The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana on September 22, 1921 · Page 7
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September 22, 1921

The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana · Page 7

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Fairmount, Indiana
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Thursday, September 22, 1921
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THE FAIRMOUNT NEWS 1 m ' - - I 625.G00 BOTTLES SOLD IN NEW YORK I ill IXAPM 1 LIVE STOCK FARM NEWS DEPARTMENT - - - . m , , . - . . w " SOLVE EGG-MARKETING PROBLEM THROUGH CO-OPERATIVE METHODS feD J iiJ. fhjil 'il.ft 43W WSiVv cJ-1 gg Production a Business Instead of Many Poultrymen. i, I i r i Biggest Thing cf Kind Ever Seen in T-at State, Declares Big Wholesaler. The f- ; th:.t t2- bottles of Tan-lac l.av- sold in the stale of New-York s,.v its ir.trodiKt'.on there loss than item :I, oar ao is a l ie business xviit attract unusual aiten-to-ghout the entire F.ast. for !:ko it has oxer hnpienod bo- tion t! r.Oti."!.; fotV. I ; ! vaks all records. s-.rpi R Evans, manager of sen-Snoxx Oompr.ny. lh well-xxholesale druggists, with - in Albany. Unffalo, Uoohes-xratsse. nnriitly announced . preparation was now selling trade teni;erios alor.o at the i rate of approximately ."HV.- Mr the ; knoxx r. tr:M. ter !.:.! th' in tl..-:r f-'-.or, v. t V. ! V, : Mr. 1a : - ; oa r. j resent rate oc.iinui ." saM - state a!- r.,- w iU proV .-. v -ori.i-raV?y ovor rVtW ,.nr. This : a ttvmendous 1 am rea'i'y nvrx alive in by loading druggists - . A h '. foment. Makir it vox or war to a boy v day knoxv as little CATARRHAL DEAFNESS I sreaity re"ved c-onstixutior.al treatment. HAUL:?. OATAKKH -MKtOlNB a constitutional remedy. Catarrhal tVafr.? is e&:sed by an Inflamed ecn-d 'ion of ;he raucous rr.ir.sr of the Kr.stA-chian Tr.he. When this tube Is Ir.flame.1 yci-j have a rv.mblir.tr sound or Imperfect Vearir.c ar.d when it Is entirely closed rvafr.es? is the resr.lt. Ur.'.es the in-tl.vir.m.A'.ie n can re reduced, your hearing wsv o. est roved forever. HAtA.'S rATARRH MKO'riNK art? tVr.xv.ch the Wood on the mu-ous f.:rfa-e of tVe tern. tVxj? 'e.tr.eirs: the inflammation ar.d njes'.sti-s Na.ru re in restorinc normal cot- d:ti .s r-r. v.'jr? fre. All txrv.itists. 1" ,T Oherev & Co.. Tor.vio. Ohio Advert- --or.t :KiT to 1 a x o .'V.o or.c's best ;!.:';-. to havo .Jono one's c: vv;. X ray"N sar.? the !.vanros as sN- htnc the snow-y xrash on the V'no. I w-f, a "happy ..iy" booansx? s!ie t:d Ked Cross Ball Blue. Adver- t:s?nifr.t. ar. knows bn or.o ihifsc ' e i'o f six ir e ;ulx i.v ow all Yeali and Miserable? s tr.c ai exertion tire xo-.i cut: : ee! and v. r rriei f.r.d V.x-e daily back-.cbc. Ur.-er.es. headache, diszi-ne?s. nd kidney irretxi'.arities? Sick kiintys are often to blame for this n-fcrrr s:ste. Yen must act r.ickly to rrever.T more serious trouble. Cse Petri's Eicrtf Fills, the remedy ree-emmer!cd everyxrhere by gratefxil K?er$. Ail poyir x,-por An Indiana Case Mrs. Francis Vie: st VI TV. S xth St.. jAsper, Ir.d.. says: "l i 1 - VIt IVvan's Kidney Fills N. .iiTV" when I was FUflTer- . Vil J 1 irr from kidney J-tPi i;mr.s. Mv Kek xras xery K-d and when I stoop-ed I had sexere pains In the small of it. My kidneys xvere w eak and irregv.lar in action. One day I heard abo--.t rsan' Kidnex- Fill? and pet I xe as r i V-c.. After t:?-r.c this box, :ex-ed of the trouble." Ct Don! t Art Stw. eOc a Bo DOAN'S KPDJLV FCSTXJl-MXBl-RN CO, BUFFALO, N. Y. Clear Babs Skin Vith Cuticura Soap and Talcum S 25c, 0- jwt IS tai SSc, TtW 2Sc Wb.at s neoome xxr tne o.t rasnuxnetl pirt who v.svd to fall downstairs lo-cause she had cattcht her heoj in the rnfTJe on her skirt? Flnclar.d is Mtjrcestir.e informally that Atrerica intorx-eno in t'pper Silesia. Sr.pose wie just make It an informal interference s;-,y l.xxkinc in .nd xrr.lk:rff awav. It's hard re tell whether the proposal to bar miners front unions nnless thxV are natr.ralixe1 will resr.lt in fewrr nnion miners or more American citlTens. Obregxxa has an uprising on his hands. That fellow can get one of those things on his hands as easily as an old p?r of glox-es. j It was considerate of those Rtienos ! Aires CVxramunists to expbxle their j bomb ot in front of the capttol. where It wtH-.ld do tittle damage. There has been a decrease in the s ; j j l I j Co-operative Marketing Has Made E a "Side Line" With Prepared by the tlnite.1 States Department ot Asrtioulture. Frxm Unal egg circles which left the problem still unsolvrtl. to a statewide