The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on August 31, 1944 · Page 1
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The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

Clinton, Indiana
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Thursday, August 31, 1944
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THE DAILY CLBNTONI.AN f THE ffEATKEB Clear tonight and Friday. Warm- Mailed InConformity With P;Ld. Order No. 19687 The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Countie CLINTON, INDIANA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1944. Price Three Cents, Volume 32 Number 168. mm AIK fii hi i i FOUR DRIVES AIMED AT BERLIN Joint Allied Occupation of Reich Proposed in 4-Power Security Meet British Seize Ameins in Push To Robot Coast Lightning Advance Pushes British to Sonune River, Drive on Calais Sector; Yanks Near Belgian Line NEW YORK. N. Y. Nazi troop Allies mash 46 Nazi Divisions Since Invasion Tremendous Nazi Losses Revealed by Eisenhower In Report; Enemy's Air, Sea, Land Power Cracks WASHINGTON, D. C. Gen. Dwlght D. Elsenhower, supreme Allied commander, reported to the Soviets Pound At Bucharest, Take Oil Land Capital's Fall Near As Reds Surge Forward From Fallen Ploesti; Uncork New Offensive on Warsaw LONDON A lleuters dispatch from Moscow today reported Ked Army troop were within slht of the Romanian capital rity of Bucharest, and that Its fall wax expected hourly. Federal Seizure Of Pennsylvania Mines Imminent Nearly 70 Mines Vote In Strike Wave, WLB Turns to White House llllliiaL "OMAN' FOUR ROUTES TO GERMANY, which are almost certain to figure prominently in the developments t the nl vaelt are shown on the above map. They are: (11 A push or northurn I'Yancs and probably through Belgium, combined wi'.h the dilve from the south; (Z) expected to skirt Switzerland and swing to the north of that country. With Nazi forces being wlthd.mvn I,. m!he.n Italy, the campaign h. o uiii show a sud.i. n si iM .ir i r Horn the Riviera may push over to cut some ol liicni tff is expected to fall within a tew it before Sept. 1, which. marks Hi - of the invasion of Poland by tin- Yanks Capture Nice in Drive To world today that the Germans have suffered 400.000 war casualties in France since D-Day and that at least 46 mighty Nazi army divisions have been smashed or destroyed. Detailed Report Elsenhower's report, released by the War Department in Washington, was a sensational review of the lightning progress of the Invasion forces as they sweep across France and on to Berlin. It was the most detailed report the supreme commander has ever made and disclosed the invincible power of the Allied for ces backed up by munitions from home. Highlights of Elsenhower's report are: 1. The Germans have suffered more than" 400,000 casualties since D-Day, including upward of 200,000 prisoners of war. 2. At least 46 Nazi divisions more than two-thirds of the original defending forces in the west have ben knocked out of action or severely mauled. Luftwaffe Losses Tremendous 3. The Luftwaffe has lost 2,378 planeB destroyed in the air: 1,167 destroyed on the ground; 1,028 damaged in the air; and 270 "probably" destroyed. 4. The German navy has lost 300 (Continued ou Page 4) Ilalmaliera Under Renewed Allied Aerial Hammering Key Jap Base Smashed By 113 Tons of Bombs; Kuriles Area Pounded GEN. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR'S HQ., New Guinea. Allied Liberators and Mitchells poured 113 tons of explosives on Japanese installations in another raid on Halmahera Island, some 300 miles from the Phlllipines, causing widespread damage to the vital base. Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced today. The raiders hit coastal defenses and supply and barracks areas in Wasile and Kaoe Bays, starting large fires and setting off great explosions. Strike at Pavao Allied patrol bombers again struck Davao, in the southern Philippines, and sank a 1,000-ton freighter and a small coastal craft off the east coast of Mindanao southernmost island of the Philippine archipelago. A 7,000-ton Jap freighter- transport was destroyed or severely damaged by night patrol planes in the area of- the Celebes in the Netherlands East Indies. PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii. At least one more Japanese ship was Included today in the toll taken by American aircraft in the Pacific following disclosure by Pacific fleet headquarters of raids by army and navy planes on Paramushiru Island in the Kuriles. Strafe Enemy Shipping Aleutian-based Eleventh AAF Liberators sank a patrol vessel and bad-(Contlnued on page 3) WASHINGTON, D. C. An Im portant change In Anglo-American plans for the military occupation of Germany Is understood today to be under consideration by the American and British governments. It 1b now proposed that American, British and other western European Allied forces should Jointly occupy two thirds of German territory in the west. Separate Occupation Karly The original plan called for the division of Germany Into three oc cupational zones, with American, British and Soviet forces each occupying a separate zone. The Soviet government still pre fers separate Russian occupation of the zone allotted to it. In view of the fact that military operations a- gainst Germany in the west are more of a Joint Allied affair, it has been suggested that Anglo-American occupation of German territory should be mixed and include at least token forces of France, Belgium and the Netherlands. Gen. Charles de Gaulle, president of the French National Liberation Committee, has been Insisting that French forces participate In the occupation of Germany. The pros and cons of the suggestion for a Joint Anglo-American and other Allied occupation of two thlrdB (Continued On Page 5) Clinton Township Schools to Open '44 Term Friday Clinton City Beginners Report Friday; Teachers For Township are Named Clinton township students and Clinton City first grade beginners will open the 1944 term Friday, Sept. 1, with second grade to senior Clinton City School students beginning Tuesday, Sept. 4. townBhlp and city officials said today. Clinton Township students will meet in their respective schools, at 10 a. m. Friday for their book lists and preliminary instructions, according to William S. Nisbet, township trustee. Clinton City beginners are to meet with their teachers at 1 p. m. Friday, in their respective buildings, South, Central or Glendale, Earl C. Boyd, superintendent of city schools announced. Students attending second to senior grades in Clinton City SchoolH will report at 8:30 a. m. Tuesday, Mr. Boyd said. This plan will relieve the congestion at the book stores on Friday as township boys and girls will be supplied before the city children rush begins. All Btudents are asked to report to their laBt year rooms for instructions, except the new 7 B's (first grade Junior High), who are to report to the Junior High School. Freshmen from the township and parochial schools are to meet in the Junior High School assembly hall. New students who have not made out programs should report to high school Friday afternoon, Sept. 1, officials said. City School principals met for preliminary organization in the superintendent's office at 10 a. m. to-continued on Page 4) Drowning, Car Accidents Claim 4 Hoosier Lives INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. Indiana's accidental death total bad risen by at least four today as the result of four different accidents yesterday over the state. Casualties included: Gene Albert Needier, 18. son of Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Needier, of Hartford City, drowned when a mo- torboat exploded and burned on the Mississinewa river. The father suffered severe burns. Carrol Cox. 17. son of Mr. and Mrs. Herschel Cox, of Bowers Station, killed In a truck-automobile collision near Colfax in Clinton county. Injured included a brother. Howard Cox. 15, and two companions, Alvin Maxwell. 18, and Ralph Hullendor, 18. both of Darlington. Samuel Sheley, 81, of near Tope-ka, killed in a two-automobile crash near his home. His son. Flnley Sheley. 30. driver, was Injured as were Marion Sutzman, 16. and his sister, Joellen Sutzman, occupants of the other car. Robert C. Foster, 9, son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert J. Foster, of Laurel, died of wounds inflicted by the gun of Dennis E. Smith. 