The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana on August 25, 1921 · Page 2
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August 25, 1921

The Fairmount News from Fairmount, Indiana · Page 2

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Fairmount, Indiana
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Thursday, August 25, 1921
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Page 2
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THE FAIItr.IOUNT NEWS RELAYING THE GOOD NEWS DRIVER DEFT AT DERGDOLL PLOT GARAGE DOOR CLOSED BY PASSAGE OF AUTO -' .M? TWO SENATE PASSES 111GH17AY BILL Measure Carries $75,000,000 for Federal Aid in Making Roads. SHIFTING GEARS All Motions With Levers Must Be Made Deliberately and Without Undue Haste. PROBLEMS OH TBAMSmSSIOIl It Is a Serious Mistake to Permit Car to Gain Too Much Speed Before Changing Combinations-Good Method Outlined. One of the marks of a good driver s the manner In which be handles the gear shifting lever. Of course, the design of the chitch has a great deal to do with easy gear shifting. but even with this advantage a cer tain amount of practice is necessary in order to shift the gears deftly without noise or clashing. The transmission is made up of a series of gears, mounted on the main shaft and the countershaft, with the Kiier gear mounted on the transmis sion case. The first speed, second sped and reverse combinations are with various ratios, to give the mo tor a greater leverage against the driving mechanism when required. High speed is direct drive, which means that the propeller shaft re volves at the same rate of speed as the motor crankshaft. The various gears are brought into play by moving the gear shifting lever to the proper positions. Power Is Disconnected. When the clutch pedal is pressed all the way down the power of the motor is disconnected from the trans mission system, which releases the pressure of the gear teeth against each other and makes it possible to shift the gears easily. Also, when the gear shifting lever Is in neutral position the power is disconnected from the rear driving mechanism, because none of the transmission gears are fn mesh. The whole theory of gear shifting may be summed up in the statement that the two gears about to be meshed should be revolved slowly and as nearly as iossIble at the same rate of speed. If one is revolving much faster than the other it is difficult to shift without clashing. How to Get Good Results. It is a mistake, for the above rea sons, to let the car gain too great a speed before shifting Into a higher combination. The following method will be found to give good results: With the throttle closed and the spark lever about half-way down the quadrant, so that the engine idles slowly, throw out the clutch and put the gear shifting in first-speed posi tion. Engage the clutch slowly, at the same time pressing down on the accelerator pedal gradually. Let the car attain a speed of about four or five miles an hour and" then throw out the clutch, removing the right foot entirely from the accelerator pedal Push the lever slightly forward into neutral position, then clear to the left and forward into second speed. Let the clutch in gently, as before, and accelerate the speed of the car to about eight or ten miles an hour, when the clutch should be again disengaged, the foot removed from the accelerator and the gear shifting lever pulled straight back Into high speed position. All of these motions should be made deliberately withouthaste. TIRE CHANGES ARE FAVORED It Is Well to Replace Rear Tires With Front Ones and Also to Reverse Sides. After the rear tires have worn considerably, interchange with the front tires. It is also good to reverse sides. The tractive strain on the rear wheels makes It advisable to place new tires on the rear wheels, moving the old ones forward. Some of the greatest mileage records ' known have been gained in this way. ANYTHING BUT o A7 f r I I Wheels of Vehicle Pass Over Tripping Device. Door Is Counterweighted So That When Trip Is Released, Weight Pulls Door Shut or Open as May Be Desired by Driver. An easy-running garage or barn door may be arranged, as shown In the drawing, to close Itself as soon as the rear wheels of a vehicle pass over the tripping device. The door Is counter-weighted so that, when the trip Is released, the weight pulls"the door shut. The trip, or release, consists of a hinged plank arranged, as