The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana on December 22, 1921 · Page 7
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December 22, 1921

The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana · Page 7

Fairmount, Indiana
Issue Date:
Thursday, December 22, 1921
Page 7
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r V . THE P OUNT NEWS EnPROVED UNIFORM INTERNATIONAL ; ilhdoPYi FARM' NEWS DEPARTMENT 0 m; i b 'imii SundaySchool Lesson v (By P.EV. P. li. KITZWATKK, D. D Teacher of English Bible tn the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.) Copyright, 1921, Western Newspapet Cnloa. LESSON FOR DECEMBER 25 CHRISTMAS LESSON THE VISIT OF THE WISE MEN. L.KSSON TEXT-Matt. 2:1-1Z GOLDEN TEXT And when they had! opened their treasures they presented, . unto him gifts; gold and frankincense ' and myrrh. Matt. 2:11. PRIMARY TOPIC Wise Men Vlalt the Babv Jesus. ARTIFICIAL LIGHTS FOR FOWLS INCREASE PRODUCTION OF EGGS (Sttk Will hens may produce w ell for a short time an1 then S1" to nult- If the ajlng Psses co P1" nt. or- In tne opinion of some Pwlltry authorities, 50 per oent- lhPre is ,ta,"!fr of moultinR and consequent cessation of laying. In the JUNIOR TOPIC Th Wise Men and the Star. INTERMEDIATE AND SENIOR TOPIC The Frst Christmas. 1 , YOUNO PEOPLE AND ADULT TOPIO J The MoBt Joyous Day In the Year, j "'"- 1. The King Earnestly Sought Onr.r 1. L). ' V-' J These Wise Men who sought Jesu , were either Arabian or Persian as- " j trologers students of the stars. The , vjj appearance of an unusual star at- : - traded their attention. Perhap they were acquainted with the famous, - Prpare by thrnitd state Department j Artificial lights properly operated Kill materially increase the winter egg production of pullets, the United States : Department of Agriculture believes, I The use of lights mr- cntir i . i crease the vearlv ppf nrminHrtn of individual hnc thm,.h nnt v nr - u V . vv- Ma marked extent Tito nnitiinn rf t li rtv. partmenfs ixmltrv division s fnllv cor- ! roborated by many of the state experiment stations, particularly those in California. Indiana, Kansas, Washington, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, North Carolina. New York and New Jersey. County agents working in New York and New Jersey report considerable j activity In this project, in which the? Department of Agriculture usually co- . operates with the state agricultural j college through the county agent. 1 Lighting as a Feeding Measure. ! It shonl,i h( -n ,1T1,1(iroroo1 that nr- ifhttne- i int.v nrimnriiv a means of cetting the hens to feed ion?er xhn they otherwise would dur- !ne tho SKort ,aT! of fnn an( xnter ; . extra f eednir of scratch cm in ' snoulj p,e provided. that the flock is njueed to eat not only enough for maintenance but an amount compar - rMc tQ what ,s eaten In the more ac. tve lfiTine reasons , . o.. ! ber 1 In New Jersey, but In most local- I Ities thev are started November 1 and I i? IB' j i i Hi V .. . prophecy of Balaam (Num. U4:17. Dtubtless through the Influence of the ' J'ews who remained in Chaldea, or the. direct Influence of Daniel extending ' to this time, they had become ao ' quainted with the hope of a Messiah. The light they had was dim, but thJnC f lived up to the best they had.' T those who act upon the best" light they have, God always gives more, r To those who refuse to act upon th knowledge given, God not only refuses to give more, but brings Into contusion that which they already possess (Matt. 23:28). These men were really wise. " Let us learn from them : 1. That all true wisdom leads to the Savior, for He is the Logos tha fulness of wisdom. 2. That God's Word shall not return unto him void (Isa. 55:11). The seeds cast upon the waters of the East brought forth fruit after many days. No work done for the Lord, eventually fails. " 3. The grace of God ca'lls men froin unexpected quarters. Some who have V-the least opportunities give the great- est honors to Christ; while others, blessed with the richest opportunities shut Him out. II. Herod Seeking to Kill the Kins (tt. 3 8). The news brought by the Wise Men struck terror to Herod's heart. He was not alone in this, for all Jerusalem,. was troubled with him. Tbe-mews oughf to have brought joy. A glimpse at the social customs In and about , Jerusalem at that day will enable us to understand why this news brought uneasiness to the people. They were living in the greatest luxury. Fine ' dresses, sumptuous feasts, fine houses, etc., led to gross immoralities. They did not want a Savior w ho w-ould