The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 8, 1968 · Page 6
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November 8, 1968

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 6

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West Palm Beach, Florida
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Friday, November 8, 1968
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Page 6
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C.L. Sulzberger Johnson Wise To Yield Presidency Without Fight erence for leading from the middle, by consensus, instead of from the front. The technique accords with democratic philosophy but is Impractical in times of crisis. The Palm Beach Post A JOHN H. PERRY NEWSPAPER Join H. Parry Jt. Praa. W. W. A luxury Jr.. Tm Caril B. Kallay. Publialui, Ganaral Manafar R. H Kirkpatrick, Editor C. E. Nmbiiiii, Euc. Editor R. Mirk Ellis. Circulation Dirtctor Publiahad Each Day Eicapt Saturday and Sunday it 2761 South Du, Waat Palm Baach. Fla. 33402 By Parry Publication!, lac. Sacond cuwi poatafa paid at Wtat Palm Baach. Florida Mambar ol tha Aaaociatad Pma TKa Aiaocutad Pma a aicluaivtly antitiad to tha uao for rapublicatioa ol all nawa Mambar Audit Buraau ol Circulatioa St rWtHIPTIO ATtS- AKRIr.ri l .... iaaaf) 1 yaar 1.11.20 1 yaar 131.20 i month. . . . 112 35 ' ""a .... 17 80 1 montha .... 17 80 l.aak t6 160 lwmk 60 Oailr O.I, Si,,(;, lln S.aaajO.I, Poat or Timaa ...10 1 yar 120 80 1 yaar 110 40 Sunday PoTt "im . -th. . . . 110.40 month. . . . . J6.20 3 montha ... .15 20 3 month. ....12 60 1 waak 1.40 k I .20 MAIL RATES Payabla in advance Timaa Daily Only Saaday Pasl A Sunday A Sunday Poat or Time. tlaly 1 yaar 145 00 145.00 130.00 $15 00 6 month. .. .123.00 123 00 116.00 J8 00 3 month. .. .112.00 112.00 19.00 5.00 MM. I I. ton By Mail Poat or Timaa t .20 Sunday Pott-Timee . . . f .3' Tt l KPIIIISKS G.neral Ollica ... .833-4011 Want Ad. 833-4033 National AdvertiainR Reprearntative. John H. Perry Aienci.te. Suite 502. 19 Weal 44th Street, New York. N Y. 10036 Friday, Novembers, 1968 to expound on the connection between foreign policy and civil rights, believing: "We know Lincoln had his Emancipation Proclamation but this was just a proclamation, not a fact, and we are paying the price. Obviously what happens here In terms of violence has its effect in Africa and Asia and the same thing is true in reverse." Certainly Johnson failed to solve this era's two most inso-luable questions, revolutionary war and race, but his policy met considerable success elsewhere. He has patiently endeavored to Improve Soviet relations, even if this effort is now stalled. In the Congo and Cyprus his decisiveness checked dangerous threats. He felt there was no alternative to his Dominican intervention. His most risky, crucial and in the end successful decision was to send U.S. warships off Israel in 1967 while warning Russia away. It is tragic that a President who knew so much about political power was unable to apply t triumphantly on the main ssues, above all because he always hoped to be buried under a particular tree on his Texas ranch and mused: "When my grandchildren see this tree I want :hem to think of me as the man who saved Asia and Vietnam and who did something for the Negroes of this country." - Nevertheless one cannot say-Johnson failed in Vietnam and, if contemporary judgment had been hard, as Benjamin F.-anklin said: "We must not In the course of public life expect immediate approbation if our services." Now that America chooses a successor it is fitting to show appreciation of Johnson't great nation al service In the words that conclude his press conferences: "Thank You Mr. (ft NY. Timvs N'ewaServIrr BUCHAREST. Rumania Lyndon Johnson was patriotic and politically wise to yield the presidency after one term because he had failed in what he sought to achieve and nothing fails like failure. Nevertheless, history must inevitably correct some emotional impressions now prevalent in a highly confused United States. If the second President Johnson was sometimes almost as unpopular as the first President Johnson a century ago, the reasons were profoundly different. Lyndon Johnson failed to discover means of simultaneously and sucessfully defeating the brand new Communist technique of "revolutionary warfare" and of solving an extraordinarily complex racial question that eats into America's very bowels. Yet lack of real victory in these fields is more easily understood on recognizing that no statesman anywhere has so far found a formula for smashing revolutionary warfare or making men of different races act as brothers. Criticism in these profoundly important domains was heightened by public emphasis on quirks in Johnson's personality. The human image of a President has become enormously important because of television, whose capacity for distortion is not fully appreciated, whether in reporting press conferences, battles or riots. Undoubtedly Johnson showed capacity for pique and trickiness but it is arguable that he was neither more peevish nor more crafty than his hero, Franklin Roosevelt. However, Roosevelt was a master of using radio while Johnson just isn't made for TV. Another possible weakness was his manifest fascination with opinion polls and his pref- Russell Baker A Vote On The Image While Tuesday's election did not give a definitive answer to the question of "How shines the Claude Kirk image?", it did make it possible to settle that question, and the extroverted Florida governor plans