Indicated, to engage with the notched plate on the door; this plate has two notches, one of which engages with the plank A Simple Device That Automatically Closes Sliding Garage Doors After the Passage of a Vehicle. In the extreme open position. A spring on the underside of the plank holds It in engagement with the notches. In operation, the front wheel of the vehicle pushes the trip down and the door is released until the catch engages in the second notch, which is about 2 Inches back of the first. The rear wheel disengages the catch from the second notch and the door rolls shut. The door travel should be adjusted so that It will clear the car as it shuts. Popular Mechanics Magazine. HARD TO GET PROPER IDLING Trouble Usually Caused By Spark Plug Gap Being Too Close No Fault of Carburetor. Owners of cars containing small bore six-cylinder engines sometimes complain of the difficulty of obtaining proper idling. The owner usually assumes that the carburetor is at fault. As a matter of fact, the trouble Is usually caused by the spark plug being set too close. This causes the motor to roll when Idling; with all the symptoms of loading. By increasing the spark gaps and cleaning the plugs the trouble will be cured. Maryland has a state motorcycle constabulary. Gasoline costs more than $1 a gallon in Japan. There is now in operation one motortruck to every 100 inhabitants of the United States. ' A new rheostat for dimming automobile headlights can -be clamped to a car's steering post. Nearly all cities, large and small, in South America are installing motor fire-fighting apparatus as part of their equipment. An oil-burning Diesel type of en?to. has been invented for automobile use that Is said to run on butter, lard, or even powdered coal. Motor vehicle production in Detroit and the state of Michigan for May totaled 144,601, as compared with 104,-955 in April and 142,083 for May, 1920. HARD TIMES SEEN -At ; nil .. i 4 r a a LAID TO ANSELL Majority Report Charges Army Officers With Conspiracy in Escape of Slacker. TY0 COLOURS ALSO HIT Former Judge Advocate General Termed Master Mind in Plan to Cause Prisoner's Release to Hunt Pot of Gold. Washington, Aug. 20. Samuel Til- den Ansell, former acting judge advo cate general of the army and of the prisoner's legal counsel ; Col. John E. Hunt and Col. C. C. Cresson were charged with conspiracy in connection with- the escape of Grover Cleveland Bergdoll. the draft evader, in a report signed by three of the five members of a special investigating committee, filedwith the house on Thursday. A minority report filed at the same time held, however, that there was no testimony to support the charge that Ansell, through whose efforts, as counsel, the prisoner was released. conspired to effectuate his escape," or that his motive was improper. One Republican, Representative Luhring of Indiana, and two Demo crats, Johnson of Kentucky, and Flood of Virginia, signed the majority report. The minority views were pre sented by Chairman Peters, Maine, and Congressman McArthur, Oregon. Republicans. The majority held that Colonel Hunt, commandant of the barracks at Governor's island, from which Bergdoll set out on his errand, was directly responsible for the slacker's escape through failure to handcuff him or to provide an adequate guard. As a basis' for Its criticism of Col onel Cresson, the majority report said that "as ugly as are the many phases of the whole matter, none is more defenseless than the conduct of Col onel Cresson, in his pretense of prose cution of Colonel Hunt," tried by court-martial in connection with the Bergdoll scandal. No reference to Cresson was made by the minority. Maj. Bruce R. Campbell, accused by Bergdoll's mother of having accepted $5,000 to help obtain freedom for the prisoner, was exonerated bv the ma jority. Dismissal from the Department of Justice of Earl B. Wood, in charge of correspondence in the Bergdoll case, for failure to transmit to the War department warning from a special agent that the prisoner was planning to escape, was recommended by the majority. Maj. Gen. Peter C. Harris, adjutant general of the army, who authorized Hunt to send Bergdoll, under guard, to the Maryland mountains to search for the gold, was charged by the minority with "primary responsibility for the situation which made possible the escape. Asserting that General Harris did not attempt to' evade responsibility. the minority held there was "no ques tion