14. who had returned from a squirrel hunt. Smith said that he thought the gun was unloaded. are evacuuting Verdun, less than 60! miles from the border of the Helen, in the face of the swift Allied advances in France, the underground radio station Atlantic reported today. ' .- The broadcast, heard by NBC, said also that German officials and members of the Belgian Rex move ment are leaving Brussels. , ; SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Allied Expeditionary Force In a dramatic Anglo-American race for the Belgian border, British troop of Lieut. Gen. Sir Miles C. Dempsey's Second Army today captured Amiens and established on extensive bridgehead over the River Somme. The Germans' robot bomb coast In the Pas De Calais area of France I threatened with immobilization and Isolation. Yanks at Reims Airfield At the same time, American for ces seized an important airfield welt beyond Reims, capturing 75 German planes on the ground intact. Gen. Dwlght D. Elsenhower' headquarters announced that original occupation of Amiens by British armor was followed up speedily by sizeable infantry forces which poured into the Somme River city. The British thus rivalled the peed of the United States Third rmy tinder Lieut. Gen. George S. Pa II on. Jr.. now reported only. 26 nlles from the Belgian frontier, f'over BO Miles " Since midday yesterday. Demp-ley's army has advanced 27 miles, ind in the last 48 hours, no less CO miles have been covered.7 The smash to Amiens represented the first time that British forces really have cut loose since the beachhead landings June 6. , From the town of Gournay, headquarters revealed, the British advanced to Vlllers-Vermont, threatening to cut the whole department of port of Calais itself. A Canadian right hook has cut the Rouen-Dieppe road nine mile north of Rouen, where some enemy opposition still Is being encountered. Canadian patrols are in Rouen, which- the, Nazis previously announced they had abandoned. The columns which liberated Amiens drove along the two main roads west of the Somme one through Grand-Vtlliers and the other hrough Catheux. (Continue" nn page 5) Severe Battles In & France Increase U. S. Casualties WASHINGTON, D. C. Acting Secretary of War Robert Patterson innotinced today that the ' evere fighting in Normandy has resulted ;n a sharp increase In American casualties. , t Patterson said the latest1 report-covering the last weeks of July reveal that over-all casualties had Increased by 23.249. Of the total reported, 4.221 were killed and the remainder of the 28,-249 wounded, mlBsing and prisoners. "This largely reflectB a period of heaviest lighting in northern France near the end of July," Patterson-nald. Total army casualties up to Aug. 13, were placed by Patterson 'at !M,8.HS dead, wounded, missing and orisoners. The total included 53,101 killed, 142, 68G wounded, 44.843 missing ind 44.408 prisoners. The casualties in southern France were reported by Patterson as light. Up to Aug. 4, they Included 1,247 killed and missing and 5.0V0 wounded. Patterson stressed the need for increased production of heavy war equipment to insure the present lightning pace of the war in Europe. The acting secretary said that unless production of heavy trucks, heavy tires, big guns, heavy ammunition, cranes and portable flame throwers are increased the war outcome may be delayed and American lives sacrificed needlessly. To date, Patterson said, supplies have kept pace with the advance and he expressed the hope that American industry during the last half of the year would boost production to make up the needs at the war front. The bag of German prisoners in France was placed by Patterson at 235.000 and he added "that enemy dead and wounded must greatly expand thlB figure of casualties." PITTSBURGH, Pa. Operations were halted at six more western Pennsylvania bituminous pits today as the United Mine Workers went on strike to gain recognition for su pervisory workers and the War La bor Board referred the situation to President Roosevelt. The new series of strikes forced cessation of activities at a total of 16 mines and brought to more than 8,600 the number of idle workers at a cost of more than 70,000 tons dally to the war effort. Pickets Close Mines Despite the fact only three of five Cambria county mines yesterday vo ted to Join the ever-spreading walk outs, all five were shut