to avail himself of the opportunity offered. He Gov. Kirk will seek reelection in 1970. said so at a news conference Wednesday. T0 YOU, IT'S A WAR. TO ME, f$ A LIVING? ' David Lawrence Settlement In Vietnam Difficult; Not Impossible What made that announcement possible not to say inevitable was approval by Florida voters of a new state constitution to take effect the first of next year. Among other modernizations, that constitution provides for a lieutenant governor and permits the governor to succeed himself for one additional term. During the campaign, in which provisions of the new constitution were frequently debated, a prominent Democrat expressed the opinion that it would be a good thing for his party if Gov. Kirk did seek reelection. The implication, of course, was that the people were disillusioned with Kirk and that having him on the Republican ticket in 1970 would be a blanket boost for Democratic candidates. At one time when Kirk seemed to be more interested in promoting himself as a vice presidential candidate than in solving the state's school crisis that might have been literally true. It seems less likely now, even though Tuesday's election results did not constitute an endorsement of the governor. Neither, in any positive way, did they condemn him. What they did was to provide a two-year image-polishing period for Gov. Kirk. For the tirst time in modern Florida history, the governor will not be a lame duck during the second legislative session under his administration. And even though his veto power may have been weakened, he still can exercise executive leadership denied any predecessor. Nobody questions Gov. Kirk's ability. The circumstances indicate that he might make a great effort to demonstrate it In the next two vears. Bind Campaign Wounds And Count Our Blessings I have personally been persuaded that Johnson always wanted to negotiate a Vietnam settlement. On May 6, 1965, he told me: "Everybody says negotiate, but you must have two to negotiate. We have had four to six channels open to the Communists all the time but they tell us to go to hell. You are looking at the guy in the U.S.A. who wants most to negotiate." He also always recognized a connection between Vietnam and the racial front at home, sometimes saying: "There are those who only want a Fortress America, maybe supporting little White Europe. Well, I don't share that view. Somebody has to protect the two and a half billion people in Asia. "I am interested in those people and their education and their food and their health. Why I tell Ho Chi Minh: if you will just lay down your pistol I'll help you.' I am ready to let him join in all our efforts to build up Southeast Asia If he will only make peace. Of course there are people who think the Asians are not worth saving well I think they are." The outgoing President likes rosy prospect that Dean Rusk and Walt Rostow will cease to be household names. If we must have household names, thev should at least offer casu- . k V al amusement, and this we will surely receive from Sen. Strom Thurmond, whose vital assistance to Nixon's successful southern strategy, will doubtless make him a household name of the future. Thurmond does push-ups to keep fit. Perhaps he will do some on the White House lawn. Well, what else can we cheer about? The forthcoming tax cut. Nixon has promised to abolish the 10 per cent surtax on income as soon as he takes charge. Since he Is also going to stop the Inflation slmuta-neously, we will all have a great deal more money to Billy Graham strives to find some compromise. The simple way, of course, is not to try to bring all four parties into a formal confer- ence, but to let the United States act In the role of mediator by discussing vital issues with the North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong. American negotiators could then hold separate meetings with the South Vietnamese government at which there would be full disclosure of just what demands or concessions were being made by the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong. Certainly the government at Saigon cannot go against its own public opinion by entering Into a conference with the Viet Cong an ally of the Hanoi government which has been responsible for the guerrilla warfare and terrorism In South Vietnam. The question of whether President Johnson knew about all of this when he announced the halt of the bombing Is causing much comment. He probably was aware that the government of South Vietnam would not be willing to sit down with the Viet Cong. At the same time, he realized that this Issue would have to be fully discussed before much progress could be made, so he went ahead with Ihe bombing halt. Eventually the United States government will have to make up Its mind whether to Insist that the people of South Vietnam shall determine for themselves their form of government or whether a coalition of some kind is to be Imposed upon them against their will. '77 tell you why I could 'high threshold ' l Certainly American troops and the South Vietnamese forces have made many sacrifices in the last four years. It would be tragic if the Saigon government, which has placed so much faith in the United States, should find itself "sold out" as the phrase is being used now by critics here and abroad to Indicate that President Johnson has veered from his strong support of South Vietnam. If the United States did go along with Hanoi's demand that the Viet Cong should play a prominent part in any future government of