirs for an armiMJre, lite lirltixh radio reported UmI). quoting a Stockholm correspondent. If results are aalMaeiorir, ln-don said, a Hungarian delegation urufcalil' Kill go to Moscow. NEW YORK, ti. Y. Russian troops have reached I In' border of Kast ITusola on a wide front, the ItrilJsli radio reported tonight, quoting a Moscow broadcast. The Nieinen rlvflr has hern crossed l)f ttie I teds at Jurbarfca? some six miles east of the East Prussian border, lmdon declared, fits picked up the transmission. MOSCOW, nussia. An early Russian drive into East Prussia across the norinern iroiuier iroin Lithuania appeared imminent today afler Red army spearheads smashed into the border town on Ponove a-long the route to Koenlgsberg. (A Moscow radio dispatch record ed In Ixindon reported that Red ar my forces in the Memel area had pierced a strong German defense line on the approaches to East Prussia.) (Continued on page ) Labor Condemns WLB Avoidance Of Wage Issues Board Sidestep Plan to Modify Steel Formula; Labor-WLB Split Seen WASHINGTON. n c The War I.ahnr Roard's decision to side-step modification of the Little Steel wage, freeze was interpreted in labor circles today as likely to bring strong political repercussions and possibly Impair the effectiveness of the agency. Officially, union spokesmen with held Immediate comment except to describe themselves as "shocked." The more vocal CIO and AFL members of the WLB promptly blasted the action, however, as an "inexcusable dereliction of duty" and "tantamount lo an admission by the public members of the board that Ihey are not competent to perform their duties." (Continued on page B) Mother Scrubs Floors For 11 Years, Saves To Free Prisoner Son CHICAGO. III. Nobody ever paid much attention to her. She was a scrubwoman, seemingly prosaic, and came to work at night high up in a Chicago skyscraper. Most of the lime she was alone. Now and then she would get a" nod from a late office worker. Works in Silence Every night for 11 years, Mrs. Tillle Majczek came lo work, said little, and cleaned up after the mas ters of finance ana industry. Any one of Hum might have helped, had they known. But Mrs. Majczek said nothing, until she was ready. (Continued un page 71 - A as Conquero. Victory Certain Key Stronghold On Bologna Road At Stake in Battle Yanks of 5th in Stiff Fight for Liverf&no; Nazi Forces Put L'p Stand HOME, Italy. Important tar-gels on the outskirts of the Nazi bastion of llologna were pulverized lxlay in an Allliid air allark dfa ribed as delivered "I n the ftame manner as fasslno." (Editor's Note: ('amino was smashi-d lo rubble late last winter when Allied aerial armadas gutted the clly in preparation for an Infantry and lank assault.) ROME. Italy. American troo-,is of the Allied Fifth Army waged a stiff fight today for Livergano, key point on the route lo the northern Italian city of llologna on the Florence-Bologna highway. Flanking maneuvers were carried out simultaneously hy other Fifth Army troops advancing west of Mou-le Humid. Brazilians Pare lrive The advance In the west coast sector near the Ligurian Sea was paced by Brazilian troops. The Brazilian? captured the town of Barga. British and Indian troops of tho Eighth Army on the Adriatic sector slashed forward two miles in the foothills south of the Uologna-Rlmlni highway. The Eighth Army forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Sir Oliver Leese forced the German defenders to withdraw to positions running northeast and southeast through Gambet-lola. Kesselring Orders Stand Contrasted with his former "din-engagement" tactics after carrying out tough delaying actions, Na::i Field Marshal Albert Kesselrlng now is having his forces make an all-out stand. The Germans are fighting streni -ously and desperately in each position, holding against the Allied onslaughts until they are either kill"! or caotured. The new German tactics are char acterized by numerous couiiier-ai- While Hie thrust against enemy defenses In northern Italy continued (Continued on page 71 Indiana Highways Map Major Plans For Postwar Era COLUMBIA CITY. Ind. Indiana plans to rival other leading states In road development, according to Gov. Henry P. Schrlrker, Democratic nominee for United States Senator, who announced a postwar highway construction program that will cost approximately 1 0 million dollars. Speaking at Columbia City, the Governor revealed Hit the