The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana on August 22, 1944 · Page 1
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The Daily Clintonian from Clinton, Indiana · Page 1

Clinton, Indiana
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 22, 1944
Page 1
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THE DAILY LMTOMAN The Home Newspaper Of Vermillion And Parke Counties THE Partly cloudy today, tonight and Wednesday. Moderate temperature. Mailed In cWdhnlty With P. O. D. Order No. 19681 Price Three Onto. CLINTON, INDIANA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1944. Volume 32 Number 161. pi 1 jl r Ranking US Officers See End -i . is-. ..jraVa. trior Columns CHINESE MAKE MUNITIONS IN CAVE In France Near; Launch hnv jfi&rx WITH AMERICAN FORCES rmiirt! , Hirh American officers ON THE WESTER agreed today with th Soviet Patrols Probe Defenses In East Prussia Red Spearheads Reported On Reich SoQ For First Time; Russians Intensify Drive to Seize Warsaw MOSCOW, Russia. Front dispatches were quoted by the govern Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery that the end Is In sight ln .-.e battle of Iranco It seems doubtful that the Germans will be able to make any more Important Btands or fight more than mere delaying actions on French soil. Germans la Confusion' ... According to an Allied staff officer, the German forces are In utmost SWmmi tn Wist f V '-' ww w wj In Fresh Trap Nazi Remnants Face Trap. t Between American, Allied ,. Columns North of Seine; Street Wars Rage in Pari ' SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, Al-1 lied Expeditionary Force. Allied armies tn northern France loosed a mammoth pincers drive along tba Stunned Nazis In FuU Flight On South Coast Patch Exhorts Army To Seize Chance for Major Victory in South France; Forces Reported in Toulon . LONDON, England. 'French Forces, according to an Algiers radio broadcast today, are reported within three-quarters of a mile of the Toulon waterfront. The Hermans were said to have massed mobile Kuns in the streets and naval guns In the harbor for a last stand. west bank of the Seine river today in a new offensive designed to fur-, ther cut Nazi legions to ribbons. " K mechanized column of the V-J nited States Third Army swept west-s! ward from the viclndlty of Paris be-1 low .the Seine tn a drive aimed fct erushln gthe Germans between them and the British and Canadian unlta pushing northward toward th mouth of the Seine. 'j' Swing North, of Paris , : 1- The westward sweep by Thir4 Army forces was begun after Lieut. Gen. George S. Patton'a troops swung northward short of Paris. ' Headquarters of Gen. Dwiglrt to. Elsenhower reported that other arm- ored forces of the Third Army had made "substantial gains" in the sr-lea Bouthwest of the French capital where relentless warfare between the Germans and French forces of the Interior was reported continuing. ' 1 - s& - .41 ft " TONS Or I OCX protect the site of one of China's principal munitions plants from enemy air stuck. Within the walls cut in the side of a hill, workers produce heavy mortars, anti-tank guns, and shells. At top, these men are shown entering the unique ordnance plant In the lower pboto, workers check IS em. heavy mortars. (International) confusion and simply do not seem to have any plans to cope with Amer ican Lieut. Gen. Omar N. Bradley's successive, long, flanking hooks which were made possible by the swift mobility of the American Army. Bradley is Btrlklng row in a thrust through Nantes and Gassl-court and along the southwestern bank of the Seine In a drive to administer 'the final knockout. Ordered Not to Yield ' Hitler has ordered the Oerman Army not to yield a foot of ground. But If his field generals attempt to carry out this order, the Germaus in France are doomed to destruction, the staff officer said. " For propaganda reasons, the Nazis will probably bold' certain areas ai long as possible before salvaging what Is left of their forces (Continued on Paae II ,, . Heaviest Air Blow Hurled at Enemy Halhamera Base 100 Tons of Bombs Hit Last Base to Philippines; Jap Marianas Toll Mounts GEN. 1! AC ARTHUR'S HQ., New Guinea. 