The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana on December 1, 1921 · Page 7
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The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana · Page 7

Fairmount, Indiana
Issue Date:
Thursday, December 1, 1921
Page 7
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THE FAtTUtOUNT iE7S C5n DAIRY POINTS FAR NEWS for i::dig:zstio:j M 0 PLAN FOR BULL ASSOCIATION DEPARTMENT AS 6 Dellams L-Xz'i&-zL I Hot water rCkll2 Sure Relief a',JaS,'aMJS HENS THAT DO NOT MOLT UNTIL LATE ARE BEST EGG PRODUCERS BETTER ROADS Simple mixtures are usually the most desirable. As the fall advances nnd Ihe days grow shorter the birds should be encouraged to put away as much food as possible during the day so that their bodies will have plenty to work on for all of the 24 hours. A good handful of scratch grain for each bird at night will fill the crop. It Is not desirable that the hens be made to work xry hard for this feed. Be sure that the hens go to roost with a full crop. In making up rations tt Is necessary to adhere to standards within certain limits, hut swme feeds may be substituted for others, as barley, wheat, and oats for corn. However, meat scrap and other animal-protein feeds can not !e replaced by htgh-vcgetnhle-proleln foods. All changes should be made gradually, as sudden change may decrease egg production. A great many ponllrymen and livestock feeders now believe that If the tPrpr4 tsr t tntt PUlM rrHmnt let Aftrteultttra.) Hens that devote too much attention early In the season to the fall styles tn feathers are not the klml thai please the flock owner. It costs too much to support them and they demand too long a vacation period. Hut the hen that wears her old clothes until autumn has almost passed Is the best of the flock, for she has kept on laying stnee the previous fall or winter So now when you see a bint that looks shabbier than the others, do not conclude that she Is of the no-account kind and that her smartly dressed sisters are the ones to keep. Take Short Vacation. Of course some ot the hens that molted earlier, say tn August and September, are profitable enough to keep, but the cream of the flock Is made up of hens that do not change their feathers until October or Novemlef. Their molting will require only a few weeks and they will probably he laying again by the 1st of January. The f poor one, the early-molting loafers. r ' - V n x w -z The Best Layera of the Flock and Those That Should Be Kept for Breed- era Do Net Molt Until November. Idea Has Been In Use In Europe for Many "Years, But U Comparatively New Here. tPTraril fey th rr,!tHl Sits trrtmnt Kvery dairy farmer knows that he wvutd get better return from his feed and tabor If he had hich-erade stock; but the idea of establishing a blooded bent trmnedistely suggests "kid gtove' farming and bankruptcy. "Two-thousand dotlar ivs and two-dollar hi ilk," was one farmer's eharaeterita-tton. Yet the fritted States iVrartmeut ot Agriculture annually is leading hundreds of farmers toward the possesion of herds that will Increase the former milk and- butter-fat yield with the same outlay for upkeep. One of the most useful egenctes Is the eo-orerattve butt association. A high-grade cow will Impart her ex-oetlent qualities to one calf tn a year, and the total of high grade farm cattle Is Increased by one. On the other band, a butt whose mother had the same mltk and butter qualification, and whoso father Is descended from a milk and butter strain, may sire as many as 73 calves, each carrying Its share of the raclat excellence This bull ran do duty with one tot of cows (r ' -y-JO.O'.-.VO-.