The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 4, 1968 · Page 6
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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 6

West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Monday, November 4, 1968
Page 6
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James Reston The New Administration Should Sit In On Talks The Palm Beach Post A JOHN H. PERRY NEWSPAPER John H. Ptnj Jr. Pitt. W. W. Atterbvrjt Jt..Tmt. Cecil B. K.I toy. Puoliahtr, Central Mtatftf R. H. Kirkpatrick, Editor CJ. Ntubtutf, Eitc. Editor R Merit Ellit. Circulilion Director Publiihtd Etch Dty Eactpt Saturday tnd Sundty it 2751 Soulk Ohm. Watt Palm Buck, fU. UU By Ptrry Publkttiou, Inc. Stroud cum potttt ptid it Wttt Ptlm Bttch, Florida Member ol tht Aowcitttd Prttt The Attocilttd Prttt it tscluuvtly tntitJtd to Ike tttt lor rtpublicatMM of til ntwt Mtmbtr Audit Burttii of Circulation it m mrTKN Tts miiL awkward questions about what would happen if they disagreed about diplomatic strategy, so nothing was done about it. The question now, however, Is quite different. In a few days, Humphrey or Nixon will be elected to the presidency of PmI tad I lew tod tadtr 1 ytor Hi tO toiontht ...124.70 3 montht ...112. 3ft 1 wttk I 95 Sinai Im Pott or fimta 10 Sundty Pott Timtt . 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The question Is whether Johnson will be willing to go beyond "briefings" and actually bring the coming president into the negotiations on Vietnam in Paris, the reappraisal of the defense ministers of NATO and the diplomatic discussions on the Near and Middle East. Nixon has been using former Gov. William Scranton of Pennsylvania who was an aide to Secretary of State John Foster Dulles In the last Republican administration as a diplomatic scout, and Humphrey has brought former Under Secretary of State George Ball Into his political entourage. Either of them could serve as an observer for the new president at the Paris Vietnam talks, but the important thing is to start the process of bipartisan negotiation at Paris and elsewhere as soon as possible. This applies not only to the executive aides of Nixon or Humphrey, but to the Republican and Democratic leaders of the congressional foreign relations and foreign affairs committees as well. The chances are that we are going to have a government divided between an executive dominated by one party and a federal legislature dominated In one or both branches by the other. Therefore, honest nonpartl-sanship In these world questions between the old and new administrations, and between the executive and legislative branches of the government In the next few days, weeks and months is obviously Important, and how to arrange It In the present partisan atmosphere Just before a presidential election Is a puzzle. The bombing halt In Vietnam announced by Johnson naturally preoccupies the people who are thinking mainly about the outcome of the presidential election. But equally Important, after the parties have divided on Humphrey or Nixon, there Is the question of how the parties will come together to turn the bombing pause Into an honorable peace in the national (C) Ne York TtamNemSenlc NEW YORK The Imperative need, after the bombing pause in Vietnam, Is for a swift transition from the Johnson administration to the new administration. Johnson has emphasized that the Vietnam peace talks have now reached a critical point. The Atlantic allies are in the midst of the most serious analysis of the Soviet Union's Invasion of Czechoslovakia. The Arab-Israeli negotiations on the Near East are back on the knife edge again all at a moment when the old administration In Washington is dying and the new administration Is not yet quite born. This Is the most delicate moment of American and world politics since the Soviet Invasion of Hungary at the end of the Elsenhower-Stevenson campaign of 1956, and naturally, everybody Is talking about what the peace talks will mean to next Tuesday's election. The answer to this probably Is that it won't mean very much. The crisis in the Vietnam peace talks has come too late. Like Sen. Eugene McCarthy's tardy endorsement of Hubert Humphrey, the diplomatic news has come after most people have probably made up their minds how to vote. Or so, at least, most of the political pros think. Nevertheless, it is fairly obvious now that the Johnson administration is going to have to bring Nixon and Humphrey and their aides into the center of the Vietnam peace negotiations In Paris. The period between now and Jan. 20, when Johnson retires, may be critical. The old administration has been negotiating in Paris what the new administration must live with in Vietnam after Jan. 20, and therefore, the coming administration must now get quickly Into the process of negotiation. It was suggested to President Johnson and Secretary of State Rusk right after the two political nominating conventions in Miami Beach and Chicago that they should ask Nixon and Humphrey to send observers to the Paris Vietnam talks, but this raised some David Lawrence AjV Jtul Al t V BATTLE OF THE WlNTAAILLS One thing perhaps two may be said for George Wallace: He has made this an interesting campaign. And he may prove instrumental in bringing a record number of voters to the polls on Tuesday. State election officials predicted last week that almost 80 per cent of Florida's 2,765,316 registered voters would turn out many of them either to vote for or against the former Alabama governor. And some of these people rarely, if ever. vote. Judging from the various opinion polls and our own observations, more Florida citizens favor Richard M. Nixon than either of the other candidates. But there Is no guarantee that he will win Florida's 14 electoral votes the decision might go to a guy named "Apathy." For Wallace has a hidden strength not reflected in any of the polls his supporters will vote. Even though most of them are aware that Wallace has no chance of becoming president,, they're going