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THE FAIRMOUNT NEWS The Fairmount News have Ford in the Senate was not I shared by a sufficient number of the citizens of Michigan to accomplish TWENTY YEARS AGO TODAY EVENTS AND HAPPENINGS IN FAIRMOUNT A DECADE AGO AS TOLD BY THE FAIRMOUNT NEWS, AND GLEANED FROM THE FILES OF THE PAPER FOR PRESENT DAY REMINISCENT READERS. Some Aspects of the Farmers' Problems By BERNARD M. BARUCH Atlantic Monthly) A number of Fairmount people took advantage of an excursion to Mobile, Alabama, Tuesday, Feb. 4, fare for the round trip being $22.65. For an additional dollar tickets wert good to New Orleans and return, giving parties an opportunity to visit the Mardi Gras festival. Published on Mondays and Thursdays - A . S. ROBERTS., Editor and Publisher. Minnie Mc Lucas Roberts, Associate. Office: Main 265 Res- Black 382-1 TELEPHONES SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (Within Indiana.) One year $1.50 Six months 90 (Outside Indiana.) One year $2.00 Six months 1.25 All subscriptions payable strictly in advance; PP" discounUnued at ; expiration of subscription time un-, less renewal is received prior to ex- . piration date. Entered as second-class matter at 'the postoffice at Fairmount, Ind., under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. MELLON DOES MUCH WORK BUT MAKES LITTLE NOISE ' There are several things we like ; about Seceretary of the Treasury Mel- Ion and chief of these is that he never j shows signs of trying to get into the lime-light. To use a common expression, he is always "on the job" and sawing wood." That is exactly j the kind of man needed in the Trea- j i Mrs. James Phillips died Friday evening at her home on North Main street after a lingering! illness, having been in an unconscious condition for several weeks. She was the wife of City Councilman James Phillips and the mother of Mrs. Will F. Brown of this city, Mrs. J. M. Leach of Kokomo and Glenn Dena who is at . 1 1 ; . rr uaivC6lu- """ ov 1 ' 1 unJ oxi-cinwn. The ladies of the Art Club enter tained their husbands with a banquet at the beautiful home of Mrs. Fred D. Oakley Friday night. The occasion was one of the most enjoyable of the season. The menu was served in courses. Those present were: Messrs and Mesdames Ira L. Neeley, E. D. Leland, Jno. Flanagan, W. A. Beasley, James A. Luther, Ed Hol-lingsworth, Roll Whitney, Walter Jay, N. A. Wilson, C. M. Wilson, Wm. A. Warner, C. A. Cook, Fred D. Oakley, W. H. Delameter, Will A. Brown of Marion, Mark Parker, Mrs. Albert Charles, Mrs. Martha P. Wright, and Mrs. Dan Patterson. The rooms were elegantly decorated in pink and green and the ladies with Mrs. Oak- ley's well known ability to assist ac- quitted themselves perfectly in giving their husbands an enjoyable evening. The fund for building) the tabernacle has been raised and work will begin in a few days. It will be located on the Odd Fellows lot just north of the Sutton block. Mr. Sunday expects to reach Fairmount and begin work March 25. j law of supply afiTT demand works In various and surprising ways, to the undoing of the best laid plans that attempt to foil It. In the third place. " 1 pinvt, their power will avail tbe farmers noimng ir it oe anused. in our time anu country power is or value to it possessor only so long as It Is not abused. It Is fair to say that I have seen no signs In responsible quarters of ft disposition to dictate prices. There seems, on the contrary, to be a commonly beneficial purpose to realize a stability that will giv an orderly and abundant flow of farm products to the consumer and ensure reasonable and dependable returns to the pro- ducer. In view of the supreme Importance to the national well-being of a pros perous and contented agricultural population, we should be prepared to go a long way In assisting the farmers to get an equitable share of the wealth they produce, through the Inauguration of reforms that will procure a continuous and Increasing stream of farm products. They are far from get- ting a fair share now. Considering his capital and the long hours of labor put, In by the average farmer and his family, he Is remunerated less than any other occupational class, with the possible exception of teachers, religious and lay. Though we know that the present general distress of the farmers Is exceptional and Is linked with the Inevitable economic readjustment following the war. It must be remembered that, although representing ohe-thlrd of the Industrial product and half the total population of the nation, the rural communities Ordinarily enjoy but a fifth to a quarter of the net annual national gain. Notwithstanding the taste of