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THE FAIRMOUNT NEWS OSSBT8S3CQS05CSlCC000006oOOOOOOOOOCOQOOOOCOOOQ IP mnina a a . . mil had T. D. AuD WOULD HOT LIVE THREE HO Ml IS" FARM NEWS DEPARTMENT 0 Mr. Harold "W. Schmidt, Box 98, Breese, Clinton Co., IU., believes he has reason to praise Dr. Ilart-man's. Remedy for Catarrhal conditions. . .L Aa not "et tlirt. leel Ilka iW1 m f1 over normal weigh nd able to work every day . In M.reh, 1918T I con-tracted aaeverecold with spitting and took to "FEEL LIKE A GIANT SIKCE USIK8 PE-R5J-M" aiici WKldK COUple DOV iwi m Aian-a-im laoiets. M A Id aeven tnontha went baclc to wnrk. My Chronic Catarrh of ttn now and throat, which down Into the bronchial tube. life aaver." CENTURY IN USE SILOS GIVE BETTER SERVICE IF INSIDE IS GIVEN COAT OF PAINT D 1:: p' iii hh rN- Mi fi " W f If b . Hp? M I -4'?-w L rl JrPs n m Ti n i ii IpTr sSnf f POULTRY FLOCKS EGGS FROM BACK YARD FLOCK Owner Should Be Satisfied With No Less Than Ten Dozen Eggs Per Hen, Say Experts. OMepared by the CniteJ Stales Department of Agriculture.) Th- average novice can reasonably expect to get an average of at least ten dozen eggs per lien a year from his small Ilock in the back yard, say poultry specialists of the United States Department of Agriculture. On the basis of two hens to each member of the family this will give 20 dozen eggs -t year to each person, which amount is about half way between the general average of farm and city consumption. No back-yard poultry keeper should be satisfied with less than this. lie should try, however, to get as much more as possible. To provide an egg a day for each person two hens would have to lay 1S3 eggs each a year. This is by no means an impossible average for small Hocks. It is perhaps not too much to A Common Mongrel Back Yard Flock. say that in case, where the person attending the flock is in a position to look after the wants of the hirds three or more times a day an average of better than thirteen dozen eggs per hen can be secured if the hens are mature and in good condition at the start, and have the vitality to carry them through a year of heavy laying. For the farm the average of 100 eggs per hen is advised as the lowest that should be accepted as satisfactory, while for the back yard 120 is insisted upon as the lowest average, although in general the conditions In back yards are less favorable to poultry keeping than on farms. WHY CULLING IS PROFITABLE Unculled Flock of 992 Hens Laid 3,576 Eggs in Week and 3,520 With 79 Taken Out. An unculled flock of 9D2 hens laid 3.57G eggs in the week before being culled. Seventy-nine weak layers were cast out. The culled flock of 913 came right back the next week with a record of 3.520 eggs, while the 7J culls, living under precisely similar conditions, and doing their very best, were Lading only 85 eggs. The market value of the eggs layed by the culls was around $3..0. The cost of feed alor.e for them at a cent a day for each hen was ?i.53 for the week. Figures like these, say the poultry specialists at the university farm, show the importance of keeping only the best layers. Lessons driven home in the farm bureau's and extension division's campaign for frequent culling of flocks should put thousands of dollar in th pockets of poultry raisers. OEWMEC " .-la.. .. t fcMts.- Vlf i - hi. uucnuiuuui v ic vii ft-i u-im Kim A TABLETS UK LIQUID Horse's Subjection to Man. There is no exact date recorded in history when man first rode horseback, but it is probable that the time is not more than 3,000 years "ago. MOTHER, QUICK! GIVE CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP FOR CHILD'S BOWELS Even a sicV child loves the "fruity" taste of "California Fig Syrup." If the little tongue is coated, or if your child is listless, cross, feverish, full of cold, or has colic, a teaspoonful will never fail to open the bowels. In a few hours you can see for yourself how thoroughly it works all the constipation poison, sour bile and waste from the tender, little bowels and gives you a well, playful child again. Millions of mothers keep "California Fig Syrup" handy. They know a tea-spoonful today saves a sick child tomorrow. Ask your druggist for genuine "California Fig Syrup" which has directions for babies and children of all ages printed on bottle. Mother! You must say, "California" or you may