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THE FAHIMOUNT NEWS Iff II II M M RIA FARM NEWS DEPARTMENT 0 For Infants and Children. Mothers Know That Genuine Castoria II I IN FATTENING TURKEY INCREASE SLOWLY EXTRA AMOUNT OF FEED Always Bears the Signature f WJ iV jv 'rWr'w " ' " : ... . - vl , . X. Command the Highest Prices. nNet Contetiral5riuidPfac: IBB ALCOHOL.-a PER CENT. Ac6clablclVcoaration&rA- similntinStoeFoodbYKeguUi- l tinthcStomadisandBawctecf 1 ThprpmrIVoinotinDcstlQir I rf n .'Ml Cheerfulness ana kcsw. neither Ooidm. lorpmuc . MineoLNoTNAHCOTw Senna - f.itriIRMiie(frfbf ! 'i-.richncss ana liraiillingthcrrfromjoJ Mi jeCestaub COHPASfc m Exact Copy of Wrapper. Don't borrow trouble borrow cash To Insure glistening-white table linens, use Red Cross Ball Blue in your laundry. It never disappoints. At all good grocers, 5c. Advertisement. The man with a grouch gets more sympathy than ho deserves. TAKE ASPIRIN ONLY AS TOLD BY "BAYER" "Bayer" Introduced Aspirin to the Physicians Over 21 Years Ago. To get quick relief follow carefully the safe and nroner directions in each imli-,iLo, iniptniru nf "Ti-ivor TnMoi if ! Aspirin." This package is plainly - stamped with the safety "Bayer Cross." The "Bayer Cross" means the gen uine, world-famous Aspirin prescribed by physicians for over twenty-one years. Advertisement. Kids Spurn Gifts of Pennies. Once upon a time children would be glad to get a penny or two a day from their parents. Today, as any mother will tell you, nothing less than a nickel measures up to their standards of daily needs. It Is usually G cents. "Aw wudaya want?" exclaimed lit tle Johnny the other day when his mother forgot herself ami offered him cents. "How da ya 'spect a feller to get anything for a coupla cents? The cheapest Ice-cream cone in Cheap Joe's is a nickel, an' I can't go to the movies for lessen 11 cents. An, anyway, ain't dad makln' more money than he uster?" New York Sun. Waiting to Find It. "Haven't you had that new cook a week?" "We have." "Such a prolonged stay would indi cate that she likes our little suburb." "No, she hates our little suburb. But the good old railroad company has lost her trunk." Louisville Cour ier-Journal. N res mm ' v s m r . I iW5 3 i ? ine HealtH POULTRY CACKLES PREPARING MARKET POULTRY Fowls Should Not Be Given Any Hard Feed From Eighteen to Twenty-four Hours Before Killing. (Prepared by the United Suites Department of Agriculture.) I'oultry should' be kept without auy hard feed from eighteen to twenty-four hours before killing, but a light meal of soft feed can be given up to twelve hours before killing. Water should be given them up to time for killing, say poultry specialists of the United States Department of Agriculture. When ready to kill, suspend the fowl by tin-legs and, using a knife, cut the vein at the back of the throat through the mouth. As soon as this vein is cut run the point of the knife through th roof of the mouth into the brain and give the knife a slight turn, which causes the bird to lose all sense of feeling. In most markets dry-picked birds are preferred. Immediately after killing. Capons Properly Dressed for Market. while the birds are still Weeding, the picker should remove the feathers, being careful not to tear the skin. If the picker waits until the bird Is partly cold, the feathers will be difficult to remove. As soon as picked the fowls should be hung In a cool place until thoroughly cold. If the weather Is warm and fowls are to be packed In Ice where no cold storage Is available, they should be placed in a tank of ice water until all the animal heat has left the body. When birds are scalded before removing the feathers they are Immersed In hot water, which should be a little below the boiling point, as soon as they are through bleeding. They should be Immersed three or four times and then picked clean. He careful not to overscald. as this will cause the outer surface of the skin to rub off. If fowls are to be shipped dry, they should bo hung up until the skin becomes thoroughly dry. If they are to he packed in ice, they should be left in cold water several hours or until they are to be packed. x TEACHING CHICKS TO ROOST Difficult to Keep Young Fowls Clean When Permitted to Remain on the Floor. I'tt '(HM ' I In Use For Over Thirty Years n TMC CCNTAUft COMPANY. NEW YORK CITY. WATCH THE BIG 4 Stomach-Kidneys - Heart-Liver Keep the vital organs healthy by regularly taking the world's standard remedy