of Improper motive on his part. adding it was "apparent his mind was readily overcome by the strong statement of Ansell," that he wouid stand responsible for the return of the pris oner. The minority criticized General Harris for suggesting to Hunt, instead of ordering that a commissioned officer accompany the expedition. The majority reported that the es cape was "the direct result of the proposition submitted by Ansell to Gen eral Harris," and that "even if Ansell did not conceive the plan, he presented it and pursued It to its accom plishment." The trfajorlty report commended the seizure of the Bergdoll property bv Allen Property Custodian Miller, and urged that he make every effort to produce $105,000 in gold, obtained by Mrs. Emma C. Bergdoll, from the Treasury department, and alleged to have been buried on her farm, near Philadelphia. This was put In at the insistence of Representative Luhring, who declared the withdrawal of the gold was the foundation stone of the whole conspiracy. "It seems," said the majority, "that every happening whether of act, or -omission, resulted in Bergdoll's bene fit, and not one to his real detriment.' Colonel Hunt, "within the next two months after he participated so crlm inally in the escape," said the major ity, was promoted and retired. "An outraged nation," it added, "has the right to demand that Colonel Hunt's annuity be discontinued. "Anybody who has seen and heard all of, those associated, directly or Indirectly, with the plan and manner of Bergdoll's escape," said the major Ity .report, "not only must recognize Ansell as the master mind of them all, but also as their dominating and con trolling spirit." Quiet in French Morocco. Fez, Morocco, Aug. 22. Official re ports declare that absolute calm pre vails In the 'French zone - of Morocco, even In districts near the Spanish zone, where the tribesmen have been engaged in hostilities. Catch Alleged Embezzler. Dallas, Tex., Aug. 22. Norman D. Richards, who is alleged to have em bezzled $70,000 from the funds of the Northern National bank of Phila delphia. September 20, 1920, was ar how' goes to co;;ferei;ce Original Appropriation of $100,000,000 in Bill Was Reduced by Amend, ment by Senator New Who Asked $50,000,000 Cut. Washington. Aug. 22. The Town-m-iul bill, appropriating $75,000,000 for federal aiJ in construction and development of good roads, was passed by the senate on Friday by a viva voce vote, 2S to 22. It now goes to conference, where an agreement with the Iie-ise is expected before congress recesses. The original appropriation of 100,-ikKi.ooo in the bill was reduced on amendment by Senator New of In-disna. who sought to cut it to $50,- X JOKM. A committee amendment for a fed-ei;i highway commission to administer the bill was stricken out and the retary of agriculture left to carry ut Its provisions. A provision for $15,000,000 for construction and Im-iiitivement of national forest roads ami trails was allowed to stand. IS FINAL OFFER TO ERIN Premier Lloyd George Says Peace Terms Are Best Britain Has to Offer Rejection Means War. London, Ang. 22. The British government, declared Premier Lloyd Oeorge on Friday, in making its settlement proposals -to Ireland, had decided on putting the whole of Its terms into the letter to Eamonn de Valera without keeping anything back, and the sequel had proved, he said, that it was right in adopting that course. "I want to make it clear," continued the prime minister, "that the government did not put forth haggling terms, but put forward everything they could possibly concede to purchase peace and the good will of the Irish people. In Ireland, Itself, so far as I can see, the doubt Is not so much as to the terms, but as to whether the government really means them. "That is a question of working out the terms of elucidation and elaboration, and not a changing of the terms. The outline cannot be altered nor the basis changed. "If there is rejection, and final rejection beyond hope of negotiation, steps will undoubtedly have to be taken which the executive ought not and won't wish to take without first consulting parliament and giving it full opportunity of expressing approval or disapproval of any steps we might pro-pie to it." U. S. TO SHIP FOOD TO RUSS Washington Officials Arrange to Charter Several Steamers to Carry Goods. Washington, Aug. 22. Large sums will be spent Immediately In 'the United States for cereals and other foods, soon to be shipped to soviet Russia by the American relief administration, under plans announced on Friday by Secretary Hoover. Agreement between the relief society and the soviet authorities is near comple tion and the relief work will go on at once, the secretary said. Relief work in Russia may entail expenditures of $10,000,000 before many weeks have elapsed, including the financial outlays necessary abroad as well as in America. Officials are arranging to char ter several steamers at New York to carry the food cargoes across without delay. Every dollar spent for Russian-re lief supplies will be spent in the United States. 