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Palm Beach Post-Times, Sunday, December 5, 1976 D7 Municipal Nightmare Closes Schools POST-TIMES CLASSIFIED ADS AD CANCELLATION INFORMATION Post limes Went d clerks give o . kill number when cancellation 01 ;dcr it received Advertisers ore ' requested to make o noe if the number, as tl !indrcoles9hf Itirtit ond dole ol cancellation' fa1 your A town jroup called the Concerned Citizens Association twice got together enough votes to reject a proposed budget calling for a property tax increase of about $30 a year. The town selectman boards of finance and education had proposed a budget that would increase the rate by about $3 per $1,000. Town residents pay a property tax rate of $37 per $1,000 assessed value of their homes considered one of the lowest in the state. City dwellers pay, $55 per, $1,000. ' ' j "It's like the tail wagging the dog," School Supt.' Albert A. DePetrillo said. 'It's a very vocal minority group holding things up." Roger Gobeille, 25, who works in nearby South-bridge, Mass., and leads the Putnam Concerned Citizens Association, says more than 1,100 people defeated the budget proposal of $2,711,589 on Nov. 8. "We feel it was too high,"he said.'Teople wanted a better budget in the times we are in now with unemployment and prices going up. In the past, we never looked at the budget, but we think it's time to look into it and get involved. We proposed several cuts." Lawrence Marion, 69, a mail carrier who opposes the budget, says he can pay his own taxes but he is concerned about the poor. He says this never would have happened had he not been voted out of order by the town's selectmen when he tried to propose an amendment to cut the budget by $100,000 ut a town meeting. PUTNAM, Conn. (AP) . How's this for a municipal headache? The city of Putnam with 6,500 residents is surrounded by the town of Putnam, population about 2,200. ; But the town operates the schools for both and the town's residents vote directly on town taxes. That's why the schools and the library closed. They voted against a tax hike. Pupils of both the town and the city are on an unscheduled vacation, and town workers are laid off. According to Delia A. Bernier, town clerk and treasurer, the average tax bill for the town resident is about $300, but for the city resident it is almost double that because of extra services such as police protection, street lighting and recreational facilities. The city is part of the town but each has a separate government and a separate highway department. The city uses the mayor-council form of government. Under the selectmen form of government, the town meeting is the legislative body and residents have a direct vote on taxes. The two schools, with an enrollment of 1,600 pupils, 90 teachers and 70 other employes, are under the town government. The city and town together have a population of 8,700, about 75 per cent living in the city. Mrs. Bernier says the unemployment rate is high but that most homeowners have jobs in manufacturing plants in larger cities such as Groton and Hartford. protection, do not give o slop or,- ( der lo any employee who cannot , give you o kill aider number ' Phone 133 4031 when cancelling your ad INDEX 1. Announcements 102 thru 1-24 itts4,ai-i . yj urn autre! Supt. DePetrillO Board Members Confer 2. Business Services 2-05 thru 2-46 Literature: Read, Understand, Interpret 3. Education 3 06 thru 3- 4. Employment 4-15 thru 4-57 NEVER 5. Merchandise 5-03 thru 5-63 TOO LATE 6. livestock 610 thru 6-19 7. financial 7-03 thru 713 This is Lesson 27 in the "Never Too Late" course for readers who do not have a high school diploma. The lesson, being published in The Palm Beach Post every Sunday and Thursday, will prepare readers for the General Education Development (GED) examination. If they pass, the students will receive high school equivalency diplomas. For further information about the GED program in Palm Beach County, call 832-2424, or come by the Adult Education Center at 1235 15th St., West Palm Beach. Other centers may be more convenient. Telephone for their locations. The following lesson was taken from "Interpretation of Literary Materials," and "Introduction to Reading" published by Cambridge Book Co. These textbooks are used in our GED high school preparation classes and may be purchased at the Adult Education Center. LITERATURE The test you will take: The literature section of the high school equivalency examination measures your ability to read, understand, and interpret selections from American and English literature. The test can usually be completed in two hours. You may request a reasonable amount of additional time from the examiner, but it is not always practical for him to grant it. Several different forms of the literature test are now in use. An average test consists of 14 or 15 passages, each 15 to 30 lines long, with a total of 80 to 85 questions. You must read each selection and then answer 6 to 10 questions based on its content. The test contains four com plete poems, two dramatic excerpts, and eight passages taken from prose works. Of the prose passages, four are usually selections from fiction (novels and short stories) and four are selected from nonfiction (essays, biographies, and autobiographies). Excerpts from various periods in American and English literary history are presented, with the majority of the selections taken from the works of modern authors. Other forms of the "Interpretation of Literary Materials" test vary slightly. In addition to 8 long passages with 6 to 10 questions each, there are several very short passages followed by only 1 or 2 questions. The questions usually require the test taker to: choose the meaning of a word, phrase, or line; select the theme or overall meaning of a selection; infer (determine) the mood, motivation, or point of view of a character; and identify the plot or setting of a passage. Some questions may ask you to identify the author's viewpoint or writing style. You must also be able to identify literary genres (types of literature), poetic forms and structures, and figures of speech. Every question has four possible answer choices, from which you must select the BEST answer. Each answer choice is numbered. On your answer sheet, you must blacken the space under the number of the correct answer. (Ed. Note: Because of newspaper typesetting limitations, reproduction of boxes for blackening in answers is impossible. Therefore, a different method of answering questions will be used here.) EXAMPLE Directions: Read the following passage. Then answer the questions. 