get an imitation lig syrup. Advertisement. New One, Anyhow. "Judge, you ought to let me off this time." "IJiit yon acknowledge you were going fifty miles an hour." "It was this way, Judge. I'm an aviator and very Absent minded. I thought I wjis in my air bu instead of a motor car, When I glanced at the speedometer and saw I was traveling only eight miles an hour I got panic stricken and stepi)ed on the gas to keep from going into a tail spin." DYED HER SKIRT, DRESS, SWEATER AND DRAPERIES Each package of "Diamond Dyes" contains directions so simple any woman can dye or tint her worn, shabby dresses, skirts, waists, coats, stockings, sweaters, coverings, draperies, hangings, everything, even if she has never dyed before. Buy "Diamond Dyes" rto other kind then perfect home dyeing is sure because Diamond Dyes are guaranteed not to spot, fade, streak, or run. Tell your druggist whether the material you wish to dye is wool or silk, or whether it is linen, cotton or mixed goods. advertisement. Farce Comedy. ."All the world's a stage." "Those knockabout van comedians act like it when you're moving." Haveyou a Crippled Colon? Modern medical science says that stagnation in. the lower bowel causes more suffering than any other organ. It manufactures enough poison to put heart, kidneys, liver, stomach out of business. To cleanse the system take plenty of hot water and Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets. Made of May-apple, therefore harmless. South Bend,Ind. Ever since I was a boy I have taken Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets for the liver and consider them the very best liver pill I have ever taken. For constipation, bilious attacks or for sluggish or inactive liver, 'Pleasant Pellets have no equal. They keep one's system in perfect condition. They are very effective but never cause distress." Vm. D. Marquess, S. Carroll St. Cuticura Soap The Safety Razor Shaving Soap Catimrm Soap shaves without matr. Everywhere 2Sc. Swiss hotel waiters threaten to strike against tips. Is this a schema to attract tourists? Tenants have already discovered that "equalization Of rents" Usually niAnn Minn1i7fltlnii nnward means equalization upwaiU. The tax on cigarettes will not be i Increased. Was this decision reached j, in an effort to please the women? After he gets through giving the , country cleaner money, would Secre-! tary Mellon oblige with some easier ' money? EASYTQ CXOLL X RATS and By Ug the Gmuit STEAI-NO' ELECTRIC PASTE '' Ready for Uae Better Than Trap Directions la 16 languages in every box. Rata, Mice, Cockroaches. Ants and Waterbflg deatror food and property and are carriers of disease. Steam' Xtsctrie Pott forces these pests a ran from the Building for water aad fresh air. afieandtlJO. "Money back if it fails. C. 8. aovernment bare It. 8 cooid waiK around and trouble was dne to 1 had ten years, extending "1'e-ru-na was my A HALF j I i BULS EVERYWHERE X SLOW DEATH , Aches, pains, nervousness, difficulty in urinating, often mean serious disorders. The world's standard remedy for kidney, liver, bladder and uric acid troubles GOLD MEDAL bring quick relief and often ward off deadly diseases. Known as the national remedy of Holland for more than 200 years. All druggists, in three sizes. Look for tho name Cold Medal on every bos and accept do imitation Vaseline Reg U. S.Pat. Oft Carbolafed PETROLEUM JELLY A ccrxvenicrxt. safe antiseptic for horae use. Invaluable for dressing cuts and sores. A time-tried remedy. REFUSE SUBSTITUTES ran MFG. CO. State Street New York will make your linen Uat twice aa Ions. It bring it from the laundry white, weet and clean. At grocere. 5 cents. YOU CAN SAVE $5M2 By reeorerinir your old auto top frame yotareeJf . W make these recovers ftn fit all makes and models of cars. Aojr (" &nd up C I person that can drire a I D PvceU Past Psai Lbbm mw jh . n IVa " furnish (MtrvPttona. II oof asd queitan 9mwm4 toewCbar wftb n curtain, fsstensri, welt and tacks. All eornplet. Gtva aa 1 am. rar aarf modl number of yeir car and wa will aaad I u eataloiraa Hk sample aad qoata roa aaact prtca. aJBCRTY TOP TIRE CO.. Dept. J i Spreading the Gospel of a Better Livelihood and Easier, and Happier, and More Prosperous I MONTGOMERY COUNTY, ALABAMA, offer, you all this and more ! Back to the Land, the real land the LIMB LAND of the South for Lirestock and rich