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James Reston Accepting Close Vote Is Peculiarly American The Palm Beach Post A JOHN H. PERRY NEWSPAPER John H. Pirry Jr. Praa. W. W. Aturbury Jr. Tiw Cacti B. KdWy, Publiahar, Gaawal Maufar R. H. Kirapaurick. Editor C. I. Nsubauar. Sue. Edit R. Marls Ellis. CimiUtioa Diractor Publislud Ear Day Eicspt Saturday and Sunday at 1761 Souti Diaw, Witt Pais Btaca, Put. 93401 By Parry Publicatioiia, Inc. facoad class poatafa paid at Wait Palra Baack, Florida Mamrjar ol tha AiaociaUd Praai Tda Aaaociatad Praaa ia aicluaivaly aoUtlad to tsa uas for republication of ail oawa Mambor Audit Bartau of Circulation M KM IIF-TrO AT5- cy Adams was chosen over Andrew Jackson In the House, though Jackson had more electoral and apparently more popular votes. 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Perry Aasociates Suite 602, 19 West 44th Stmt, New York, N.Y. 10036 THURSDAY MORNING, NOV. 7, 1968 A 'Sweet' Victory and weary man determined to , perpetuate the Johnson blunders of the past, then It might Indeed be difficult for the tens of millions of losers to accept the result. The vast majority of the people will "go along," however, for they do not really believe all the gloomy threats and predictions of candidates and columnists. After the first few months of the campaign, they become Immune to the worst of the nonsense, and accept the result, sometimes with regret, often with doubt and even foreboding, but In the end almost with relief to have the ballots counted at last. This does not mean that the system of American government is always right. "It has led," says James MacGregor Bums, "to a government by fits and starts, to a statecraft that has not been able to supply the steady leadership and power necessary for the conduct of our affairs." There has often been a serious lag, he adds, In the speed and effectiveness with which the national government has coped with emerging crises. "The record Is a disturbing one. The steady, moderate action on slavery that was so desperately needed In the 1840s and 1850s finally came, Immoderately and at frightful cost, In the 1860s, and 1870s. American participation In the first real efforts at collective security came after World War II Instead of World War I. The anti-depression measures so critcally necessary In the 1930s, If not before, became governmental and political commitments only In the 1940s and 1950s..." The catalogue of failures and tardy remedies could be vastly extended and the dangers of precisely this kind of slow and divided government are still the nightmare of Tuesday's election. But the people accept it because that has been their way from the start. fff) Htm Tort NEW YORK This has been a hard election, and there are many who believe It has wounded and divided the nation, but the American people have short memories and instinctively accept the result of the vote, no matter how close. This, at least, is the consolation of American political history. With the one ghastly exception of I860, when the South chose to use the election of Abraham Lincoln as a pretext for secession, the American people have put aside all the provocative charges and threats of the campaign and promptly accepted the winner as President of all the people. As soon as the vote Is clear, as Sidney Hyman observed In "The American President," "the nation decrees an act of oblivion on the mischances and partisan claims of the recent past. A decision by a part of the nation is converted into a decision of the sovereign whole . . . well, we'll go along with it, we say, In that most meaningful of Americanisms John F. Kennedy won the presidency over Richard Nixon In 1960 with less than a majority of the whole vote. In a few months Nixon was virtually forgotten, only to rise again in 1968. In other less mature democracies, so close an election has often led to civil disorder and even to civil war, but the Instinct to forget the last contest and to accept the result of even the most vicious campaigns has been evident in the United States almost from the beginning. This will to come together and unite In spirit was first evident in the election of 1800, when Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr received the same number of votes In the electoral college and Jefferson finally won by a single vote In the House of Representatives. Much the same thing happened In 1824, when John Quin- Victor Riesel Drew Pearson Congress Critical Of TV, Hints License Revocations Labor Chiefs Prosecuted While Working For HHH President-elect Richard M. Nixon didn't put it in these exact words, but his victory statement after Vice President Hubert Humphrey had conceded sounded very much like: "How sweet it is!" He may be excused for a little exultation. It was 1960 in reverse, when Nixon lost an even closer election to John F. Kennedy on the same battleground. Last-minute vote counting in Illinois gave that state to Kennedy by a 9,000-vote margin and that was the ball game. This time it was the tabulation of late-reporting Illinois precincts that gave Nixon the plurality and the presidency. It will take some time to analyze the various facets of this cliff-hanging adventure thriller. The effect of the George Wallace vote, for instance, is something of an imponderable; so is the last-minute stop-bombing announcement by President Lyndon Johnson. And the pollsters might profitably subject themselves to a little self-analysis, too. A few facts stand out. The Wallace vote, which scared the daylights out of many observers and which in fact at one time seemed likely to throw the election into the House of Representatives, actually was a paper tiger outside of the South. And even in the South it was less potent than Wallace and his supporters expected. The former Alabama governor had confidently predicted that he would