8. Rentals Apts. 8-03 thru 8-58 Choose the BEST answer to each question, then circle the number in parentheses. 1. Jack and Jill 2. Went up the hill 3. To fetch a pail of water 1. Jack and Jill went up the hill because they wanted to (1) neck (2) be alone. (3) get some exercise. (4) get some water. 2. The passage above is an excerpt from which of the following literary genres? (1) nursery rhyme. (2) novel. (3) sonnet. (4) elegy. ANSWERS 1. (4) Although answer choices (1), (2), and (3) may have been true, there is no evidence in the passage for them. We are told (line 3) that their intention was to fetch some water. Choice (4) is the best answer. 2. ( 1 ) We can infer from the short lines, singsong rhythm, and kindergarten content that this excerpt was taken from a nursery rhyme. TEST-TAKING TIPS Read the following tips several times. Remembering and applying these suggestions will result in a higher score. First, scan the questions, to get an idea of the kind of information asked for. Second, skim (read over quickly) the passage to get a general idea of the topic. Third, close-read the passage (read the passage thoroughly and carefully, trying to extract all the meaning that the author put in). Fourth, read each question carefully, then mark the best answer choice, going back to the passage when necessary. Do answer each question on the basis of information contained in the passage or from your knowledge of literary forms and devices. DON'T answer on the basis of what your mood or opinion would be if you were the author or one of his characters. If a question asks about the author's attitude toward religion as expressed in the passage, don't answer in terms of what you think his attitude should be; answer in terms of what the passage implies or states. DO notice where a question refers to a specific line, sentence, or quotation from the passage. The answer, 9. Rentals Houses 9-03 thru 9-91 10. Real Estate Sales 10 06 thru 10-97 II. (o-Op Apts. i Condominiums 11-06 thru 11 OE 12. Mobile Homes 12-03 thru 12-13 itU'.lkiSTJt&j or the clue to the answer, to such a question is almost certain to be found in or near the line(s) referred to. DO work as quickly as you can. This does not mean that you should be in such a hurry that you read the passages only superficially. It means, instead, that you should concentrate on what you are doing and work at a steady pace. Since your time is limited, don't waste precious moments in worrying or daydreaming. DO watch out for answers that seem too easy. If the words in a question and an answer choice are almost the same, the answer choice is not necessarily correct. Test-writers usually include some trickly questions. DO choose the best answer (the most complete, accurate, or appropriate answer) to each question. Often, more than one choice seems correct. You must select the one which is best. DO answer easier questions first. If a passage or a ouestion seems particularly difficult, jot down the passage or question number on a separate sheet of paper. After you have completed the rest of the test, go back and tackle the hard ones again. DON'T expect the order of the questions to follow the order of the passage. Often, you must skip from one part of the passage to another in order to find an answer. DON'T expect to find answers to all of the questions stated directly in the passage. Sometimes, clues to the answer will be stated, and you will need to infer the correct answer on the basis of those clues. At other times, you will be asked to identify the literary genre or device which a particular passage or passage detail illustrates. In such cases, you will not find the answer in the passage, and you will have to rely on your knowledge of various literary genres or devices. DON'T look in just one sentence or paragraph for information unless you are sure that the correct answer is to be found in that particular part of the passage. Often, the thread of an answer winds through the whole reading selection. DON'T leave any questions unanswered. On the high school equivalency examination, blank answer spaces are marked wrong. Guess rather than leave an answer blank. One of the three reading tests on the GED examination is about literature. The word "literature" really includes all types of writing. However, on the GED test and in this lesson, you will read only four types of literature: stories, plays, essays, and poems. These types, or forms, of literature are different from the reading you have been doing in other lessons. That dealt with facts and true information. Most of the writing in this section deals instead with people and events that the writer has "made up" they are not real. This kind of writing is called fiction. FICTION Fiction is writing about people and events that are imaginary not real. Short stories and novels are forms of fiction. The stories you will reading in this lesson are examples of fiction. NONFICTION Nonfiction is writing that is about real people or events, or writing that gives the author's opinions about real people or events. Nonfiction can be in the form of essays, articles, biographies or autobiographies. The social studies and science passages and the essays In this part are all examples of nonfiction. STORIES Stories are written to entertain. They are usually about people. Stories are about people who talk to each other or who "think out loud." Stories have action or descriptions of what the people in the story are doing. ; j PLAYS A play is written to be acted on a 13. Marine Boats . 13-06 thru 1319 14. 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