8U11 another powerful American air blow at Halmahera Island the heaviest yet leveled on that last remaining Japanese reserve base between New Guinea and the Philippines was announced today. Heavy bombers showed 110 tons of -explosive among supply dumps and bivouac areas, causing numerous fires and explosions, without meeting any opposition from enemy aircraft. Oram Under Attack ... Gen. Douglas A. MacArthur'a communique also disclosed that other bombers dropped 96 tons of explosives on Ceram. Netherlands East Indies source of much of Japan's oil supply, where enemy airdromes were pounded and explosions Ignited a-mong ground installations. In other air strikes, air patrols bombed a freighter-transport off the southern coast of Mindanao in the Philippines and another south of Ceram. destroyed eight barges off the Vogelkop peninsula of Dutch New Guinea and bombed and strafed targets in the MacCluer Gulf and Geel-vtnk Bay areas. Guinea Vessel Bomhed Still another coastal vessel was destroyed off the northwest coast of New Guinea by light naval eraft. PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii. Disclosure that American troops were still engaged today tn hunting out and killing isolated and trapped Japs on all the recently occupied Marianas . Islands is contained In a special communique issued by Pacific fleet headquarters which said that an additional 693 or the enemy were killed in the Aug. 11-17 period on Guam alone. 14,06? Killed on Guam These aew losses, plus the number buried and not previously mentioned, brings the total number of japs killed on Guam through Aug. 17 to 14.067 with more than 100 taken prisoner. Our losses during (Con tinned on Pan II Postwar Security Planners Discard Vestiges of League League of Nations Name, . . Buildings Put Aside In Peace Organization Plans WASHINGTON, D. C. The International s e c u r it y conference swung Into Its second session in Washington today, with indications that the beautiful white marble buildings on the shore of Lake Ge- ,her nattoI1, checking the follow-neva would be abandoned, together! ng itatenwnt proposed by the lea- Home From Overseas Captain Rudolph Fenogllo, 44S North Ninth Htret, is spending a 2I-Ih leave at his home here after tttt months service in the South and Southwest Pacific areas. At the end of Ills leave, the officer will he stationed at Camp Atterbury, . Ind. with the Field Artillery. Bulgars Ready To Give Up War Prize Lands For Peace Report Bulgarian Peace Bid on Way to Britain, US: Break is Imminent LONDON, England. Bulgaria was reported today to be prepared t give up the territory it had seiiei' from Yugoslavia and Greece in or der to get out of the war. An Ankara dispatch received b; the London Dally Herald said tba the new Bulgarian cabinet bad ask ed Russia to pass on Its peace bid t the United States and Great Brit ain. Bulgaria is not at war with RusBia. ' n ii. i n Allnm Meanwhile, however, the exiled ... , . r.i hmiH. desire for peace as "the laments-, tions of a thief who has been caught j in the act." (A Cairo broadcast reported by the Federal Communications Commission demanded punishment ot "Bulgarian rulers and military lead en "HI! pciUBium v, . ...-.. - gainst the populations or Macedonia and. Thrace on the basis of princi ples regarding punishment of war criminals proclaimed by the United Nations.") To Talk Tomorrow Bulgaria's foreign minister, Par-( Continued on Page 2) Vermillion County Fair opens Today Al Cavusa Park Vermillion County's 18th annual fair opened this morning In the spa- clous fairgrounds at Cayuga witli perfect weather Increasing the pros pect of large crowds throughout the four-day fair. Livestock, 4-H work, grain dis- plays, cakes, and pie contest entries and other fair exhibit entries have been added to the ample displays to be seen at tbe fair until Friday night. Wednesday will be a big day with a horse-pulling contest scheduled at 2 p. m. and a Western Saddle Show Wednesday evening. Animal Judging will open on w ed ! nesday with sheep to be Judged at 1 p. m.. and hogs at 2 p. m. Large exhibits in 4-H work have been entered and are expected to attract much attention. With one of the largest county 4-H enrollments in years, the fair exhibits will hold much tnterest to county young people. M. J. Peterson, county agent and Mrs. Florence Miller are in charge of tbe 4-H department. They will be assisted by Gene Hicks and Gerald Morgan, livestock supervisors and Miss Betty Simpson and Mrs. Lillian Fabler, girls' 4-H work. i ' , ;., "' i 5 1 4 . J I $ : f ' i j v 5 j I I i 1 I ment newspaper Izrestia today aa j saying that Russian partols are op- j crating Inside East Prussia in the ' first penetration of German soil by ny Allied force since the beginning .. of the war. Soviet mortars and machine -guns. were reported firing across the border from an "advanced area." Patrols fat Area lrrestia added that "gunners werea't the only ones to strike German territory : -. . it was being thoroughly combed by patrols going out on the river side of the border road. f liers was so indication of the point at which Russian patrols crossed the East Prussian border, but the mention of the "river side" of the border road hinted that it might have been along the Biebraa