prosperity that the farmers had during the war, there Is today a lower standard of living among the cotton farmers of the South than In any other pursuit in the country. In conclusion. It seems to me that the sury department these days, for the jjgj nation has enormous financial prob- j " t lems to be solved. Conducting a treasury department is not a specta- j IVlWciniS L1H6S cular undertaking and if a man un-j Rsxf-dertook to use it, for spectacular pur-! Jl IxOaSl i lg poses we would feel . uneasy. The 1 (Continued fom Pnee One! sensationalist m a national treasury is as dangerous as the sensational I Prize, which was awarded to Mrs. banker we'd rather put our trust -Tony Payne, a pair of handsome ma-elsewhere. jhogany candlesticks. Mr. Payne is a This inclination of Mr. Mellon to new Kiwanian and Monday night was avoid publicitv is nothing, new with his first meeting, he being introduced him and, therefore, it is more im- as the "newest Kiwanian." The sec-preive He was one of the most ond prize was a box of, Dr. Holiday Mieccsful financiers in the country ! said "gloves." They were "undress-before he accepted a place in the d kMs." This was awarded to Mrs. cabinet, and he attained that success J- H. Carson. without the countrv at large ever ! The next was the grand prize of the having heard of him. Apparently, evening a baby grand piano. This ticking close to the job and sawing was drawn by Mrs. T. B. Krouskup. wood is a liftetime habit a habit It was brought into the room by four tV.at give an impression of stability husky Kiwanians. Mrs. Krouskup and dependability. j 5at il on her Plate and "played.' Anoer characteristic of Mellon ! Just before the close of the festm- gi;illll!!SI!l!!lll!l!llll!lllll!ll!ll!!llllll!!llll!llllllilll!llllllllll!lllllllllll!IIIHlg I Yomit Health 1 w liTcP i his advocacy of econ- omy in government business. This had received a letter from Dr. Glenn is probably also a result of habit, for .Henley, who recently went to Florida, few men become rich unless they expressing his appreciation of the practice economy. One of the first ; farewell sendoff given him by his recommendations made by the new , brother Kiwanians on the evening of Secretary of the Treasury was in his departure, and telling how a com-favor of a rigid cutting of national (mittee of Kiwanians met him in Jack-expenditures as a prerequisite to the . sonville as he stepped off the train, reduction of federal taxes. Probably It was a big, evening, thoroughly the most difficult tasks of government . enjoyed by everyone. is to keep down expenses, for there j is constant demand for funds from , igJi Methodist the public treasury. j To raise corn you must have seed, soil, sunshine, moisture, and energy enough to plant and cultivate. Lacking one of these 3ou will fail entirely or will have a very meageu1 crop. To have health you must have air, water, food, and the ability to separate and assimilate the vital principles of each. To do this work perfectly your lungs, heart, liver, stomach, intestines, kidneys, glands and tissue cells must have energy. This energy is conducted to the various parts over the nerves. If nothing interferes HEALTH is the result. Obstructions along the nerve pathways sometimes occur which cause "disease." These the chiropractor removes and health is restored. Come to the office and talk over your ailments. that fact and the country at large has iat no time indicated that it would like to see the manufacturer leave his well conducted business to take up the task of statesmanship at Washington. Hartford (Conn.) Courant, JOIN A PARTY! BE SOMETHING! At a recent meeting of postal employes, President Harding declared that he would rather have a hard-boiled Democrat than a yellow Republican, and he wouldn't give a rap for a postmaster who did not take enough intprpst. in bis e-overnment to be affili- ated with a partjr. This probably approval of everybody cx- . . . .. . cept the civil service amalgamation of spineless wonders. Glenwood (Ark.) News-Press, SOUTHERN PHARISEES How it must grieve the souls of certain unctuous Southern senators 'whose titles to the seats they now occupy will not bear the closest in- spection to think of having to t with Senator Newberry! Greenville j East Tennessee Republican . SHOULD BEGIN ANEW The powers rights on the Pacific , . . ties Dr. Holliday announced that he nnro KfAKfn (Continued from Page One) tional Association of Local Preachers, which had control of the institution previously. It was the understandinc of the j , Rov. Mr. Morrison and emembers of trustees, who is wealthy, is said to have remarked that he would give $20,000 "in the morning" of the day when the