carry every Southern state and several in the North. No one placed much stock in his claims that he would actually be voted into the White House, but It probably came as a surprise to most people (and perhaps to Wallace himself) that the third party movement was so largely a regional phenomenon in spite of getting on the ballots of all 50 states. Nixon's decisive victory in Florida was particularly pleasing to the conservative majority, which also gave the Sunshine State its first Republican senator by giving Rep. Edward J. Gur-ney a solid vote of confidence over liberal Democrat LcRoy Collins. Another imponderable of the election for Florida was the influence or lack thereof of Gov. Claude Kirk. Half of Gurney's campaign was dissociating himself from the flambuoyant governor, and Kirk's Supreme Court appointee Wade Hopping went down to defeat. Yet statewide approval of the revised constitution, which gives Kirk the opportunity to seek reelection, was a sort of endorsement for him. So was the strong vote for Republican candidates in many county and legislative races as in Palm Beach County. Yet the real imponderable is President-elect Nixon himself. He has contracted to do a big job for the United States, to heal some of the domestic ills inherited from the present administration; and, if present efforts fail, to bring a halt to the war in Vietnam by his own un revealed plan. The President is only one man, of course, and the presidency is an awesomely complicated and exacting job. Nixon, perhaps as no other president in history, must perform almost as a superman if the nation is to be saved from threatened chaos. weren't used to determine whether scenes favorable to the Democrats were suppressed. There have been reports that the TV networks set out deliberately to embarrass the Democrats for locating their convention In Chicago. The move from Miami Beach to Chicago cost the networks an estimated $3 million. The Investigators have been promised a look at the out-takes but, after waiting more than two months, still haven't seen them. CBS, in particular, has thrown obstacles In the way of the House Investigators. Because Congressmen love to perform for the TV cameras, they have jumped through hoops for the networks In the past. But the Democrats are now taking a hard, new look at the networks whose biased coverage of the Chicago convention cost them millions of votes. They also Intend to examine the effect that the TV networks have had In stimulating violence In America. One of television's most eminent prbducers, Ivan Tors, has reminded his colleagues that many children spend more time before a TV set in their formative years than they later spend In college. He has suggested, therefore, that the television Industry shares an equal responsibility with the nation's teachers for the development of our youth. Tors has managed to produce such hit shows as "Flipper," "Daktart" and "Gentle Ben" without featuring bloodshed and brutality. A layman zoologist, he contends that aggressive behavior in wild animals Is an acquired characteristic. The baby animals learn violence, he says, by observing parental behavior. Baby lions, tigers and bears, not instructed in aggression and treated with affection, will not become aggressive. WASHINGTON - It's still confidential, but congreslonal investigators have prepared a report on the Chicago Democratic convention which Is going to make the TV network executives very unhappy. This, when linked with the current grand Jury action against NBC, will be the first time any forthright action has been taken to challenge network domination over the news. Congressional probers are making their report to the House Commerce Committee after watching TV reruns of the Democratic convention and checking them against the available facts. They have found the news so grossly distorted that there has even been private talk of forwarding the final report to the Federal Communications Commission with a recommendation that the licenses of the network-owned TV stations be revoked. One reason the TV distortions in Chicago are taken so seriously is that they had a tremendous Impact on the Presidential election. Hubert Humphrey's standing In the polls plummeted disastrously after Chicago. The behavior of Mayor Richard Daley's nightstick-wielding police, of course, was largely responsible for the Impression given the public. But the televised misrepresentations and exaggerations badly hurt Humphrey and the Democrats. House investigators found that the TV networks repeatedly played up police violence and strongarm tactics without showing the provocation. The TV cameras, for example, focused on one altercation Inside the convention hall. All the viewers saw was the police manhandling a delegate. They weren't shown earlier scenes of the delegate biting and Art Buchwald though they got less than 50 per cent of the total vote: William Henry Harrison, 1840; James K. Polk, 1844; Zachary Taylor, 1848; James Buchanan, 1856; James A. Garfield, 1880; Grover Cleveland, 1884 and 1892; Benjamin Harrison, 1888; William McKlnley, 1896 and 1900; William Howard Taft, 1908; Woodrow Wilson, 1912 and 1916; Harry Truman, 1948, and John Kennedy, 1960. Even In 1876, when Samuel Tilden led Rutherford B. Hayes in both the popular and electoral vote, Hayes was finally accepted despite considerable evidence of fraud, and Tilden retired from the battle satisfied that he had the best of all worlds: he had won the presidency, he said, and didn't have to suffer the cares and burdens of the office. Actually, the charges and countercharges of the 1968 election were mild compared to the savage campaigns of many of these other past elections. Nevertheless, they were sharp enough to divide the nation if the voters really believed them. If the American people really believed that Richard Nixon