highway plan developed by the State Ilighw; y Commission in cooperation with local officials and business and clilr-leaders will be ready for action ns soon as conditions permit after war s end. He pointed out that local official! were consulted In i very Instance to determine the needs of a particular locality from the standpoint of traffic. "This fine spirit of cooperation has made It possible to speed up the planning program," Gov. Schrlrker explained. "Indiana is proud of its more than 10.000 miles of stale highway system and we intend lo Hike our place among the leading states in road development." Christinas Mailing Date Extended to October 16 WASHINGTON, D. C. Postmaster General Frank Walker announced today that the mailing period of Sept. 15 to Oct. 15 for overseas Christmas parcels would be extended through Monday, Oct. 16. Oct. 15 Is a Sunday. Walker explained, and the period is thus extended "for public convenience and necoiiimndiition". ..! tr - . Allies Enter Reich Eisenhower; Sees Tough, blunt aud realistij but above all supremely confident Oen. Dwight D. Eisenhower told Germany and Ihc world today that "certain victory" lies ahead for Allied arms. And at the same time lie tore all hypocrisy from the facade of Allied war aims by announcing that American, British, French and Canadian troops are going Into Germany not as liberators, but as conqueror. In New Headquarters In a statement made lo correspondents at the new Supreme Headquarters In Paris, Gen. Eisenhower spoke In terms that left no doubt of the war's outcome. "I have complete confidence," he said, "that the peoples of the United States, Britain and France and of all the United Nations will see this war through to final victory. "And as long as they will see It through, I know that our soldiers, sailors and airmen possess the Indo mitable will lo win. Hard Job Ahead "We have a hard Job ahead, but victory Is certain." "In Germany," the supreme commander said, "there will be no fraternization. We go In as conquerors. "We shall treat them justly. In conformity with civilized standards as eiempllfled by our governments. We will have nothing else to do with them, except in necessary official relationships." ; Addressing correspondents at new-ly-satmhl tshed supreme headquarters in Paris, the General reviewed the whole progress of the war to dale and developed these main points. 1 Hard and bitter fighting lies ahead nerore coinpii " 'v achieved. Kails Threaten Germans 2The Nazi party Is Homing a pistol at the "kidneys" of the German people, meaning that underground and guerrilla fighting will continue long after cessation of actual military hostilities. 3The Allies strategic plan calls for a march all the way lo Berlin lo I Continue" nn naga l Auloihls Encape Injuries in 3 Minor Occidents Three minor accidents were reported to authorities today with drivers and passengers escaping in-Jury and two cars taken to Mike's Auto Body Shop for repairs. George Krcsek, Miller Street, a miner In the Saxon Mine, west of North Terre Haute, was returning from work with four passengers early this morning when his car struck a bull on stale road 41, near Lyrord, local police said. The front of Mr. Kresek's car was greatly damaged but was In running conditions, offlicals said. Frank Wheat, Shepardsvllle, skidded from the road near his home around 9 a. m. this morning and slightly damaged IiIb car, It was reported. Sterling J. LeLoup, was reported to have damaged his car in an automobile accident on Vine Street early this morning. Further information of the accidents could not be obtained. Gestapo, Josef Goebbels, head of the Reich propaganda machine, and Nazi party leader Martin Bormann, acting on behalf of Hitler himself, are staking everything to draw out the war through the winter iu a desperate race to swell the ranks of the Wehrmacht. Set l'p Peoiilei Army Underneath this procedure, according to reports from the Reich, is a far-reaching azl plan to systematically change the complexion of the German army into a sort of peoples army. German troops, thus far strictly aligned under the military high command, would be reconstructed into something of a niass mob. It would take orders from Hitler alone, if the! Nazi leaders .-ucceed In their plan, j and mould be prepared for all-out j gang warfare anywhere and every-, where. f The Fuehrer, ncfiorilini; to infor-iCuulluueu oil pae i) I 1 A .. 