sandy loam for fruit and vegetables. These mean happy, prosperous farm families. Listen! Good roads; splendid schools; convenient markets; lonfr growing; seasons; pure water; low taxes; equitable climate. Farms can be bought with amall cash payment and deferred payments at six per cent for Ion g period. Write for information NO W I Rural Division, Chamber of Commerce 703 Bell Building, Montgomery, Alabama Don't Cut Out a Shoe Boil. Capped Hock or Bursitis for ID f a will reduce them and leave no blemishes. Stops lameness promptly. Does not blister or remove the hair, and horse can be worked. $2.50 m bottle delivered. Book 6 A free. . W. F. Tome Inc.. 310 Temple St. SpringieU. Han. C ultivated ;inng. 10 per round. Large pks;- e"1' Snl for circulars. Henry Knoblauch. (Irower. Mumhuboro. Illinois. LADIES! SllNDIO 0fORTUWITV to make pin monmf Miline KKEMOLA .n.'. Toilet ArtirUa Writ known. Liboral DronoxMnn. II R C. H. HRKRY COMPANY a SisnS 8. kMckisaa Araoo. Cbicac IKAni. NKCK1.ACKS Agents wanted to sell Pearl Necklaces direct to wearer at price In reach of every woman. C. A. CHRISMAN, 214 Front St.. SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF. $1,000 FOR A NAJUR You can win It. Send stamped envelope for particulars. O. A. 8TENSON Cokato. Minnesota 100 PROFIT selling Three-n-One holder. New patented, small, universally useful article. Very faat seller. Ribbon Steel Products Co., 1206 Engineering nidg- New Tor. SONG WRITERS We make music rolls of your compositions at reasonable rates. SOLO-ART COMPANY, g66 W. MeMlcken Ave.. Cincinnati, Ohio. Kecome an Expert Rifle or Pistol Shot. Send 60c today for my book. "How to Shoot and Hit the Mark." Am ex-rlfle coach with U. 8. Marines. This little book will save you many dollars In ammunition bills and may save your life some time. Should be In hands of everyone. Mall your order today. Box S Manhattan. W. N. U., Indianapolis. No. 41-1921 i ROADS .MO ONE TYPE OF ROAD BEST Bureau of Public Roads -Does Not Encourage Construction of Any Particular Type. (Prepared hy the I'nited States Depart - ment of Agriculture.) No effort lias been made to encourage the construction of any particu!ar type of road in the federal-aid projects administered by the bureau of roads of the United States Department of Agriculture. The legal requirement., that the roads shall he "substantial in character" lias not been interpreted to mean that only the most expensive types of roads should be built. It has been recognized that the heavy and expensive construction which is necessary in New York, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania Is not suitable or warranted for the less exacting traffic of Nevada. Idaho and the Dakotas. There Is a suitable type of road for every type of tralhc. Granite block are b'est around wharves ami freight depots; country thoroughfares need to be better than rural side roads, light- 7. Constructing Cement Road in Mississippi. ly traveled. A number of other considerations has influenced the choice of type in many cases. It is frequently found that suitable local materials may cost less than better materials imported from a distance; approval of the use of local materials is not infrequently given for the purpose of encouraging local production. In parts of the Far West the entire absence of water along a right of way, and the expense of keeping an adequate supply, often make it necessary to approve the building of a type of construction that can be built without using large quantities of water. The initial decision as to the type of a particular road is made by the state highways department. The bureau of public roads made an independent study of the conditions. The most suitable type of road in the judgment of the engineers of the State department and of the bureau of public roads is finally decided upon. The earth, sand-clay and gravel roads which make up 66 per cent of the mileage have cost only about one-fourth of the federal-aid funds used, while the higher types, including cement concrete, brick and bituminous concrete have called for GO per cent of the money to build 24 per cent of the mileage. BUILDS AND GRADES ROADS Machine in Operation in Midwest That Is Capable of Working at Rapid Rate. Moderate initial and operating expense as well as rapid work are features of a motor-driven, one-man road builder and grader