egg-marketing association with central offices In Portland, Is the step talien by poultrymen in Oregxn In solving the egg-marketing problems. The story, otlicials of the bureau of markets and crop estimates of the United States Department of Agriculture believe, points a lesson for egg producers in other parts of the country, lieeent reports of the success of the association were received by them xxith much Interx-st. as being an outgroxxth of community egg circles along lines advocated by the department. Hgg circles, they say. are good to start small groups of producers along the right course, but do not solve the larger egg-marketing problems, for as soon as a circle grows to such a size as to handle a half carload of eggs It heexMuos a real business proposition. Handle Eggs for Few Producers. The circles in Oregon xxere organised in the leading poult ry-prxnlucing sections and each operated Independently of the others for a while, selling their eggs to Portland produce dealers or to private customers, such as hotels and restaurants. They found hoxxTpver, that they xvere still helpless and had very Uti.. control over their products. Some eight or ten circles near Salem co-operated through the Salem circle manager, but the business xvas so small It was not -ery encouraging. Things went front bad to worse, and it was decided to form an exchange with offices In Portland to which all the circles could evMtsiim their eegs. This move xvas ridiculed by produce dealers, for they knexv the farmers xvere not under contract xxith the clr 0 FARM POULTRY PREVENT BREAKAGE OF EGGS Plans for Making Better Crates for Shipping Have Been Worked Out by Specialists. tTrepared hy the t'nited States txepart-. mont of Aj?rieu5tx!ro.) 'llatHllins Kcts fivr lrxxtU" is the title of a little tmmeoerapheil circular issml ly the fo.l tvsoarch lalnxpittixry of the bureau of chemistry, Ctutexl States Department of Acrriculture. xvhloh jiixes directi.xns ami xlr-axvines for the construction xf crc xBases anvl outlines methods for packing the esrsrs so as to rothnv loss frxMn breakaso xxhilo in transit from the producers to exxnsutnins centers. The sHialists in the food resoarx'h labonttory have made a study of methods for p:eklnsr and shipping ecirs in crxler to reduce th.v srreat losses frxtu brxakace that have ocvurrvl in the past. This xxxrk has Ihhmi xl.Mie in all pans xxf th, cxxunlfy in xnvopcration xxith railrxxads and xxith orc shippers. The Rignt Method cf Nailing Crates Is Shown in Fig. 1, Proper Methods j cf Packing in Fig 2. 3 and 4 Poorly i Made and Packed Crates Are Shown i in Figs. 5 and 6. Kxporimonta! shipments in ditYerent : kin.is of shipping cases and xxith the ; different tnxth.xls xxf packing thx1 epps 1 in the cases haxe bxvn made and the resttlts cmivrxl. An instrtiment has ; Imhmv devised f.r measuring and re- cxxrtling the sh.nks to which cars con- tainlnc ecsrs xx-ore subject e.1 xvhlle In transit. I As a result xxf these experiments the ' sixvialists have rxxmmxMidcrl methods j f packing egtrs which reduce breakace to a minimum. Those methods haxre ; Nvn trixl under a great variety of : cxywlitlvMis. and haxv been incorporated ; as requirements in the railnxad and ex- i I rtss classifications for the transpor- I tat ton xxf egirs. Nails in placv save claims, it is terse- ly said ; and, as shoxvn in figure I. J the number and arrangement of these I r.ecessary in order to caxnform xxith the requirements of the express and 1 consolidated frx ight classjtications are as foPoxxs: Threepenny nails, cement coated, with ' lar$re heads. j IS r.ai'.s fvr each side, for each end. : In center. j 21 nails for bottom, t in each end, 7 In ! center. $ rails for top, 4 in eah end. ;"or C :sh cleat. rails for top. 3 in each end. for drop cleat. Kgg ivickxrs are advised to le sure that they use the correct nnnv r of nails. When t paper-covered xxcelsior mats are usxnl. fiats should not Ixe placed Ihn-tween the mats and the fillers. When cupped trays made of exMnprossed pulp j are employed, it Is Ixest to legin by placing one 25-cup filler, receiving side downward, or. the bottom of the case. Then place one ltVcup filler, receiving side upward on top, nesting it. Fill the cups with eggs and cover xvith one lC-cup filler. Then place one So-cup filler, receiving side upward; fill cups with eges and cover with a 25-cup filler. Improper packing invites breakage, and figure 5 illustrates a poorly packed case. Sometimes an extremely thin layer of excelsior, many times a small amount of loose paper, or perhaps