1- second miacK Fails to Dent ' American Vise Shells, Planes Koar Over Smashed Town as Yanks ' Circle Closer to Enemy; Deny Germans Flee City ' WITH THE U. S. FIRST ARMT NEAR AACHEN. For the secpnd lime since last night, German troops near Aachen tried a desperate counter-attack against the encircling American noose today. Hitting in strength of about one regiment, the Nazis now are making their daylight attack In the vicinity of Wurselen, northeast of Aachen. Officers believe this may be the same group which struck at the crucifix hill sector near Wurselen last night, trying to loosen the Doughboys' grip on Aachen. The sole remaining gap extendlqg out of Aachen still remains unchanged roughly nine-tenths of a mlla despite enemy counter-asBaults. To the cast, in the Gemeter area, the Nazis regained some ground although the Americans still hold th town. Last night's assault was made by an enemy regiment In considerable strength, supported by an estimated 10 tanks, against the American east wing. Deny Kvacnallon .......... i .. SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Allied Expeditionary Force. The gruelling battle between American assault forces and Nazi defense un-(Continued On Page SI Bremen, Ruhr War Plants Gutted In ; Huge Aerial Attack LONDON, England. RAF ana American heavy bombers rocseo Nazi Germany In a multi-pronged daylight assault today which gutted vital war plants and other strategic objectives In Bremen, the Ruhr and scattered sections of the northwestern Reich. Strong forces of Fortresses and Liberators escorted by fighters, in an armada probably totaling 2,0Q planes, hit an aircraft factory m I Bremen and targets in norcnwesieiu. Germany. At almost the same, time, British' bombers and their escorting fighters set huge fires In oil plants at Wanne-Eickel in the Ruhr valley. Other RAF Lanrasters supporting the Canadian offensive against the Antwerp sector hit enemy gun emplacements near Breskens, Holland. Western Germany and Berlin were attacked during the night by blockbuster laden Mosquitos of the Brit ish bomber command. . During the night the southern, counties of England and ihe London area again felt the impact of Ger-launched from Nazi aircraft, man flying bombs, apparently Damage and casualties resulted although the attacks were on a smaller scale. Several bombs were destroyed by Brjtisb defenses. Newport Scouts Continue i Scrap Paper Collection Almost twice as much scrap paper was collected this lime by the local boy scout troop as compared with that of the last scrap drive. M. 1. Peterson, scout leader, said Wednesday. Although most of the residential section was covered last Saturday by the scouts, several homes and business huiisea were missed during the canvass. Those persons who still have scrap paper In their homes or offices, are asked to phone Mr. Peterson at the Court House and he will send scouts out to pick it up. - MECCA VOl Til REPORTED KILLED IN AtTIOX 1'fc. Sherman Maury. 19. Ron of Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Maury. Mecca, Ind. and nephew of Mr. and Mrs. W, II. MrCrarkcn. Walnut Street, haf been killed in France, according to word received by Ihe parents recently I'fc. Maury had previously been reported missing since Aug. 27 and had received a presidential citation for gallautry. His mother is post mistress at Mecca. cated a protracted assault to soften up defenses on the approaches to the Chinese mainland was In progress. Attaek Key Kail lne j The vast aerial armada, according to the Tokyo radio, launched direct attacks against the entire area of Taltao, Tainan and Taicliu. key poinU In the railway network extending through the island. first word of the attack on Formosa, 100 miles off the China coast and about 650 miles below the southernmost of the main Japanese Islands, came in a broadcast of an j official Imperial High Command , communique. j The assertion that 1,000 planes participated in the gigantic raid was made by the Tokyo radio, (ierman Broadc ast I laid The Jap broadcasts were recorded In the United States by the FCC. AI- I Bn( most simultaneously the fiernia PNB agency sent out wireless dispatches containing the text of the Jap communique. The assault, of tremendous proportions according to Tokyo, was launched at seven o'clock this morning (6 P. M. Wednesday EWT. Eight hours later, Tokyo said, the sky battle was continuing. No Allied Confirmation There