of somewhat novel design that has,, appeared in the Mid-West. The machine carries at opposite sides endless conveyor drags that are supported at right angles to It by adjustable booms. These members are inclined downward, so that as they operate at. a speed of 200 feet a minute, they carry dirt from the sides of a 30-foot roadway to the middle, filling depressions and building up the crown. Under ordinary conditions, it is said, the machine is capable of building a new road at a rate of one or two miles an hour. Road surfacing and dragging is accomplished at a speed of from two to three miles an hour. First Turnpike Built. The first turnpike in the United States was constructed between Lancaster, Pa., and Philadelphia. Roads in National Forests. The federal government is spending $12,000,000 on roads in national forests in the western district. Corn for Live Stock.' by G inch planks, 90 feet of boards 1 by 12 inches, 22 feet of lumber 2 by 4 inches, one long kingbolt, two stirrup rods, and bolts ana nails. Silage Cutter Needs to Be Strong. If the silage cutter and lifting machinery have not been selected, every effort should be made to get machinery -which has sufficient or excess capacity. The mistake is often made of getting an outfit that is too small, thus making the operation of filling the silos slow and interfering with the continuous employment of the entire force of n?n. A number of satisfactory silage cutters are on the market. The chief features to be considered in a cutter are that it is strongly made and will cut fine. Opinions differ as to the fineness to which silage should be cut. The length varies from one-fourth to one incn. The latter is a little too long, as the pieces do not pack so closely in the silo, and they are not so completely consumed in feeding as the shorter lengths. On the other hand, the longer the pieces the more rapidly the corn can be run through the cutter. Fine cutting and thorough tramping are needed if it is desired to make the best quality of silage and fill the silo to its greatest capacity. Two types of elevators arein use the old-style chain carrier and the blower. The chain carrier requires less power, but is harder to set up and makes more litter, especially in windy weather, though some chain carriers are so inclosed as to keep the corn from blowing out. In using the blower type the blower should be placed as nearly perpendicular as possible. Harvest Corn Before Fully Ripe. Ordinarily, com should be harvested for the silo about a week or ten days before it would be cut for shocking; that is, when about 90 per cent of the kernels are dented and at least 75 per cent of the kernels are hardened so that no milk can be squeezed out. At this time the lower leaves on the stalk are turning yellow and the green corn fodder contains 65 or 70 per cent of moisture, which Is sufficient for silage. Silage made from corn containing moisture enough for proper preservation is more palatable than that made from corn so mature as to require the addition of water. HINTS ON SELECTING FOWLS Fast Growing Pullet That Begins to-Lay Early Is an Indication of Health and Vigor. Some pullets have inherent quail-ties that make them better than others. They mature earlier, are fuller in body and begin to lay before others of the same age. These are the points to be observed in selecting stock for next year. If a pullet grows fast and begins to lay early it is an indication of health, vigor and hardiness. it is necessary to place the carbon disulphid on top of the seedc in order that the gas may sink Into them and reach every'part of the container. A tight tin pail, box, or barrel makes an excellent container for fumigating seeds. For a tight barrel full of seeds one-half cupful of carbon disulphid is sufficient. For smaller containers, use in proportion. Seeds to be fumigated must be dry, and if they are in paper bags, the bags should be opened. The gas penetrates cloth bags easily. The liquid may be placed in any shallow dish, such as a saucer or plate, or merely poured on the seeds. The liquid will not Injure the seeds If poured directly upon thern. Immediately after starting the fumigation, the container should be covered with . several thicknesses of heavy paper, or other tight cover, and allowed to remain covered from one to two days. A longer fumigation In tin pails