nothing at all Is placed on the top and bottom, leaving the case loosehy packed and the chances for breakage and loss are great. Very frequently such poorly packed cases haxre broken and stained fillers and flats, and such a combination greatly Increases the probability of damage. Avoid Oxrerfeedina Turkeys. One of the main things ts to avoid overfeeding turkeys. This helps prevent blackhead." Remember, turkeys should pick p most of their subsistence on the range. Protect Fowls From Sun. Now that hot summer weather Is here the poultry keeper should see that his shock Is sufficiently protected frv. the sun. v - - r I eve area yrTa 0 4 j IMPROVED ROADS PROPER WIDTH OF HIGHWAYS Eighteen Feet Should Be the Minimum, Not the Maximum ort Main Traveled Roads. Through all the years xve have been trying to maintain from forty to sixty-foot roads in a large percentage of our public highxvays xvheu such .a xxidth xvas wholly unnecessary. The road sides have not been cared for because they were waste land and this lack of care has made them spreaders of xvoed seed and hay fever. A narroxver roadway, well kept, xvould in most cases serve all the purposes required, drainage and safety, says the Successful Farming. Nov that the roads are to be hard surfaced the tendency is to go to the other extreme in order to save taxes for paving. We must look ahead. If xve put down a paving that xvill last, fifteen or twenty years, xve must estimate if possible the amount and kind of traffic It will bear at that time. Putting the Finishing Touches on Hard Surface Road. If the road is dangerously narroxv now, as Is the case where less tlwin eighteen feet is paved, what xvill it be in twenty years? Kighteen feet should be the minimum, not the maximum; and on main traveled roads a greater width xvill seem narroxv in twenty years. In Kng-land and France the roads are paxed clear to ihe fences or sides of the highxvays, unless a curb and sidewalk or bicycle path is maintained between the road and fence. Every foot is kept in good condition Good drainage is as much a part of the 'European highxvays as is the case with our city paved streets. We are at the beginning of motor transport. Unless xx-e look ahead and i provide wider pavements, xve xvill find j the highways croxvded and our pos-: sible relief from railway congestion annulled. A fexx- dollars saved now In narroxving our paved highxvays will prox-e a short sighted policy. We have already seen the folly of i constructing our canals too narroxv and locks too short. The great lakes boats needed in Atlantic transport during the war had to be cut in two and taken through the canals in pieces. Ocean ships caunot reach interior ports until the canals and locks are enlarged. This is a highway lesson to us. Iaxk to the future. ROAD LEGISLATION OPPOSED Engineers, Dairy Farmers, Fruit and Vegetable Growers Making Vigor- . ous Protests. - All industry and a great portion of the agricultural Interests of the country are up in arms against the hasty and ill-advised legislation already enacted by a fex- states and pending in others which threatens to strangle one of the natiou's most essential industries, motortruck transportation, says a xvrlter In an exchange. The protests come from highway engineers, dairy farmers, fruit and vegetable groxxers, grain belt shippers, all lines of industry and commerce and other operators of motortrucks and their patrons. They say increased license fees and restrictive legislation have been effected without sufliclent Investigation and without conclusive evidence. A sensible solution is being worked out by the state of Illinois. The state highway department has under construction an experimental road containing 64 test sections, each section differing from the others In design. Building in South. A stretch of hard-surfaced road in the southern states, twenty-five miles in length, was difficult to be found six years ago, whereas at present there are any number of hard surfaced roads ft9 twenty-five to 100 miles In length. 6d . X AID BETTER SIRE CAMPAIGN More Than 5,000 Pastors to Carry) Message Into Rural Districts of the South. Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture. The message that, better sires offer an effective way of obtaining better live stock of all kinds is to be curried Into rural districts of the South by more than ."i.OOO country pastors. In A Registered Hereford Used to Build Up Beef Herds of Louisiana. accordance xvith u request from the board of missions of the Methodist Episcopal church. South, the United States Department of Agriculture has supplied the rural survey secretary of the board xvith the necessary information. A stereoptieon lecture based on a set of 70 lantern slides prepared by the bureau of animal industry Is to be used as a part of the xvork. "We feel that xve can be of material assistance to you," the rural survey secretary of the board stated to the department, "in carrying your message to the people xvho need it most." CAUSE FOR UNTHRIFTY PIGS Dr. Evvard of Iowa Station Suggests That Round Worms May Be at Bottom of Trouble. When young pitrs re not jdoing xvell, it may he that round xvorms are the cause of their unlhriftiness. A 1H pound shote at the Ioxva experiment station xvas very unthrifty. It xvas killed and examined. John M. Evvard. in charge of swine feeding work, says that in one-half foot of that hog's Intestine there were 53 worms that xveighed two-fifths of a pound. To prevent such conditions, keep the pigs groxving. Feed well. Keep the lots clean and free from rubbish. Drain the pastures and lots. For emergency cases use santonin and calomel, about five to ten grains each for a 100-pound pig. or 7,a to 15 grains each for a 200 to 300-pound pig. It may also be well to allow free access to such condiments as air-slaked lime, charcoal, slack coal, powdered sulphur, glauber's salts and common salt, these being al-loxved free choice style, each being placed in a separate compartment of a self feeder. HORSE SHORTAGE IS FEARED Secretary Dinsmore of Horse Association Says Demand for Draft Animal Is Strong. Reporting the fact that citizens of Denver recently rejected an ordinance xvhich, if passed, xvould have made It a horseless city, Wayne Dinsmore, secretary of the Horse Association of America, says in a recent communication received by the animal husbandry division at University farm: "We need more good draft horses-The demand for them Is stronger and prices are hisher than at any time In history, and unless everything possible is done to bring about horse breeding xxe xvill have a shortage in coming years xvhich xvill materially increase the cost of production and transportation." FURNISH FOALS WITH GRAIN When Pastures Begin ' to Dry Up Young Animals Must Have Feed for Best Development. As the pastures commence to dry up the proper development of the foal calls for the feeding of a little grain In order to maintain the milk fat and keep the foal developing to the best advantage. Colts that belong to xvork-Ing mares should have a separate feed box and receive a little grain each time the mother is fed. Those on pasture should be proxided 'xvith a creep where grain can be kept available for the foal at all times. If these methods are folloxved the colt xvill continue to gain and xvill not shrink xvhen weaning time comes. EWES DISOWN THEIR LAMBS Trouble Sometimes Overcome by Penning Mother Up With Her Young Other Plans. Exves that will not own their lambs may sometimes be induced to do so by penning ewes up and forcing them to permit the lamb to suck, a fexv lessons of this sort usually being sufficient. Some shepherds moisten ;he lamb's head and neck xvith the exve's milk, claiming that this will make the exve own the lamb. Shutting the ewe and her lamb by themselves for a few days should prove effective, though a vicious ewe xvill sometimes kill her own lamb if shut up alone with it. marketed. These contracts and the storage of surplus production during the storage season placed the association In position to be an Important factor In the Portland market. Modern methods of grading, packing and standardization xxere adopted, and all eggs are noxx candled and graded into three classes. Those which are of the finest quality are put under the Diamond brand, while No. 2's. xvhich contain off colors, undersized and off -shafted eggs, are graded out ; N. .Ts are sold to the bakery trade. The business during the year xvas exected to reach a volume of approximately 2.000.1HH) dozen. During the present season the association has shipied several cars each xveek to eastern markets, thus keeping the Portland market clear of surplus and lu a stable condition. The success of the association has been: so great and the increase .In business so rapid that as recently as February no nexv members xvere being admitted, although applications at the rate of 30 a day xvere received. The mason for closing the membership temporarily xxas that they xvere storing eggs and the finances of the association did not iermlt handling additional supplies from new members. Organized on Co-operative