was no Immediate confirmation In Allied quarter of the reported raid but it was believed possible that carrier task forces operating In the far Pacific may have launched f Continue, on pave f More Allied Aid To Embattled China Urged hy Nelson WASHINGTON, D. C. Former War Production Board Chairman Donald M. Nelson's report to President Roosevelt on the Chinese economic situation was understood today to Include urgent recommendations for tanks, anti-tank guns and heavy artillery to stem the Japanese military drives In southeastern China. Nelson's proposals were underscored by a Chungking dispatch In which P. H. Chang, Chinese cabinet official, said Chinese armies in strategically - Important Honan and Kwangsi provinces had received a total of 60 anti-tank guns, 60 artillery pieces and 30 million rounds of rifle and machine-gun ammunition under lend-lease up to the end of May, 1944. Chang credited Japanese victories in Honan province, northeast of Chungking, to a lack of tanks, anti-tank guns and artillery, and the loss of Hengyang to the absence of heavy artillery. Nelson returned to Washington Sept. 24 from a month's mission to China as Mr. Roosevelt's personal representative to study the immediate and long-range needs required for the Republic's reconstruction. His far-reaching report, which was approved by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, is now being reviewed by the President and his advisers. While his report canvassed the entire Chinese economic situation with a view to developing a measure of self-sufficiency, WPIi sources said Nelson was concerned over the immediate possibility that Allied supply routes Into China might be severed before U. 8. forces could counteract the current Japanese offensive. It was pointed out that an immediate increase in lend-lease war materiel shipments, presumably over "the hump" would serve to bolster China's defense of the vital southern area and stave off threats to the all-important Burma Road. It was also emphasized that Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek's report on the 33rd anniversary of the October 10 revolution revealed that five million Chinese troops are available on all war fronts for military service. Thus far, it was pointed out. ChineM-armies have been seriously hampe--ed by lack of equipment and. i i some instances, poor orpanizaiion Although Nelson's study reportedly stressed the extreme urgency U : tanks and guns, he was represmtej as sharing the confidence voiced I Chinese leaders that the naifon. no In its eighth year of the war wit i Japan would willwund defeat. 1 Roosevelt Calls For World-Wide Peace Organization Urges Cooperation Along Dumbarton Oaks Pattern In Iatin American Speech WASHINGTON. D. C. President Roosevelt In a Columbus Day address to the latin-Amerlcan republics today called for establishment of "solid foundations" for a world peace organization "without waiting for the end of hostilities." The chief executive made his plea for adoption of the Dumbarton Oaks post war security organization in a broadcast from the White House before a distinguished fathering of ambassadors and envoys from the Latin-American republics. Mr. Roosevelt declared that "we must press forward to bring Into existence" the world security organization "to maintain peace and security." "There is no time to lose," he said. "It Is our objective to establish the solid foundations of the peace organization without further delay and without waiting for the end of Itostilltfes. There must, of course, be time for discussion by all the peace loving nations large and small." SulMantfal Progress Made The president said that "substantial progress has already been made, and it must be continued as rapidly as possible." Mr. Roosevelt said that the charter of the United Nations, like the constitution of the United States, "must not be static and inflexible, but must be adaptable to the changing conditions of progress social, (Continued on page 6) DihlrietllUMW Selects Slate For Dec. 12 Flection Five district officials of District No. 11 of the United Mine Workers of America will be unopposed f ft the biennial election to be held Tuesday. Dec. 12 according to the results of the nominations, completed Sept. 30 by local unions, which were announced yesterday hy the tellers who have worked for more than a week tallying the votes. Louis Austin, President; Ralph Day, secretary - treasurer; Ernest Goad, board member from Sub-District 4 are the unopposed candidates. Candidates for the district officers must be nominated by five local unions and those for subdistricts offices by three local unions to have their names appear on the ticket.