The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on December 10, 1976 · Page 44
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December 10, 1976

A Publisher Extra Newspaper

The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 44

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West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Friday, December 10, 1976
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Page 44
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C8-Palm Beach Post. Friday, December 10, 1976 Squatters Pledge To Stay Put Mexican Peasants Determined To Get Land Pieat Fiiat SaM Orange Juice $1.60 gal. Fresh Fruit Salad A I $1.00 -12 gal. $1.00 - per quart I Grapefruit Juice $1.00 -12 gal. $1.90 12 gallon CENTURY located within Anthony's Dept. Store 1 ' CORNERS right next door to Publix . . . west side. Open Mon. thru Sat. 9: 30 to 5: 30 IN-T0WN 2200 S. Dixie Hwy , West Palm Beach Open Daily 9: 30 to 6: OO. Closed Sunday. M Phone 832-2940 f 6R0VE West on Southern Blvd. to Hwy. 441 . . . then 12 mile south. f IOi Open Mon. thru Sat. 8: 30 to 5: 30 f It it 3 1 Xvrf;3 The claim of the peasants to the land is based on a Mexican law stating that no individual can own more than 100 hectares, or 247 acres, of irrigated land. But the farmers reply that large estates that appear to be owned by one family are in fact in the names of different members of the same family and are therefore legal. "The peasants are going to have to leave and they will leave," said Victor Manuel Barrantes, manager of the Small Farmers Association of Sinaloa. "We want to help resolve the problem of rural unemployment and underemployment, but the agrarian reform must now be channeled toward organization production in the ejidos (peasant communal farms) and away from land government organizations and resulted in the expropriation of 100,000 acres of land by President Echevar-ria, this movement is both more spontaneous and more vulnerable. For example, one group of squatters belonging to the semiofficial National Peasant Confederation complained that their leaders had abandoned them. In Mexico City, a government-dominated press is reflecting the new regime's less populist policy toward the countryside by giving minimal importance to the illegal land occupations here. "We're entirely independent," said Castulo Pontes, sitting on a tractor that his Marcelo Loya Group "expropriated" from a local landowner. "Our decision is not to leave, whatever happens. This land is ours. We've already plowed it and we're going to start planting safflower this week." The 74 families in the group have been living in the middle of a field for 18 days. "We're lucky if we eat once a day," said Bernardo Reyes Gomez, who gave up his $3.-50-a-day job picking tomatoes to join the squatters. "Water is a real problem. We get it from the irrigation canal, but it's filthy with dead animals and fertilizer. Many of us are sick." dred yards into the plowed fields. At every camp, peasants take turns standing guard beside the flag. "The flag is the only defense we have," said 24-year-old Rigoberto Valdes, head of the El Tajito Extension Group. "If the police attack us it will be like attacking Mexico and that would be a denial that they're Mexicans. We don't have any weapons, so if they kill us and we're not armed there'll be an uprising of the peasants. "But we know we have to fight to win. Our parents won their land after much bloodshed, after many deaths. Perhaps it's the only way." At the entrance to the camp, a large banner had been hung: "Mr. Governor, we want deeds, not promises. The land belongs to he who works it." The camp itself is squalid. Poorly dressed men, women and children - there are 127 families demanding land in this group - sit on the ground beside tents made of old cardboard or plastic. Some sleep. Others cook. Some just watch the highway for the truckloads of armed soldiers or police they fear will soon arrive. In contrast to last month's peasant mobilization in the neighboring state of Sonora, which was led by pro- a o (d New York Timet LOS MOCHIS, Mexico - "They'll be no peace in this country until all the land is distributed to the peasants," the old man said, waving his tattered straw hat toward hundreds of acres of rich farmland. "When the peasants know there is no more land, then perhaps they won't demand it. But now a few families own everything." Jose Maria Dominquez, who has worked as a peon for most of his 62 years, stood among a group of peasants that last week stepped up its demand for land by setting up a rough squatters' camp on the property of a wealthy local landowner. "It's 22 years since we first petitioned for land," said Saul Salcedo, the young leader of the Gen. Ignacio