university is out from under control of the Methodist Church and of th? Nationa, Association of Local preachers Soeieher's views are said to fce shared by LyeU Rader, scientist, who has been taking an active interest Jn the university. m Make for Good Citizenahlp. The wholesome surroundings of a small one-family "house are a grat asset to the city. Children can grow up without tearing down buildings to create playgrounds, as most big cities have been compelled to do In congested neighborhoods. An abundance of light and air Is one of the best assurances for building up a sound, healthy family. In the long run this means the production of good citizens. Doing Thlr Part. "It's time for the world to acknowledge that us poor but honest waitresses and them pampered daughters of the Idle rich are sister under the skin, as some fella says!" asserted Helolse of the rapi-flre restaurant. "Why the outburst Just now?" asked Claudlne of the sanve establishment "Well, youTl notice that we are shooting just about as many gents at them wealthy Janes are." Kansas City Star.., farmers are chiefly striving for a gen- erally beneficial Integration of their business, of the same kind and charac- ter that other business enjoys. If It should be found on examination that the attainment of this end requires SS5 methods different from those which STS other activities have followed for the same purpose should we not sympa-thetlcally consider the plea for the right to co-operate. If only from our own enlightened self Interest, In ob- SSS talning an abundant and steady flow of farm products? j In examining the agricultural sltna j tlon with a view to Its Improvement, j we shall be most helpful if we main- ! tain a detached and Judicial viewpoint. J sr; remembering that exlstmg wrongs may be chiefly an accident of unsymmetrl- ' rrr cal economic growth Instead of a crea- ! zzz tlon of malevolent design and conspira- - cy. We Americans are prone, as Pro- j fessor David Friday well says In his ; admirable book, "Profits, Wasres and Prices," to seek a "criminal Intent be- 52 hind every difficult and undesirable eco- nomlc situation." I can positively as- . (Reprinted from (Continued from Last Issue) some farmers favored by regional compactness and continuity, such as the citrus-fruit-raisers of California, already have found a way legally to merge and sell their products integrally and In accordance with seasonal and local demand, thus Improving their position and rendering the c0-sumer a reliable service of ensured quality, certain supply, and reasonable and relatively steady prices. -They have not found It necessary to resort te any special privilege, or to claim any exemption under the anti-trust legislation of the state or nation. Without removing local control, they have built up a very efficient marketing agency. The grain, cotton, and tobacco farmers, and the producers of hides and wool, because of their numbers and the vastness of their regions, and for other reasons, have found Integration a more difficult task ; though there are now some thousands of farmer'a co-operative elevators, warehouses, creameries, and other enterprises of one sort and another, with a turn-over of a billion dollers a year. They are gWIng the farmers business experience and training, and, so far as they go, they meet the need of honest weighing and fair grading; but they do not meet the requirements of rationally adjusted marketing In any large and fundamental way. The next step, which will be pattern for other groups. Is now being prepared by the graln-ralsers through the establishment of sales media which shall handle grain separately or collectively, as the Individual farmer may elect. It Is this step the plan of the Committee of Seventeen which has created so much opposition and Is thought by some to be In conflict with the anti-trust laws. Though there Is now before congress a measure designed to clear up doubt on this point, the grain-producers are not relying on any Immunity from anti-trust legislation. They desire, and they are entitled, t co-ordinate their efforts Just as effectively as the large business Interests of the country have done. In connection with the selling organizations the United States Grain Growers Incorporated Is drafting a scheme of financing Instrumentalities and auxiliary agencies which are Indispensable to the successful utilization of modern business methods. It Is essential that the farmers should proceed gradually with these plans, and aim to avoid the error of scrapping the existing marketing machinery, which has been so laboriously built up by long experience, before they have a tried and proved substitute or supplementary