was an untrustworthy man who was leading the nation Inevitably to economic depression and International chaos, or that Humphrey was a weak bill on the President's desk on the night of Wednesday, Oct. 30. Waterfront unions, whose leaders were on the big city streets with Humphrey cara- vans, waited, not for a moment believing the President would reject them. He did. He put it In his "pocket." There It died. About the same time, the Labor Dept. went Into court for an order to invalidate the Printing Pressmen's election, which had put Into office Tony DeAndrade, a friend of labor chief George Meany and one of the newest members of the AFL-CIO Executive Council. This followed similar pressure on Joe Curran's National Maritime Union and soon will be tailed with charges against the Retail Clerks International Assn. Few unions have ever given more of their Billy Graham Biblical Not Out You have been labeled a "fundamentalist," or a conservative In theology. Don't you really think that this con- cept of Christianity Is so far out of step with nioJei n piub-Iems as to be next to irrelevant? Isn't the Idea of "personal salvation" a bit self-centered in a world with such gigantic problems? R. L. S. I would rather, be called an evangelical theologically, but I do not a'dmlt that a Jilgh Biblical view is Irrelevant and "out of step" with modern problems. True, many so-called conservatives have Isolated themselves from social problems, and perhaps overemphasized the personal salvation ethic to the exclusion of Its application to current social problems. I don't believe It Is an "elther-or" proposition. I have the conviction that those who advocate social ac- ; !p scratching the police. One officer was so badly bitten that he had to have medical treatment. Again and again, the police were shown on the TV screen swinging their nightsticks. But scenes were omitted of hippies ' hurling bottles, bricks and human excrement at the police, screaming filthy, four-letter words. The TV discrimination was equally evident during the convention proceedings. Speeches that presented the Democrats in a good light were interrupted repeatedly to focus on just about every dissident who wanted a little nationwide publicity. There Is evidence that TV directors even selected the most unfavorable views and distorted the color to make Humphrey and his supporters look bad. The House sleuths were also disturbed over the failure of the networks to double-check facts. Raw, unverified reports were funneled to the big-name newscasters who, unwittingly, broadcast the misinformation to the nation. The TV networks, meanwhile, have obstructed the House Investigation with delaying tactics. The investigators are unable to Interview witnesses or examine records without haggling endlessly with lawyers. For Instance, the Investigators have asked fo see the out-takes the TV films which "Are you crazy?" the electrician said. "I've already been offered $25,000 by Life magazine to write about the time the President blew a fuse during the Fulbright Gulf of Tonkin hearings." Don't sign," the Look Edi tor said, waving 35 $1,000 bills We 11 give you this, plus a percentage, If you tell the inside story of when Johnson switched from AC to DC over Vietnam." The electrician shook his head. "There are certain things between me and the President that I can't talk about, even after he leaves office. They're In my diary and that's where they're going to stay." "You kept a diary?" a publisher asked. "Sure. How else would I know where all the plugs were? That's a big house." "I'll give you $50,000 for the diary without reading It," the publisher said. ( J loyalty to the Administration than the Clerks In the troubled air with their broadcasts, on the land with their advance men, and on the sea with a steady stream of printed propaganda. But all this is Just prologue. Soon to be Involved are the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, the Masters, Mates and Pilots, sections of the Hotel and Restaurant Employes, and the construction workers some of whose leaders were on every plane Hubert Humphrey ever hopped. These union chiefs charge "the White House" with persecuting them. They say that they are not being accused of fraudulent elections just a sloppy count, or tightened eligibility, or running the union president's picture too often. They are and were furious. But they never broke discipline. Labor's policy was to pour it out for Hubert Humphrey. They sure did. Now they're back home looking over their court orders. And they wonder why the White House permitted it to happen. They turned their backs for a moment, and they weren't covered by their friends, the lame ducks. A lot of feathers are going to fly. ' View Of Step lion to the exclusion of conversion are missing the boat, and vice versa. Christ taught boht. He spelled out the necessity of the "new birth", but He also, In parable and statement, urged people to love their neighbor, and to help the underprivileged, the alienated, and the poor. The experience of "the new birth" enables us to Implement social action and change. Christ not only transforms the individual, but If Individuals translate His love Into life, He affects society. This Is historically true. So, don't be too quick to throw out "the baby with the bathwa- ter." Personal salvation Is the beginning of neighborly love, and If It stops short of that It raises the question whether the individual has had a confrontation with Christ. Bible Verse As for man, his days are like grass; he flourishes like a flower of the field; for the wind passes over it, and it ts gone, and Its place knows it no more. Psalms 103:15- WASHINGTON, D.C. - Now it's open season on lam ducks. With the campaign over, a powerful group of national labor leaders are growling over the ingratitude of that man in the White House, which