-' Five Bulls Like This Will Improve an Entire Dairy Community. for two years without danger of Inbreeding. If there were five tots of cows and five hulls and the bulls were ivtaicd from ere herd to another ewry two vests, each bull would have a period of usefulness of possibly 10 years, and way easily haxe added T.V head of young stock, xviih a due proportion of high mllk-produclng heifers. As the Erst gvv.erattc-n of heifers he-came milkers, the breeding xalue of the bulls xwuld become established j and any Inferior sires could bo weeded j out. Fixe bulls kept for ten jears may vhange the enure dairy industry or a community and possibly give its cattle a dsstinvtixem ss that xwuld le a valuable matket asset. Ovcrerattxe bull assoclavions have existvd in Eurpe for a long time. In i America the system Is only twelve or thirteen years old, but records of milk and butter-fat production are tn pos session of the department, showing tangible benetU far ewveding the j cost to tlie iv xv oxxners. j At New Windsor. Md., fvr instance,' j svtn daughters xf one shv axYl-agvnl ! "ilTvVJ iuuds of butter fat a year, an tmprex-cment over the axxrage ot i 5.3 pounds fxr their dams. This xvas only the tirsl vtiertloti. The five- j Idvx-k association xxill inn-mtt tine I breeding wl'h grxatly increased v,s- j To organise a xv -operative bull as social ton it is first advisable to arouse j as much Interest as poss-W in the j plan through meetings, evnxvrsanon and the elrcniatiou ot ivpartnxnt or Agriculture literature. It is possible j that the evuvty agent xh- exen sxue state or federal agttcultv.rat ivprx- i svtxtatixe cftn be induoct to help personalty. Adxtcx can always t xb-tatnext from the department by malt, rorms can be had from the department for a preliminary aeteemeut, tn whlxit, among other thtnes. the number evws exvnexl by xxch prxspecttxe j member Is listed. When a sufficient ; nximber of cows haxv been ltsmt. a meeting should he catlext and arrangements made for Incorporation. Kach nemter weuhl o.tribute tn proportion txx the number ef xxxs he oxxns h fcut wvutd haw xNnty xxtH vote. As early as possible, the temporary tNf permanent secretary should begin jCrJTespxvnxlWig with breexters having Mgh-gede butts fxr satx One bull thxMild be purxb.asext fr aVout exery T5 exxw. Tbe exxw should be xtivldexl Into blocks of that numWr. with re-Itarxt tx gexgraphtcat ex-nvetttenee, and n1lgements made fe-r the keeping ot the bull by a responsible member whos farm t exxnventewtty hxtexl. Ttie tees shontvt be such as to exxvet the purchase cvst and the cost of keep tve a year, and annual assessments provided thereafter. Vatuable tnfxxrmatlxxn on the xrma-tton anxl cvnduct ct bull assxxatts will be fvnnd In rarmers1- bulletin which the xh?prtment wilt send free ox request, uptdenxentat fomxatton, tndudlng plans for a model helt pens and xtata en the xHrathxn tnd auccess of various estabttshext hull assvclattorts cn,lsx be had by correspondence. Tte department Is doing vcrythng tn Its pewr txx ptMx,xte the c-eperattve hv.ll assxxdattxxn tuove-meots as one ef the nxost vatuabte advance maxte t nxcnlern xtalrylng. Ctnttenet With Cox. ixws respxxnd txx gentle treatment. The dairyman w hxx makxs xets xxf his calves and whxx exxnttnues tx fxmxlte the animals eYn after they haxe drxxpl their vxvn calxvs ts almost certain tx pssess a herxl el gxoxl milker. 25$ and 75 Packages. Everywhere MOTHER GRAY'S SWEET POWDERS FOR CHILDREN A Certain EUrf for FereraluMM. CmiKmH. Htatacb. Stomach Troaatea, Tccthiac Disorder. Md Dritroy Worm. They Break CoMa to S4 boura. At ail drufriftata. Bmpl mailed FREE. Addraaa MOTHER CRAY CO.. La Ray. M. Y. Raducas Bursal Cklarce intL Thick me. Swollen Tissues, Carbe, Filled Teadeas Soreness treai Braises or Strains; stops Spavin Lamaness, allays pain. Does not blister, iimota the hair or lay op the hora. Only a few drops required at each I aoDlication. 1 2.50 a bottle at rutrinsts or delivered. Book 1 A free. W. f. TOUKC. ea31STa8U5ariaiMd. RATS and MICE nusT S BE x3V KILLED yVmt0Gmi STEARf4S ELECTRIC PASTE Ready fee lie Better The Traps HlwUotu In l& lan(nas In evary box. Hal. Mln, Cnrkrntrhim, Ann and Waterbnira dmtmT f,Hd and proparty and ara rnrrlara of dmMUM. S(nn' Ei.fHe Pf furrrs tbeaa peata to run from Ib bulUlins (or water and freab air. Uc and II. SO. -Money back If It faila." lT. 8. (li)tintmfiit baya It. lONIGHl Tomorrow Alright NR Tablets atop sick headaches. Relieve bilious attacks, tone and regulate the eliminative organs, make you feel fine. Batter Tkaa PUIS Far Urer Ilia" 0t a SSe. Bex. SALESMANSHIP HIGH SCHOOL COURSE Become a Highly-Paid Salesman Learn how in your own home in your spare time. NO LESSONS, NO WRITING. The complete course in a beautiful illustrated leatherette book, is yours for only $2.00. Send your order at once. Money back if not satisfied. COMMERCIAL ADVANCEMENT CO. Dept. I, No. It W. 20ta St, New