'CLOUDBURST" HITS CHICAGO Thousands of Persons Marooned in Autos and on Street Cars by Deluge Property Loss Heavy. Chicago, Aug. 22. Chicago experienced one of the heaviest rains in years Friday night. The downpour, which lasted three hours. Inundated the streets to the -depth of three feet la some places. Thousands of auto mobiles were stalled and the occu pants forced to wade through three feet of water. - Thousands of dollars worth of property was damaged when basements were flooded to the depth of several feet. Street car traffic was halted on several lines when the wa-"ter reached the floor level. Several buildings were struck by lightning. Manila Is Under Water. - Manila, P. L, Aug. 20 Following rtn: for the past nine days, Manna Is In the grip of a serious flood. Tbe business district is tied up by high waters and portions of the residential district are under water. Flyer Killed in Air Drop. f tockf ord, II!.. Aug. 20. "Bud" Brld gens of Chicago was instantly killed when his parachute failed to open after he leaped from an airplane here. Bricfsrens was practicing for an aerial WASHINGTON STAR. LUCKY BOY SCOUTS Two Win Trip to South Pole With Shackleton. Selected. From Among Ten Competitors to Be Cabin Boys on His Ship on Antarctic Expedition. London, Aug. 10. Two Scotch boy scouts will shortly embark on a cruise of adventure such as their comrades throughout the world daily dream about, for Sir Ernest II. Shackleton, the antarctic explorer, has selected them from among ten competitors to accojTipany him in his coming antarctic expedition as cabin boys aboard his ship, the Quest. The youths -are Patrol Leaders J. W. S. Marr of Aberdeen, aged sixteen, and N. 12. Mooney of Kirkwall, in the Orkney islands, aged seventeen. The ten picked applicants came to London from alt parts of the United Kingdom. Sir Ernest interviewed them to ascertain their qualifications and found so much talent that he could not make a decision until today. Young Mooney came all the way from the stormy Orkneys, a journey of 000 miles. He had never seen passenger trains before and was so con fused by the big city and its strangers that Sir Ernest could not get him to talk. However, Mooney has a winning personality and knows all about boats and the sea, as does Marr. The Quest will sail at the end of this month, to be gone two or more years. HITS ARMY-NAVY REDUCTION Senator Lodge Says: "It Is Indefensi ble to Take All We Have Saved and Spend It on Roads." Washington, Aug. 19. Reductions of army and navy appropriations were severely criticized in the senate on Wednesday by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, who has been appointed by President Harding a representative of the United States at the coming conference on disarmament. Lodge's attack upon the "economy program for the army and navy urged by Senator Borah occurred In the course of strong, opposition ex pressed by him to the pending ?100. 000,000 good roads bill. He said that when reductions In army and navy expenditures are made by congress, it seemed to Mm that it "is wholly indefensible to take all we hare saved" and spend It on good roads which are instruments of prosperity and convenience, but which is not an Insurance of our safety or a security of our peace. 