mechanism. They must be careful not to become enmeshed In their own reforms and lose the perspective of their place In the national system. Chey must guard against fanatical devotion to new doctrines, and shorld seek articulation with the general economic system rather than Its reckless destruction as it relates to them. To take a tolerant an sympathetic view of the farmers strivings for better thlnps Is nt to give a blanket endorsement to any specific plan, and still less to applaud the vagaries of some of their leaders and groups. Neither should we. in the other hand., allow the froth f bitter agitation, false economics, and mistaken radicalism to conceal the facts of the farmers' disadvantages, and the practicability of eliminating them by well-considered measures. It may be that the farmers will not show the business sagacity and develop the wise leadership to carry through sound plans; but hat possibility n-es not Justify the obstruction of their upward efforts. We, as city people, see In high ajid speculatively manipulated prices, spoilage, waste, scarcity, the results of defective distribution of farm products. ' Should It not occur to us that we have a common Interest with the farmer In his attempts to attain a degree of efficiencj in distribution corresponding to his efficiency in production? Do not the recent fluctuations In'" the May wheat option, apparently unrelated to normal Interaction of supply and demand, offer a timely proof of the need of some such stabilizing agency as the grain growers have In contemplation? It Is contended that. If their proposed organisations be perfected and operated, the farmers will have In their hands an Instrument that will be capable of dangeroifs abuse. We are told that It will be possible to pervert It to arbitrary and oppressive price-fixing from Its legitimate use of ordering nd stabilizing the flow of farm products to the market, to the mutual benefit of producer and, consumer. I have no apprehensions on this point. In the first place, a loose organization, such as tny union of farmers must be at best, cannot be io arbitrarily and promptly controlled as m great corporation. The one Is a lumbering democracy and the other an agile autocracy. la the second place, with all possible power of erg -.nlsatlon, the j farmers cannot succeed to any great extent, or for any considerable length ; of time. In flxlntr. plcea. Ttie jreat , j ! Asa Driggs was in Indianapolis Fri- ;day. Misses Gladys Lyons and Anna Delph spent Sunday with Elwood friends. Miss Berniece Oakley has accepted a position as cashier at the Norton grocery. Miss Zola Wilson went to Hartford City Friday to visit her sister, Mrs. E. L. Baker. L. D. Holliday of the Indiana Medical school spent Sunday with his parents in this city. The Bell window glass factory now have plenty of gas, having turned the new well into the main. F. D. Oakley and wife spent Sunday with Mr. and Mrs. O. F. Dickey at Rigdon. Miss Nelia McCombs has purchased the Asa Driggs property on South Mill street and will take possession about March 1. J. B. Eaton of Hackleman is quite sick. Dr. Henley of Fairmount was called to see him. Charles C. Lyons, a Fairmount merchant engaged in the clothing business, announced his candidacy for senator from Grant county. Dairying EM Bnn Quick Results. It is generally understood that Mr. Mellons policies in conducting the Treasury department have been a very important factor in bringing Libertv bonds back toward par. At the outset of his administration t. Mellon announced a far-sighted pro-cram for the refunding of the short - ! , i McATEE & McATEE Chiropractors Palmer School Graduates H 210 N. Main St., Fairmount Phone 280 S illllllllll!i!!!l!!l!lin!!lill!lillll!!l!!!lllllllll!llllllinn dated debt, and with this program sue- , North Indiana Cmference that the cessfully launched there has been a . trustces to whom the um-versity was gradual improvement in the market turned over by the Maryland cor-Position of Liberty bonds and ictory porationj the Nationa Association of notes. Decreasing rates of ,nterest j Locai Preachers, were assuming con-have al?o helped, and have made tne j trol of the universitV only under stipu-Liberty bonds relatively better "est- j ,ation that it snoujd be turned over ments, so that holders of the bonds j to contrQl of the Methodist church, have found restored values m the se- ft .g gM that r deed wUh that prQ curities they bought to help the gov- vi,-on was issued and recorded at ernment in time of need. Then, too, ' Marjon the county seat. it is understood that Mr. Mellon .has j probabIe that the National As-bought bonds for the government ! sodation of Preachers