save them from their sins they wanted to continue lnfthem. Herod demanded of the priests and scribes j information as to whore Christ should be born. They soon were able to tcil him. These people had a technical knowledge of the Scriptures, but had no heart for the Savior set forth therein. They had no disposition to seek Him. This all occurred in Jel , salem, the city of the King the place ' of all places where He should have been welcomed. It seems where thev greatest privileges are, there Isthe greatest indifference shown as to-spiritual matters. III. The King Found (vv. 9-12). The Wise Men having obtained the desired information, started immediately' -7 ,7 i 9 I COOLING MILK REDUCES LOSS Natural !ce Can Be Harvested en Majority cf Farms and Is Most Profitable Crop. tPtF- " Vr.Hert Starts reprtmnt ot.Arncu.Sure.) , t'ififlxr This milk is sour. j Milk Inspector Your bacteria count j i; too It irl,, Cheesemaker I rent make good i out of this milk, j I'u'.termcker Wo can't use tlis J cream. ! Hurts. doesn't it? Yet that is what ! happens regtilarly every year when j can after tan of milk arrives at the j roilk plant or creamery sour. One creamerv returned over S2.V worth of milk and cream in one year to j fanners. A milk plant received nearly i 50.000 callous ,.f s..i3r ir.ilk in ore year. Why? Keeauso the m'.lk w as held and shipped at too high a ten-:erature i and the bacteria in it multiplied so rapidlv that the milk sov.rod before It i arrived. I Cooling milk on the farm will re- i dace this loss. All thai is required is a supply of ice and a Mttle care. Natural ice can box " J on farms " -T .jl-'- ' Aiiilk is pro- jue real pay-er tools are Average farm f longs, two ice f ar sn.) one ' cing should be ; A is to provide a i li would probably . ice hore. plans (obtained from the sol States IVpart- ire. When ice is ly hareted. it may egard the shrinkage in a pit, ivl'r.r, shel. lir.-l Insulate it with ,Angs. If this is A additional ice should allow- for hrinkage. I is to be coo'.ed. al-.fe-half ton of ice per Aing milk, allow tons ese q'jant;iiei should be ave a margin for it is better to have too oo little. Whenever prac-ld the i'-e house in the form t all'-w ing 4- ei.bic ice of a I. ton of b-e. Ad .r sTream selected for cut- f hoald of course be free from i ortamir.a!:on from barnxartis. ; ice j !c for Coo!:rg Dairy Products j in Summer. ! should be kept clear of snow, as sr.ow : retards free7.:r;g. When it has froze:! : to a sufficient depth, mark oT the j surface into cakes of the desired size, j making sure that the lin-s form root- j angles. Cut out a strip of ice (with the saw) the width of the cake rtesired. and force this strip under the ice, thus forming a channel to the landing and t ' loading place. Large strips may then be sawed off and floated to the landing, where they maybe cut up into . - cakes. These cakes are then hauled - to the storage place and packed in as close together as possible, and all cracks and air spaces . filled in with sawdust. Cakes that are cut squarely . and are uniform in size . and shape pack together with less air space and , are convenient to handle. The cost of ice is small, and the work generally comes during a slack season. There is little reason, therefore, why Jevery farmer in the natural-ice section " should not have ice with which to cool fcls dairy products, and to make such - delicacies as ice cream, iced tea. iced buttermilk, iced fruit and vegetables, etc possible on the farm. Detailed information on harvesting aad storing ice will be found in Fanners' Bulletin 107S, "Harvesting and t Storing Ice on the Farm," which may be obtained on request from the Uni-, ted States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C SALT IS REQUIRED BY COWS Best Plan to Place U in Boxes in Yard Where Animal Can Lick It at Win. Salt Is required by all animals. The dairy cow requires an ounce or more day and while she should be given all ihe needs, she should not be forced to rake more than she wants. It is best, therefore, to give only a small quantity on the feed, and to place rock salt in boxes in the yard where she can, lick it at will. or refuse heaps. Th i ' - j ( ) , : ' I ; i . i I l, j i ; j J j j j ! ' ixvr; v.:--"- -i..i.tsfri. The Use cf Artificial Light Has Produced Satisfactory Results in Egg Production cf Flocks In a Number of States. continued to April 1 Conditions vary 'partition casts a shadow on the roosts In different states. What may be good jtlie chickens will go to sleep in the practice in New Jersey may not work i shadow. in Kansas. In