river, where Russian forces have been driving for the East Prussian rail ' center of Lyek. I Crack North City Lines j Meanwhile Red army legions, sweeping across a 21-mile stretch of the Bialystok - Warsaw railroad, cracked the main German defenses northeast of Warsaw. Other Russian forces, however, were forced to yield the, Latvian rail town of Tukums. ' 33 miles west of Riga, in what the Soviet communique described frankly as a "retreat." More than 60 towns and villages were taken by Russian troops who advanced one to six miles across the vitally important railroad between the Polish capital and the Bug river. A tense battle for Warsaw Itself was declared to be in progress. . (The- -Polish Telegragh Agency, quoting an underground broadcast (Continued on page 3) Browriell to Open GOP Campaign In Midwest Monday CHICAGO, 111. The Republican presidential campaign in the midwest officially gets nnder way Monday with the arrival In Chicago of Sam R. McKelvie, former Nebraska governor, who will direct the mid-western drive. Godfrey Hammond, newly appointed publicity director of the Republican national committee, said today Herbert Brownell, Jr., GOP national chairman, also will arrive in Chicago Monday and while here will attend sessions of the national meeting of the Young Republican clubs. W. S. Rupe of Ames. Is., who will be In charge or publicity in the mid-western rea, will assume his new duties, Monday. He is the publisher of three daily papers in Iowa and a member af the state board of education, i -. ALBANT. N. Y. Governor Thomas E. Dewey Is being urged to open his speaking campaign for the presidency in New England, possibly in Maine, it was learned today. The Republican nominee, however, has given ao definite assurance that he wiU accept the suggestion, despite recent assurances from New England leaders that he has a good chance of sweeping all of those states in November, with the exception of Rhode Island. Gov. Dewey, so far. has announced the date for only two of his major speeches, one in Phllaedlhpia on September 7 and another in Louisville on September 8. When those dates were announced, however, it was not stated that the Philadelphia talk would be the first speech of his campaign. Horace A. Hildreth, Republican candidate for governor of Maine, was the latest visitor to tell Gov. Dewey that his chances In New England are bright. He told reporters that the Republican nominee would, of course, carry Maine, and that he has assured Gov. Dewey he also would carry New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Got. Dewey Is keeping in close touch with John Poster Dulles, hie personal representative on foreign policy, as the latter outlines the Republican nominee's views on world peace to Wendell L. Willkie, Secretary of Bute Cordell Hull, members of the U. 6. senate and others. Reckless Driver Fined Thomas Dsily. Terre Haute, war fined $1 and costs by Justice of tht Peace Floyd Gutnn. Aag. 21. following arrest by state police for reck teas aTivlnc. It was reported today ROME, Italy. The German army In southern Prance Is "in full retreat," Maj. Gen. Alexander Patch, commander of the American Seventh Army, declared today as Allied forces of liberation extended their area of control to 2,000 tquare miles. American spearheads shot 60 miles inland from their original beachheads while French troops battled to subdue the last Nazi resistance inside the naval base city of Toulon. Knem) is Stunned "The enemy in our area is perplexed and stunned," Gen. Patch said In an order of the day from his advanced headquarters. "Except for his coastal defense forces, be is in full retreat." The former American commander at Guadalcanal called upon the forc- f Continued asvmmi ei Florence Firmly In Allied Hands, Drive Past Gty Last Nazis Cleared Out ' Of Italian City: Airmen Harass North Italy Area ROME, Italy. The historic It alian city of Florence, one of the world's great cultural centers, has been completely cleared of the Germans and is now firmly in the hands of he 'Allied .Eighth Army. Gen. Sir Henry Maltland Wilson's headquarters announced today. Allied troops are already pushing beyond the city. Polish and Italian troops are continuing their drive up the Adriatic end of the battlefront, pushing the enemy beyond the Metauro river. Three Towns Oreopled The towns of Cerasa, Orciano and Poggio have been occupied by the Allies In this sector. . Elsewhere, Allied patrols have continued harassing the enemy and In some place have penetrated deep Into the Nazi lines. At Gen. Wilson's headquarters it was said that the anxiety that Florence might become a battlefield is now over and that unless the Germans decide to blast the city with long - range artillery fire It will quickly return to normal. 