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THE WEATHER Tartly cloudy today. Fair tonight and .Saturday. Cooler tonight. Warmer Saturday. THE DAILY CLINTONIAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties Mailed In Conformity With P.O.D. Order No. 19687 CLINTON, INDIANA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1944. To Speak at Republican Rally Allied Armies at German Border Ready Major Breakthrough at Siegfried Line; Patton's Troops Plunge Toward Belfort Yanks Shatter German Gothic .yrfJftlSj, Troops Battle for Highway to Bologna fwum Corridor : ' 1 I U "5 I t ... " -jim. -IT j if j .r , if I -jf v - mn T.,i Mr,, tut v opvnwn Tliw noTHIf! I.1NK fierce Soviet Troops Hack at Nazi Eastern Walls Riga Doomed as Soviets Near City; South Troops Lance Across Czech Line; Seize Vital Railway Hub MOSCOW. Russia. Soviet Uk rainian forces slashing into German Hf..r,co nionir the Polish-Czecho- Slovakia border smashed the north- Wlin IIli nr in fvmi ni.., ..... ' battle for the roads is raging today beyond the shattered German Cothlc Line. The enemy 1b throwing In reinforcements and depleting other Bectors in the hope of staving off a Fifth Army thrust aimed at Bologna. With the weather worsening, the roads are becoming all-important. The Fifth Army holds a largo portion of route 65, an all-weather high road from Florence to Bologna, and ar,"8 ut l contn" 6CCO"di"'y Nazis in Surrounded HOMER E. CAPEHART Dfa 7V, cm arm of a giant pincers drive In-1 ' ' to Czech territory today. ROME, Italy. American troops Russian fighters seized the vital 1 0f the Allied Fifth Army in Italy rail town of Vydran, four miles smashed forward through Nazi de-within Czechoslovakia, In the two-lfense positions in he mountains-a-nroneed assault aimed at knocking bove Florence today after captoTing A. V. BURCH CLEMENT T. MALAN Hungary out of tho war. Smashing out major gains tnrougn the Lupkow Pass to occupy the en trance to a frontier railroad tunnel at Vydran. i.l.,.l. In Mountain Meavy mountain rignting, hi weather t ins ,nr niiuivoii which Soviet forces operating In bro-' Adverse weather prevented air ken country substituted American support to the Fifth Army troops Indian tactics for overwhelming , which slugged it out with the Gcr-i hinwa afiiinnt Nazi strong-! man troons commanded by Nazi Tour of tin- state leaders of the Republican party who will speak at (lie large (ltV rally to lie held in Clinton High School gyiniia-isum Saturday at 8 p. in. Infinite top row left to right A. V. Ilurcli, illy I'oinpl roller of Hvansville and rnliilidiito for slate auditor; Homer K. 'nK'liart, caniliilalr for I'. S. senator; bottom row left to right: Dr. Clement T. Mulnn, slliorilltenilcllt of public ilistruc-lion anil Itue J. Alexander, secretary of slate. These men head a long list of slate and district officers who will apiear at the meeting, the first major rally to be held here. John Ijiuir, former Vermillion County resident, eliairmun or the suite Republican party, will also be present. FR "Trouble Shooter" to Take Over Policy of German Postwar Economy Field Marshal Albert Kesselring nnnarenllv is following Adof Hit- ler's dictate to hold every Inch, but the Yanks are moving forward in grim and stubborn battles: - " (the heights of Bastione, Oseloli and i canda wincn dominate me main Wlnrence-Flnlnelia road Other American forces of Lieut. Oen. Mark W. Clark's army pushed ahead on Imola to the east.' f Field Marshal Albert Kesselring in sharp clashes to gain control of key hill features in the rugged terrain. German counter-attacks against Yank positions along tho Flienzuo-la-Imola road were smashed by the ,-,,. . Americans who maintained their ad v.ince on lmola. Headouartcrs of Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson said that the Fifth mi ........ - Army, by pushing forward Its west i. A.. l.n tt,a rinllil. Holcnnn flank deep into the Gothic defense lOontlnuen on page SI Dewey Maps Last fetretch Campaign For Presidency ALBANY. N. Y. . Gov. Dewey completed plans today for an Inten sive 40-day stretch drive ror the presidency. The Republican nominee finished two days of conferences here with national chairman Her- hf.rt Rrnwnell. Jr.. at which they discussed the results of Gov. Dew ey's trip to the west coast and his itinerary for the remaining weeks of the campaign. Details of the Itinerary will be nnnniineeil later. The only definite date at this time Is tho Oct. 6th speech at Charleston, West Virginia, which may be preceeded by a radio talk from Albany. NEW YORK. N. Y. The Communist party line on the presidential election took Bhape today In bitter opposition to Gov. Thomas E. Dewey on the claim that a GOP victory would foment a "civil war" In Europe. The Communist leader. Earl Browder, whose wife has been the subject of a deportation controversy, came out last night in support of the New Deal and President Roose- vnlt He told a mass meeting lit Madl- nn Knnnra flnrden that Governor Dewey's election would be "an Amc- rican invitation to Europe to plunge .. .. ... , .... . Immediately or Boon into me mosi devastating civil war." Price Three Cents. In Netherlands Allied Field Commanders Plan Breakthrough Into Germany; Fierce Battles , Rage in Belfort Sector Allied armiCB facing the German horrw in overwhelming strength to day appeared to be completing pre parations for a major attempt to smash through the Siegfried Line. Hammer WeakllliiiB Foe Forces of the British Second Army hammered agalnBt weakening Vn'i rpKisianee to extend and broad en their corridor In central Holland. But even more Important develop-monla nnnpn red to be in the making along tho Moselle, where the United States army of Lieut. Gen. George s pniinn nut an end to its position al fighting and began jabbing in strength along a 130-mlle front. There was every Indication mat, despite Prime Minister Winston Churchill's warning the war may go over into the spring of 1946, field commanders plan, if possible, to shatter German defense strength be fore winter. ; ' On 430-MJlo Front Berlin broadcasts acknowieagen thai U finnan! ic Allied army of 2,-' 500,000 men is massed along a 460r mile front extending from the Alps to the North Sea, awaiting the signal for an offensive. It appeared that this would b preceded by a drive againBt the Bel-fnrt Gan and Into the Rhlneland. The attempt at a swift "end run" around -the northern terminus oi iu Siegfried Line failed when British paratroopers had to abandon their bridgehead at Arnhem, but this failure In Itself increased the likelihood of a frontal assault being made. . So far as could be determined In (Continued on Page 1) Allied Airborne I Landings Aim At S Siegfried: Nazis LONDON, England. The German High Command claimed without confirmation today that the Al lies have made a new aiie.ni t I .1,0 uiAffried Line by land- ' uuiLiau in., .j.-n nrth n - r " uelween Emden and Munster. ' The official statement, which claimed the attempt "failed." said a terrific" force of sky troopers was landed in the region in what It termed "an attempt to break Into Germany". Router's newB agency Bald It believed the report referred to the Arnhem attack by the British First Airborne Division, withdrawal of wnlcb. was announced Wednesday. The communique said that violent fighting has broken out along the; German-Holland frontier in the reg ion east of Nijmegen and west oi - M1, Venlo as a resu.i u. eS Kj. lyeilipocj o on..-.... - the Kindhoven-Nijmeden corridor. Meanwhile, a Nazi correspondent at enemy headquarters asserted that the Germans have succeeded in withdrawing more troops across tha a,.ht.irit iFscault) then they had ex- ! pected. I "Optimism prevails at German hoarirninriprs in the west." he as serted. "We now can anticipate further developments in the west with confidence." Flames Raze Brazil Store, 1 Loss is Set at $35,000 . BRAZIL. Ind. Flames raked the main building of the Penman Brothers Wholesale Grocery In Brazil this morning at an estimated loss of :!5.0iH! despite efforts of firemen who fought the blaze for five hours iih water from three trucks. The fire Is believed to have originated from spontaneous combustion in the loft where hundreds of tons of new hay had been stored. Many tons of sugar, salt and mixed feeds as well as feed grinding and mixing machinery were destroyed. Eight More Red, Blue Stamps To Become Valid