to vote as a matter of protest against various things going on in these United States. The fact that he could not possibly do anything about them if he were elected is immaterial. The point is: If conservatives who are truly interested in bringing about a change in the national administration expect to do so by electing a true conservative, they are going to have to vote en masse for Richard Nixon. C.L. Sulzberger Bulgarians Still Dream Of Long Lost Territories the United States. The winner will also be exhausted, but It will still be important that his representatives get involved, not only In the Paris Vietnam talks, but in all the other Important diplomatic and strategic discussions that will be going on in the world between the time of the election and the time of the inauguration in January. Unfortunately, the American political system does not nake adequate provisions for his. The British political sys-em is quite different. Over here, the opposition party always has a "shadow cabinet." t the moment of election, the voters know who will be the next secretary of state for foreign affairs, the next head of the treasury or defense, If the opposition wins. We have no such clear line of continuity between the competing American parties. We don't know at this point who would be the next secretaries of state or treasury under Humphrey or Nixon, yet the problem of dealing with these urgent International problems In the midst of emotional domestic political problems remains. Johnson has not kept the two presidential candidates Informed on the intimate details of the Vietnam negotiations during the last couple of weeks, for he did not want politics at home to Interfere with negotiations abroad, but he Is not opposed to briefing the voters would be better Informed by hearing what candidates have to say on public Issues. Long before radio was Introduced there were candidates who were spectacular enough to draw the biggest crowds during a campaign perhaps out of curiosity but sometimes even such a candl. date was defeated by a landslide vote. One or two Issues that the people do understand can be decisive, and it does not much matter who the candidate is. This correspondent recalls particularly the campaign of V. IV;: Unfavorable Poll Reports Helping GOP Campaigners Waste In Defense In one recent six-month period the Air Force junked over $6.5 million worth of material, most of which could have been economically repaired. So says the General Accounting Office (GAO), the auditing agency of Congress. Basic cause of this fantastic waste of public money, says the GAO, is that personnel at the air bases do not know the cost of new equipment or the cost to repair the old; so they junk expensive equipment as the easy way. The policy is that equipment damaged or worn to such extent that repair cost would exceed 65 per cent of replacement cost may be junked. This is probably a proper formula if carried out by people who knew costs of both repair and replacement. Two typical examples Indicate that Air Force personnel does not always have this knowledge, or if they have it, they don't use it. An actuator valued at $644 was condemned on the basis that repair would exceed 65 per cent of its cost. Investigation revealed that repair would have cost $64 or 9.9 per cent of replacement cost. At another base a filter element valued at $200.90 was condemned. Actual repair cost was $5.25 or three per cent of replacement. American men on the firing line have always been known for their ability to improvise and make-do under the most trying conditions. Yet at home bases where everything needed for complete repair and overhaul work is readily available, millions of dollars worth of serviceable material is thrown away because it is so easy to just order replacements. Or perhaps there is subtle pressure from the industrial side to keep a steady flow of new equipment going to the military whether it is needed or not. Former President Eisenhower warned of the danger in permitting the military-industrial combine to gain too much power and influence. One is inclined to believe we have been too complacent in regard to ever larger appropriations for the military. After all, asking us to believe the Air Force does not have men who can readily determine what it would cost to repair a given item and already know what replacement would cost is asking too much. The average American, often told he never had it so good, is actually paying through the nose for a phony industrial boom sustained by unnecessary purchases in the name of national defense. (C) New York Timet Newt Service BALCHIK, Bulgaria - In late 1940 I accompanied the Bulgarian Army that occupied this pleasant seaside capital ot the wheat-growing South Do-brudja Province, then held by Rumania. It was an operetta performance with Gypsy children mingling In the triumphal parade, seeking to beg from troops, while a mixed population of Bulgars, Rumanians, Turks, Ukrainians and Tartar remnants of the Golden Horde regarded the splendid sight. oday Balchlk with Its piece of Dobrudja has special significance for Bulgarians because It represents the only territorial acquisition they have retained since winning Independence from the Turks. Ninety years ago, In the short-lived treaty of San Stefano, Sofia received a huge part of present-day Yugoslavia, mainly comprising ancient Macedonia. But the big powers decided a few months later to chop Bulgaria back to pint size. Ever since, It has been Intermittently obsessed with a desire to grow. During various wars it has sought to fill out the boundaries of medieval Bulgaria by moving Into Greek Thrace and Yugoslav and Greek Macedonia. But the Bulgarians, whose military and diplomatic history has been both glum and unlucky, were never able to stay. This .slice of Dobrudja is the only (acquisition that stuck. Officially speaking the Sofia government has accepted this situation and renounced all further claims but unofficially it is hard to erase from the bruised Bulgarian psyche memories