The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on March 29, 1998 · Page 86
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March 29, 1998

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 86

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Sunday, March 29, 1998
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SUNDAY, MARCH 29, 1998 5E THE PALM BEACH POST Congressional Report Chromosome U.S. Muslim population gaining in number, if not yet in influence Here's how area members of Congress were recorded on major roll call votes in the week ending March 27. on computer 1 now reality GENETICS From IE ' LABOR. The House passed, 202 for and 200 against, a bill (HR 3246) giving nonunion shops increased power to turn away job applicants whose main purpose is seen as advancing a union agenda. The bill addresses the practice of 'salting,' in which union agents seek a job so they are in place to organize workers. It gives companies MUSLIMS From IE organizations, however, suggest that the crossing point may already have been reached. They give similar figures for their current numbers about 6 million each. The U.S. Census Bureau does not record statistics by religion or culture. But what is incontestable is that, in purely numerical terms, the position of Jews and Muslims is being reversed. The increase in Muslim numbers reflects partly immigration from the Indian subcontinent and north Africa in the '60s and 70s but also the accelerating rate of Books). He foresees a world segregated into "Gen Rich" and "Gen Naturals . . . entirely separate species with no ability to crossbreed and with as much romantic interest in each other as a current human would have for a chimpanzee." If that possibility sounds more chilling Islamic school, financed largely by Saudi Arabia. At the end of Ramadan, President Clinton sent a message to the Islamic countries and American Muslims. Hillary Rodham Clinton gave a Ramadan party at the White House for Muslim women. It is in foreign priorities where the demographic shift may be fejt most keenly. Already, the coolness between Israel's present government and Washington has clipped U.S. wings in the Middle East. It has provoked divisions among American Jews about how Washington should proceed atfd even what it means, or should mean, to be a Jew. But while policy differences and declining numbers may weaken the "Jewish lobby," there is as yet no Islamic lobby to challenge for more influence. And Washington, still caught in the thicket of past hostilities with Iraq, Iran and Libya, is finding it hard to contemplate a change of direction. Within the decade, however, it may not be thirst for Middle East oil that pushes Washington to court the Arabs, but a wealthy, vocal and streamlined lobby right in its midst. than thrilling to you, you re not alone. hire in a recent Newsweek magazine, which stresses the vitality of what it calls the "new Islam" an Americanized blend of the strands of Islam that has little truck with restrictions on women. "The United States is arguably the best place on Earth to be Muslim," the report says. "Multicultural democracy, with its guarantees of religious freedom and speech, makes life easier for Muslims than in many Islamic states in the Middle East." The separation of church and state in the U.S., for example, has permitted Muslim girls to wear their headscarves, so contentious in parts of Europe. If basketball is to be played, it may be played in a veil if that is what the girl decides. The Newsweek report said Muslims are emerging in the professions and as a cohesive voting block. U.S. Muslims, it concludes, may become a force to be reckoned with. Muslim numbers in the computer industry, the law and business are already noticeable. In a recent example of their clout, the prosperous Fairfax County (Va.) to the south of Washington recently approved in spite of local opposition the building of an So far, scientists have limited their tink ering with the human genetic code to changes that would not be passed on to the subject's conversion by African-Americans. children or grandchildren. But that may be Converts are estimated to ac count for half the present number of Muslims, and the number of about to change. Panel of 20 experts The American Association for the Ad converts is increasing fast. vancement of Science, the nation's largest If it were just a matter of broader authority within the National Labor Relations Act to define a 'bona fide' job applicant. Also, it gives employers more tools for resisting union organizing activities at a single facility within a multifacility company. And it requires the National Labor Relations Board to pay attorney's fees of companies that prevail against NLRB "complaints. V Voting yes: Democrats: Boyd. Republicans: Scarborough, Fowler, Stearns, Mica, McCollum, Bilirakis, Young, Canady, Miller, Goss, Weldon, Foley, Shaw. Voting no: Democrats: Thurman, Davis, Meek, Wexler, Deutsch, Hastings. Republicans: Diaz-Balart. i Not voting: Democrats: Brown. Republicans: Ros-Lehtinen. . STATE DEPARTMENT. Voting 234 for and 172 against, the House advanced the conference report on a bill (HR 1757) that consolidates foreign affairs agencies to reflect the end of the Cold War. Also, the bill authorizes $12.8 billion for the State Department in fiscal 1998-2000 and