The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on February 16, 1941 · 64
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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · 64

Des Moines, Iowa
Issue Date:
Sunday, February 16, 1941
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A photoirai.hi complete on the4'IJ; historic events. 7 L mutes is presented Iphntos-aphs of many Y However, millions f Uridine motion picture lthe ccnes shown here. is this week, designated as Americanism Week by the National Junior Chamber of Commerce and as National Defense Week by the American Legion. The small line under each picture names the movie from which the scene originally was taken. The last three, covered by newsieel scenes in "Land of Liberty," were actually taken when the news events occurred. nff AnmceipiicBsi sion of economics and history of the Carnegie Endowment of International Peace, was the historical consultant who checked the authenticity of history presented in "Iand of Liberty." the drama of a free people. "Land of Liberty" now is being distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. with proceeds from its exhibitions dedicated to the British war relief fund. Appropriate time to recall America's history auspices of the Will Hays office, using historical sequences from 112 different movies, short subjects and newsreels made during the last 25 years. It would be impossible to present a detailed history in so brief a form. However, this story of America carries the inspiring tale of bravery and endurance shown by our forefathers who laid the foundations of our country. James T. Shotwell, director of the divi- JPflcertiiQirce Stoiry or aouars hav e be. companies t in... n The historical hL ,ac "Land of l iL Itfkcted trom a movie, !t together under the k mm , m If If 5 !. ' & It''- ' ( (I r : MS JJe-n wc, UAL ft f READ ON ME I" " II f-l Ir.T I I I . i """"" a m rr I. it v.. , , - - . - ... l m,.. : - ' Romance M Louisiana sh.l- l Servant of the People, short) (Drum Along the MohawK k Declaration of Independence, short) -i- jPili ot Rih shorn I i he wur i . met . 19, 1775, as the 1775 to 1787. British-troops soldiers were apprehend ul revolutionary 1803 to 1812. Acting without authority, since the Consti-tution provided no power to buy and hold territory, James Monroe, envoy for President Jefferson, paid Napoleon $15,-000,000 for Louisiana territory. This gave U. S. control of all maior rivers and the difficulty of using them was lessened by Robert Fulton's steamboat, built in 1807. Jefferson also laid basis for further acquisitions by sending ex loutfWto - e munitions ami 1795 to 1803. Yankee Clippers, fastest sailing shins ever used commercially, were beginning to figure in world trade. Barbary pirates of north Africa were molesting world shipping and demanding tribute. The U. S. frigate Constitution, called "Old Ironsides," figured prominently in the war against the pirates which resulted in U. S. release from paying tribute. The ship later figured in naval engage (Bill o( P.lht. nhnrti 17(i. to 1770. On firmer ground, but lacking the strength to match their boldness, the Colonists began to object to trade restrictions imposed by England and taxation enforced without a chance to vote. Such American patriots as Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry, with reckless abandon, spoke out against the mother country. The Stamp act of 17C5, reepjiring British revenue stamps on all legal documents, was one of the injustices they attacked. 1787 to 1795. Though victorious,- the country was united in name only. Each state insisted upon its own rights. Realizing the need for unity, statesmen like Benjamin Franklin and George Washington (above) drew up the Constitution in 1787. It was ratified by the states in 1788 and Washington became the first U. S. president Mar. 4, 1789. Ten amendments were added, embodying the Bill of Rights, (Old Ironsides) 1770 to 1775. Embittered Colonists organized armed forces, such as Sons of Liberty, to protect their rights which they declared at the first Continental Congress in 1774. The congress followed the Boston Tea party (1773) in which colonists disguised as Indians dumped .110 chests of tea overboard in a protest against "taxation without representation." The result was the Roston Port bill, an English act closing the port at Boston. 1 192 to 176-1. Christopher Columbus is credited with discovery of America, Oct. 12, 1492. After a period of exploration, settlements began, the first at St. Augustine in 1565. Then came Jamestown (1607) and Plymouth (1620). For 150 years, colonists laid foundations of a nation. They organized governments, faced hardships, including: the French and Indian wars in which Colonists and British fought side by side for control of North America. ine ' iiii' ,mi ot lnctepencienee. r. In: was drawn up -above) Uien -er to iren. iieoiKe plorers Lewis ana LiarK 10 lamornia. wasmngton a:. Yorkt Meanwhile the Aitidt lTi, enueo uie ni. at ii were drawn ui. ments during the war or im. freedom of speech, religion ana personal ireeciom. 