the latter state elec- ! llosi:Us n Xow Jesoy shmv that in BUILDING OF PUBLIC ROADS Federal Government and States Have Completed 7,469 Miles in Past Five Years. (Preparr-d by the t'aited States lepart-ment of Agriculture.) On June 30, I'.Cl, the close of the fifth fiscal year since the passu ge of the federal aid road act, which is administered by the bureau of public roads. United States Department of Agriculture, the states and federal government had completed 7,409 miles of road, and 17,977 miles were under const ruction. Including the w ork completed on projects still under construction, the states have completed work which entitles them to draw on tho fed-ral treasury for ?H8.91.V15. There is also a balance allottil but not yet earned on projects now under construction amounting to SU,37o,G:0. Of the two appropriations which have been made for federal aid there is now only $IS,79;?.."44 remaining unobligated. Twelve of the states have obligated their entire allotment and several others have only a small amount to their credit. During the last fiscal year the total of completed protects jumped from 1.077 to 7.400 miles, and the projects under construction increased from 14.- i10 to 17,077 miles. The money earned b completion of work has grown from $40,o97.SSl a year ago to .1 1S.01. -.r. ir at the end of this fiscal year. The amount earned during the year wa ?7S.817.0.'U, or nearly twice as much as the amount earned durlnsr Ihe four years preceding. The new projects submitted durine ihe year bring the total amount of federal aid obligated tip to S?"47.SV11.-j t.V. as conipar(-! with Sb..S.'t(t.n0. Building Federal-Aid Roads the Kind That Stand the Wear. which was the amount obligated on June 30. 1020. At this rate it Is expected that the small balantfl of $18,- 000.000 still unohliga ted will oe taken up in a very short time mnnth of JnnP wns n PAervrrl month n 0 w Tne niileage of completed projects Increased by more than 1.200 miles, more than twice the amount reported for the month of May. Funds allotted to work actually under construction Increased by $13,-670.925. COST OF HIGHWAY VEHICLES Government to Determine Expense of Operating Surplus War Road Buiiding Material. What it costs the government to operate motor vehicles engaged in road building is shortly to be determined through a system of operative records recently installed by the bureau of public roads. United States Department of Agriculture. Out of the surplus war material turned over to the War department for distribution among the states, the bureau has retained a large number of motor vehicles, which are used principally on forest road work In the West. These motor vehicles are kept at various central points where shops are maintained for repair work. Complete records will be kept of all oiL gasoline and supplies of every kind used by each vehicle. Even the number of tube patches will be kept. Record will also be kept of the number of hours of shop work required; of days Idle, and why; of distances loads are carried and the character of the loads; and the gross Income from the operation of the vehicles. The Information thus obtained will be combined with similar Information from some of the states operating the surplus war equipment turned over to them, and will form a valuable addition to the knowledge of the cost of t.lhwAy; TrxafpOrt. i 4 fjv La I t - ' spring the lights should never be stopped abruptly The length of time they are run should be shortened about ten 'utes n day until they can be entirely abandoned. Other Points With Lights. Fresh water should be given the flock the lirst tiling in the morning when the lights are turned on. Birds of different ages should not be housed together or lighted In the same way. They should be properly graded and flocked according to age. Lighting ' niakes it possible to carry February- j hatched pullets through the first fall j and winter producing period w ith less j moulting. Yearlings and two-year-old j hens are better if started with artin- ! rial Hghts in January, and the method j is not as profitable as with pullets. It is evmsidereil a questionable practice to turn lights on culled hens to stimu late egg production. In New Jersey, w here the largest amount of work has bn done with artificial lighting, it is jthousrht better to sell the culls and buy trood birds. -, i.i t . . from the ceiling so that the entire floor space is lighted. If the roosting closet j ..,..,J ),1,o' ; , it ., , of ;nu 3s.oat,v lnon?acos . !unl net return ow the oost of Mhts jaml fwi jn the