York City IC riffr 15 k rirtVr-nl high icrad rmboaarJ 25c a ( arris. Mail coin or atampa. Itlchtor, 120 aWalla.Chloao. Diamond Cut Diamond. One dy not Ioiir ago there entered tl oflJco of n western business man a friend who hud been much Intrigued by an Incident he had witnessed some days before In that same ofllce. "Jones, old top," said he, "that was a queer conference you had with Smith the other day. When I looked In on you, both of you were sprinting round the office like two racers or two prUo fighters. Jones frowned. "Well, you see," he explained. "I'm very well read In this -efficiency stuff, and I know, of course, that In an important conference you must always have your back to the light, so that your thoughts cannot be read. Hut Smith, too, has been taking an efficiency course, I suppose. He was certainly wise to that dodge. Why, when we finally pot down to business' we were both sitting ou the window sill!" Harper's Majraslne." Worry over what may happen breaks more men than what happens. w4W' '",ct W. -!. - COL, OCtBO IT. ) W. N. Un Indianapolis, No. 49-121. Trad Mark Owft mm Art V' ;rivy and In H ttSAP0LI0j VjJ etfeetlve, r" eeenenileei V- fjffiSi tin, - u POULTRY CACKLES BEST RETURNS FROM PULLETS Maturity Can Be Hastened by Right Kind ef Care and Feeding Range Desirable. rrr-areJ by Vnt Stt trrm?rtt A Hock of indicts that can be broucht to tayirg In the fall will give the larsrest yearly profit. The average Poultry keeper fails either to hatch early enough tnprtng. so that the pullets may reach laying maturity in October, or tie does not keep them growing rapidly enough to bring this about, rntlots that do not get to laying well before the arrival of cold weather and the short days of iVvemher. wilt seldom start egg production before I-Yfo-runry. Thus two or three months of additional feeding are required, and the advantage of this period of highest egg prices Is lost. Very few egs are secured on the average farm during autumn and earty wtvter, but experienced poult rytnen by totter management secure a fair egg production during these season. It is adx'.sablo, though not essentlat. that the cockerels and pullets be separated as early as possible and given separate free range. Avoid overcrowding at night. A coop that will hold 1V young chickens will not house properly more than half as many growing pullets. Their maturity wilt be retarded If o many are- kept together, or If they are annoyed by lice or miles, t-'rvspmnt inspection of the houses, especially sifter the put-tot have gMc to root, t advisable. If ralto a iv seen crawling on the porches or aiv found by a careful inspection of the houe. prompt mcas-ttw mnt be taken to kill them by sprajlng the hmrlor of the honY. as advised by the Vri'.ed States IVpart-ment of Agriculture, with crude pe- trvienm, kerosene, cresot solution, cat- tie di r some other effective sou- Hon. It.vly Moo frequently cause much aruoxamv and retard civxxth an i ma-tmitx-. tudivtdn:tt ttvatmont of ah pullet with stvlium tluorid or tnercitrtnl ointment wilt vlean up these pests on j v i,i; :v.,. I tYed freely of a gvod egg laying ration ; give plenty of range, and te smv 3 y ftH : -4 Chickens Grcv Raptdly When Are Allowed Pree Rang. they get plenty of mash. It Is a help to kex-'p It In hoppers, xxhere they xNun i t axf ft-ee acvvss txx tt. A tight fxHHl- tng xxf moist mash, espxvially If mixed xxlth milk, may induce them to eat a little moiv. If r cent ef buck-xxhxat ndddling-s Is added to the allotment of mash txx he moistened xvlth milk or xxatet tt wltt be eaten eagerly hjr the pullets. A lilxerat amount ef meat svrap tn the mash ts advtsatle at this time, particularly If plenty of milk ts nxxt available, tVrn. xvheau eats and txartey- are the principal grains fexl. Kaffir and buckwheat ats are usexl, but are nxxt sxx generally available, and usually cvxst more, tNxrn and wheat are the two Wst grains and are abcut equal tn values although wheat ran be txnl atvxne better than exxrn, which ts In-ctlnext txx be fattening. Oats and barley, en account cf their hulls and htgtr-er fiber content, are not so gxxod as com or wheat, ttye ts nxxt well rel-tshext, and ts seldom text. tXxfn meal, wheat bran, wheat middling, and meat scrap fxxrni the basis et a gxxoxi mash, while exxrn