will start when there seemed to be more on the acUon soq. tQ recover the prop. market than the market would absorb. erty that the Taking the surplus off the market was, tru?tees q university have not not only a gain to the government but f ullfillcd their obiijrations. helped holders of bonds. This was . Members of tbe conference commit-not only a fulfillment of the obligation . thev found the collepe in of the government, which the previous . stra5pMened circumsUnces, but D. L. administration neglected, but -j Speicner a TOember of the board of Profitable Requires a few things besides good cows, comfortable barns, g silo, plenty of the right kind of feed, and that properly 1 rationed. It needs also A CONSTANT, EVEN OUTLEX I the. year round, one that insures a fair market value for g Butterfat, in whatever quantities produced, one that willi conserve the quality, so that a grade of Butter will be made ft A V V11U V fl All KS X 111 bllV lllgllVUb 111M1AVV 11VW Schtosser's Cream Route System inaugurated when the Schlosser sert from my contact witn men or large affairs. Including bankers, that, as a whole, they are endeavoring to Sulflll as they see them the obligations that go with tneir power. -reoccupiea with the grave problems and heavy tasks of their own Immediate affairs, they have not turned their thoughtful personal attention or their constructive abilities to the deficiencies of agricultural business organization. Agriculture, it may be said, suffers from their preoccupation and neglect rather than from any purposeful exploitation by them. They ought now to begin to respond to the farmers' difficulties, which they must realize are their own. On the other hand, my contacts with the farmers have filled me with respect for them for their sanity, their patience, their balance. Within the last year, and particularly at a meeting called by the Kansas State Board of Agriculture and at another called by the Committee of Seventeen, I have met many of the leaders of the new farm movement, and I testify In all sincerity that they are endeavoring to ieal with their problems, not as promoters of a narrow class Interest, not as exploiters of the hapless consumer, not as merciless monopolists, but as honest ment bent on the Improvement of the common weal. We can and must meet such men and such a cause half way. Their business Is our business the nation's business. LETTER LIST Letters remaining in the postoffice for the week ending January 28, 1922, which if not called for in two weeks will be sen, to the dead letter office: R. E. Naylor. f Mrs. Ettie Height. Mrs. Maude Mearty. W. P. VAN ARSDALL, P. M. CARD OF THANKS We wish to extend thanks to our neighbors and friends for their kind ness and sympathy and also for the floral offerings during the sickness and death of our mother. Mrs. Leo Moon, Mrs. Eldon Marine, Charlie Dean, Fred Dean, Purl Dean. Brothers business was founded more than 37 years ago, and consistently maintained all these years, has proven to be the only system ever used or now being used that accomplishes these results. See our Route Collector, District Supervisor, or drop a postal to the Home Office. We want to tell you more of the benefits of Schlosser's Cream Route System. raiment 01 an impiieu promise wi Republican party. Like all other holders of Liberty bonds, we approve he Mellon policy. In the few months he has been at the head of the Treasury department, ! Mr. Mellon has demonstraiea a a.s- position to attend closely to his duties and let his record be judged by suits without continually shouting his accomplishments from the housetops, If he will keep that up, other people will do the shouting. Spencer (W. Va.) Times-Record FORD'S THREAT TO "GET REVENGE." The Senate having voted to seat Newberry, Ford will now have the opportunity to make, good his threat to go into the states and work veng-ance upon the senators who dared to vote in favor of his opponent in the Michigan election. The campaigm waged against his successful rival by the great automobile manufacturer and richest man in the country if not in the world has never let up for a minute and it is by no means an impossible assumption that his very threats they can be called little else lined up on the side of Newberry, men who are not accustomed te having a dictator peremptorily order them about. Wilsons desire to j j j j AND THEN, a De Laval Separator is necessary to make your cows 'profitable. New low prices now in effect. Ask your local De Laval Agent or our Route Collector about a De Laval Separator. SCHLOSSER BROTHERS Cream Buyers Since 1884 Home Office , Frankfort, Ind. -- ilil!llllll'll!IHI!l"lllllllillHI News' Want Acs.