pen? Th? lighted flock showetl better health than j ;th unlighted ones, and the suh.sequent j ilninr wa?! 35 P,0,1 among the birds) which had had winter lights as with anv of tne birds. I A record was kept of 14 New Jersey i j flocks for five months. The birds aver 'aged 3.SO; in number and laid 2S0.511 . ejs auogeiiier. iiiis whs a ti per was a 41 per jcent production, whereas a 22 per cent I .prcxiuciion was usual oeiore ine exjteri' ment. This meant an increase of 127, 15S eggs. An experiment was made at the agricultural experiment station. New each. The lights were turned on In the morning. Where an evening lunch was given to 1O0 pullets the profit per bird was $5.48. The fuel and operating cost for 1.1O0 birds was 4.4 cents per bird. An Increase of a single egg per bird pays this cost. pect that beans and potatoes will soon cease to be .profitable. The question then arises can some other crop or crops be found to replace them? Very few regions have a wide range of crops, especially in general farming,' and adaptability to new crops Is a very Important consideration. Can the beef-cattle farm be made over Into a dairy farm? Can the dairy farm be made Into a sheep farm? Can the fruit farm be made Into a hay, grain or live stock farm? In many Instances it will be found that the farm tn question demands a type of farming that cannot be easily changed to meet the needs of changing conditions. When making a selection, look back and follow the local economic changes that have occurred In the last 30 years, and then Judge for yourself whether the farm you have under consideration has the adaptability necessary for meeting the changes that ar bound to come In the future "W V ' - j ' i j j i j j I i ! I ' TUBERCULOSIS CAUSES LOSS nsidious Manner cf Attack cf Disease Makes It Most Difficult to Detect. r tFTpared by th United States rpartmer.t . . Agriculture.) ATincrcuiosis 01 iowis is more wuieiy distributed over the United States than is generally supposed. It is especially destructive to nocks In the North and West. The course of the disease is slow, symptoms are apparent only in j the late stages, and the mortality is I high. The danger to man, how ever, is j slight, especially since cooking the fsh of fowls destroys the tubercular bacilli. Treatment of fowls affected i is declared to le useless, but the dis- j se may he stamped out by methods described in Farmers Bulletin 1200, ; which may be had upon application to j the division of publications, United , "States Department of Agriculture. j Of all domesticated birds the fowl show s by far the highest mortality j from tuberculosis. The disease has : spread so extensively in some states ' as to cause very serious losses to the poultry irdustry. The insidious man- j rcr of attack makes it most difficult to j -cmhat. because affected birds show no j visiiile symptoms until the disease processes are far advanced, and in j the meantime it has been communicate! . to ethers of the flock. j Avian tuberculosis, as it is some- j time called, is caused by a micro- j organism closely resembling the ba- j cilli of human and bovine tuberculosis, j While, primarily, it affects birds. It may alo attack other animals. Tigs ; exposed to tuberculous nocks fre- : quer.tly are affectetl. and display lo- oalized tr.bercles in the lymph glands of the head, reck and mesentery. Rats and mice also may contract the dis- ease naturally. Bacilli of the avian tJT0 have been found in tuberculous 'persons. une principal danger to nu-j mans is in eating eggs from tubereu-' Ions fowls, as eggs may be infected with the bacilli : however, as man is considered quire resistant to the avian type of tubercle bacilli, the chances of infection are doubtless slight. Tuberculosis may be introduced on a farm in several ways, such as receiving Infected fowls, exposure to neighboring infected flocks nsing the same IT"-! I t- I it.- 5 4? 