down today by pickets. Additionally, the Kent No. 4 mine of the Rochester and Pittsburgh Coal Company in Indiana county was also closed. In addition, the Ebensburg No. 1 mine of the Ebensburg Coal Company at Clover was placed on the struck list as its 1,000 miners decided to go along with the union movement wiitch, 1 b continued, threatens to close down every large eoal operation in western Pennsyl-. vanla, WeBt Virginia, Kentucky and Alabama. Strike Votes Scheduled Workers in six West Virginia mines are scheduled to take strike votes tomorrow, with 48 other votes under National Labor Relations Board auspices scheduled on the same topic before September 7. WASHINGTON, D. C. Govern ment seizure of seven struck coal mines in western Pennsylvania was awaited today as the walkout appeared likely to spread immediately to five other mines in that state and later to approximately 70 pits producing high grade coal vital to steel output. The strike Involving two mines of the Ford Collieries, Curtissvllle, Pa., and five mines of the Rochester and Pittsburgh Coal Company, Indiana, Pa., which has made 4,300 miners Idle with a loss of 20,000 tons of coal dally, was referred to President Roosevelt last night. May Affect 70 Mines It was unknown whether the White House would direct government seizure of only the seven mines already down or whether such ac tion would be extended also to near- (Contlnuea on Page 1) Dewey Seeks Party Unity in Campaign For GOP Presidency PAWLING, N. Y. Republican leaders said today that the schedule for Gov. Dewey's September tour to the Pacific coast demonstrates his determination to enter the crucial closing weeks of the campaign with the party solidly u-nlted behind his drive for the White House. When the Republican presidential nominee returns to Albany on Sept. 28, he will have talked with representative leaders from all sections of the United States, with the exception of the deep south, gem Clone Klet-tiun Gov. Dewey is said to feel that the November election will be so close that a breakdown In party organization in one or two states could mean the difference between victury and defat. That is why, since his nomination In late June, the governor has devoted long hours to talks with republican leaders, congressional candidates and others, sharing views with them and whipping up their enthusiasm for the battle ahead. Meets Majority Leaders The republican nominee has conferred at Albany with most of the GOP congressional delegations from New England states and from New Jersey, during his non-speaking tour of Pennsylvania, Illinois and Missouri, he met with similar groups from those Btates, as well as with the republican governors of 25 states. Party leaders said those conferences have been uniformly successful and that Gov. Dewey has whipped up more harmony and enthusiasm In his party than any republican presidential nominee in years. Talk With Chiefs In addition to the seven major night speeches Dewey will deliver (Continued on Page 4). MOSCOW, Russia. Conquering Red army legions smashed their way : : today Into the environs of Roman- ln- aJk, DiiAhapiut fnllnur. 1 in B VADIUM, till?, tni, .. lng the capture of Ploesti and the ..fabulously rich oil well regions which until yesterday fed Adolf Hitler's war machine. (CBS correspondent Henry Shapl-, ro, broadcasting from Moscow, said that the Russians were crashing in to the suburbs of Bucnarest ana that nther Soviet trooDS have ad vanced to the Bulgarian border of south Dobruja, annexed from Romania by Bulgaria In 1940 under German orders.) Two Armies Advance Two mighty Russian armies swept forward more than 40 miles in one day to overrun more than 300 towns and villages of southern Romania, including Ploesti itself, the second-ranking city of Romania. The opposition, such as It was, was provided by the Germans, engaged in a desperate attempt to fight their way out of a now hostile country. Far to the north other Soviet forces launched a new drive apparent- ly aimed at outflanking Warsaw and ramming a salient between the Polish capital and East Prussia. Seven large towns and a number of smaller localities were seized below Lomza, 70 miles northeast of Warsaw. Nazi attacks near Praga, ln- dustrlal sunuro rour miiea noun-east