pays $819 million in delinquent U.S. dues to the United Nations. It was passed later on a non-record, voice vote. It merges the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency with the State Department by October 1998 and folds the U.S. Information Agency into State by October 1999. Also, the bill provides $385 million for population programs but bans financing of foreign organizations that promote or perform abortions. - Chris Smith, R-N.J., said the bill 'will protect some unborn children by prohibiting a particularly ugly form of cultural imperialism in which U.S. general science organization, recently named 20 experts to a panel to consider whether to numbers, the effect of this shift might be limited. The prominence of American Jews has long en venture into versions of genetic therapy that could be passed on to future generations. abled them to punch above their weight in politics and business. But the Muslims are catching up. Last week, another group of distinguished molecular biologists and geneticists, including Dr. Silver, met on their own at the University of California at Los Angeles to discuss The growing influence of U.S. Muslims was the subject of a fea- how, why and when the intergenerational process, called "germline" genetic engineer Press freedom still fiction in ing, should proceed. Last year's stories about sheep cloning only scratched the surface of the new science. Latin America Scores and More Check out the Sports pages for full coverage as the Lipton Tennis Tournament men's final and women's Final Four wrap up. Reporters in Latin America The modern marriage of computer technology with genetic research has brought about the creation and patenting of artificial human chromosomes, the scientists reported. For example, Dr. Leroy Hood, chairman of the molecular biotechnology department at the University of Washington in Seattle, said he has developed a way to create an entire cus are still dodging bullets. Of 26 journalists killed worldwide in 1997, 10 were m Latin America, . .TJk Palm Beach Rjst according to the Committee to Protect Journalists. But an arrest MRA warrant is a more common danger. Government officials are bringing criminal charges against journalists who report on official cnme and corruption, giving intimidation a legal veneer. EM S1k jXhtr JJork Simcs The most widespread form of intimidation is to charge report ers with defamation, a criminal offense in most of Latin America. register to Win 511 1. Call 5-1-1 on your telephone... 2. Enter code 1-0-1-5 when prompted Last year, two New York Times re porters were charged by the Mexican government, but the charges were dropped. 3. Enter your phone number & last four j taxpayers support entities actively engaged in bullying smaller nations into rejecting the traditional moral values of their people' concerning birth control. Voting yes: Republicans: Scarborough, Fowl-,er, Stearns, Mica, McCollum, Bilirakis, Young, Canady, Miller, Goss, Weldon, Foley, Ros-Lehtinen, Diaz-Balart, Shaw. Voting no: Democrats: Boyd, Thurman, Davis, Meek, Wexler, Deutsch, Hastings. Not voting: Democrats: Brown, i PAPERWORK. Voting 267 for and 140 against, the House passed a bill (HR 3310) enabling some small businesses to avoid fines for failing to meet federal paperwork requirements. First-time violators could avoid fines by demonstrating that non-reporting of data was inadvertent and would not harm law enforcement or public health and safety. Also, the bill establishes a paperwork czar at federal agencies to speak for Small businesses seeking relief from the burden of government forms. David Mcintosh, R-lnd., said small businesses 'want to be good citizens. They want our help. But they don't want to feel that they have to live in fear that a government agency will come in and play "gotcha" if they happen to make a mistake in one of these stacks of forms.' John Tierney, D-R.l., said the bill would tolerate 'the failure to distribute important information . . . warning consumers of the dangers of prescription drugs, educating employees on how to handle hazardous materials, and adequately disclosing a broker's disciplinary history to an investor.' Voting yes: Democrats: Boyd, Thurman, Davis, Deutsch. Republicans: Scarborough, Fowler, Stearns, Mica, McCollum, Bilirakis, Young, Canady, Miller, Goss, Weldon, Foley, Diaz-Balart, Shaw. Voting no: Democrats: Meek, Wexler, Hastings. Republicans: Ros-Lehtinen. Not voting: Democrats: Brown. The spread of drug corruption has made governments particu larly eager to curb investigative reporting, but pressures tor a tree ...it's that easy!!! All calls are 50c and will appear an your telephone bill. Enter as many timet as you like. One winner chosen each month. You may also enter by mailing your name, address S phone number with area code to: CALL 511 Cash Contest 2751 South Oixle Highway. West Palm Beach, FL 33405 press are also growing, ine Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organiza tion of American States has es tablished a special rapporteur to investigate violations. I Just 50$ Overturning restrictive laws, however, is not enough. Govern a call! tom chromosome on a computer chip containing DNA Didn't grab the headlines, but . . . "It didn't get as much attention as allegations about President Clinton's sex life, but, to my