rhoix, exxm aud cxxix meat, ground xat, and loxx srade flour may be addexl or autxstl-tutext to advantage). Whitewash 1 Bin Help, Whitewash the poultry house, the tree and the gwte, fence posts, te. tmt wilt be surprised at the ehange tn -the appearance of th? farmstead and the henoitt that whitewash will ?terd. i fc' 1 v v. I j 1 i j i COMMUNITY BUILDING SAVES Farmers in Alabama County Get Together and Reconstruct Wiihtd. Out Bridge and Road. (Prepare! by th t'nHM S(ta Dprtmnt t Agriculture.) Itecanse of 10 yards of flooded, sxvampy area, fnrmers In Autanga county, Ala., were obliged for several years to make n detour of four miles to reach the market, the town, Hie corn mill, sirup mill, gin house, church, or school. There hail been a nad In use for many years which led across a creek at the heart of a marshy district by means of a bridge. This road xvns long neglected through lack of community co-operation and In the winter floods of t?tn the bridge xvas washed away so that the road became entirely Impnssnhlp. The county agent from the ITnlfed States Department of Agriculture and the Stale Agricultural college felt Hint some action should be taken, and offered to conduct a rond-buUdlng r.. !t v 1 Vx-. Building New Road. demonstration last spring If the farmers in the district xvould contribute materials and labor. The response was gratifying. Nineteen men and five teams were furnished, and in txxv and a half days the road and bridge xvere completed. Kvery thing needed xv on hand in the community so that no time xvas lost going to the mill for anything, the only expense being $l.3 Invested In nails. The road xvns constructed xvlth both gravel ami corduroy. The demonstration xvas one of the most successful ever carried out In the country. Nothing could have met with more general approval and satisfaction. One farmer who makes txxo trips to market a xveek said he would save oxer $10 on every trip over the nexv road because of the shorter haul. About oOO people xvtll be benefited by the Improvement. SIGN-MAPS ASSIST TRAVELER Example Set by State of Maryland Might Well Be Followed by Other Commonwealth. Maryland has set an example that might profitably bo followed by all slate, says the Pittsburgh Dispatch. Instead of the curt and usually unsatisfying road sign that leaves the traveler frequently more puxxled than before, Maryland has begun to erect sign-maps that tell the trax-eler where he Is; itutt indicate the general direction to other points and the distances between such points. Thus, Instead of being told a road leads to some ptaee the . tourist may nex-er have heard of. the sign-map will show him that It Is either on or off the xxay to the place he Is anxious to reach. Suchdgn-maps should not he neces. sarlly expensive to put up, nor elaborate. In fact, the simpler the better. But hoxv many times has a lost motorist sighed for some such simple device that would shoxv htm where he was and hoxv he could get to the place he xxas trytag to reach? The ordinary road signs, even when legt-ble, are seldom ot much value except to local people, who do not need them. MINNESOTA SPENDS BIG SUM Mere Then $2,000,oo0 paid Out fer Construction and Improvement ef Highways. Minnesota is spending more than 130,000,000 on roads this season, according to announcement by the state highway department. This big fund ts made up entirely ot automobile and local tax revenues and federal aid, except for $3,000,000 of county bond money. Charles M. Babcock, state highway commissioner, estimates that about $1,500.000 will be expended this year for maintenance and permanent improvements on the 7,000-mile system ot state trunk highways. r v will not begin until about this time. vn though they have been resting ,nw th,p ddle of the summer. It takes oae about txxo months and the ether twice that long txx get back Into production. The poultry keeper who has an eye for business xxilt not neglect this worm Uoking late layer, for she ts the lcst i rxxfl t maker he has. She needs a highly nutritions ration If she to be In the best condition to start on another year of high production. When she quits laying and starts to molt she has as much need for a ratlxxn strong tn prototn as she has when she ts shellln out the eggs, as feathers are highly