18,000 Nazi Prisoners It was officially disclosed that the Eighth Army took more than 13,000 prisoners in the three months from May 11 to Aug. 10. ROME, Italy. Allied bombers, continuing their attacks on Adolf Hitler's o 1 1 production centers, smashed oil Installations at Gyor, Hungary last night. Allied headquarters in Italy announced today. Heavy bombers, escorted by fight-( Con tinned on Pag S I CdI. James H. Wallace, husbsnd of Mrs. Ardea Wallace of 838 Vine street and son or Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Wallace of Universal, has returned to Camp Sutton, K. C. tfter spending a five day furlough hers. U.S.A. Thomas W. Mart is completed the four week course of power grader at the Engineer School, Ft. Belvolr, Va. on August 19, 144. He Is a private In the Engineer Corps. He entered the Army October 1. 142 at Ft. Benjamin Harrison and prior to bis entry was employed at the Wabash River Ordnance Plant. Pvt. Mart is is the husband of the former Miss Mary Jane Somes. , U.S.A. Howard N. Paine. 23. aoa of Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Paine of Routs Eighth street Is now receiving bis "boot training" at the C. S. Naval He waa graduated from Clintos Training Center. Great Lakes, 111. Higl School with the elaas of 'J HEWS OF The Clintonian or friends this column. 3 .V' Schricker, Capehart Vie on Major Issues in November Campaign INDIANAPOLIS. Ind. Governor Henrv P. Schricker, Democratic nom inee for United States senator, and hie Republican opponent. Homer s. Caoehart. today were on record. concerning a number of campaign issues. Both candidates made public their answers to a questionnaire on policy submitted by the Indiana League of Women Votera. Both candidates agreed concern ing the relation of this country to gue: Favor Peace Organization "The United States should use Its (Continued On Page 3) Farm Machinery, Harvest Equipment Production Lags WASHINGTON. D. C, The War Production Board reported today inai u'ri 011 1 " ' " ' J put for the year ended June 30 dropped 4.9 percent below schedule ith major lacs in harvesting quipment, certain tyes of tractors and pumps. At the production year end, the nation's wartime farm machinery program stood 95.1 percent com plete, with goals on many items met or exceeded but with others remaining on the critical shortage list. Chief stumbling block in the way of farm machinery production Is the need for forgings and castings, according to WPB vice chairman Charles E. Wilson, who warned that the agency must "find' a way to get greater production quickly" on those items. While stringent military demands for malleable Iron easting have seriously hampered the farm machinery program, members of the WPB farm machinery advisory committee predicated output of the two major lagging Items corn pickers and binders should be "substantially" met by the fall harvesting season. As of July 31 (representing the production year plus a 0-day scheduled extension) WPB production charts showed the following shortages in harvesting, machinery: 13.11 corn pickers; 10.027 corn binders: 12,673 combines and 6,218 mowers. Garden type tractors were 2 9 percent under expectation 4.398 machines short of a goal. Likewise on the short side were farm pumps and windmills. 1C percent below schedule followed by barn and barnyard equipment which was 14.2 percent down. Value of farm machinery produced last month. WPB announces, was t73.S93.SS3 51.2 percent higher than the monthly average of the twelve preceding months. The government's farm machinery program for the year was scheduled to exceed the SS million dollar mark, bnt as of July 31. it had bit only the 26 million 402 thousand ju.. .rir a ronvnt twinw the Inside the city. Heavy resistance was reported "in the area of Etampes, east of Cbai1-tres and south of Paris. m (The German agency DNB reported that Etampes and Malsaheraaa. had been evacuated by the Nazi forces.) M,r German artillery shelled Amsrl-ean-held Orleans, 65 miles southwest of the capital. . " Tank Toll Mounts . '. In the area of Mantes-Oasslcourt. where a crossing was made to ;the east bank of the Seine, the Ameri- and headquarters revealed that sine D-Day the Allies had smashed 700 Nazi tanks and damaged 600 mora. The figures did not Include tanks (Continued on pace C) - Blame For Pearl :4 Harbor Laid On President: Hoffman WASHINGTON, D. C. Clara Hofrman (R) Mich., charged today that President Roosevelt "is responsible for the Pearl Harbor disaster," not Admiral Husband E. Klmmel and Maj. Gen. Walter Short. . Hoffman asserted that "Mr. Roosevelt cannot dodge responslbt)- ity for the disaster at Pearl Harbor and at the tame time