of the great domains of early kings. Scratch a Bulgarian and you are likely to find an Irredentist. Above all this is true for Macedonia, which produced history's most vainglorious conqueror but has not known Independence since then and Is LETTERS to the EDITORS Arm Chair Editor: Have President Johnson and his arm chair generals gone crazy? They would stop the bombing and perhaps cause another Pusan (Korea). Or does he think he has another MacAr-thur, who attacked the Koreans' rear at Inchon and turned defeat Into victory? The only other general who may have done that was Gen. Jeb Stuart and Major Mosby (The Gray Ghost). They are dead, also. This may be just my version, that a few more American boys will die to satisfy a few lame brains. W.J. BEACH Lake Park of a new "commonwealth" doctrine therefore fueled an emotional bonfire. Right now, despite much sound and fury and Yugoslav-Bulgarian recriminations, there doesn't seem to be any tangible evidence of imminent trouble. Notwithstanding many rumors of Soviet troops concentrated here, I have motored extensively around the country and seen absolutely nothing to confirm this. Yet one cannot forecast where emotionalism might possibly lead If unrestrained by Moscow. It should not be forgotten that the Balkan alliance among Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey has never been denounced and technically runs until 1974 although everyone seems to regard It as a dead letter. This pact, linking an independent Communist state with two NATO members, was aimed only at Bulgaria. While the ageement is dormant, there is obvious danger that should Sofia ever really press for Ideological revision-Ism against Yugoslavia the results could be the same as nationalist revisionism. Persistence of such trends might persuade Tito to haul out the legally valid if forgotten Balkan Pact and dust It off. Nor would Bulgaria's astute courtship of Turkey and politeness to the Greek Junta necessarily offset a Belgrade diplomatic counter-offensive. These considerations should be pondered. Not for nothing did the French, who are experts on such matters, name stews and fruit salads containing many ingredients mace-dolnes. Issues I think that each citizen should ask themselves before they vote for this document whether or not they approve of a county being able to tax municipal owned property; would the citizens approve of the state being able to float a road bond Issue without the vote of the people? You will recall a similar Issue was defeated at the polls some three or four years ago. I wonder if the citizens of the state appreciate the fact that the legislators backing this constitution have In effect allowed for the metropolitan type of government, which has not worked in Dade County, to be rammed down the throats of most urban areas. Do the legislators have more knowledge and more experience in local government, specifically municipal government, than those representatives elected by the people at the local level? I question that the legislators would even know their own city's operational budget or could name all the functions their respective cities perform. Why then must the cities turn to Tallahassee for permission to determine their own destiny? Why are the legislators so Intent on destroying local self government? It has been said many times that local self government is In fact the backbone of democracy. With the attempt of the legislature to push through a so-called constitution that will In effect reduce and ultimately destroy local government, what then happens to the system of government we refer to as a democracy? not yet territorially united. Most of Macedonia belongs to Yugoslavia, a good chunk (Including Salonika) to Greece and only a widow's mite to Bulgaria. Todor Zhlvkov, this little country's boss, once told me: "The Macedonian question no longer exists except for historians and extreme nationalists." In terms of normal diplomacy this is true but Zhlvkov also said: "We feel the life of anyone, regardless of origin, Is all right If It Is in a socialist republic. We only are concerned with whether or not they are building revolutions. Ideology, not nationality, is the Important thing for us." However, to this credo must be added Sofia's claim that Macedonians are In fact Bulgarians, that their language is simply a Bulgarian dialect. The combination of ethnology and Ideology can make for trouble. Moscow, the fount of Bulgaria's political wisdom, has evolved a doctrine of the "socialist commonwealth" within whose realm Russia asserts a right to Intervene. Tito's interpretation of "socialism" is regarded as aberrational. Thus Sofia may theoretically pretend to the right, Indeed the duty, to cauterize heresy within a commonwealth of which Bulgaria Is proud to be a member. After all, didn't Zhlvkov say that "Ideology, not nationality, Is the Important thing for us?" The so-called Macedonian question was revived this year, the 90th anniversary of Sansstefano and Bulgaria's brief instant of modern glory. Moscow's sudden brandishing Constitution On Tuesday, November 5 the people of the Slate of Florida will cast their vote on whether to accept or reject the proposed constitution. The vote for or against this document In my opinion will be of equal Importance as the selection of the various candidates appearing on the ballot. No one will question the need for a new constitution for this state inasmuch as the 1885 constitution does not allow for the orderly process of growth the state Is presently experiencing and will be experiencing In the future. However, If the attempt In amending the constitution Is to allow for a first-class state, then I reason that there should be a first-class document. As a citizen ot the state I cannot accept the rationale expressed by many groups within the state that the proposed constitution is not the best but Is better than what we presently have. It Is questionable that the proposed document Is better for the state than the present document. It appears to