mind, this is the most important scientific breakthrough since the landing of a man on the moon or dropping of the atomic bomb," Jeremy Rifkin, president of the Washington-based Foundation on Economic Trends, said in a telephone interview. In his new book, The Biotech Century: Harnessing the Gene and Remaking the World, (TarcherPutnam) Mr. Rifkin warns of a revival of "eugenics," a belief in selective breeding or elimination to "improve" the characteristics of a species, including humans. Genetic research, while offering exciting possibilities, also encourages a belief that nature is more important than nurture in determining one's destiny, a belief that lies at the root of eugenics. Eugenics was a popular field of study on American campuses at the turn of the century. It fell out of favor after it was embraced in a genocidal way by Nazi Germany. The future may not be that bad. Mr. Rifkin's critics often accuse him of overstating perils. His last book, for example, The End of Work: The Decline of the Global Labor Force and the Dawn of the Post-Market Era (1994), foresaw a steady long-term decline in jobs in the industrialized world. Since then, millions of new jobs have been created, at least in the United States. But Mr. Rifkin is right to observe how rapidly genetic science is speeding ahead with remarkably little public attention or government oversight Possibilities, perils are endless Is the future of genetic research, then, to be jeered more than cheered? Not quite. It holds terrific possibilities for the elimination of diseases and improvement of life. But it also calls for a cautious skepticism regarding the changes we unleash on generations to come. Either way, the next big civil rights movement may be the genetics rights movement. Politically, it is an issue that crosses party lines. The anti-abortion movement is concerned about what constitutional rights a cloned fetus may have. The civil rights and workers' rights movements are outraged by mounting reports of genetic discrimination by employers and insurance companies discriminating against workers known to have inheritable diseases in their families. As Yogi Berra has been quoted as saying, the future is hard to predict, since it hasn't happened yet. But the decisions we make now will determine what kind of future is going to happen. ments are able to use the courts against reporters because judicial independence is a fiction in many Brought to you by CALL 511, a service ol The Palm Beach Post Sun-Sentinel & The Real Yellow Pages countries. Independent journalism is only possible with an independent judiciary. BUI 'ful L mm I W M 1 B B K m. V vl m w V V X X X A X t Dave Brubeck 150 Exhibitors : n'$ MJ STUFF The Byrds Opus Crafts, ArtsJam, Entertainment ; n'$ for evewoNS Just $4, Kids Free (12 & under) March 28 March 29 10-5 11-5 Savana MEXICO. The Senate upheld President Clinton's decision to certify Mexico as a worthy partner in the international war against drugs. Voting 45 for and 54 against, senators rejected a bid (SJ Res 42) to penalize Mexico on grounds it has failed to crack down on drug traffickers. By avoiding 'decertification,' Mexico can continue to receive its full share of economic aid from the United States and international development banks. A yes vote was to certify that Mexico is fully cooperating in the war against drugs. Voting no: Graham, D. Mack, R. MONETARY FUND. By a vote of 84 for and 16 against, the Senate approved an $18 billion U.S. contribution to the International Monetary Fund, a 182-country organization that seeks to stabilize the global economy by providing bailouts and development aid to nations with fiscal problems. IMF coffers have been drained by ongoing rescue efforts in Asian countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, and South Korea. The $18 billion was added to a fiscal 1998: appropriations bill (S 1678) that remained in debate. A yes vote was to provide $18 billion for replenishing the IMF. Voting yes: Graham, D. Voting no: Mack, R. SPENDING ISSUE. Voting 68 for and 31 against, the Senate voted to keep an 'emergency' designation on all disaster aid in a pending appropriations bill (S 1768). This means more than $3 billion, mainly for El Nino recovery, will be kept 'off budget' and thus exempted from fiscal discipline that applies to other discretionary spending. The vote tabled (killed) a bid to include part of the aid in the regular budget where it would be subjected to spending caps. At issue was whether disaster aid programmed for future years can legitimately be called 'emergency' spending. Critics called the label a budget gimmick, while supporters said recovery funds typically are paid out long after a disaster strikes. A yes vote opposed a bid for more fiscal discipline on disaster spending. Voting yes: Graham. D.; Mack, R. LOWEST AIR FARES Downtown Stuart Memorial Park For information, call 283-6846 or see stage schedule at www. wpsl.com Coconut E-Ieads arid 15 more! ML Each Sunday, you'll find the lowest air fares from West Palm Beach to major U.S. and international cities in the Travel section. The Palm Beach Post keeps you posted! Charn 93.7 hgu ""martin a emorial Mtait h Syf urns Adelphia Seallfza mint mi vctu1450 mahtiv t .X VTV V -nr -t t in m hi i bimiiii L,m nfc

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