ask the Amet- !" PPle to re-le" h1,nl " ' indispenslble, eommander-tn-chtef. The Michigan representative made his charge in a speech prepared for delivery In the house. ' Admiral Klmmel and General Short were naval and military commanders at Pearl Harbor when tho Japs msde their sneak attack on Dec. 7, 1941. A report on the Inei- 'dent after an Investigation mads by . . supreme J"" J.vL erts charged the officers with "dereliction of duty." Kimmel and Short have demanded Immediate courts martial to dear their names. The War and Navy Departments have opposed formal tri als until the war ends. This waa made on "military security." This spring congress enacted a law that trials for the officers on duty at Pearl Harbor on Dec. T, 1941 must start on or before Dae. 7, 1944. Opponents of the New Deal said the administration is determined not to have any formal trial begin until after the November election. Tbe army and navy has appointed formal boards of inquiry which are now making an Inveatlga- Uon. Hoffman's speech was prompted by a statement by Henator Harry H. Truman, Democratic vice presidential candidate. Truman, In a recent magazine article, cited alleged friction between Kimmel and Short at Pearl Harbor as an argument for a united army navy command. J Admiral Klmmel immediately wrote Truman charging the rice presidential candidate with making false statements. He denied there was any friction between himself and General Short. He said that the full story of Pearl Harbor bad not been told In the Roberts report aad reiterated his demands for an immediate hearing. Hoffman charged the President with "having thrown the disgrace of Pearl Harbor upon Kimmel aad mort." "But only yesterday." he said. "Kimmel denied the truth of the conclusion drawn by a member of the other body from the Roberts report which was i)poned to give the troth about Pearl Harbor. i W mi ine nauiv, league ui . ... to shake off the atmosphere of failure which still clings to the old league. With opening ceremonies through, the security conference got down to Its working program, going into secret discussions on an organization for keeping the peace after the war. Russia In First Meeting Delegates representing the Unit- 1 L" . . .... Obtain twtrl IhlMIO will ' ... ,h. ., eurity blueprint in the first phase ,.i i ,t Miw-t-H tn last a- ...... ,k ,!. aw,. nH.i.h and Chinese reresentatives will then engage fn a second round of talks. Representatives of the 'Big Three'" Allied powers were optimis tic about the discussions which were opened with a warning from Secretary of State Hull that a peace or ganization backed . by force must be devised. Geneva Establlidimewt Altandonrd Officials at the meeting acknowledged, meanwhile, that the League of Nations establishment at Lake (Continued on page 3) Marion Blackburn, West T.IL, Kills Self Early Today Despondency was blamed for the suicide of Marion Blackburn, 49, route two, West Terre Haute, who shot himself through the head at 4:30 a. m. today, dying instantly. The body was discovered by the son, Edward, when he went into his father's bedroom after hearing the shot. He aroused a neighbor, Deputy Fheriff Frank Naugle who called officials. Vigo county coroner Beazil Ferguson returned a verdict of suicide after Investigation by the Vigo County sheriff. Ira Hall, his deputies. Naugle, Nemier and Harkness and the coroner and the deputy coroner. Dr. E. T. Zaring, it was reported today. Mr. Blackburn is the hnsband of the late Mrs. Helen Maria Blackburn who died In 1942. He was a members of the Ft. Harrison Post 40, American Legion of Terre Haute. He is survived by one son, Ed-vrard: four daughters, Gertrude, Doris. Ruth Ellen and Madeline, all at home and one brother. Charles, route two. West Terre Haute. The body was taken to the Frist Funeral Home pending completion of funeral arrangements. LOCAL KEN IN SERVICE welcomes any news of relatives in the armed services for PHONE 32 and Purdue University In 1S43. Paine also attended Northwestern University. U.S.A Among those graduating from an Intensive course of Fire Controlman training at Great Lakes. III. is Sam-net Edward Taylor, 26. husband Mrs. Vivian R. Taylor, South Fourth street, Clinton. He was selected for it te specialised training on the basis of his recruit training aptitude test IT B A Wn. Annabel! Oliver or Morey Street has received word that her husband, Paul Oliver, has been promoted -to the rank or corporal. Cpl. Oliver Is a tank gunnery Instructor at Fort Knox. Ky. .. U.S.A. Second Lieutenant Thomas A. Me-Lelsa. son of Mr. and Mrs. John MeLeisa of 605 Nebeker Street, recently completed aa orientation (Uaauaaaa m aff 1 1

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