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B8 Palm Beach Post, Thursday, December 9, 1976 Child Labor Essential Part of Egypt's Economy can University here. "Moreover, it is population explosion which is holding back the advancement of the poor and widening the already dangerous gap between them and the rich. "It is on account of their poverty that the poor procreate. They intend their children to grow up to earn a few pennies to help them out of their condition, but this only digs them further down." like us work with their muscle and have to eat to survive. And, for that, you need money." "Child labor is a byproduct of poverty," said sociologist Saad Eddin Ibrahim, a professor at the Ameri 0 n QGIMffiO By LISETTE BALOUNY Associated Prss Writer ' CAIRO (AP) - At dawn, 8-year-old Nadia and her brother Fathy, 7, hitch a donkey to a car and start their rounds collecting garbage. They are part of Egypt's burgeoning child labor force. - Carrying baskets, the two children climb the stairs of apartment build-lings and knock on doors for tenants to bring out their garbage cans, which Nadia and 'Fathy clear out I with their hands. ; "It is a hard life," Fathy said. ""We are seven children and my fa-' ther works at a laundry shop. If we don't help him, how else can we live?" According to a 1975 U.N. survey, Egypt had about 1.9 million youngsters roughly 20 per cent of the nation's labor force working at menial jobs to help their families through difficult economic times. - Egyptian manpower experts say . they believe the U.N. figure, which ; does not include hundreds of thousands of children who work in I agriculture, has exceeded 2 million this year. In the process, children have become an essential part of the economy. . "The economic situation of the masses is getting worse," said Amira Bassouiny of the Arab League Manpower Office. "Prices of foodstuff are soaring uncontrolled and a penny makes a lot of difference for the lower-income classes." Lower-income wages range from the Egyptian pound equivalent of $30 to $40 a month. Egypt has had 30 per cent inflation this year. Youngsters aged 6 to 19 work at almost any job. Thousands of them do not attend school. Although primary education is compulsory, the law is not enforced. Also, since it is illegal to hire children of school age, bosses get around the law by not listing them on the payroll, avoiding fines by the labor office. As a result, one finds children squatting outside a coppersmith's shop hammering designs into a pot. Others carry trays of teacups from a cafe to nearby shops. Many spend hours under cars probing for parts to be repaired. Still more work as bricklayers' assistants. Because of the illegality involved, they earn very little. Fathy and Nadia, for instance, put in more than 10 hours work a day. They never take a day off and at the end of the month their boss gives them each the equivalent of $7.50. Hamdan, 10, Fathy's friend who lives in the same neighborhood of squalid two-room, stone nouses in the Amireya district about 8 miles north of Cairo, also helps his parents by bringing in extra income. "I have been working for two years. Last year I tried to also attend school in the afternoon but I was too tired and almost fell asleep in class," he said. "So my father advised me to stick to my job as a car mechanic apprentice." Hamdan earns $12.50 a month and like Fathy and Nadia gives the money to his father, keeping just a few pennies for candy once in a while. "Hamden knows how to count and write his name," says his father, Gaber el Sarry. "In our world they don't, need more learning. People EB3 mrw ii i ilx. i v t . i ftp nntrpr- F nM High School Principal Blocks Sex Story Have you grown accustomed to your face mmm Put a nw bght in your eya and a new tingle on your cheeks. Try Timberline, an outdoor icent blended tor the man whoie first love is wilderness it's a real tently offensive to prevailing standards in the adult community as a whole with respect to what is suitable for students . . ." Mrs. Torrice reportedly told the newspaper staff that many parents would find the article objectionable. Monsieur Jovan. Every woman's piece de resistance. A stimulating, distinctively different sensual rich blend of rare woods, and exotic spices with warm animal under-tones Naturally, every man will want to wear this aftershave Cologne MONSIEUR JOVAN AFTER SHAVE COLOGNE 750 4-02 Bottle man's After Shave, and a long lasting Cologne that echoes the call of the wild THE CLIMBER GIFT SET, e 2 oz Alter Shave & Cologne O 7 5 CHANGE HIS LUCK. We call this 3 piece 11 it ?m set uood Luck . he tangy After Shave t English is pure bottled confidence The manly Cologne is a potent potion of sell- Madame Jovan. 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The students have appealed her action to the Fairfax County superintendent of schools and a county school committee, which are expect- ed to decide later this week whether the article can be printed, she said. The article says that only 10 of the 34 "sexually active" students sur- ' veyed used contraceptives, according to its writer, Lauren Boyd, a 17-year-old senior. She said she defines "sexually active" as someone who has had sexual intercourse at least 'once. ; Hayfield has 2.400 students in grades 10 through 12. Miss Boyd said she wrote the article because, "I found many students did not use birth control because they didn't know anything about it." ; Stewart Hill, the paper's faculty adviser, said he favors publication of the article "because I believe they ;have the right to write what's relevant and important to their lives." ; The county's conduct code for students says articles may not be "published if they are obscene. 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