3T J" (, L.lllll II )l) SMI I I II I l7 m n T pvrVisr 1 L .'jMutkAiisn rx: t Ql Ir " M ..j iw j - I -V TVI ; .:-t - ,jL. f' 'h-rrt SI IaI i 4' . "4 'ami; -.TTsm i i Heart! In Bi.nilane) (Abe Lincoln in Illlngii) f The JUut'L-aiieer Show toat t Cimat rm 1S12 to 1S15. British seizure of sailors from American 1850 to 1855. Westward Covered watrons lone A of empire took its way. lioneers west in search of homes. After 1813, il California, the west- 1862 to 1863. The house had divided itself in the worst war United States had seen. An early battle of the war was the naval engagement of the Monitor (not shown) and the Merrimac. The indecisive battle was the first between armored battleships, opening a new era in naval warfare. The North's sea blockade was an important element in its victory because of the war's economic aspect brought about 1855 to I860. The old South, with its plantation system and its virtual world monopoly in cotton, produced by slave labor, failed to follow the industrial lead of the North. The two were nearly as different as separate countries. In 1857 the Dred Scott Supreme Court decision denied a Negro was a citizen. Underground railways, a system of secret houses along an escape route for slaves, were operating in Northern wavA vnali wot An T.! (' tlio Tiniinn rrented Tht Hu,L-!uletr ; ll.T to 1835. A treaty ending the war of 1812 was signed Dec. 2t, 1814. However, unaware of the treaty, Andrew Jackson, right, defeated British forces at New Orleans on Jan. 5, 1815. The war had been futile but settlement provided for the undefended frontier still existing between Canada and the U. S. The Monroe Doctrine, declared in 1823, stated that the U. S. would regard as unfriendly any European effort to further colonization in the Western Hemisphere. I860 to 1862. "A house divided against itself cannot stand," said Abraham Lincoln, who won the 1860 presidential election with less than half the popular vote. Economic differences and the slavery question had made enmity between the North and South. The election of Lincoln increased the differences and Southern states decided to secede. In a challenge to the Union, the South tried to take over forts, fired on Fort Sumter, starting the civil war. (Man of Conquest) 1835 to 1850. , American settlers in Texas defied the claim of Mexico to that territory and their heroic sacrifice at Alamo (all 150 men there were slaughtered) resulted in their pulling away, from Mexico and hoisting the Lone Star flag, In 1815 Texas joined the United States. Texas' annexation and old California boundary disputes led to the U. S. war with Mexico. 1846-48. The Rio Grande became the boundary. The U. S. paid SI 5,000,000 indemnity. ships to curb American commerce was the immediate cause of the war of 1812 against England. The British sailed up the Potomac and burned Washington. Dolly Madison (above) rescued the Declaration of Independence. Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star Spangled Banner" during one of the battles. "Old Ironsides" won that name when she defeated the Guerriere in the successful U. S.-naval war. new industries, -mininf irt-ss. stage coach service and other businesses vM foundations for future wealth. The rush tn fJiio resulted in the terri- by industrial plenty in the worm ana wain in uie oouui. states, helping runaway negroes gei io ireeuom. lory oecommg a state .ri T .AIM 111 u ' I i -.... W ill ' 1? 1 -I ;yJ V:q JT (fZ v 1 7 v dik v J 3 C vausw j-.:-JV M 7 y r" 7wew jbbw ,.-y. 'to - l1MiTfi''r;ltii"'iMli.ri) J imrf'"'l'Tirr i n l The Oreat Xiealeio- ttatewa I t The hlamsman) tLnton Pacific) l So rte.t tne Hose i 1890 to 1895. Fabulous wealth came to America. Fortunes were spent in the gaslit frivolities of New York and San Francisco. The Gay Nineties, with their buxom belles, provided a colorful period of American history. Some leading girls of the period were Lillian Russell and Anna Held. Diamond Jim Brady was one of the lavish spenders. It was during this period that the gas buggy had its beginning and 1875 to 1880. Indians made savage attacks on the white men who invaded their western hunting grounds. Custer s last stand, shown here, symbolized the heroism which finally broke the buck of Indian warfare. It was on June 26, 1876, that Custer and his 264 men advanced against the Sioux in Montana. All were killed. Restraining influences in the rough life of western settlers were the village school teach i or Human Hearts) IMi-'t to 1865. Lincoln directed Northern forces against the South in an effort to preserve the Union. Ulysses S. Grant emerged as the outstanding general for the North, becoming commander of all Union armies in 1861, and Robert E. Lee was the masterful lender of Southern forces. Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in rebel states in 1862. Victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg marked the turning point of the war in 1863. 