South Vietnam, the war would not be ended. Even if the president of the Saigon government agreed to a "coalition," It is doubtful whether the people themselves would concur, and this could mean more fighting In South Vietnam. The problem is how to find a way to assure the people of South Vietnam who have for years suffered heavy losses a chance to maintain the government they have elected or be free to elect another one. With the election in this country' over, the new President will have to examine all phases of the controversy and reach a decision as to the extent that the government of South Vietnam will be supported. North Vietnam must be convinced that It cannot take over South Vietnam, and the Vict Cong will have to be content with that decision. It may take a long while before actual peace Is established In Vietnam, but the Issues today are not much different from those which prevailed when the United States originally decided to throw its weight on the side of the South Vietnamese. Either that decision Is going to be upheld, or the new administration in Washington Is, In effect, going to concede that a mistake was made. In any case, peace cannot be expected In Southeast Asia unless self-determination Is accepted as a valid principle in the selection of a government by the people of any country, large or small. i IMI NU, he. vote, became I have a very of irreleyance'l" WASHINGTON While on the surface it looks as if there is a deadlock in the Paris negotiations over the Vietnam War, there are ways to resolve the controversy and ultimately bring an agreement. At the moment, the national pride of South Vietnam has become a major factor. Its government is unwilling to sit down at the same table and on equal terms with the "National Liberation Front" the political arm of the Viet Cong guerrillas in South Vietnam. The NorthVietnamese, on the other hand, insist that the Viet Cong must participate in the conferences. It Is clear now that, while President Johnson accelerated the peace talks by his announcement of a halt in the bombing, It is going to take weeks, if not months, of informal talks before a procedure can be worked out that will be satisfactory to all concerned. Hanoi evidently is willing to let matters drift for a while as the American government LETTERS to the EDITORS Peace Hope Editor Do you wish to get the thrill of a lifetime? Then order Ihe Sept. 11 issue of Congressional Record. It contains the speech of Sen. Vance Hartke, introducing a Bill (S.4U19) establishing a Department of Peace! There have been many proposals placed before Congress in the last 35 years providing for a Department of Peace. One might ask, since the Idea has been so often presented In one form or another, why Congress has never followed through to bring the proposals to fulfillment. The answer is in the changed nature of our world the overwhelming demand of this nation that something must be done to save us from any more Vlctnams and indeed from ann ihilation! Although It will be a great day when the horror of Vietnam finally comes to an end, the step of establishing a Department of Peace is of far greater significance. Thus far all peace treaties have contained the seeds of the next war! As In the body, we must not merely deal In symptons, removing them, only to continue to do the same things which brought on the disease we must find the causes and remove them! This would be the work of a Department of Peace. Get behind your Senators and Representatives on this one! ROSE SOLOMON West Palm Beach spend next year without any risk of driving up prices. In addition, the Electoral College may finally be abolished. This will be a blessing to school children, as well as to 75 million voters who have never been able to understand it, and who will no longer have to try. Blessings, blessings everywhere. Isn't It wonderful, for example, that the Democrats did not carry Illinois by only 8,000 votes? If they had, we should have to listen for four years to Republican charges that Mayor Daley had stolen the election for Humphrey. In the end, we would have found ourselves defending Daley most persons will defend anybody who Is attacked to excess and with all the other problems we shall have during the next four years, the burden of defending the mayor would surely have crushed us. Now we are spared It. No, things are not all bad. There Is plenty to be thankful for. Plenty. Well, a great deal at any rate. What else? There must be something else, but what Is it? Ah, of course. It is so obvious that we are In danger of forgetting It. There will not be another presidential election for four whole years. world Is not to be free from temptation. It Is to be tempted In every way, and yet through Christ, rise victoriously over it. To be Christ like Is to be "tempted In every point, yet without sin." Evil thoughts come to the best of men, but the Christian leans hard on the Scriptures which say: "There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that which you are able; but will with the temptation also make a way of escape, that ye may be able to bear It." 1 Cor. 10:13. Temptation Is Satan knocking at the door, but we don't need to invite him in. Bible Verse "If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother." -Matthew 18:15 It') N.V.TImrs New.: Service NEW YORK And now it Is time to bind up the wounds, put a chicken in every pot, give this country a new deal as well as a fair deal, get on with a great crusade, cross the new frontier and bask in a great