The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 6, 1968 · Page 17
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November 6, 1968

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 17

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West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 6, 1968
Page:
Page 17
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Palm Beach Post, Wed., November 6, 196817 Moscow Pays High Price For OK CHINCH BUGS? SOD WORMS? phone 10MASELLO 585-2551 Iff By VICTOR ZORZA North Amerkaa Newspaper Alliance After sulking In his tent since the invasion of Czecho- '"'Air panel-pleated skimmer knit Welt detail dress, buttoned down to easy knee pleats! Orion acrylic wool bonded to acetate in black, plum or green. sizes 142to282 The Hungarian counterpart of professor Ota Sik, who led the fight for economic reform In Czechoslovakia to lay the foundations for political change, Is Rezso Nyers. But the Hungarian reformer is a more politically significant personality, because he Is a member of the Politburo, and therefore a wielder of power in his own right and a good proletarian, a former printer, who cannot be tarred by his opponents with the brush of "intellectualism." Myers, now 45, is a dynamic, clear-headed exponent of the new economic model, who explicitly demanded long before the Czechoslovak upheaval the fundamental changes In the political superstructure on which the Hungarian press Is now insisting once again. Where profit is the yardstick of economic efficiency, where each factory devises its own plan of economic activity and disposes of its resources, as is Increasingly happening in Hungary subject, of course, to the over-all economic policy of the state there the party bureaucrat is gradually deprived of his reason for existence, of his power, and finally of his trappings of authority. The king is naked and so Is the party secretary. In Czechoslovakia, the Kremlin could see the clothes being torn off him, and it objected to what it regarded as the political Indecency of the spectacle. Slovakia, Janos Kadar, the Hungarian party leader, has finally announced his approval of the Soviet action but Moscow has had to pay a high price for it. The Hungarian reforms, which could be quite as dangerous, in their own way, to the survival of the Orthodox communist model as were those of Czechoslovakia, are to go ahead. While the top party leaders of the other satellite countries were making almost weekly declarations of support for the invasion, Kadar kept demonstratively silent. But his newspapers were allowed to hint at the struggle that was going on between the conservatives and progressives inside Hungary's own leadership, and at the parallel struggle between Budapest and Moscow, on the future of the Hungarian reforms. Budapest Radio and the newspapers have repeatedly spoken of fears that the reform movement might be suppressed because of what happened in Czechoslovakia, only to assure the public that any such fears were unfounded. But even these assurances were weapons in the struggle waged by the progressives to preserve the reform. They served notice on the conservatives at home, and on the Kremlin, that the progressives in the leadership were prepared to stand up for the policies in which they believed. The secretary of the Budapest party organization, the most important in the country, publicly warned the "small number" of "dogmatists" against using the opportunity provided by the invasion of Czechoslovakia to revive their own con- $099 LANE BRYANT servative policies. The party paper "Nepszabadsag" wrote darkly of a political struggle In the course of which "conservatism can thwart progress." All such warnings were usually part of a balancing act in the course of which "revisionist" or "bourgeois" elements at the other extreme were also told to desist. But this was done only for show, since the invasion of Czechoslovakia had already silenced the most outspoken of Hungary's liberals. The more moderate ruling liberals, in the center of the party spectrum, were nevertheless under Increasing pressure from the Kremlin to conform to the new hard line in home and foreign policy. Rumors of this pressure have reached the West, but at times of crisis in the Communist world rumor is always rife and can never be taken at its face value without strong corroborating evidence. Here, however, the evidence could be found in the official press even before the rumors began to circulate. While the Soviet and other satellite