of the capital, were repulsed. New Prussian Drive (German reports said that the Russians had launched a large-scale offensive which had broken through Nail defenses at several points between the Warsaw area and the southern frontier of East Prussia. (The Nazis admitted a general retreat by their forces In Romania and also conceded that Romanian troops were fighting under Soviet command. The Germans also acknowledged that Soviet troops are driving toward the border of Hungary. ) Occupation of Ploesti and the surrounding oilfields was carried out by the second Ukrainian army commanded by Gen. Rodion Y. Malinov-sky. The Ploesti region, second only to '.the KUSSlan Caucasus as a H'uuu"' al petroleum, had a capacity of nearly 10 .million tons of oil per year before It was subjected to Allied ..(Continued on page 4) m , . ijouse vpp"hluuI1 "' Mounts to Georffe i..'vr m ft . a . . . r; ' O Demobilize Bill WASHINGTON, D. C. An eco-noiny-mlnded house wa expected to ride roughshod today over amendments designed to liberate the senate-approved George bill for postwar demobilisation and reconversion. The measure, extensively revised by the house ways and means committee, was slated to be approved tomorrow and submitted to a conference committee next week, following a Labor Day recess, to reconcile house-senate differences. It continues the Office of Wat Mobilisation for one year after tin war. sets up a federal fund from which states can borrow to maintain their unemployment compensation systems and authorizes federal loans to public agencies to stimulate planning for postwar public works. Rep. Eberharter (D) Pa., said advocates of more liberal provisions would submit a series of .amendments designed to provide more federal aid In the postwar reconversion period. These were expected to includ the following amendments: (1) to establish a national standard of unemployment compensation for Jobless war workers of 120 a week maximum, payable for not more than 26 weeks (2) to extend state Jobless benefits to three and a hall million federal workers (3) to furnish federal grants, rather thar loans, for public works planning (4) to authorize the federal worki administration to furnish transportation to their homes for stranded war workers, oiuj.. Eberharter aid 1 he would alst 4 Continued oa page L n !i s - t. h ' ...tern tiont (4) Warsaw the Ki'ils seek to occupy ..i::.ny of the beginning international) Italian Border ROME, Italy. American forces pounding northeastward along the French Riviera toward the Italian frontier have occupied the great sea port of Nice, toward which Benin Mussolini cast envious eyes Just be fore his declaration of war 01 France in 1940, Gen. Sir Henr: Maitland WIlBon announced today. Move Tom aid Junction The Yanks, moving through Nic. toward an eventful Junction wlti their comrades in northern Italy were slowed up by extensive mine fields. Nice, one of the most populai resort towns of the French Riviera has a normal peacetime pouplatloi of 242,000. Meanwhile, It was disclosed thai Gen. Wilson, in a two-day tour o! southern France, conferred wltl Lieut. Gen. Alexander M. Patcli commander of the American Seventl Army, and attended a victory par ade of French troops in Marseille. V. S. Kntry Unopposed The Yanks entered Nice unopposed. The largest city in the Riviere was damaged chiefly in its liarboi area. A portion of the German 1911 Army retreating up the Rhone val lev managed to reach Lyon, Gen Wilson revealed, but suffered heav losses in the last few days. Hush t'oliinuiH lo Battle Adolf Hitler rushed his armore columns across the Italo-Frenr I'ronlier to stab at the Allied righ flank In a desperate effort to dr lay the Junction of Allied forces i. the Riviera with those in Italy. ho. ing to give the tattered remnant of the German 19th Army time ti withdraw behind the Siegfried lin There, it is believed, lie hopes tc make his final fight for the preser val ion of Nazi Germany. In the Rhone valley the Alliei advance rolled forward toward Val ence and Lyon following stiff battle: with the retreating Nazis Just nortl of the Drome river at Livron. French Push Nortlnvard French troops which crossed tin Rhone pushed northward to the vi inlty of Sanandreol, where they an meeting considerable Nazi