nitrogenous tn their makeup, They use the materials supplied by beef scrap, gluten feed, and oil meat. The oil meat Is very effect !x-e tn kcep-; Ing the feathers In n healthy condition. J Hens that lay eggs late tn the fatt j and tn the winter are really producing an etit-ef-seasxxn crop, for tt Is normal j for the hen to lay fxxr a time tn the ; spring and early summer ami rest for S wntattuter of the jvar. Prxtltable ' l-ens are really those that tmxY the capactty to force their egg making io;ivnmery, vvu mey must iiaT1 mo j right sxxrt of feet xvlth which to do tt. ! That means feextlng wetl-txalanced ra-j Hons xtestgnext fr Hie jvarttcutar class. i and svmellmes fxr the particular breed. A batanced ration ts a combination ot feed which furnish Just the necessary amount ot nutrient to produce the highest and nmst eoonemtoat egg yields. The amount of feed needed to produce a down egts varies with the kind ot birds. Accerxttng to ev pertinents eenduetexl by the trntted States !epartmcnt ef Agriculture general -puriHxse pullet produced a down egg from 7 iounds of teexl, and Leghorn pullets tatd the same number from 4.3 pound. animal has a five choice It will select the ration that Is most su'tahte. A Ihe government farm at Heltsvtlte, Md,, the foiloxxtng mash xxns made up by keeping accmn.t of the amounts of the different feeds a laying (lixck consumed ; Samples of Balanced Rations. Mh. Scrntch Mtxtur. t IKs, Hrn meat I IK rrixcKod com H lbs. meat or t lb. what 1 lb. brn I lb, oats t tb. mlvtvtllng Hero Is a simple ration that has gtxYn very gvod results xvlth Leghorns, but that ha proved too fattening for Hocks and Wyandotte, Meat scrap. It xxill he soon, makes up over 12a per cent of the mash. Mash. Scratch Mixture, S lb, corn meat 3 lbs. craekeJ corn 1 lb. meat sxTap lb. xats Tor htrds that are made tin fat by the preceding ratUxn, the following, containing only Id per cent of meat scrap but having considerable protein tn other feeds, h been found a goxnt one. Mash, t lb, rem meal I lb. bran 1 IN meat scrap I lb, mMdlinps 1 lb. srounJ oats SWatch Mixture. S lis, cracked corn 1 lb, xvhrftt I lb. oats t lb. barley tVultrymen resort to ox-ery inxsslhle mean to get their hens to cat a great deal of food, especially In the xinter xvhen the days are short. One way Is to cut the morning -scratch feed to about half. The hungry bird then gxes to the mash trough and gorges on the dry mash. Then to Increase the consumption ot mash some of tt ts fed WYt at noon and the hen will eat tt xvhen they x-ould take no more ot tt dry. Why &ttag la Economical. SHage has been found to be an ex'onomleal feed due to the fact that the starch of the com ts not hurt by the prxcess of ensiling. It I found best not to store potatoes tn large piles when they are moist or eox-cred with moist earth, as they quickly develop sufltctent heat to In Jure the .vitality of the tubers. If through unfavorable weather condh Hons It becomes necessary to store potatoes when they are wet and dirty, they should he spread out In a thtn layer until they 'have become dry, after which they may be piled up. It Is not desirable to store potatoes to a greater depth than sis feet. Potatoes intended fnr table use should alxvays be stored In a darkened cellar or storage house. Kx-posure h light quickly Injures the quality of the potato for food purposes. Detrimental to Laying Hana. Huns in snow and slush do not help ! tavtntt hens. The snow should either jb plowed away or the hens kept la j the house. DARKENED CELLAR IS URGED FOR STORING OF POTATOES Exposure to Light Quickly Injures Quality of Tuber. Temperature Bert Suited tor Proper Prtatrvatfen la On Ranging From 52 to 5 Degrett Large Ptlea Ar Net rvrl. The object ot storing any product ts tx preserve Its quality during as long a period a way be necessary or possible In orxler to permit Its disposal at the nuxst adxntageous time. Investigations by the bureau ot plant Industry, United States Department ot Agriculture, show that the temper ature best suited txx the proier preservation ot potatxxes ts one ranging trow 52 bo 45 decrees. In regUxns where the powdery dry rot occur a renxratnre of S3 txx ltd decree hoi, is the disease in check better, than higher one

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