WASHINGTON, D. C. The OPA announced today that five more Blue Ration Stamps for processed foods and three more Red Stamps for Meats and Fats will become good on Sunday and will remain valid Indefinitely. The Blue Stamps will be M-5. N-S. P-5. Q-5. and R-5. The Red Stamps H-5. J-5. and K-5. No more Red Stamps will be validated until Oct. 29 and no more Blue Stamps until Nov. 1, OPA said. Volume 32 Number 189. Halsey Hurls Thinj Smash At Philippines 65 Ships, 36 Planes Fail Trey to JUS Carrier-Based Planes in Shattering Hit At Jap-Held Island Bases PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii. The road back to Bataan and Corregl-dor was strewn with the wreckage of many more Japanese ships and planes today following a third smashing assault at the heart of enemy power in the central Philippines by United States carrier planes. Admiral William F. Halsey's Third Fleet warblrds destroyed or damaged at least 65 Japanese ships and demolished 36 planes during a blistering third strike executed Saturday in the Bisayas group of Islands, in the geographic center of the Philippine archipelago. In addition, 20 to 30 small boats were wrecked or damaged, boosting to 95 the probably total toll of surface ships bagged by the raiders from Admiral Marc A. Mltscher's carriers operating with Halsey's Third Fleet. Seven-Plnne Opposition Only seven -enemy planeB either managed or dared to get Into the air while the American bombers unloosed a .torrent of bombs on Jap airfields on Cebu, Leyte, Mactan and southern Luzon and attacked all shipping in the region. All seven of the Jap Interceptors were blaBted out of the sky and 29 more were wrecked on the ground, bringing to 1.014 the number of enemy planes destroyed in devastating carrier plane attacks on the Philippines which began September 8. Four Warships Sunk Four Japanese war vessels, Including one destroyer and three destroy-er-escortB, were sunk In the latest attack Saturday and two additional destroyer eBCorts were damaged. Jap ships definitely sunk in Saturday's strikes were: one destroyer, one troop transport, three largo cargo ships, three large oil tankers, six medium cargo ships, five small cargo ships,; three destroyer escorts. Jap Bhlps damaged, including more than one probably sunk, were: two large oil tankers, one large cargo ship, one medium oil tanker, fifteen medium cargo Bhlps, one small transport, twenty-one small cargo ships, two destroyer escorts. Ten L'S Planes 1ont American losses in Saturday's bruising raid were ten aircraft with five pilots and three crewmen listed as missing. A compilation of figures released by Pacific fleet headquarters since the Halsey -Mitscher team first struck the southern Philippines Sept. 8 raised enemy losses to staggering proportions and indicated (Continued oo page S) Iowa Train Crash Claims 9 Dead; 75 Are Injured MISSOURI VALLEY, la. Nine persons were killed and more than 75 injured, many seriously, when a fast Chicago and North Western railroad freight train collided with a passenger train in the North Western yards at Missouri Valley last night. The passenger train, enroute from Sioux City, la., to Omaha, Neb., was pulling through the yards when the "Calumet," a meat train from Omaha to Chicago, ploughed into the' fifth car back of the engine, turning over five coaches loaded with passengers, mostly service men. The injured were brought to Council Bluffs, la., and Omaha by Bpecial train and by ambulances from Fort Crook and nearby towns. Rescue work was started immediately following the crash by members of the armed forces. They broke into the twisted wreckage of the steel cars and started carrying out the dead and injured. The wreck was described by B. W. Wilson, of Omaha, who was returtinig from a construction job in Fort St. John, B. C. "The train was traveling slowly when a grinding crash occurred that seemed to last for several seconds, then the train turned over with a great crash. The confusion was terrible. Moans and cries of the Injured arose to echo the noise or the pileup. People and baggage were piled on one another and it was a miracle that more people were not killed." he said. Doctors from Omaha, Missouri Valley and Council Bluffs were soon on the scene and the injured were moved to hospitals. The Missouri Valley City Hall was turned into a morgue. The bodies of three soldiers were taken to Fort Crook. None of the trainmen was injured. The known civilian dead included: Ben White. Council Blurfs: Edward Mayer. Ashland. Neb.: Paul ;. Storaasli. 