for kidney, liver, bladder and uric acid troubles COLD MEDAL -W4 Th National Remedy of Holland fof . A ,j. w. centuries and endorsed by Queen Wilhel- tnina. At all druggists, three sizes. Look for tlio nam Gold Medal oa r boa mnd accept no imitation ARE MANY KINDS OF SALMON Bureau of Fisheries, In Report Pacific Fisheries, Lists Large Number of Varieties. on Salmon Is salmon to most persons, but there are many kinds of salmon to those who know a "hawk from a handsaw" and a salmon from a salmon. The bureau of fisheries. In a report on Pacific salmon fisheries, lists the following Pacific species of the renowned fish. Chinook, quinnat or King salmon ; humpback or pink salmon ; dog or chum salmon; sockeyed blue-back or red salmon; silver or eoho salmon, and steel-head trout. All these salmon, with the exception of the steel-head, are included in the genus "oncorhynchus," and that tough-looking word is made up of the Greek word "onkes," meaning a barb or a hook, and another Greek word "rynchus," meaning a snout, so that genus of fish is distinguished by a "hook snout." The steel-head trout, classed as a salmon, belongs to a closely related genus called "salmo," which is a word probably derived from the Celtic and the significance of which Is disputed. ft .KV GOOD HIGHWAYS PNEUMATIC TIRES ARE BEST Cause Least Damage to Road Surface, According to Tests by Bureau cf Roads. (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) Many roads not originally intended to carry heavy traffic were seriously damaged during the period of the war by the impact of heavy motortrucks. The natural result of this was to warn highway engineers of the importance of planning all future roads with reference to the kind of traffic that Is likely to use them. The engineers responded Immediately by building thicker roads and roads of more durable material ; but in the absence of definite knowledge of the probable strength of the impact they have not known exactly how thick or how strong the roads must be made. Recent tests of the Impact of motortrucks made by the bureau of public roads. United States Department ot Agriculture, develop the facts that when a solid-tired truck strikes a Pneumatic Tires Save Highways. one-inch obstruction, the impact may be as hlph as seven times the load, an averape beinp about four thucs. The tests show, however, that the impact depends largely upon the kind and condition of the tire. Pneumatic tires cause the least damage to tne road surface, the cushion of air re: duclng the Impact so that it is seldom greater than Hi times the static load on the wheels. Although the Impact Increases with the speed of the truck, and it Is therefore highly desirable to limit speed by strict reg ulation, the use of pneumatic Urcs would make higher speed permissible. The tests of the bureau of public roads have pointed the way to more scientific designing of roads for motortruck traffic, and there Is every as surance that engineers will now he able to build roads w-ith practical cer tainty that they will withstand the blows of heavy vehicles. Further reassurance in this respect lies in the Information that manu facturers are not building as many trucks exceeding five tons capacity as formerly. The number of industries in whtch very large trucks can be kept continuously working is tx tremely limited, so that the likeli hood of forthcoming motortruck dam- ace to public highways Is consider ably reduced. GOOD HIGHWAYS ARE COMING Federal, State and Local Authorities Join Hands for Great Good Roads Campaign. The federal government, the state governments, and the local authorities iiave joined hands for the greatest good-roads campaign that has ever been undertaken anywhere In the world. We are told that during the next five years there will be, at the disposal of the state highway departments a grand total of not less than $3,000 000,000. No fewer than 22 great na tlonal highways are under construe tion or planned for early develop ment The aggregate projects call for the expenditure of $000,000,000 during th present year. APPROVES OUR ROAD SYSTEM Imperial Commissioner of J a panes Government Recommends Our Type for Building. Prof. T. Takakuwa of Klrlu univer sity, In Tokyo, and imperial commis sioner of the Japanese government, Rent abroad to Investigate types of highways tn Europe and the United States, approves of the type of road way used tn this country for the Im provement and road building program In