me that many of the supporters of the proposed constitution are seeking a change for the sake of change only. This I cannot accept. The Florida League of Municipalities, which represents some 400 cities throughout the state, overwhelmingly opposed the proposed constitution. Contrary to one local representative's comment that the league was concerned mainly with the mtllag limitation, I will state that the league is concerned with certain provisions not eve" related to the operation of the cities. Billy Graham Size Of Faith Not Important 1920, when James M. Cox, Democrat, and three times governor of Ohio, made an excellent showing as he traveled all across the country. A relatively unknown candidate on the Republican ticket, Warren Harding, made few speeches but was elected by a landslide vote, primarily because the people were displeased with the Democratic administration which had been In power for eight years, If anybody could poll the voter who Isn't well Informed and measure the various prejudices that can affect the election, we would have a better way of finding out how each state Is going on tomorrow. But voters In nearly every' district of a state would have to be canvassed In order to make sure whether the views were uniform. So, while the public-opinion polls have often been a good Indicator of the outcome of an election, they sometimes are unable to reflect the true feeling of the people about presidential candidates. when he sank beneath the waves; when he denied Christ at the camp fire during the crucifixion; and on other occasions. But it was to this weak, wavering man, Peter, that Christ said: "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church." Christ's church Is not built upon great stalwarts, but upon redeemed, faltering sinners. Although Peter's faith was weak, the object of his faith. Christ Jesus, was strong. If I were you I would be more concerned with the object of my faith, than I am with the measure of faith. A little faith In a big God Is sufficient to see you through. Bible Verse Again I saw that under the sun the. race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, nor bread to the wise, nor riches to the intelligent, nor favor to the men ol skill; but time and chance happen to them aU. Eccleslastes 9:11 WASHINGTON Public-opinion and other reports which indicate that the gap between Nixon and Humphrey may be closing are, oddly enough, more or less welcome news to the Republican campaign managers. For several weeks now, they have been afraid that their party workers would become overconfident, and also that many Republicans in different parts of the country would not even bother to vote if they thought the outcome In their favor was assured. Unquestionably there will be much more Intensive work done by the Nixon organizations everywhere than would have been the case If the polls had shown an Increase In Nixon strength, as this would have produced overconfl-dence. Polls have their value, and in many an election have turned out to be accurate. But there are campaign years with different issues which do not affect the various sections of the country In the same way, and a sample taken in one area may not at all reflect the sentiment In another part of the country or even In another section of the state. As long as the electoral system prevails, and a majbrlty or plurality however small In each state decides which candidate shall get the state's electoral votes, It Is unlikely that a sample of a few hundred voters Is necessarily a reflection of the final balloting, particularly In the more populous states. Out of the 75 million persons expected to vote this year, there are probably not more than 10 or 15 million who could be considered as In the Informed segment of the population Individuals who either have read speeches or familiarized themselves with the issues. But what of the other 60 or 65 million? Many of them will go into the voting booth and pull a single lever, thus voting a straight ticket. Lots of them will vote the same way they have always voted. But there are millions who have acquired prejudices on one Issue or another and have heard from their neighbors or friends that a particular candidate or party will not be helpful to them. The negative vote In many presidential elections has taken victory away fiom a candidate who was not only capable but obviously better qualified than his opponent.. Resentments arise, however, during the four years of an administration, and a large proportion of people vote for or against a party without knowing much about Individual candidates. , It has been assumed that, with the introduction of radio and television campaigning, At times I believe strongly and then there are times when I am filled with doubt. What can I do to keep my faith constant? K.J. The Bible teaches that It Is not great faith that saves us, but faith, even though it be as a "mustard seed," directed to Christ. It Is not the size of our faith that saves us, but the size of our God. The Bible says, "He Is able to save them to the uttermost that come to God by him." Heb.7:25. Though faith Is a requirement of salvation, nowhere In the Bible Is It Indicated that our faith Is more Important than the object of our faith, which Is Christ. Peter's faith wavered many times: on the Sea of Galilee, TiC i Strange Bedfellows Speaking of strange bedfellows .. . A recent press dispatch reported that Hubert Horatio Humphrey's strategists, especially in the South, were working for a big Negro turnout. With that Humphrey vote as a base, they hoped to build on enough white votes to edge out candidates Richard Nixon and George Wallace. On his own head of steam, Humphrey's chances, especially in the South, are rated anywhere from slim to none. Wallaces vote, outside of the South, is not likely to amount to much. But it is possible, and ironic, that a combination of the Negro vote and the Wallace vote could cut into the Nixon strength enough to elect

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