24. of Luverne. Minn : Mrs. Ben White of Council Bluffs: the 18 months old daughter of Mrs Agnes Steenhoben of Hull. la.: and jar. Jd JlcLainin o .Mo wile, la. " CrrJor Aftor TrurP -f - . SUPRISME HEADQUARTERS, Allied Expeditionary Force. Unbroken Nazi resistance on the European battlefront was further evidenced today when a hopelessly-surrounded German garrison at Calais turned down an Allied demand for unconditional surrender. With the United States Third Army of Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton in action along a 130-mile front covering from strategic Belfort Gap. where enemy lines were smashed on both sides of a road leading to Bel-fort and Montbeliard, the outnumbered Germans at Calais asked for an armistice to discuss the position of civilians. Ten-Hour Truce A "cease-fire" order waB given and for ten hours troops of the Canadian First Army abandoned their drum-fire attack against Calais. English channel port which was the chief nest of robot bombs hurled a-gainBt London. The German garrison commander was told that unconditional surrender was ail that could be accepted from him. He refused, and hostilities were resumed. Calais now Is surrounded on all sides. LONIj'oN, England. American B-26 Marauders, carrying the current blasting of Nazi Oermany into the third successive day, struck hoa-vy blows at Siegfried Line fortifications and marshalling yards In the Saarbrucken area of the Reich by daylight today. Hit at Saarblirurkon The medium bombers struck hard at the Webenlieim area of the West-wall, about 80 miles east of Saarbrucken, and at rail points in Saarbrucken Itself. Results were described by reluming fliers as "good." No enemy planes wore encountered and anti-aircraft fire was moder ate. All the American planes return ed safely The Saarbrucken region is In the (Conilnuen on page 61 Rockville Woman Dies At Local Hospital Thursday Mrs. Mary Alice Forrest, 63. Rockville, died at 8:15 a. ni. Tlinrs day at the Vermillion County Hospital following an illness of two months. She is survived by the husband. John: three sons, James. Duane and Robert, all of the United States Army; one daughter, Jeanette Hart-rnan. and two brothers, Charles Mc-Hride. Parke County and F. II. Mc- Bride. Molilalia. The body was taken to the Mc- Mullen Funeral Home and returned to (ho residence Friday morning. i. will ha .,,!!.- irnfwral arrangements will be com pleted pending word from the sons. ning back for a mile or more. Ilcnrli in Hectors Each gun emplacement had a large map of the adjacent beach, divided Into numbered sectors In such a way that a gun could be Instantly aimed at 'any particular sector with almost no possibility of a miss. Underground living quarters were provided for the gun crews and numerous openings from the tunneln made It possible for German snipers to get behind the advancing allied solitii-rs. Every possible kind of obstruction was used, including automatic flame throws, set off electrically, steel rails set on end in boxes of concrete and even ordinary clothes line wire to foul propellerB. Many of these obstacles had mines attached to them, which Ensign Mitchell's outfit was assigned to explode harmlessly. It was a bloody costly business, he indicated, and most of the success of the invasion was due to sheer weight of manpower. Former President Speaks Ensign Savage, formerly president of the club and a prominent Clinton attorney, praised his colleague for volunteering for the hazardous duty V.tAU aamaA him IliA Pma. willll. hob jup, -..,.. .... . - .. ildenlial unit citation. He recalled his j Continued on Page 2) iminta nreceded the Russian pene tratlon of Czechoslovak territory. Far to tho north, Soviet armies converging on the Latvian capital of Riga surged ever nearer that vi tai name pui i uo num.u,i bloody fighting drove deep wedges tal Baltic port as