Japan. Well-Fattened Turkeys Always tPrepared by the Vnlted States Department of Agriculture.) Once upon a time every farm family had Its flock of turkeys, which supplied plenty of birds for the home table and some for the tables of those wh: lived in the towns. Turkey raising In recent years, however, has decreased, one of the main reasons for this decline being that as the popula tion or tr.e country increased iarinmg i became more intensive and the area suitable for turkey raising was reduced. Turkeys require plenty of range in order to thrive. Many farmers, however, still consider turkeys a profitable side line on the farm, and about the first of October begin to consider how to put more fleh on their turkey flock. Feeding Turkey Flock. During the summer and early fall turkeys can find an abundance of feed on the average farm. Grasshop pers and other insects, weeds and grass seeds, green vegetation, berries and grain picked up in the fields all go to make up the turkey's daily ration. When this natural feed is plentiful, very little need be added until fattening time except for the purpose of bringing the turkeys every night to roost and to keep them from straying from home. For this purpose one feed of grain every night Just before roosting time Is sufficient. Fattening for Market. In fattening turkeys for the market an excellent plan is to begin about Oc tober 1 to feed night and morning, feeding only so much at a time that the birds go away a little hungry, and gradually increasing the quantity until they are given all they will clean Up three times a day during the week before marketing. By the latter feed-1 Ing Is meant that they are fed until they leave the food and walk away. Some turkey raisers feed wheat and oats during the first of the fattening season, gradually changing to corn as the weather becomes cooler. The majority, however, begin feeding heavily on corn about November 1 ; and, since turkeys are not accustomed to such heavy feeding, scours often result, especially if new corn is used. New corn can he fed safely If the turkeys are gradually accustomed to St by feeding lightly at first and more heavily afterward. . Lose Flesh When Pen red. Confining turkeys during the fattening season to prevent their using so much energy In ranelng has been tried to some extent, but with very ttle success say poultry specialists .f the United States Department of Agricul ture. Those confined to a pen eat heartllv for two or three days, but after this they lose their appetite and begin to lose flesh rapidly. On allowing them free range again, they pick up rapidlv and are soon eating as heartily as ever. The better method Is to allow them free range, as It keeps them In good, healthy condition. ERADICATION OF CORN SMUT Fresh Manure Should Not Be Applied and Rotation of Crops Should Be Practiced. There are things to be done and things not to be done to combat successfully the smut of com which has damaged the big crop ot this year In various parts of the Northwest. Fresh manure should hot be put on corn ground; a rotation of crops should be practiced. Spores germinate best and multiply In fresh manure, says &. C. Stakman, plant disease specialist of the Cniverlty farm, St. Paul. SAme other crop than corn should be planted on land growing smutted corn this year. Corn smut Is hot poisonous, says Doctor Stakman; on the contrary. In It early stages It Is edible for human beings, tt may occur on any part of the corn plant above ground, tt has been found that corn smut spores are killed In the silo. tVon'tVfeed poultry all kinds of old polled teed. I and they are always eager to be fed. Nuts of various kinds are a natural fattening feed picked up by the turkeys on the range. Of these beechnuts, chestnuts, pecans, and acorns are those most commonly found by them. Many turkey growers in Texas depend solely upon acorns for fattening their turkeys, and when the mast Is plentl- ful trie birds are marketed In fairly good condition. DEEP PLOWING IS BIG NEED Soils Are Getting Poorer, Producing Less Per Acre, Thereby Cutting Farmer's Income. Deep plowing is the greatest need on many farms. It Is a fact that soils are gretting poorer, producing less per acre and less In the aggregate year after year and less profit per year on many farms. Many of our soils are tired and sick ; like their owners they are overworked, underfed, and underpaid. The problem Is to get more from the soli without greater expense. One way