1880 to 1890. More than five million immigrants poured into the United States during this 10-year period. The Land of the Free was their goal and all who entered New York harbor after 1886 saw freedom symbolized in the $700,000 Statue of Liberty, given to America by France. Subscriptions in the United States raised the .$300,000 required tc put the 155-foot statue in place on Bedloe's island. Immigrants helped build America. 165 to 1S66. On Apr. J), 1865, the South's Lee surrendeied to Grant and the reconstruction period began. Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth as he sat in a theater on Apr. 15, 1865. With his death, the national administration was thrown into confusion. The South was ruled harshlv as a coiuiueied enemy. Reconstruction involved a decided change in social conditions of the South, as well as political policies. 1866 to Ht). Former slaves, treed by the thirteenth amendment, declared: "We don't work no mo'." Former owners tried to show them they must work to eat. The hooded Ku Klux Klan night riders, to scare Negroes out of voting and Northern Carpetbaggers from their graft, added to post war corruption. Alaska was purchased from Russia in 1867, and 1868 saw impeachment of President Andrew Johnson. lie was acquitted. 1869 to 1875. As the trff civil war reconstraction approached its end, the rljJ'eing drawn together by industry, development iW heritage. Mines, lumber camps and factories M need for the first transcontinental railway. Tht-glike, narking completion, was driven at Ogden, t'w1- "Hlack Friday," a financial panic, struck StwJ, (-a-ised by Jay Gould and Jim Fisk's corner or. Mf5 c-,ntry. Ellis island was opened tor immunants. er, the family doctor ana me pioneer iimnsiei. 1 XT' a yfW" - i ; : 17, I , V J . .-T" I . i -8.1 V 1 liif ... 1 I "4 Stew i7 a v ( . .reel tNewsreef (Newreet i iTedfty Rooaevelt Rmt.h Rm., ...r. . ;.l ,! ate? ? II inn-81 ( KuUKtt Htaerst 11' to 1900. The Cuban revolution and endangering of L. . financial interests in Cuba led President McKinley to send the battleship Maine to Havana in 18U7. The ship was blown up, precipitating the Spanish-American war. With virtually no loss of American lives in the battle, Cuba was taken from the Spaniards. Above is the charge of San Juan Hill, major land battle. America was given Guam and Puerto Rico, bought the Philippine islands for $20,000,000, 1910 lo For the first time in America's history, a president (Franklin D. Roosevelt), was elected for a third term. Still carrying on the battle for national recovery, the administration now faces national defense pioblems with war raging abroad. Says Secretary of State Cordell Hull, "All of us desire to live at peace with the world. But there must not le a doubt as to determination of the American nations not to permit invasion of thoir hemisphere," 1915 to 1920. Wo drew the United S of justice and free into her jvople. M the world free for President Wilson 1932 to 19 to. Promising a New Deal to combat the riepres-sion, Franklin D. Roosevelt, with John Garner as vice-president, was elected president of the United States. He immediately established recovery measures, stopped bank failures and inspired hope again in the hearts of Americans. Frequently addressing the nation by Tadio, he told citizens they were today tackling problems in the same spirit of their forefathers 150 years ago. 1P0O to 1002. Costliest enemy to both sides in the Spanish-American war was yellow fever. The army, in one of its greatest contributions to humanity, found the cause (the mosquito) and prevention of the disease through the direction of Walter Reed. Conquering of yellow fever made it possible for America to take over building the Panama Canal, abandoned by the French. Construction, lasting 10 years, was begun in lW-i. It was not officially opened until'l'.rjo. tTtie B' Parade! i Europe from l!tl I 'hold the principles '.istorically instilled ictory would make armistice in 1918, idealistic League of prohibition, hunted prosperity. 19-?n to 1932 . Prosperity had its day and wore itself out with the crash of the stock market in October of 1929. Meanwhile the U. S. refused to join the League of Nations. Then came depression, bread lines, unemployment. Mechanical and industrial advances in America had stepped far ahead of society's advancement. Banks were fading throughout the country. Descendants of the men who had fought for The Land of the Free were cast into dejection. tft ., Theodore Roosevelt, who had become president when McKinley was killed in 1901. directed efforts toward free development of industry. Bv talking to miners forming a commission, he settled the 1902 strike in which 14;.000 Pennsylvania miners walked out. He had led the Rough Riders in Cuba during the Spanish-American war and it was under his administration that Cuba became a republic and American occupation ended. Nations. Doughl histrjfr jobs. The auto in

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