Is apt to injure the germinating power of the seeds. Tender Carrots and Beet. Small tender carrots and beets are best for winter use. Filling the Silo Canning Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture. ' With the approach of the time for filling the silo the United States Department of Agriculture calls attention to the desirability of putting silos in shape and making plans for filling which Mll save valuable time in the rush of work. Silos are a comparatively new feature of farm management, and in many cases have been built less substantial than some of the older forms of farm- structure. Silos Need Occasional Attention. Even the best constructed silos will need some attention occasionally. Concrete silos, which are among the most expensive of construction, require the least attention as a general rule, but they will give letter service if the inside is given a oat of special paint about once in three years. Paint for treating the' interiors of silos is easily made of new coal tar mixed with gasoline and applied with a tar brush. Wooden silos, either stave or board construction, require additional attention. Tin; hoops of stave silos should be tightened and any defective pieces of wood replaced. In wood silos, particularly the cheaper ones and those of home make, there is always the likelihood of inlets for air, which will spoil the silage. If the silo is so built as to require guy wires, these should be tightened to keep the building plumb and well braced to withstand winds. Small Bundles Easier to Handle. Careful attention should be paid to seeing that the machinery to be used In harvesting and storing the silage is in working condition. Corri harvesters and silo-filling machinery are frequently owned in partnership by several farmers and, of course, arrangements need to be made in advance to see that all the owners get their corn in at the season when it is in best shape. In using the corn harvester the bundles should be made rather small. While this takes more time, the extra expense is more than offset by the ease in handling the bundles and feeding them into the silage cutter. The corn ordinarily is hauled to the cutter on common, flat hayracks. The low-wheeled wagon is much preferred to the high one. An underslung rack can be constructed with comparative ease and will save much labor. The rack consists of two 4 by 6 inch l ed pieces, 10 or 20 feet in lenp.h, bolted together at the, end to form a V. On top of these timbers is built a rack 6 feet in width. The botsom of this rack is about 8 feet long. The end boards are 4 feet high, built flaring so they do not quite touch the wheels. The apex of the V is suspended below the front axle of an ordinary farm wagon by means of a long king bolt. The other ends are attached below the hind sxle by U-shaped clevises. The materials needed in its construction are SO board feet of 4 FOUL-SMELLING GAS WILL KILL INSECTS Various Kinds of Seeds Subject to Injury by Bugs. Pests May Be Destroyed by Fumigation With Carbon Disulphid Liquid May Be Placed in Any Shallow Receptacle. Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture. Many seeds, especially beans, corn, and lettuce, are subject to injury by a number of insects, all of which may be destroyed by fumigation with carbon disulphid, say experts of the United States Department of Agriculture. Carbon disulphid Is a liquid that can be purchased In tin cans at any drug store. When poured into a dish It evaporates rapidly, producing a foul-smellirife gas ' that Is heavier than air. Therefore, In fumigating weds, to kill Insects attacking them Keep lime always in reach, plenty of gravel or grit and a good dry dust bath for the fowls. Give the growing stock all they want to eat. They won't pay unless they grow, and they can't grow unless well fed. The turf formed by a pasture land of native grasses makes an Ideal grass run for all kinds of poultry, old and - --young. -. Separate the males and females. Both will stand the hot summer weath-. er better if separated, and the eggs will also keep better. Hens need fresh water as much as , do horses. During these hot summer days they will suffer greatly unless Ihey have constant access to It. v 1 Have the eoor for your little chicks made so thatMJie water cannot run in on the floor during heavy rain. Damp quarters make alck chicks.