Russian units in ir,m airiine German dotense posi iinn desicned to stand off the Rus sian drive and protract the Baltic slan drive anu yiuni - campaign throughout the winter and . into the next spring Drive Along Gulf Ainnir tho shores of the Gulf of wi-., Rusainn combat team drove Nazi defenders from Oarsmuzia and Nirzkalns. two heavily fortified Ger man strongholds. Before the weight, of concentrated Russian advances, the Soviet high ,,,. n,l cnmmunlaue reported that desperate Nazi defenders of the Bal tic region were concentrating u molltion activities, blowing up highways and bridges, mining roads, and (Continue on Dag III John Melbourne, Once CHS Teacher, Killed in France Capt. John W. Melbourne. 27, husband of Mrs. Martha Melbourne. Georgetown. Ky. and son of Mr. and Mrs. John W. Melbourne, 1218 South Third Street, was killed in action Sept 11, somewhere in France, according to a telegram received by the wife. Sept. 27, from the United States War Department. Captain Melbourne attended Clinton grade schools and is a graduate of Sullivan High School with the class of 1(136 and Georgetown College with the class of 1939. He was a mathematics teacher in Clinton High School during the 1940-41 term. Several years before he entered the United States Army Armored Division he enlisted In the Reserve Officers Training Corps and became an officer in a camp In Kentucky. I In April, 1942 he entered tne Army and received training at n. Benning. Ga., Ft. Smith, Ark. and in California. He received the rank of Captain upon graduation at the Officers Training School at Ft. Benning. Ga. In April of this year he was sent to England and later to France where he was killed In action. The last letter received from Capt. Melbourne was dated Sept. S. and was received Sept. 1 5. He is survived by the widow; the parents; three brothers. Pfc. Joble Melbourne. U. S. Army. New Guinea; SSgt. Clarence Melbourne. U. S. Army. Patterson Field, Ohio and Orvllle. Brazil, Ind.; one siBter. Mrs. Hannah Vestal, Clinton and several aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces and nephews. Further Information on his death will be received later, the telegram said. Indiana Municipal League ' To Meet in Terre Haute e ? WASHINGTON, D. C. President lioosevolt instructed the Foreign Economic Administration today to speed up economic studies on how to prevent Germany from having any war-making powers in the future. The chief executive's instructions Immediately raised the possibility that he had designated Leo T. Crowley, FEA head and one of his most trusted "trouble shooters," to take over the formulation of policy on the kind of postwar economy to be permitted in a defeated Germany. This question, under study by a special cabinet comn ittee, has reportedly resulted in a wide split, with Secretary of the Treasury Mor-gentliau advocating an agricultural Germany stripped of her industries, and Secretaries of Slate Huli and Secretary of War Stimson opposed to the plan. (Continued on Page, fl) Mrs. Jessie L. Williams Dies at Chrisman Home Mrs. Jessie L. Williams, 60, died at her residence, route three, Chris-man, 111., at 10:15 p. m. Thursday following an illness of . several months. Mrs. Williams is survived by the husband, Charles; one brother. Is-rial Lientz, route three, Chrisman; one nephew, Carl Lientz, U. S. Army, Providence, li. I. and one niece, Virginia Lientz, Hammond, hid. The body was taken to the Frist Funeral Home and will be returned to the residence at 4 p. in. Friday. Funeral services will be held at 2 p. in. Saturday at the Logan Methodist Church at Chrisman and burial will bo in Sugar Grove Cemetery. RUE J. ALEXANDER Chinese Officials Join Dumbarton Oaks Meet; Big Three in Agreement WASHINGTON, D. C. In a brief ten-line communique, the British, Russian and American delegations to the Dumbarton Oaks conference declared today that the first phase of the parley lias been completed, resulting in "a large measure of agreement." In Issuing the communique, the delegates for the first time used a short and convenient name for tho agency they are endeavoring to establish. They have consistently a-voided the phrase. "League of Nations." They now have named it the "World Security Organization." Ilare Outline Known Although six weeks have passed since the conversations began Aug. 21, there was still no official disclosure of what the new organiza-(Continued on Page 21 John Sloan Services To Be Held Monday at Home Funeral services for John Sloan. 