0 W" f! : 4 Healthy Flock cf Fowls. range, infection of premises by free-j tid ing birds, carriers, such as man or animals, whose shoes or feet may car ry infected droppings from nearby infected farms. Most eggs harboring the organism fail to hatch, thereby reducing to a minimum the danger of infection from this source, but if Infected eggs are thrown to the fowls the disease may be established In the flock. One of the first symptoms is gradual emaciation, which becomes especially noticeable in the breast muscles. These diminish in size until in advanced stages there is scarcely any flesh left on the breast bone. Feeling the breast region will readily detect this wasting. The appetite continues good. Lameness In one or both legs, or drooping of one or both wings is another symptom. The bulletin mentioned describes these and other symptoms at length. Paleness of comb, wattles, skin on the head and about the eyes Is evidence of the last stages. A skilled operator can apply the intradermlc tuberculin test to detect the presence of the disease but medical treatment for fowls is futile. Preventive measures, the most usual being slaughtering, are the wisest. Fowls in good flesh may be used for food if they show no lesions or only slight ones. Those fowls that re badly diseased and all visceral organs should be burned. The premises rhonld be disinfected thoroughly, including all drinking. teaOng and other rrecsiis. tricuy is considered cable kind of lisrht. tlu e Oni prat H- while in other states kerosene lamps and gasoane mantles are sometimes used. Electr.c- ity is the most practical method to use wherever it Is available. How to Use Artificial Light. The total davlicht. real and artlfl - cial, should be about fourteen hours. There are three ways of increasing the apparent length of the day by turning on lights very early In the morning, or by keeping them going l- x' IMl ou.s nt uiS..u o. umu,! them both morning and night. While nn inret? iiifimms uac g k"" 1 ' suits, the first is usually found most convenient, because the lights merge into daylight and no ill effects result if they are not turned off promptly. : ! j .to find the King. As soon as they left ; the city, the star which had 'guided them from the East appeared again to lead them on. Not that It bad ; disappeared from the sky, but the ""' dwellings of the city, ao doubt, sh out the sight of it. Oftentimes In using the second method some j Brunswick, N. J., In which GOO unlight-dimming device is needed with electric pullets made a profit of $3.20 per lights to lower the Illumination gradu- hwt 500 lighted birds cleared $5.07 ally. The hens do not get to their roosts if the light is suddenly extinguished. Gasoline and kerosene lamps have to be turned down. Artificial lighting can be abused, with disastrous effects on the flock. If they are run for too long a day, the FARM VALUES HURT BY CHANGES spiritual vision is obscured or hi by the things of this world. The guided them to the place where ": Christ was. Those who earn ' seek Jesus shall find Him, theni hell oppose. When they found Him they worshiped Him. In this the displayed true faith. They did not see any miracles, only a babe, yet , they worshiped Him as King. "Blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed" (John 20:29). .Noto God's overruling providence - ia all ' this. Many hundred years before, tho prophet said that Christ, should come from Bethlehem (Micair 5.2). God so ',. ordered affairs tat Mary' Thould be " brought to that city to gtvelrtii to Christ. God 66 ordered thatthsse men should depart another way, ther" r. by defeating -Herod's wicked purpose. ' 5 The Lord put gifts Into the hands of 5 Joseph , and Mary before . going , to . T Egypto Doubtless this served a good purpose In meeting their expenses dur " Ing their stay there. Truly "All things JP work together for good to them that love God." (Rom. 8:28). Dedicating the Wall of Jerusalem; And at the dedication of the wall cf, Jerusalem they sought the Levi tea out of all their places, to bring them to Jertiaalem to keep the dedication wtC gladness, both with thanksgivings an3 with singing, with cymbals, psattertau and with harps. Nehemiah 1? Certain Crops Have Ceased to Be Profitable. (Prepra by t tTnttect States Department Of A-rteoItr.) Many farmers, before buying a farm, hare saved themselves future losses by looking well into the matter of a probable change In the type of farming practiced in the region they have under consideration. Certain crops may cease to be profitable owing to the development of other regions more favorably situated for their production and marketing. Some crops may have to be abandoned because of disease. Insect pests or other causes. The United Stares Department of Agriculture suggests the test question: Is the farm selected adapted to such possible changes? For Instance, the fans selected may now be growing beans,' potatoes, 'corn, oats, clover k-J fcryj xrtth "Ce pros They Rebel Against tlj Neither wsay , they in the UK now fear? the Lord-" gtveth rah fci tit see , onto us C i tb?Cf V .r- tarvrt.- ..'V ' - v . . - ,. f v--. . T.r.s?.'r - v- f - -v. x - '?- 1 . 1 - V' Vvt " ' " i 4 5 - ,

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