society under leadership that will unify the country. First, however, we must regain the optimism that, until recently, has been one of the nation's greatest strengths, and to do this we must make resolute cause against the pessimists who see nothing but reason for despair in the election returns. These pessimists say the election proves that the country does not really want a president, but they are wrong. All It proves is that the country does not want Richard Nixon or Hubert Humphrey for president. They say the election proves that the country Is badly split, but they are wrong again. All It proves Is that the country Is split three ways, that 48 per cent of the people want to continue present policies, that 43 per cent of the people want to change present policies, and that 14 per cent of the people want to abolish the government. There are a lot of things to be thankful for and many blessings to be counted. We must leam to concentrate on these Instead of dwelling so exclusively on what Is harrowing. And so, as a president said some years ago, let us begin. These, then, are the blessings that come Immediately to mind: First of all, Splro Agnew Is going to have the chance to learn something about national government. If he is alert and does his homework, he will find that being vice president Is almost as good as attending a good graduate school of political science. Second, we will all have Dick Nixon to kick around some more for at least four more years. In 1962, after losing the governorship of California, Mr. Nixon told us that we would henceforth be deprived of having Nixon to kick around any more. With Lyndon Johnson leaving public life this year and Adam Clayton Powell lying low at Blmlnl, It appeared for awhile that we might be hard pressed for someone who could be relied upon to be available for kicking around. Nixon, fortunately, has filled the breach. There Is sliver lining everywhere. The choice of a president will not be left, after all, to Speaker John McCormack and his merry men of the House of Representatives. That process might have consumed months. Some of the more senior members of the House spend whole days merely trying to remember who and where they are; the mind reels at the thought of their having to remember at critical moments who Is running for president. Then, of course, there Is the No One Ever Free From Temptation Ideals And Scandals An Olympics wouldn't be an Olympics if it didn't come up with at least one controversial incident or scandal. This year's games at Mexico City had both. One was the raised-fist symbolic protest by two Negro American runners as they were receiving their medals. The other was the revelation that some U.S. athletes were paid by equipment manufacturers to use certain brands, the latter thereby secretly purchasing an endorsement the rules forbid them to buy openly. Even as the U.S. Olympic Committee investigated the second matter, a member of the International Amateur Athletic Federation Council charged that "virtually every country in the Olympics is guilty of violations in the equipment scandal." Athletes have received pav-offs of anywhere f rom SjUO to $6,000, stated Dan Ferris. Others put the figure higher one rumored pay-off was as high as $14,000 and say that it all started with the 19(30 Olympics in Rome. It started long before that, if the Greek historian Plutarch can be believed. Rather than entering the games for the sheer love of sports, as we like to believe, the ancient athletes fully expected to be rewarded by their home cities. According to Plutarch, victors received from 100 to "00 drachmas under a schedule set up by Solon the lawgiver. Even the smaller award was nearly as much as a year's earnings by a working man. Greek athletes bearing gifts from the original Olympics does not, of course, make any less reprehensible the behavior of modern athletes .ind equipment manufacturers, nor does the " ; ce jealousy that existed between ancient city-- ales furnish any moral justification for the rivalry between nations today that threatens to turn the competitions into little more than bloodless wars for national glory. Some have become disillusioned with the Olympics because they have so often fallen short of their ideals of pure amateurism, individual athletic achievement and international brotherhood. Yet if there were no ideals, there could be no scandals. Why should I be tempted by evil thoughts? I have tried to be free of them, but I Just can't seem to rid myself of the evil thoughts that come into my mind. How can I be free from temptation? P.L. Temptation is something no person has ever escaped. It Is even written of our Lord who was sinless: "He was In all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin." Heb. 4:15. Yo'i say you are tortured by evil thoughts so was the Savior. "He was . . . tempted like as we are." You are assailed by Satanic suggestion. So was the Si'vior. Satan at the great temptation in the wilderness, tried every trick to tempt him, and there Is no doubt that his wiles were appealing, and yet the Bible savs, "He was without sin." To be Christ-like In this Close The Gap One of the first tasks of the Nixon administration should be to close the credibility gap . . . to restore the public's confidence in government. This can be accomplished only be leveling with the American people, whether the news of the moment is good or bad. The people must have the truth and not bad bureaucratic

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