Is to deepen the soil, letting in air and moisture and permit nature to make this sub-soil or under soil fertile. The roots of plants cannot penetrate deep enough under the present conditions on many farms to get enough plant food and sufficient moisture to yield a normal crop. What Is the remedy? Plow deeper. Deeper plowing should be done In the fall. Many soils should he sub- soiled, others should be plowed deeper with ordinary breaking plows. What ever the method, the soil must be made deeper. Plow deeper. SILOS NEED GOOD ATTENTION Hoops Should Be Tightened Occasion ally, Guy Wires Made Taut and Roof Repaired. Silos, to give the best service, need attention every year, says the United States Department of Agriculture. Stave silos need the hoops tightened occasionally, and the guy wires should be looked over and made taut. The roof should not be allowed to become leaky, and any defective places In the sides should be repaired. It Is advisable also to look well to the foundation. Before the silo Is filled the first time It should be painted on the Inside with raw coal tar thinned with gasoline. Every two or three years a fresh coat of this paint should be put on. tf practicable, a coat of paint on the outside to harmonize with the surrounding buildings will make the place more attractive. Standardise Nursery Stock. An effort is being made by the American Association of Nurserynien to standardize nursery stock. This Is a good move and should be worked out. - ESSENTIALS IN PIGEON COOP s " rresn Air, uryness, Sunlight and Space Enough to Keep Birds Com-fortable Are x Urged. The prime essentials In pigeon houses are fresh air, dryness, sun light, and space enough to keep the pigeon comfortable. The location should have good water drainage and air circulation In order that the floor and yards may be dry, while it should ie situated tor convenience In man-agement. A Southern or southeastern exposure Is best. The general prln clples of construction which apply to poultry buildings apply also to pigeon houses. Housing Machinery Pays. Every Implement or machine that Is left outside all winter will add to the inefficiency of some farmer next sea son and Increase his cost of produc tion. One way to save the high cost ot freight on cheap corn Is to feed the corn to hogs. rirW ,. ,. I) I I MM, .V a .... tn mm It is often advisable to teach the chicks to roost when S to 12 weeks of age, say poultry specialists of the United States Department of Agriculture. When they are allowed to remain on the floor, it is difficult to keep them clean and to keep them from crowding. If wide roosts 3 to 4 inches are used, there Is but little. If anv, more danger of crooked breasts than if the chicks M are allowed to remain on the floor. The chicks can generally he taught to roost by putting the perches near w7i.r - i ii ' .jajr-: win s the floor, but If this plan Is Inconvenient or does not prove effects the chicks may be placed on the perches after dark for a few nights until they . have learned to go there of their own accord. Where a large number of chicks are brooded together around a brooder stove it is a good plan to place roosts In the house when the chicks are four to five weeks old, so that the larger and stronger chicks will start using the roosts while the weaker chicks still stay around the --.w-tooder hover. This is the start of a better day , There's satisfying comfort and cheer in a breakfast cup of Postum, and there's no disturbing element to irritate nerves or digestion and leave mental energy lagging before the day is done. Thousands of former coffee users have found that Postum meets every demand for a delicious table beverage, and brings steadier nerves, clearer mind better health. As many cups as you like with any meal no after-regrets, Postum comes in two forms: Instant Postum (in tins) made instantly in the cup by the addition of boiling water, postum Cereal (in packages of larger bulk, for those who prefer to make the drink while the meal ia being prepared) made by boiling for 20 minutes. "There's a Reason" for Postum Sold by all grocers SOME FAILURES WITH DUCKS Weak Breeding Stock It Generally Cause t Unthrifty Fowls Use Strong Birds. failures xvlth ducks are generally due to xceak breeding stock. Strong. vigorous birds tan be profitably bred even at four years ot age. tn the early tart of the reason a SO per cent hatch fchouhl be "considered a good one, but later o "he tveroentage runs very high.