1102 South Third Street, who died Thursday afternoon at the I'nion Hospital, will be held at 10 a. m. Monday at the residence. Rev. Ray Crawl will officiate and burial will be In linseiawn Memorial Park. Mr. Sloan is survived by the widow, Jessie; two daughters. Anna and Martha, both at home; one son. Gilbert, I'. S. Army now stationed nt Camp Haan, Calif, and one sister, Mrs. Martha Dunlop, Clinton. Medal. He has been in England for 13 months. U.S.A. Mrs. Lena Cappa of Bhtnford has received word that her husband. Pvt. Eettore Cappa has arrived safely somewhere in France. Pvt. Cappa is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Cappa. Sr. also of Blanford. Mr. and Mrs. Cappa have three other sons in the Army. Pfc. Bruno Cappa in Hawaii, Pfc. Angelo Cappa in New Guinea and Sgt. Paul Cappa, jr., of Camp Lee, Va. U.S.A- Cpl. Edward Terkosky left Davis-Manthan Field, Tucson, Ariz, and was home on an eight day furlough with his parents. Mr. and Mrs. John Terkosky of North Eighth street recently. He returned to Topeka, Kas. U.S.A. Chester A. Ball who was recently promoted to the rank of Sergeant j (Continued On rage 8) Ensigns Mitchell, Savage Speak At Exchange Meet; D-Day Action Told NEWS OF LOCAL MEN IN SERVICE The Clintonian welcomes any news of relatives or friends in the armed services for this column. PHONE 32 It was "Navv Day" at the regu lar weekly meeting of the Clinton Exchange Club yesterday, with short talks by two local naval officers featuring the program. They were Knsign Robert Mitchell, son of Postmaster and MrB. Homer Mitchell, Just returned from the Invasion of France and Knsign James P. Savage, who was commissioned three months ago and has been taking technical training preparatory to sea duty. I)ewrll.e Kfiglaiul A short description of England itself and of the German preparations for defense of the French coast was given by Knsign Mitchell. Ail of southern England is hilly , , , , Ate the view and make passing cars dif ficult. he said. Articles written about the invasion often make it appear a far more - he told the clubmen. The French coast has a narrow beach with high cliffs just behind It. It was on these cliffs that the Germans had placed - their heavy guns, trained to shoot up and down the beaches. These guns were perfectly camouflaged gUnS SfrP iruvilj laiiiuuiiaftT-u imH connected with roar sunnlv de - pots by wide and deep tunnels ruu - MM 111 wr.rsi. niu. I lie iiiui-i Municipal League will hod i,s country with narrow roads, border- ! jc ed bv high hedges which obstruct l.'Mll annual cuiiien-n-j iru Terre Haute, with officials from the state's 102 cities and 427 incorporat ed towns expected to attend. Pfc. Charles K. CarniichacI, son of Mr. and Mrs. Milton S. CarniichacI. route two, Clinton, was graduated recently from the Arniortd School Tank Department at Ft. Knox, Ky. U.S.A. Repair of flak-battered B-17 Flying Fortress bombers returning from their missions of liberating the remaining parts of Europe from Nazi tyranny is the duty of Staff Sergeant Joe Williamson of Clinton. SSgt. Williamson works in the sheet metal and structural repair section of an Eighth Air Force Bomber Station in England. Son of Mrs. Mamie Williamson. 1357 South Eighth street. Clinton, he is a graduate of Clinton High School and was formerly employed at the plant of the Douglas Aircraft Co.. Santa Monica, Calif. Since entering the Army July 17. 1941. he has been awarded the Good Conduct iwavor jesse raii-y. ui ouuiu ii-uu. i - - ... . jfainmle noeralinn than it really was 1'resiaent Ot tne league, anuouncu that discussion of municipal prob- lems now and after the war will be embodied In the program. , i. o,.ii, mi 00eiIIOI nflllj r. .iuiiiri mi, be the principal speaker at the an- nual banquet Thursday night. The nt.onin.- nfiprr.nr.n s nroirrani will in- elude departmental meetings of various municipal officials.