Basis. The association Is organized on a co-operative basis, xvith both common and preferred stock. Kach member Is obliged to purchase a JflO share of common stock for ..each 100 hens or fraction thereof. The preferred stock carries no vote and is limited to an 8 per cent cumulative dividend. Some $40,0t!0 preferred stock has been sold and is being retired by a levy of one-half cent on each dozen eggs. The operating expenses of the association are paid out of a charge of 3 cents I for each dozen eggs received. tn any other community where the producers go about it in a businesslike fashion. Organized marketing along right lines, it says, has been found to be satisfactory to all concerned. Watch for Diseases. Notice the yard, the chicken houses and barns carefully. See that no foul places are left to breed disease germs that cause sickness. Health ts better than wealth and ofteu the direct cause of It, and ill-health the lack of it. tering, and haug or spread them tn an airy, dry place until the seed Is quite hard. Then shell the seed, spread It out not over two or three grains dep, and when thoroughly dry, store it for the winter in bags of coarse open-meshed fabric hung in a cool, dry place. Pods xvhich for any reason have been ox-erlooked when picking beans or peas for the table should be saved, since they can be shelled for seed, though inferior to the selected stock described above. In saving seed from remnant crops of this kind it is xvell to discard all pods containing only one or two seeds, as these may have come from plants xvith a tendency to produce poorly filled pods. Some very destructive bean diseases. Including pod-spot, are carried in the seed; so It is extremely important to observe the general rule that no seed should be saved from diseased plants xvhen saving beans fcr seed. Never save seed from pods which are not bright and clean. Gentleness in the poultry yard pays perhaps as well as anything else. cles or the exchange ; the dealers, So successful has Oecn this asso-therefore, xx-ould he able to obtan their eiation in the southern portion of the supplv of ogsrs bv offering higher stato th;,t a similar organization has prices at the country buying points ! l1" fenhed, xxith headquarters at than the exchange could realise on the j Ashland. market. Dnrinc ihe egg-storage sea-' The LVpartment of Agriculture is son some of the firms paid more tn j encouraging egg producers in other the country, and. as they predicted, the j ,;rt,i of ,ho country to form similar exchange praetieallv failed, and it associations for disposing of their appeared for a time that cooperation wares. The success of the Oregon or-5n th n.Miitrv hnsinoss Yvn .,r n .i i gaiiizatlon. It believes, can be achieved in Oregon. A study xvas made of the Poultry Producers'' association of central California, xvhich xjas more successful, and as a result after a year's effort, the Orecon producers launched forth again to do their own business on a j new basis. A state-xvtde member- j " ship campaign was undertaken, and the producers xvere asked to Join the association and sign a three-year contract, or marketing agreement, where by their whole production was to t? dellxTered to the association to be SELECTING BEAN AND PEA SEED IN AUTUMN Choose Plants Alike in Varietal Character and Earliness. When Plants Have Fully Ripened Avoid Shattering in Pulling and Hang in Airy, Dry Place Until Seed ts Quite Hard, Prepared by the United States Depart ment ot Agriculture. The best seed of beans and peas Is to be obtained by marking a few of the finest plants with a bit of cloth at . the beginning of the harvesting season and alloxvlng the crop of these plants to ripen completely, say experts of the Cntted States Department of Agriculture. In making such selections It Is best to choose plants alike tn varietal character and earllness. When ripened until dry, pull these plants tn the early morning, tn order to avoid shat httt. of course, not so much Is needed -fr that the silk shirt ts passe and sxxline prices are loxxner. - An x-ray device has been perfected that will take a photograph through a wall. The age certainly ts pnrsu-,' tag the man with a cellar. The skull of a stelgasanras has boon nnearthed in Alberta. There wront he very many txx happen along and say 'Alas, I knexv him weil. Crete Ssm may be asked tx Intervene In Vpixer Silesia, but, having iieen discreet enough to keep out of Mexico, he ts not Hlte1y to swim an ocean to get Into tronble. J '-V . X v in im

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