Zaragoza Group. "In March this year we occupied the land for two months and then withdrew after new promises were made. But nothing happened, so we've returned for good now." Across the four lush valleys of northern Sinaloa state, more than 80 such groups - about 3,000 peasants - have paralyzed farming of tomatoes, winter vegetables and safflow-er on about 100,000 acres of private property. Although the peasants' demands are old, they have started a new offensive to protest that they received none of the 22,000 acres donated by private farmers two weeks ago and that President Luis Echeverria Alvarez left office last week without fulfilling his promise to give them land. The wealthy farmers are pressing Mexico's new president, Jose Lopez Portillo, to "normalize" the situation in the countryside. Sinaloa's Deputy Atty. Gen. Sergio Herrera y Cairo has even announced that army and police units have begun evicting the squatters. But most of the peasants are refusing to budge. "We're not armed, so we're not going to fight against machine-guns," Salcedo said. "But if they get rid of us from here, where will they put us? Evicting us doesn't solve anything because we have nowhere to go. We don't want to go to the other side (the United States) to find work because we're Mexicans, and we have a right to our own land." Along the highway from Guasave and east of this farming town into the Carrizo Valley, the red, green and white colors of the Mexican flag identify the squatters' camp, some of them on the road beside land the peasants claim, others several hun I ICZLIQUORS 'OF THE PALM BEACHES r 1 THREE DAY SALE! THURSDAY, FRIDAY and SATURDAY Delicious Pink GULF THURS., FRI. & SAT. 10 AM til 6 PM Come and get 'em ( (1 7ft While they ' v losf for only u p,r lb- All cur trucks ort impelled 1 luunnd by the) M. (wnly Hwllh Otpartnunt tor your piomiion. MOBILE I COVERED BRIDGE I WEBB'S SERVICE TEXACO 71 STATION Comer Ok.t. Blvd. et Hov.rhlll Center lake Wertfc Rd. t,r "resperity Form. Rd. Acron From Century fleia at inohurtt llvd. Weil Palm loach lake Worth l"" 71 ill A A Eg- fell Jones .1- 4 UWTUU fc' V Gin 688 QU QUARTS 9)8) QUARTS 3 T GRAND OPENING SPECIAL 26 off all 1977 tennis apparel and active sportswear for men and women $ Friday December 10 $ Saturday December 1 1 4118) L QUARTS I4 jLL QUARTS 13 .OLD STAGG Theyedzler's Rags FOR CIRCULATION SERVICE PHONE 659-1450 Circulation Service Department Hours: Monday - Friday 4:00AM - 7:00PM Saturday 4:00AM - 10:30AM Sunday 4:00AM - 12 Noon the Palm Beach POST and TIMES rr Mi GGOGS in ft and we'll reward all who bring this ad with 31 off our designer and other quality lines. 1 Uk IS zflSD 179 Bradley Place Palm Beach 833-4412 Hour: Mon-Sat 9-5 Friday 9-9 Zfl98 X QUARTS QUARTS TK raw CORONET LADDERS SCOTCH 1 QUARTS 1 QUARTS KfiTiiHIFiiikfi) QffljETQ - . . . . . . -. .... , 68)8) QJJ QUARTS 6J88 QU QUARTS . DOTIUIO lotaXMom L I ma,,,..,. . ...v OLD CROW BOURBON QUARTS $4.99 CORBY'S BLEND QUARTS $4.49 CANADIAN LORD CALVERT QUARTS $4.99 AMBASSADOR SCOTCH QUARTS So 99 MotARTHUR'S SCOTCH QUARTS $4.99 SCHENLEY VODKA QUARTS $3.99 SAN MATIAS TEQUILA QUARTS $4.99 SCHAEFER 12 n. CANS CASE $4.99 ICHO SPRING I0URB0N QUARTS $4.7 TEN HIGH I0URI0N QUARTS $4.9 IMPERIAL BLEND QUARTS $4.69 NcNAUGHTON'S CANADIAN QUARTS $4. MARTINS V.V.O. SCOTCH QUARTS SS.99 BURNETT'S GIN QUARTS $4.49 CARI0CA RUM QUARTS $4.49 TIA MARIA LIQUEUR FIFTHS $7.99 v I ZmrL,- X : :.. f,s''f' HEINEKEN'S 12 Oi. BOTTLES CASE $12 99 cnti, h raros sum PACKAGE STORE LOCATIONS That's when long distance rates are lower. On out-of-state calls, weekend rates apply from 11 pm Friday until 5 pm Sunday. On calls within the state you get the low weekend rates from 8 am.-ll pm Saturday and 8 am 5 p.m, Sunday. Evening rates apply on all calls from 5 pm, to 11 pm on Sunday. Weekends are a good time to dial direct and save. PLUSH PONY LOUNGES OPEN DAILY & SUNDAY 821 Southern Boulevard 502 South Military Trail 1211 South Congress Avenue 2028 South Military Trail 9294 Alternate A1A (Liberty Square Shopping Center, Lake Park) 2515 Okeechobee Boulevard (Westward Shopping Center) 734 Belvedere Road 821 Southern Boulevard 5608 Greenwood Avenue 15 North Military Trail (4 Points) 502 South Military Trail 2028 South Military Trail '1211 South Congress Avenue (Opposite Farmer's Market) 9294 Alt. A1A (Liberty Square) Shopping Center, Lake Park) ' I hivd-duil i itliuul iin iiht.iIiii's asMsUmvl rates apply mi all calls within the U.S. (except Alaska). I inert dial rales (In nut apply to person In XTscin. oiin, hutel-Kuest, credit caul, culled calls, callscharned luaixilhei iuiiiiIh'I. ur lulime and chaiye calls. Km (lirei! dial rates tn Hawaii, check yuuroperatirt'. Southern Bell V

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