newspapers" mounted a concerted and menacing onslaught against Yugoslavia as the alleged inspirer of the Czechoslovak deviation, the Hungarian press remained virtually silent on the subject and the orders for boycotting the Soviet line on so sensitive an issue could have come only from Kadar himself. While the newspapers of the other Communist countries were heaping abuse on Marshal Tito, Hungarian cabinet ministers were, demonstratively, paying official visits to Yugoslavia. Of course, the Hungarian press had to voice its approval of the invasion of Czechoslovakia, even while Kadar kept his peace. Hungarian troops had taken part in the invasion as part of the Warsaw Pact force, and this was hardly the time to assert Hungary's independence of Moscow on so vital an Issue. In any case, what the Hungarian leaders were concerned about was their own reforms, not Czechoslovakia's. The significant silences ot the Hungarian press revealed some of the policies at issue. None was more important, perhaps, than the repeated, increasingly vicious attacks in the Soviet and satellite papers on Czechoslovakia's economic reforms and the complete silence of the Hungarian press on this subject. Again, the Hungarian leaders were not particularly concerned about the fate of the economic reform in Czechoslovakia, but they wanted to make it clear, both to the public and to the conservatives at home, and to the Kremlin, that Hungary's own economic reform must go on. For there is no doubt that if it does go on, political changes of great consequence must follow as, indeed, they followed in Czechoslovakia, and as the Hungarian reformers always intended that they should follow at home. . The leading article in "Nepszabadsag" which finally recorded the victory of Radar's progressives over the conservatives in the post-invasion struggle reaffirmed the intention "to free our economy of its clumsy and rigid features" and it proceeded quite unashamedly to link political to economic reform. The new economic model, the essence of which is the decentralization of decisionmaking down to factory level, requires, says the party paper, the introduction of "analogous concepts in the superstructure of society as well." Put this way, this "requirement" sounds as theoretical and detached from political reality as a philosophical treatise. In fact, however, few words in the Communist lexicon carry a politically more explosive charge than these. The economic base and the political super-structure are the two key elements of the Communist view of the world. To envisage a change in the "super-structure" in the terms seen by the Hungarians is to anticipate a departure from the old Communist model that could be as radical as the Russian revolution's departure from the previous capitalist model. "Nepszabadsag" recalls that work on the new "superstructure" has led to extensive "theoretical debates" designed to develop new forms of "socialist humanism and democracy" the very catchwords that formed the essence of the Czechoslovak revolution. It lists the "critical surveys" of Hungary's political Institutions made by the party and th list reads like something out of the Czechoslovak Action Program "raising the role of parliament ... increasing the authority of the trade unions . . . Improving our electoral system . . ."and many more. Mail and Phone Orders 683-4255 Opn Men. Thru Sat. 10 to 9:30 SHE'LL R&M EMBER THE DATE Oval diamonds are skyrocketing in popularity, i op left: $425. Right: $575. Center set: $750. Wedding circlets from left: $825. $995. $525. Jacobs JEWELERS SINCE 1890 PALM BEACH MALL Ph. 683-7673 also in Orlando and Jackmnville Add 4 Stat Tax. 40" Mailing Charge LET US PUMP MORE INTEREST INTO YOUR SAVINGS PLANS . . . 90 DAY I 0 CERTIFICATES MUSTEK K EATON THE GREAT CHASE 2' OF DEPOSIT A 5 monthly Income Certificate, 0,0 available in minimum of $5,000 for a 12 month period. You may deposit your interest to a 4 Pass Book Savings Account to earn daily interest compounded quarterly. $1,000 minimum deposit on 90 Day Certificates with multiples of $1,000. jtfl"Wk alaaV MM9 att aVlfHat aV H mi mm s I I A I ' It o LMALiinu run Soutlieui -silk DOLLARS 4 P.M. TODAY Ml MM WC Bank OF WEST PALk, BEACH 7370 SO DIXIE ACROSS FROM WOOlCO 'AIM COASt PLAZA Look For Thi, Symbol of St'titt 4PBQB w 99 tern (th(BBiii e&mnmu new cottouf'sheets bwwgb icmmk ROYAL U IAMILY JJ ironing I I twin tint or tit tod DOMESTIC'S. SECOND FLOOR DOWNTOWN WEST PALM BEACH BUR, ID I 1ST ,n .JtLi S

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