-. Ballots will be prepared by the district office and will be mailed to local unions, which will return them to the district office, where tellers will count the vote and announce the results of the election as soon as possible after the completion of the voting. Tellers for the district are Eddie Scully of Paxton. Jesse A bra in of I.inton and Perley lloopingarner of Terre Haute. Results of the nominations as announced yesterday are: For International Board Member Charles Kuneannon 4 3 of Terre Haute incumbent , and Curt Moody of l.fnton. !. j (Continued on page 71 1 Gl Joe Shows Small Concern in Election, Congressmen Report WASHINGTON, D. C. Several congressman reported today, following a trip to Great Britain and France, that the Fnglfsh seemed far more concerned about the presidential election than American soldiers overseas, poll Hi Congressmen With widespread interest In this country in the soldier vote, six congressmen three Republicans and three Democrats were polled as to the reactions of "G. I. Joe" In England and France. Reps. Poage f D) Texas, Miller tR) Neb., and Stockman f R) Calif., agreed that the British were exhibiting more Interest in the outcome of the election than American servicemen. Rep. Hays D Ark., disagreed. Stockman commented that the English were "wild about Roobc-velt and would vote for him 10 to I If Ihey could." There was widespread disagree-(Continued on page 7 Court Order Bars Strip Mine Owners From Taking Coal A restraining order to prevent he Sun-Lite Coal Company from removing coal from its strip mining operations near the cfty limits south of the stadium, until all delinquent taxes have been paid on the property was issued by Jurlge Howard L. Hancock, in the Parke circuit court yesterday. The order. Issued against George Frazipr and Geno Bed i no, owners of the company, provides that work shall cease immediately and remain suspended until further order of the court. Additional action was taken In two more suits filed against Hie strip mine owners after complaints had been filed by many residents living in the southwest part of the city. Friday, Oct. 13 was set for hearing of the case asking for a permanent injunction against the stripping operations and the company owners were ordered to file an answer to the suit asking Tor damages, by Oct. 20, For more than a year complaints have been heard against the strip mining at the city's ede and action mas taken by the city and state after an Investigating committee of city officials and local residents was ordered off the mine property. The suits were venued from the Vermillion to the Parke circuit court. Hoosier Navy Air Ace Returns to Active Duty EAST CHICAGO, Ind. Lieut. Alex Vraciu Jr., the navy's top-scoring fighter pilot, was on his way to the west coast today and soon' will be back In the thick of the battle against the Japs. , Tbe son of Mr. and Mrs. Alex Vraciu Sr., of East Chicago, left yesterday with his wife after a summons from the Navy Department. His wife, the former Kalhryn Horn, will remain with him until he goes overseas. The 25-year-old pilot in July was credited with blasting 18 Japanese planes from the sky and destroying 19 more ou the ground. Hitler Will Turn Full Fury Loose On Reich to Prevent Surrender to Allies y PIERRE 4. HI'SJ WITH THE U. S. THIRD ARMY-, ON THE MOSELLE. On the fringe of the Ketch, up and down the Moselle here, symptoms are becoming as numerous as the falling autumn leaves that Hitler Iff ready to ex ceed the brutality of Attlla the Hun in cold bloodedly sacrificing the German people simply to prolong the war for another six months. Informants, both neutral and oth erwise, who are fleeing into Allied hands from Inside Germany within recent days say that one harsh measure after another is being enforced by the Nazi zealots, libtregard Individuals The Hitler henchmen, in recent weeks, are disregarding individual rights completely and make no pre text of abiding by legal procedure, according to persons who have escaped from inside Germany. These same sources assert that (Ileluricli lliiniuler, chief of the Nazi

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