permitted their unions to be probed by the FBI, challenged by the Labor Dept., and sued by the U.S., while they were out spending their time, energy, health, money and tactical talent on Hubert Humphrey's cause. At least five influential men of the AFL-CIO high command council were investigated while they fanned out in pivotal Industrial states for the Democratic ticket. FBI men zeroed in on one union because it contributed heavily to the Democrats. Regional U.S. attorneys are suing other unions to force the invalidation of elections which put the labor chiefs in office. Other government enforcers are preparing to hit leaders of two unions which were much of the bedrock of Humphrey's campaign during the chaotic weeks when the vice president's strategists couldn't find the local airport. One of these unions, the United Sleclworkers, learned it was being investlgaled at the very moment it opened Its local halls to Humphrey for his last-minute drives In the mill-packed and factory-jammed Midwest. Labor Dept. officials were preparing to challenge USW's traditional referendum election procedures, although the union's chief, I.W. (Abe) Abel, headed the National Labor Committee for Humphrey and Muskie. And while the Imperturbable Paul Hall, Seafarers International Union Chief, was spending four taut weeks masterminding the pro - Humphrey labor campaign in California, FBI agents went through his books to learn why the union had contributed about a million dollars to scores of campaigns. Seafarer Hall, operating out of San Francisco, did a fantastic job for Humphrey. But the Justice Dept. hit him nonetheless. So did Lyndon Johnson, who pocket-vetoed the, one bill the Seafarers had fought for over vhn runs a sophisticated political ma chine not unfriendly to such men as Gerald Ford and Ev Dirksen, long has lobbied for an Independent maritime commission such as Ambassador Joe Kennedy headed back In the thirties. Under it, the U.S. cargo fleet swarmed the seas. Then In 1950, the commission was handed to the Commerce Dept. . Since then, our merchant fleet has run a bad second to the Swiss navy. Hall fought the President in Congress and beat him. Congress passed the bill over Mr. Johnson's objections, which would have created an Independent maritime commission The proposed law was the 90th Congress' last unsigned Power In White House Ominous Hijack WASHINGTON - It Is only natural, as the Johnson Administration nears its end, that magazine and book publishers should be descending on the White House to sign up everybody in sight for their memoirs. The sidewalk in front of the White House Is jammed these days with Editors carrying satchels of money that they have been ordered to give out In advances to anyone who can offer insights into the Johnson years. The competition for memoirs Is something fierce. As I was leaving a White House briefing the other afternoon, several Editors ran up to me at the gate and shoved contracts In front of my face. "I don't work in the White House," I explained. "I don't know any more about what went on there In the last five years than you do." Disappointed, they turned away from me and then rushed up to a man In overalls carrying a bag of tools. "What do you do In the Executive Mansion? "I'm an Electrician," he said. "I'll give you $10,000 to write the story of how you wired the White House," an Editor shouted. "Fifteen thousand," a book publisher yelled, "If you tell us the Inside story of how President Johnson made you change all the bulbs'." "Gosh," the electrician shook his head. "I don't know what to say. There's some stuff In there that's very personal, like the time I put In an extension cord for the President's electric blanket when Lynda Bird decided to tell her parents about her engagement toCapt.Robb." "I'll give $75,000," another publisher shouted. "What else Is In the diary?" the editor of the Ladles Home Journal demanded. "Well, there was the day when Walt Rostow was briefing the President on the Pueblo and he got so excited he stuck his finger In a socket and got a shock." The Harper-&-f said, "I'll bid $100,000." The electrician looked confused. "Is it worth that much?" "Of course. You'd be the first one to shed any light on the Pueblo incident." "I think I better talk this over with my agent," the electrician said. "All these offers are bewildering. I knew my memoirs were worth something, but I didn't think they would fetch $100,000." "Why not?" the Putnam publisher said. "You controlled the power In the White House, didn't you?" "Now that you mention It." the electrician said, "I guess I did. What am I offered for the movie rights?" It's hardly news any more when an American airliner is hijacked and diverted to Communist Cuba, but a new element injected into the latest incident has ominous overtones. The Negro hijacker who forced a National Airlines plane with 57 other passengers to land in Havana instead of Miami as scheduled said this crime was a "first for new Africa" and that "we're gonna take over a new ship every day for 100 days." Although he was described as "a kook" by others aboard the hijacked plane, it is barely possible that this, for the first time, was part of a conspiracy. It was the 12th hijacking of an American plane this year, all directed not by coincidence to Cuba. As usual, Communist dictator Fidel Castro allowed the plane and passengers to return to this country. But he tacitly encourages the hijacking-by giving asylum to the hijackers. Without such encouragement, these crimes could not and would not continue. So far, none have resulted in any great tragedy, but there is no guarantee that the next one will not. If it does, the blood will be on Castro's hands where it will hardly to noticeable. The "silver lining," if any, is that each time a plane is hijacked, the U.S. has one less criminal within its borders.