resist Alice. But it is In the Italo-French fron ( Continued on Pace 1 1 Scolt Field Plane Crashes in City, Two Airmen Killed ST. LOUIS A two-seated Arm raining plane from Scolt Field, ill. .'rashed today In a vacant lot (in the rear of 3107 Easton Ave.) in St Louis, killing Its two occupants and narrowly missiug a cluster ol houses. Although first reports said th ihlp belonged to the Navy, It was Jeflnitely identified later as an ad vanced trainer from Scott Field, a I North American AT-6A. The body f one victim, an Army Lieutenant, i was recovered from beneath some of the debris. Nearly an hour later, fireman who dug a hole six feet around the tangled remains of the plane engine recovered the second body. The plane did not explode and did not catch fire. The fuselage and motors made a hole 15 feet deep in the ground. Eyewitnesses said the plane was flying at an altitude of about a thousand feet when it suddenly nosed over in a steep turn, apparently out of control, and crashed. Join 5th Army at Frantic Balkans Seek Allied Peace; Slovaks in Revolt Romanian, Bulgar Envoys Seek Allied Terms, Czechs Join Slovak Partisans LONDON, England. The toppling Reich was threatened with new disasters today as Romanian delegates In Moscow discussed peace terms, the Puppet State of Slovakia garla reportedly prepared lar an armistice. Armistice Commission Active A Reuters report from Cairo told of the arrival of a Bulgarian Armls-raged In full-scale revolt, and Bul-tice Commission there and said it was met by a group of civilian and military allied Balkan experts. It was previously reported that Lincoln McVeag, U. S. Ambassador to Yugoslavia and Oreece, and Lord (Continued on page 4 1 James I?. Vanllorn Dies at Home Of Son in 'Chicago James Burris VanHorn, 57, Green-castle, Ind., former resident of Clinton, died at the home of his son In Chicago, 111., Tuesday, at 11 p. m.. following a brief illness. He was a member of the First Christian Church in Greeucastle, Ind. and the. Masonic Lodge, Washington, Ind. , He'ls survived by Hie widdw, Ora; one son, John 11., Chicago; mother, Mrs. Sarah VanHorn, Clintou; two sisters, Mrs. Dan Tate, Clinton, and Miss Jane VanHorn, Sullivan, Ind.; three brothers, Edgar, Detroit, Mich.; Austin, Danville, III., anil Fred, Tyler, Tex. and several nieces and nephews. The body will be returned to Greencastle for funeral services Saturday. Continued services will be held at the Frist Funeral Home at 2 p. m. Sunday. Burial will be In Walnut Grove cemetery. Services al the grave will be In charge of tin Jerusalem Lodge No. 99 F. t A. M Camp Mead, Md. He completed his seventeenth week basic training In Georgia. -VSTl Marine Staff Sergeant Raymond Favali, son of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Favall of North Nipth street. Clinton, was promoted to his present rank recently at the Marine Corps Air Station, Santa Barbara. Calir. where' he is assigned to duties in the materiel section. Staff Sergeant Favajl enlisted in September, 1942, and attended boot camp and aviation supply school at San Diego, Calif. He is a graduate of Clinton High Schaol. U.S.A Eugene Baker, son of Mr. and Mrs. Delbert Baker of North Fourth street, who is now stationed with the U. S. Air Corps in Italy was recently promoted to the rank of Ser-(Continued on Page 9) NEWS OF LOCAL MEN IN SERVICE The Clintonian welcomes any newB of relatives or friends in the armed services for this column. PHONE 32 UAfmnn Vlrele RileV. Son Of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Riley of route two, Clinton is now receiving his "boot" training at the U. S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, III. When his recruit training is completed, the seaman will receive a period of leave. U.S.A. Pvt. James J. Lucas, husband of Lorene Lucas, who was stationed at Camp Wheeler. Ga. Is spending a ten dav furlough with his wife. and children. He will report to Ft. Meade, Md. for further duty. pvt. Lucas is the son of Mr. and Mrs. James Lucas. U.S.A. Pvt. Robert G. Richmond is spending a ten day furlough with his wife JesBie Richmond and children, Marlene and Jackie of South Fifth street. Pvt. Richmond is being transferred from Camp Wheeler, Ga. to

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