13,416 VESSELS USE CANAL Authorities Say 51,600,000 Tons of Cargo Have Passed Through Canal Since It Was Opened. Balboa, Panama Canal Zone, Aug. 19. In the seven years that the Panama canal has been in use 13,416 vessels carrying 51,000,000 tons of cargo have passed through the waterway, It was announced by the Canal Zone authorities. During the last year 2,843 ships with 11,000,000 tons of cargo passed through thecanal. The seventh birthday of the canal fell upon Monday. Serbian Prince Is III. Paris, Aug. 19. Prince Regent Alexander of Jugo-Slavla, son of King Peter of Serbia, ls"dangerously ill of appendicitis and Is Incognito in Paris instead of being about to "enter Belgrade, as dispatches from that city have reported. New Head for Middlebury College. Middlebury, VL, Aug. 22. Rev. Paul Dwlght Moody, youngest son of the late Dwlght L. Moody, the evangelist, was elected president of Mid dlebury college. He succeeds Presi dent John M. Thomas, who resigned. Swiss Unable to Locate Bergdoll. Berne, Aug. 22. Agents of the American legation here and the Swiss police have been unable to locate Grov- er Cleveland" Bergdoll,. the American draft evader, who wusreported to have TAX BILL MAKES CUT Drop of $384,000,000 in Levies Promised This Year. Reduction. of $790,300,000 in Tax Bill Will Result From Changes Made in Revenue Act. Washington, Aug. 18. A reduction of $700,330,000 In the annual tax bill of the nation will result from the changes in the 1918 revenue act embodied in the new administration tax bill. Chairman Fordney of the ways and means committee declared In a majority report filed on Tuesday with the house. "Inasmuch as the repeal of the excess profits tax and reduction of surtax rates on Individual incomes do not become effective until the calendar year 1922." the report said, "$406,- 250,000 of the contemplated loss of revenue will not be reflected lit revenue collections prior to 1923." Actual reductions in taxes for this fiscal year, the report continue!, are estimated at approximately $200,000,-000 'total collections under the new bill, being figured at $3.37G.000,000 as against estimated collections of $3,-570,000.000 under the present law. -The revised bill was approved formally by the ways and means committee, with the Democratic members voting solidly against it. The Demo crats plan to file n minority report in which they say they will present figures to show that with a few exceptions the effect of the proposed tax revisions will he to lower the sums paid by those best able to pay. It will le framed at a caucus of house Democrats. STEEL WAGES CUT AGAIN United States Steel Corporation Announces Reduction of 20 Per Cent Effective August 29. New York, Aug. 20. The United States Steel corporation announces an other wage reduction of approximate ly 20 per cent, effective August 29 This brings the day labor rate down to 30 cents an hour, which means $21 for seven days' work, if a man works ten hours a day. This makes a total decline in wages during the last four months of well over 45 per cent. "In view of the prevailing low sell ing prices of steel It Is necessary to cut wages," Chairman Gary said. The company's recent wage reduc tions are the most drastic slashing of pay in its history. NO HITCH IN PEACE TREATY No "Obstacles in Way of Negotiations Between United States and Germany, Says Washington. Washington, Aug. 19. There are no serious obstacles in the way of the Informal negotiations for a peace treaty with Germany, which are now being carried on in Berlin by Ameri can Commissioner Dresel, the State department announced. Officials refused to confirm 'or deny Berlin reports that Germany is refus ing to accept responsibility for the war. hut exnfessed confidence that the negotiations would proceed satisfac torily. , EXPECT TROUBLE IN MEXICO United States Agents Along the Bor der Are booking for Another Revolutionary Movement. San Antonio, Tex., Aug. 22. The revolutionary pot in Mexico Is brewing again, according to United States Department of Justice agents along the border. Shotgun Kills Man in Bed. Rardstown. Ky., Aug. 22. While asleep in his home, Charles A. Vance, forty-three, a wealthy fanner, was Rhot and killed. The murderer, point ing a shotgun through a window, over the bed, shot Vance In the heart, " Burns to Death Under Wagon. Minneapolis. Minn., Aug. 22. An nvertnrned boncorn wagon Imprisoned Blike Dinos and caused him to burn to death Trhen gasoline from a . tank sprayed over him nnd caught fire as 4! . ..-..ui.:.t., .vkicr tin,, wu.u.. o.iig to the "bow wows- please study this picture. The building in the picture is one of the high schools In Cincinnati. The automobiles belong to the students In the school. More than two hundred cars from the lowly little car to the big fellows are parked in front of this school. Kach ona of these" cars belongs to a particular student .Vn the school , 1 rested here.- Qvl to Switzerland from Germany. he-attempted to escape. circus. - -

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