The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 7, 1968 · Page 8
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November 7, 1968

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 8

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West Palm Beach, Florida
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Thursday, November 7, 1968
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Page 8
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AH Palm Beach Post, Thursday, Nov. 7, 1968 Refugee 'Protocol' Remains Weak p AU mC " STANFORD (NANA) - On from East European countries political structure. The fact ysfsrZwZCf W (sr I (AftvfUlliJC, frffSflfi I Ott. 4. 1968. the Senate eave during and alter World War II. that he fled his Communist Ott. 4, 1968, the Senate gave during and after World War II that he fled his Communist -' Nancy J who? J Cotton V r Nancy t r Cotton! I Its approval to our Government's accession to the "Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees," signed on Jan. 31, 1967. at the United Nations In New York. Twelve days later, on Oct. 16, President Johnson signed the Protocol. By this act, the U.S. has ratified Its accession to it. This Protocol is nothing but the old "Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees," often called the "Magna Carta for Refugees," adopted by the United Nations In 1951, with one, to be sure, important amendment. The 1951 Convention of which the United States has never become a member, had been made applicable only to persons who had become refugees as result of events occurring prior to 1951. Therefore, the Convention covered only those refugees who had fled or been displaced CVS r V 1 jr t 1 1 I mJf w,- It did not cover any refugees torced to flee from later coup detats, as e.g. the Greek generals' take over or the Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia. The Protocol removes the Convention's 1951 deadline which is, undoubtedly, an important Improvement. However, the greatest weakness of the 1951 Convention has not been removed. It consists in the fact that the Convention itself had been used as an instrument of forced repatriation, especially in the case of thousands of Yugoslav refugees, fleeing to Italy and Austria. The authorities of these countries forcibly repatriated, often in chains, refugees from Yugoslavia on the ground that they were not "political" but "economic" refugees and therefore not eligible for the Convention's protection against forced repatriation. The Protocol, unfortunately, adopts the 1951 Convention's definition of a refugee as a person who is outside of and unwilling to return to his respective country of nationality or habitual residence because of "well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion." It is ironical that It is this seemingly excellent definition of a "refugee," eligible for the blessings of Convention, including its most Important preclusion of any forced repatriation, which has been used by Austria as well as by Italy to forcibly repatriate many thousands of refugees. Such abuse of the Convention's spirit has been based upon an unwarranted Interpretation, according to which the Convention protects only "political" but not "economic" refugees. Such Interpretation reveals a complete lack of understanding of the elementary facts of life in a communist country. A farmer who does not fulfill his prescribed quota in deliveries and is therefore threatened by persecution, Is, of course, a "political" refugee par excellence because the economic tyranny Is an Integral part of the Communist regime and cannot be separated from the homeland Is in Itself a political crime under the penal code of the Communist country, particularly Yugoslavia, whose government does not distinguish between "political" and "economic" refugees or returnees. This loophole in the "Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees" of 1951 Is fully retained in the "Protocol," signed in.New York in 1967 and just now ratified by the President's signature. Surprisingly, neither the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations nor the American Immigration and Citizenship Conference, nor the American Council of Voluntary Agencies, acting In behalf of 86 voluntary agencies, noticed this basic weakness of the old Convention, retained in the Protocol. They all recommended American accession to the Protocol without realizing that, in its present form, it would still permit states, e.g. Italy and Austria, to return by force Yugoslav refugees, especially since the West has accepted the arbitrary, and wrong interpretation of the Convention, now the "Protocol," by states as Italy and Yugoslavia. This is all the more deplorable since the main witness before the Senate's Committee on Foreign Relations, under the presiding Senator John Sparkman, Laurence A. Dawson, acting deputy director, Office of Refugee and Migration Affairs, Department of State, realized that the Protocol Is a "human rights document." Said Dawson: "The Protocol Is a human rights document. The human rights which it covers for the refugees involved are of the most important type. They are literally the difference between the life and death for many of them. They are in all cases the difference between the opportunity to live In dignity as a decent, self-supporting self-respecting human being, or else in the absence of such opportunity, to languish In camps or otherwise in a state of dependency." EDITION OF THE bph POST-TIMES Let your friends and relatives know about the good living here in fabulous Florida. FIND OF THE WEEK Beautiful way to get "on the wagon!' Silverplated wine trolley is a copy of Old English piece. Glass inserts. Also great for sauces, dips, candy, nuts. $17.50. Enjoy the beautiful full-color photographs, the lively and informative articles and feature stories. Learn about what's happening from Boca Raton to Vero Beach and west through the Everglades. Jacobs JEWELERS SINCE 1890 PALM BEACH MAIL Ph. 6837673 olno in Orlando and Jaetuonvillt You can order the Fun n' Sun at these discount prices Single copy 35c Three copies $1.00 Six copies $1.75 Nine copies $2.50 Twelve copies $3.25 When using the coupon below, with payment mailed to the Post-Times. Or, you can order from your carrier at 35c per copy. MAIL ONE COPY TO EACH OF THE FOLLOWING. USE BLANK PAPER FOR ALL ADDITIONAL ORDERS. ( Vect a full t month's dividends from Nov. 1st... on an savings made by Ah fUJi I NAME ADDRESS CITY STATE ZIP CODE. NAME ADDRESS CITY STATE ZIP CODE. j NAME ADDRESS CITY STATE ZIP CODE NAME ADDRESS CITY STATE ZIP CODE NAME ADDRESS CITY STATE ZIP CODE. NAME ADDRESS , CITY STATE ZIP CODE, 1 ? II SAVINGS AND lMOCi f I 1 NOVEMBss" 1 fchq 7 8 9 j no(jt) 12 13 14 15 lj7 pa 1 19 20 21 22 Z3j 1 24 125 Ufel 271281291 30 Your Name Address . . , City State Zip Code Enclosed: Check Money Order. 6 MONTH REGULAR SAVINGS SAVINGS CERTIFICATES Continental U.S. 35( Outside U.S. 50( ; 3V I)'4o ; COMPOUNDED QUARTERLY . MINIMUM $5,009 J (OPEN by November 8th MAIL COUPONS TO THE PALM BEACH POST-TIMES, BOX 1590 WEST PALM BEACH, FLORIDA, 33402 I FIDELITY FEDERAL SAVINGS AND LOAN ASSOCIATION Rd. Main Office -218 Datura Street Downtown West Palm Beach 45th Street Office at Broadway West Palm Beach Open 'til 6 30 P.M. Friday fvtt. For Further Information CALL 833-4011 AND ASK FOR CIRCULATION DEPARTMENT Northlake Blvd. Office at Prosperity Farms Lake Park Open 'til 6 30 P.M. Friday Evei. CEOROI PRESTON, President

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